Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Old French agrevance
, from agrever
. See Aggrieve
.] Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance.
Aggrieve transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggrieved
; present participle & verbal noun Aggrieving
] [ Middle English agreven
, Old French agrever
) + grever
to burden, injure, Latin gravare
to weigh down, from gravis
heavy. See Grieve
, and confer Aggravate
.] To give pain or sorrow to; to afflict; hence, to oppress or injure in one's rights; to bear heavily upon; -- now commonly used in the passive TO be aggrieved .
Aggrieved by oppression and extortion.
Aggrieve intransitive verb To grieve; to lament. [ Obsolete]
Aggroup transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggrouped
; present participle & verbal noun Aggrouping
.] [ French agrouper
) + groupe
group. See Group
..] To bring together in a group; to group. Dryden.
Aggroupment noun Arrangement in a group or in groups; grouping.
Aggry Ag"gri adjective Applied to a kind of variegated glass beads of ancient manufacture; as, aggry beads are found in Ashantee and Fantee in Africa.
Aghast transitive verb See Agast , transitive verb
Aghast adjective & past participle
[ Middle English agast
, past participle of agasten
to terrify, from Anglo-Saxon prefix ā-
(cf. Goth. us-
, German er-
, orig. meaning out
) + g...stan
to terrify, torment: confer Goth. usgaisjan
to terrify, primitively to fix, to root to the spot with terror; akin to Latin haerere
to stick fast, cling. See Gaze
.] Terrified; struck with amazement; showing signs of terror or horror.
Aghast he waked; and, starting from his bed,
Cold sweat in clammy drops his limbs o'erspread.
The commissioners read and stood aghast .
Agible adjective [ Confer Late Latin agibilis , from Latin agere to move, do.] Possible to be done; practicable. [ Obsolete] "Fit for agible things." Sir A. Sherley.
[ French agile
, Latin agilis
, from agere
to move. See Agent
.] Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt or ready to move; nimble; active; as, an agile boy; an agile tongue.
Shaking it with agile hand. Syn.
-- Active; alert; nimble; brisk; lively; quick.
Agilely adverb In an agile manner; nimbly.
Agileness noun Agility; nimbleness. [ R.]
[ French agilié
, Latin agilitas
, from agilis
.] 1. The quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body.
They . . . trust to the agility of their wit.
Wheeling with the agility of a hawk. 2. Activity; powerful agency.
Sir W. Scott.
The agility of the sun's fiery heat.
; plural Agios
[ Italian aggio
exchange, discount, premium, the same word as agio
ease. See Ease.] (Com.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. The premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange is sometimes called agio .
[ French agiotage
, from agioter
to practice stockjobbing, from agio
.] Exchange business; also, stockjobbing; the maneuvers of speculators to raise or lower the price of stocks or public funds.
Vanity and agiotage are to a Parisian the oxygen and hydrogen of life.
Agist transitive verb
[ Old French agister
) + gister
to assign a lodging, from giste
lodging, abode, French gîte
, Late Latin gistum
, from Latin jacitum
, past participle of jac...re
to lie: confer Late Latin agistare
. See Gist
.] (Law) To take to graze or pasture, at a certain sum; -- used originally of the feeding of cattle in the king's forests, and collecting the money for the same. Blackstone.
[ Late Latin ] See Agister .
Agister, Agistor noun [ Anglo-Norman agistour .] (Law) (a) Formerly, an officer of the king's forest, who had the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the same; -- hence called gisttaker , which in England is corrupted into guest- taker . (b) Now, one who agists or takes in cattle to pasture at a certain rate; a pasturer. Mozley & W.
[ Old French agistement
. See Agist
.] (Law) (a) Formerly, the taking and feeding of other men's cattle in the king's forests. (b) The taking in by any one of other men's cattle to graze at a certain rate. Mozley & W. (c) The price paid for such feeding. (d) A charge or rate against lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e. , charge for banks or dikes.
Agitable adjective [ Latin agitabilis : confer French agitable .] Capable of being agitated, or easily moved. [ R.]
Agitate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Agitated
; present participle & verbal noun Agitating
] [ Latin agitatus
, past participle of agitare
to put in motion, from agere
to move: confer French agiter
. See Act
.] 1. To move with a violent, irregular action; as, the wind agitates the sea; to agitate water in a vessel.
"Winds . . . agitate
the air." Cowper. 2. To move or actuate.
[ R.] Thomson. 3. To stir up; to disturb or excite; to perturb; as, he was greatly agitated .
The mind of man is agitated by various passions. 4. To discuss with great earnestness; to debate; as, a controversy hotly agitated . Boyle. 5. To revolve in the mind, or view in all its aspects; to contrive busily; to devise; to plot; as, politicians agitate desperate designs. Syn.
-- To move; shake; excite; rouse; disturb; distract; revolve; discuss; debate; canvass.
Agitatedly adverb In an agitated manner.
[ Latin agitatio
: confer French agitation
.] 1. The act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state of being moved with violence, or with irregular action; commotion; as, the sea after a storm is in agitation . 2. A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity; disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation . 3. Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals, etc.; as, the antislavery agitation ; labor agitation .
." Prescott. 4. Examination or consideration of a subject in controversy, or of a plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion; debate.
A logical agitation of the matter.
The project now in agitation . Syn.
-- Emotion; commotion; excitement; trepidation; tremor; perturbation. See Emotion
Agitative adjective Tending to agitate.
Agitato adjective [ Italian , agitated.] (Mus.) Sung or played in a restless, hurried, and spasmodic manner.
Agitator noun [ Latin ]
1. One who agitates; one who stirs up or excites others; as, political reformers and agitators . 2. (Eng. Hist.) One of a body of men appointed by the army, in Cromwell's time, to look after their interests; - - called also adjutators . Clarendon. 3. An implement for shaking or mixing.
Agleam adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + gleam .] Gleaming; as, faces agleam . Lowell.
[ French aiguillette
point, tagged point, dim. of aiguilee
needle, from Late Latin acucula
, dim. of Latin acus
needle, pin; confer Old French agleter
to hook on. See Acute
, and confer Aiguillette
.] 1. A tag of a lace or of the points, braids, or cords formerly used in dress. They were sometimes formed into small images. Hence, " aglet baby" ( Shak. ), an aglet image. 2. (Haberdashery) A round white staylace. Beck.
Agley adverb Aside; askew. [ Scotch] Burns.
Aglimmer adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + glimmer .] In a glimmering state. Hawthorne.
Aglitter adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + glitter .] Glittering; in a glitter.
Aglossal adjective [ Greek ....] (Zoology) Without tongue; tongueless.
Aglow adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + glow .] In a glow; glowing; as, cheeks aglow ; the landscape all aglow .
Aglutition noun [ Prefix a- not + Latin glutire to swallow.] (Medicine) Inability to swallow.
Agminal adjective [ Latin agminalis ; agmen , agminis , a train.] Pertaining to an army marching, or to a train. [ R.]
Agminate, Agminated adjective [ Latin agmen , agminis , a train, crowd.] (Physiol.) Grouped together; as, the agminated glands of Peyer in the small intestine.
[ Anglo-Saxon angnægl
vexation, trouble + nægel
nail. Confer Hangnail
.] 1. A corn on the toe or foot.
[ Obsolete] 2. An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a hangnail.
[ Latin agnatus
, past participle of agnasci
to be born in addition to; ad
) to be born. Confer Adnate
.] 1. Related or akin by the father's side; also, sprung from the same male ancestor. 2. Allied; akin.
Assume more or less of a fictitious character, but congenial and agnate with the former.
Agnate noun [ Confer French agnat .] (Civil Law) A relative whose relationship can be traced exclusively through males.
Agnatic adjective [ Confer French agnatique .] Pertaining to descent by the male line of ancestors. "The agnatic succession." Blackstone.
Agnation noun [ Latin agnatio : confer French agnation .]
1. (Civil Law) Consanguinity by a line of males only, as distinguished from cognation . Bouvier.
[ Latin agnitio
, from agnoscere
. See Notion
[ Obsolete] Grafton.
(ăg*nīz") transitive verb
[ Formed like recognize
, from Latin agnoscere
.] To recognize; to acknowledge.
I do agnize a natural and prompt alacrity.
Agnoiology (ăg`noi*ŏl"o*jȳ) noun [ Greek 'a`gnoia ignorance + -logy .] (Metaph.) The doctrine concerning those things of which we are necessarily ignorant.
Agnomen (ăg*nō"mĕn) noun [ Latin ; ad + nomen name.]
1. An additional or fourth name given by the Romans, on account of some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio Africanus . 2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as, Aristides the Just .
Agnominate (ăg*nŏm"ĭ*nāt) transitive verb To name. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin agnominatio
. See Agnomen
.] 1. A surname.
[ R.] Minsheu. 2. Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination.
Agnostic adjective [ Greek 'a priv. + ... knowing, ... to know.] Professing ignorance; involving no dogmatic; pertaining to or involving agnosticism. -- Ag*nos"tic*al*ly adverb
Agnostic noun One who professes ignorance, or denies that we have any knowledge, save of phenomena; one who supports agnosticism, neither affirming nor denying the existence of a personal Deity, a future life, etc.
Agnosticism noun That doctrine which, professing ignorance, neither asserts nor denies. Specifically: (Theol.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); -- opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.