Agent A"gent adjective [ Latin agens , agentis , present participle of agere to act; akin to Greek ... to lead, Icelandic aka to drive, Sanskrit aj . √2.] Acting; -- opposed to patient , or sustaining, action. [ Archaic] "The body agent ." Bacon.
Agent A"gent noun 1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.
Heaven made us agents , free to good or ill. 2. One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor. 3. An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent ; as, heat is a powerful agent .
Agential A·gen"tial adjective Of or pertaining to an agent or an agency. Fitzed. Hall.
Agentship A"gent·ship noun Agency. Beau. & Fl.
Ageratum A·ger"a·tum noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a sort of plant; 'a priv. + ... old age.] (Botany) A genus of plants, one species of which ( A. Mexicanum ) has lavender- blue flowers in dense clusters.
Aggeneration Ag·gen`er·a"tion noun [ Latin aggenerare to beget in addition. See Generate .] The act of producing in addition. [ Obsolete] T. Stanley.
Agger Ag"ger noun [ Latin , a mound, from aggerere to bear to a place, heap up; ad + gerere to bear.] An earthwork; a mound; a raised work. [ Obsolete] Hearne.
Aggerate Ag"ger·ate transitive verb [ Latin aggeratus , past participle of aggerare . See Agger .] To heap up. [ Obsolete] Foxe.
Aggeration Ag`ger·a"tion noun [ Latin aggeratio .] A heaping up; accumulation; as, aggerations of sand. [ R.]
Aggerose Ag`ger·ose" adjective In heaps; full of heaps.
Aggest Ag·gest" transitive verb
[ Latin aggestus
, past participle of aggerere
. See Agger
.] To heap up.
The violence of the waters aggested the earth.
Agglomerate Ag·glom"er·ate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Agglomerated
; present participle & verbal noun Agglomerating
] [ Latin agglomeratus
, past participle of agglomerare
to form into a ball. See Glomerate
.] To wind or collect into a ball; hence, to gather into a mass or anything like a mass.
Where he builds the agglomerated pile.
Agglomerate Ag·glom"er·ate intransitive verb To collect in a mass.
Agglomerate Ag·glom"er·ate noun 1. A collection or mass. 2. (Geol.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; -- distinguished from conglomerate .
Agglomerate, Agglomerated Ag·glom"er·ate, Ag·glom"er·a`ted adjective 1. Collected into a ball, heap, or mass. 2. (Botany) Collected into a rounded head of flowers.
Agglomeration Ag·glom`er·a"tion noun
[ Confer French agglomération
.] 1. The act or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.
An excessive agglomeration of turrets. 2. State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.
Agglomerative Ag·glom"er·a·tive adjective Having a tendency to gather together, or to make collections.
Taylor is eminently discursive, accumulative, and (to use one of his own words) agglomerative .
Agglutinant Ag·glu"ti·nant adjective [ Latin agglutinans , -antis , present participle of agglutinare .] Uniting, as glue; causing, or tending to cause, adhesion. -- noun Any viscous substance which causes bodies or parts to adhere.
Agglutinate Ag·glu"ti·nate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Agglutinated ; present participle & verbal noun Agglutinating .] [ Latin agglutinatus , past participle of agglutinare to glue or cement to a thing; ad + glutinare to glue; gluten glue. See Glue .] To unite, or cause to adhere, as with glue or other viscous substance; to unite by causing an adhesion of substances.
Agglutinate Ag·glu"ti·nate adjective 1. United with glue or as with glue; cemented together. 2. (physiol.) Consisting of root words combined but not materially altered as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate forms, languages, etc. See Agglutination , 2.
Agglutination Ag·glu`ti·na"tion noun [ Confer French agglutination .] 1. The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts. 2. (Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united with little or no change of form or loss of meaning. See Agglutinative , 2.
Agglutinative Ag·glu"ti·na·tive adjective
[ Confer French agglutinatif
.] 1. Pertaining to agglutination; tending to unite, or having power to cause adhesion; adhesive. 2. (Philol.) Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a language or a compound.
In agglutinative languages the union of words may be compared to mechanical compounds, in inflective languages to chemical compounds.
Confer man-kind , heir-loom , war-like , which are agglutinative compounds. The Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish, the Tamul, etc., are agglutinative languages.
Agglutinative languages preserve the consciousness of their roots.
Aggrace Ag·grace" transitive verb [ Prefix a- + grace : confer Italian aggraziare , Late Latin aggratiare . See Grace .] To favor; to grace. [ Obsolete] "That knight so much aggraced ." Spenser.
Aggrace Ag·grace" noun Grace; favor. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Aggrade Ag·grade" transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Aggraded ; present participle & verbal noun Aggrading .] (Physics Geology) To bring, or tend to bring, to a uniform grade, or slope, by addition of material; as, streams aggrade their beds by depositing sediment.
Aggrandizable Ag"gran·di"za·ble adjective Capable of being aggrandized.
Aggrandization Ag·gran`di·za"tion noun Aggrandizement. [ Obsolete] Waterhouse.
Aggrandize Ag"gran·dize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggrandized
; present participle & verbal noun Aggrandizing
] [ French agrandir
) + grandir
to increase, Latin grandire
, from grandis
great. See Grand
, and confer Finish
.] 1. To make great; to enlarge; to increase; as, to aggrandize our conceptions, authority, distress. 2. To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or wealth; -- applied to persons, countries, etc.
His scheme for aggrandizing his son. 3. To make appear great or greater; to exalt. Lamb. Syn.
-- To augment; exalt; promote; advance.
Aggrandize Ag"gran·dize intransitive verb To increase or become great.
Follies, continued till old age, do aggrandize .
Aggrandizement Ag·gran"dize·ment noun [ Confer French agrandissement .] The act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation; enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement of his own family. Syn. -- Augmentation; exaltation; enlargement; advancement; promotion; preferment.
Aggrandizer Ag"gran·di`zer noun One who aggrandizes, or makes great.
Aggrate Ag·grate" transitive verb
[ Italian aggratare
, from Latin ad
pleasing. See Grate
] To please.
Each one sought his lady to aggrate .
Aggravate Ag"gra·vate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggravated
; present participle & verbal noun Aggravating
.] [ Latin aggravatus
, past participle of aggravare
. See Aggrieve
.] 1. To make heavy or heavier; to add to; to increase.
[ Obsolete] "To aggravate
thy store." Shak. 2. To make worse, or more severe; to render less tolerable or less excusable; to make more offensive; to enhance; to intensify.
my woes." Pope.
To aggravate the horrors of the scene.
The defense made by the prisoner's counsel did rather aggravate than extenuate his crime. 3. To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to aggravate circumstances. Paley. 4. To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate.
If both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and sister do mine. Syn.
-- To heighten; intensify; increase; magnify; exaggerate; provoke; irritate; exasperate.
Aggravating Ag"gra·va`ting adjective 1. Making worse or more heinous; as, aggravating circumstances. 2. Exasperating; provoking; irritating.
A thing at once ridiculous and aggravating .
Aggravatingly Ag"gra·va`ting·ly adverb In an aggravating manner.
Aggravation Ag`gra·va"tion noun
[ Late Latin aggravatio
: confer French aggravation
.] 1. The act of aggravating, or making worse; -- used of evils, natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences. 2. Exaggerated representation.
By a little aggravation of the features changed it into the Saracen's head. 3. An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity. 4. Provocation; irritation.
[ Colloq.] Dickens.
Aggravative Ag"gra·va·tive adjective Tending to aggravate. -- noun That which aggravates.
Aggregate Ag"gre·gate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggregated
; present participle & verbal noun Aggregating
.] [ Latin aggregatus
, past participle of aggregare
to lead to a flock or herd; ad
to collect into a flock, grex
flock, herd. See Gregarious
.] 1. To bring together; to collect into a mass or sum. "The aggregated soil." Milton. 2. To add or unite, as, a person, to an association.
It is many times hard to discern to which of the two sorts, the good or the bad, a man ought to be aggregated . 3. To amount in the aggregate to; as, ten loads, aggregating five hundred bushels.
[ Colloq.] Syn.
-- To heap up; accumulate; pile; collect.
Aggregate Ag"gre·gate adjective
[ Latin aggregatus
, past participle ] 1. Formed by a collection of particulars into a whole mass or sum; collective.
The aggregate testimony of many hundreds. 2. (Anat.) Formed into clusters or groups of lobules; as, aggregate glands. 3. (Botany) Composed of several florets within a common involucre, as in the daisy; or of several carpels formed from one flower, as in the raspberry. 4. (Min. & Geol.) Having the several component parts adherent to each other only to such a degree as to be separable by mechanical means. 5. (Zoology) United into a common organized mass; -- said of certain compound animals. Corporation aggregate
Sir T. Browne.
. (Law) See under Corporation .
Aggregate Ag"gre·gate noun 1. A mass, assemblage, or sum of particulars; as, a house is an aggregate of stone, brick, timber, etc. » In an aggregate the particulars are less intimately mixed than in a compound . 2. (Physics) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous particles; -- in distinction from a compound , formed by the union of heterogeneous particles. In the aggregate , collectively; together.
Aggregately Ag"gre·gate·ly adverb Collectively; in mass.
Aggregation Ag`gre·ga"tion noun
[ Confer Late Latin aggregatio
, French agrégation
.] The act of aggregating, or the state of being aggregated; collection into a mass or sum; a collection of particulars; an aggregate.
Each genus is made up by aggregation of species.
A nation is not an idea only of local extent and individual momentary aggregation , but . . . of continuity, which extends in time as well as in numbers, and in space.
Aggregative Ag"gre·ga·tive adjective [ Confer Fr. agrégatif .] 1. Taken together; collective. 2. Gregarious; social. [ R.] Carlyle.
Aggregator Ag"gre·ga`tor noun One who aggregates.
Aggrege Ag·grege" transitive verb [ Old French agreger . See Aggravate .] To make heavy; to aggravate. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Aggress Ag·gress" intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Aggressed ; present participle & verbal noun Aggressing .] [ Latin aggressus , past participle of aggredi to go to, approach; ad + gradi to step, go, gradus step: confer Old French aggresser . See Grade .] To commit the first act of hostility or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an attack; -- with on .
Aggress Ag·gress" transitive verb To set upon; to attack. [ R.]
Aggress Ag·gress" noun
[ Latin aggressus
Their military aggresses on others.
Sir M. Hale.
Aggression Ag·gres"sion noun [ Latin aggressio , from aggredi : confer French agression .] The first attack, or act of hostility; the first act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of aggression . " Aggressions of power." Hallam Syn. -- Attack; offense; intrusion; provocation.
Aggressive Ag·gres"sive adjective
[ Confer French agressif
.] Tending or disposed to aggress; characterized by aggression; making assaults; unjustly attacking; as, an aggressive policy, war, person, nation.
No aggressive movement was made.
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