Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Agent adjective [ Latin agens , agentis , present participle of agere to act; akin to Greek ... to lead, Icelandic aka to drive, Sanskrit aj . √2.] Acting; -- opposed to patient , or sustaining, action. [ Archaic] "The body agent ." Bacon.
Agent noun 1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.
Heaven made us agents , free to good or ill. 2. One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor. 3. An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent ; as, heat is a powerful agent .
Agential adjective Of or pertaining to an agent or an agency. Fitzed. Hall.
Agentship noun Agency. Beau. & Fl.
Ageratum noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a sort of plant; 'a priv. + ... old age.] (Botany) A genus of plants, one species of which ( A. Mexicanum ) has lavender- blue flowers in dense clusters.
[ Latin aggenerare
to beget in addition. See Generate
.] The act of producing in addition.
[ Obsolete] T. Stanley.
Agger noun [ Latin , a mound, from aggerere to bear to a place, heap up; ad + gerere to bear.] An earthwork; a mound; a raised work. [ Obsolete] Hearne.
Aggerate transitive verb
[ Latin aggeratus
, past participle of aggerare
. See Agger
.] To heap up.
[ Obsolete] Foxe.
Aggeration noun [ Latin aggeratio .] A heaping up; accumulation; as, aggerations of sand. [ R.]
Aggerose adjective In heaps; full of heaps.
Aggest transitive verb
[ Latin aggestus
, past participle of aggerere
. See Agger
.] To heap up.
The violence of the waters aggested the earth.
Agglomerate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Agglomerated
; present participle & verbal noun Agglomerating
] [ Latin agglomeratus
, past participle of agglomerare
to form into a ball. See Glomerate
.] To wind or collect into a ball; hence, to gather into a mass or anything like a mass.
Where he builds the agglomerated pile.
Agglomerate intransitive verb To collect in a mass.
1. A collection or mass. 2. (Geol.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; -- distinguished from conglomerate .
Agglomerate, Agglomerated adjective
1. Collected into a ball, heap, or mass. 2. (Botany) Collected into a rounded head of flowers.
[ Confer French agglomération
.] 1. The act or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.
An excessive agglomeration of turrets. 2. State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.
Agglomerative adjective Having a tendency to gather together, or to make collections.
Taylor is eminently discursive, accumulative, and (to use one of his own words) agglomerative .
Agglutinant adjective [ Latin agglutinans , -antis , present participle of agglutinare .] Uniting, as glue; causing, or tending to cause, adhesion. -- noun Any viscous substance which causes bodies or parts to adhere.
Agglutinate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Agglutinated
; present participle & verbal noun Agglutinating
.] [ Latin agglutinatus
, past participle of agglutinare
to glue or cement to a thing; ad
to glue; gluten
glue. See Glue
.] To unite, or cause to adhere, as with glue or other viscous substance; to unite by causing an adhesion of substances.
Agglutinate adjective 1. United with glue or as with glue; cemented together. 2. (physiol.) Consisting of root words combined but not materially altered as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate forms, languages, etc. See Agglutination , 2.
[ Confer French agglutination
.] 1. The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts. 2. (Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united with little or no change of form or loss of meaning. See Agglutinative , 2.
[ Confer French agglutinatif
.] 1. Pertaining to agglutination; tending to unite, or having power to cause adhesion; adhesive. 2. (Philol.) Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a language or a compound.
In agglutinative languages the union of words may be compared to mechanical compounds, in inflective languages to chemical compounds.
Confer man-kind , heir-loom , war-like , which are agglutinative compounds. The Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish, the Tamul, etc., are agglutinative languages.
Agglutinative languages preserve the consciousness of their roots.
Aggrace transitive verb
[ Prefix a-
: confer Italian aggraziare
, Late Latin aggratiare
. See Grace
.] To favor; to grace.
[ Obsolete] "That knight so much aggraced
Aggrace noun Grace; favor. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Aggrade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggraded
; present participle & verbal noun Aggrading
.] (Physics Geology) To bring, or tend to bring, to a uniform grade, or slope, by addition of material; as, streams aggrade their beds by depositing sediment.
Aggrandizable adjective Capable of being aggrandized.
Aggrandization noun Aggrandizement. [ Obsolete] Waterhouse.
Aggrandize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggrandized
; present participle & verbal noun Aggrandizing
] [ French agrandir
) + grandir
to increase, Latin grandire
, from grandis
great. See Grand
, and confer Finish
.] 1. To make great; to enlarge; to increase; as, to aggrandize our conceptions, authority, distress. 2. To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or wealth; -- applied to persons, countries, etc.
His scheme for aggrandizing his son. 3. To make appear great or greater; to exalt. Lamb. Syn.
-- To augment; exalt; promote; advance.
Aggrandize intransitive verb To increase or become great.
Follies, continued till old age, do aggrandize .
Aggrandizement noun [ Confer French agrandissement .] The act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation; enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement of his own family. Syn. -- Augmentation; exaltation; enlargement; advancement; promotion; preferment.
Aggrandizer noun One who aggrandizes, or makes great.
Aggrate transitive verb
[ Italian aggratare
, from Latin ad
pleasing. See Grate
] To please.
Each one sought his lady to aggrate .
Aggravate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggravated
; present participle & verbal noun Aggravating
.] [ Latin aggravatus
, past participle of aggravare
. See Aggrieve
.] 1. To make heavy or heavier; to add to; to increase.
[ Obsolete] "To aggravate
thy store." Shak. 2. To make worse, or more severe; to render less tolerable or less excusable; to make more offensive; to enhance; to intensify.
my woes." Pope.
To aggravate the horrors of the scene.
The defense made by the prisoner's counsel did rather aggravate than extenuate his crime. 3. To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to aggravate circumstances. Paley. 4. To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate.
If both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and sister do mine. Syn.
-- To heighten; intensify; increase; magnify; exaggerate; provoke; irritate; exasperate.
Aggravating adjective 1. Making worse or more heinous; as, aggravating circumstances. 2. Exasperating; provoking; irritating.
A thing at once ridiculous and aggravating .
Aggravatingly adverb In an aggravating manner.
[ Late Latin aggravatio
: confer French aggravation
.] 1. The act of aggravating, or making worse; -- used of evils, natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences. 2. Exaggerated representation.
By a little aggravation of the features changed it into the Saracen's head. 3. An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity. 4. Provocation; irritation.
[ Colloq.] Dickens.
Aggravative adjective Tending to aggravate. -- noun That which aggravates.
Aggregate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggregated
; present participle & verbal noun Aggregating
.] [ Latin aggregatus
, past participle of aggregare
to lead to a flock or herd; ad
to collect into a flock, grex
flock, herd. See Gregarious
.] 1. To bring together; to collect into a mass or sum. "The aggregated soil." Milton. 2. To add or unite, as, a person, to an association.
It is many times hard to discern to which of the two sorts, the good or the bad, a man ought to be aggregated . 3. To amount in the aggregate to; as, ten loads, aggregating five hundred bushels.
[ Colloq.] Syn.
-- To heap up; accumulate; pile; collect.
[ Latin aggregatus
, past participle ] 1. Formed by a collection of particulars into a whole mass or sum; collective.
The aggregate testimony of many hundreds. 2. (Anat.) Formed into clusters or groups of lobules; as, aggregate glands. 3. (Botany) Composed of several florets within a common involucre, as in the daisy; or of several carpels formed from one flower, as in the raspberry. 4. (Min. & Geol.) Having the several component parts adherent to each other only to such a degree as to be separable by mechanical means. 5. (Zoology) United into a common organized mass; -- said of certain compound animals. Corporation aggregate
Sir T. Browne.
. (Law) See under Corporation .
Aggregate noun In the aggregate , collectively; together.
1. A mass, assemblage, or sum of particulars; as, a house is an aggregate of stone, brick, timber, etc. » In an aggregate the particulars are less intimately mixed than in a compound . 2. (Physics) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous particles; -- in distinction from a compound , formed by the union of heterogeneous particles.
Aggregately adverb Collectively; in mass.
[ Confer Late Latin aggregatio
, French agrégation
.] The act of aggregating, or the state of being aggregated; collection into a mass or sum; a collection of particulars; an aggregate.
Each genus is made up by aggregation of species.
A nation is not an idea only of local extent and individual momentary aggregation , but . . . of continuity, which extends in time as well as in numbers, and in space.
Aggregative adjective [ Confer Fr. agrégatif .]
1. Taken together; collective. 2. Gregarious; social. [ R.] Carlyle.
Aggregator noun One who aggregates.
Aggrege transitive verb
[ Old French agreger
. See Aggravate
.] To make heavy; to aggravate.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Aggress intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Aggressed
; present participle & verbal noun Aggressing
.] [ Latin aggressus
, past participle of aggredi
to go to, approach; ad
to step, go, gradus
step: confer Old French aggresser
. See Grade
.] To commit the first act of hostility or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an attack; -- with on .
Aggress transitive verb To set upon; to attack. [ R.]
[ Latin aggressus
Their military aggresses on others.
Sir M. Hale.
Aggression noun [ Latin aggressio , from aggredi : confer French agression .] The first attack, or act of hostility; the first act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of aggression . " Aggressions of power." Hallam Syn. -- Attack; offense; intrusion; provocation.
[ Confer French agressif
.] Tending or disposed to aggress; characterized by aggression; making assaults; unjustly attacking; as, an aggressive policy, war, person, nation.
No aggressive movement was made.
[ Latin : confer French agresseur
.] The person who first attacks or makes an aggression; he who begins hostility or a quarrel; an assailant.
The insolence of the aggressor is usually proportioned to the tameness of the sufferer.