Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Afric adjective African. -- noun Africa. [ Poetic]
African adjective [ Latin Africus , Africanus , from Afer African.] Of or pertaining to Africa. African hemp , a fiber prepared from the leaves of the Sanseviera Guineensis , a plant found in Africa and India. - - African marigold , a tropical American plant ( Tagetes erecta ). -- African oak or African teak , a timber furnished by Oldfieldia Africana , used in ship building.
African noun A native of Africa; also one ethnologically belonging to an African race.
Africander noun One born in Africa, the offspring of a white father and a "colored" mother. Also, and now commonly in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers.
Africanism noun A word, phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to Africa or Africans. "The knotty Africanisms . . . of the fathers." Milton.
Africanize transitive verb To place under the domination of Africans or negroes. [ Amer.] Bartlett.
Afrit, Afrite Af"reet noun [ Arab. ' ifrīt .] (Moham. Myth.) A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous giant.
Afront adverb [ Prefix a- + front .] In front; face to face. -- preposition In front of. Shak.
(ȧft) adverb & adjective
[ Anglo-Saxon æftan
behind; orig. superl. of of
. See After
.] (Nautical) Near or towards the stern of a vessel; astern; abaft.
[ Anglo-Saxon æfter
after, behind; akin to Goth. aftaro
, backwards, Icelandic aptr
, Swedish and Danish efter
, Old High German aftar
behind, Dutch and LG. achter
, Greek 'apwte`rw
further off. The ending -ter
is an old comparative suffix, in E. generally -ther
(as in other
), and after
is a compar. of of
. √194. See Of
; confer Aft
.] 1. Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life. Marshall.
» In this sense the word is sometimes needlessly combined with the following noun, by means of a hyphen, as, after
- act, after
-life. For the most part the words are properly kept separate when after
has this meaning. 2. Hinder; nearer the rear. (Nautical) To ward the stern of the ship; -- applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway.
It is often combined with its noun; as, after
-yards, those on the mainmasts and mizzenmasts. After body (Nautical)
, the part of a ship abaft the dead flat, or middle part.
After preposition 1. Behind in place; as, men in line one after another.
"Shut doors after
you." Shak. 2. Below in rank; next to in order. Shak.
Codrus after Ph...bus sings the best. 3. Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and the clause.
After I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. 4. Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said, I shall be careful. 5. Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you took that course. 6. Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of.
Matt. xxvi. 32.
Ye shall not go after other gods.
Deut. vi. 14.
After whom is the king of Israel come out? 7. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness. 8. In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes after his father. To name
1 Sam. xxiv. 14.
or call after
, to name like and reference to.
Our eldest son was named George after his uncle. 9. According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of; as, he acted after his kind.
He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes.
Isa. xi. 3.
They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh. 10. According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting.
Rom. viii. 5.
He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and not after their intrinsic value. After all
, when everything has been considered; upon the whole.
(with the same noun preceding and following), as, wave after
wave, day after
day, several or many (waves, etc.) successively.
-- One after another
-- To be after
, to be in pursuit of in order to reach or get; as, he is after money.
After adverb Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after .
It was about the space of three hours after .
Acts. v. 7.
is prefixed to many words, forming compounds, but retaining its usual signification. The prefix may be adverbial, prepositional, or adjectival; as in after-
- dinner, after
-part. The hyphen is sometimes needlessly used to connect the adjective after
with its noun. See Note
After damp An irrespirable gas, remaining after an explosion of fire damp in mines; choke damp. See Carbonic acid .
After-dinner noun The time just after dinner. "An after-dinner's sleep." Shak. [ Obsolete] -- adjective Following dinner; post-prandial; as, an after-dinner nap.
After-eatage noun Aftergrass.
After-glow noun A glow of refulgence in the western sky after sunset.
After-image noun The impression of a vivid sensation retained by the retina of the eye after the cause has been removed; also extended to impressions left of tones, smells, etc.
After-mentioned adjective Mentioned afterwards; as, persons after-mentioned (in a writing).
After-note noun (Mus.) One of the small notes occur on the unaccented parts of the measure, taking their time from the preceding note.
After-sails noun plural (Nautical) The sails on the mizzenmast, or on the stays between the mainmast and mizzenmast. Totten.
After-wit noun Wisdom or perception that comes after it can be of use. " After-wit comes too late when the mischief is done." L'Estrange.
After-witted adjective Characterized by after-wit; slow-witted. Tyndale.
Afterbirth noun (Medicine) The placenta and membranes with which the fetus is connected, and which come away after delivery.
Aftercast noun A throw of dice after the game in ended; hence, anything done too late. Gower.
Afterclap noun An unexpected subsequent event; something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed to be at an end. Spenser.
Aftercrop noun A second crop or harvest in the same year. Mortimer.
Aftereye transitive verb To look after. [ Poetic] Shak.
Aftergame noun A second game; hence, a subsequent scheme or expedient. Wotton. Aftergame at Irish , an ancient game very nearly resembling backgammon. Beau. & Fl.
Aftergrass noun The grass that grows after the first crop has been mown; aftermath.
Aftergrowth noun A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically) development. J. S. Mill.
Afterguard noun (Nautical) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails. Totten.
Afterings noun plural The last milk drawn in milking; strokings. [ Obsolete] Grose.
. See Math
.] A second moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in the same season; rowen. Holland.
Aftermost adjective superl. [ Middle English eftemest , Anglo-Saxon æftemest ,akin to Gothic aftumist and aftuma , the last, orig. a superlative of of , with the superlative endings -te , -me , -st .]
1. Hindmost; -- opposed to foremost . 2. (Nautical) Nearest the stern; most aft.
Afternoon noun The part of the day which follows noon, between noon and evening.
Afterpains noun plural (Medicine) The pains which succeed childbirth, as in expelling the afterbirth.
1. A piece performed after a play, usually a farce or other small entertainment. 2. (Nautical) The heel of a rudder.
Aftersensation noun (Psychol.) A sensation or sense impression following the removal of a stimulus producing a primary sensation, and reproducing the primary sensation in positive, negative, or complementary form. The aftersensation may be continuous with the primary sensation or follow it after an interval.
Aftershaft noun (Zoology) The hypoptilum.
Aftertaste noun A taste which remains in the mouth after eating or drinking.
Afterthought noun Reflection after an act; later or subsequent thought or expedient.
Afterwards, Afterward adverb
[ Anglo-Saxon æfteweard
, adjective , behind. See Aft
, and -ward
(suffix). The final s
is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending.] At a later or succeeding time.
Afterwise adjective Wise after the event; wise or knowing, when it is too late.
Aftmost adjective (Nautical) Nearest the stern.
Aftward adverb (Nautical) Toward the stern.
Aga or A*gha" noun [ Turk. adhā a great lord, chief master.] In Turkey, a commander or chief officer. It is used also as a title of respect.
[ Middle English agein
, Anglo-Saxon ongegn
, against, again; on
, akin to German gegewn
against, Icelandic gegn
. Confer Gainsay
.] 1. In return, back; as, bring us word again . 2. Another time; once more; anew.
If a man die, shall he live again ? 3. Once repeated; -- of quantity; as, as large again , half as much again . 4. In any other place.
Job xiv. 14.
[ Archaic] Bacon. 5. On the other hand.
"The one is my sovereign . . . the other again
is my kinsman." Shak. 6. Moreover; besides; further.
Again , it is of great consequence to avoid, etc. Again and again
, more than once; often; repeatedly.
-- Now and again
, now and then; occasionally.
-- To and again
, to and fro.
[ Obsolete] De Foe.
» Again was formerly used in many verbal combinations, as, again
-witness, to witness against; again
-ride, to ride against; again
-come, to come against, to encounter; again
- bring, to bring back, etc.
Again, Agains preposition Against; also, towards (in order to meet).
Albeit that it is again his kind.
Againbuy transitive verb To redeem. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Againsay transitive verb To gainsay. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.