Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Tontine insurance (Life Insurance) Insurance in which the benefits of the insurance are distributed upon the tontine principle. Under the old, or full tontine , plan, all benefits were forfeited on lapsed policies, on the policies of those who died within the tontine period only the face of the policy was paid without any share of the surplus, and the survivor at the end of the tontine period received the entire surplus. This plan of tontine insurance has been replaced in the United States by the semitontine plan, in which the surplus is divided among the holders of policies in force at the termination of the tontine period, but the reverse for the paid-up value is paid on lapsed policies, and on the policies of those that have died the face is paid. Other modified forms are called free tontine , deferred dividend , etc., according to the nature of the tontine arrangement.
[ Latin a sound, tone. See Tone
.] (Physiol.) Tonicity, or tone; as, muscular tonus .
; plural Tonies
. [ Abbrev. from Anthony
.] A simpleton. L'Estrange.
A pattern and companion fit Dryden.
For all the keeping tonies of the pit.
[ The same word as to
, preposition See To
.] 1. Over; more than enough; -- noting excess; as, a thing is too long, too short, or too wide; too high; too many; too much.
His will, too strong to bend, too proud to learn. Cowley. 2. Likewise; also; in addition.
An honest courtier, yet a patriot too . Pope.
Let those eyes that view Pope. Too too
The daring crime, behold the vengeance too .
, a duplication used to signify great excess.
O that this too too solid flesh would melt. Shak.
Such is not Charles his too too active age. Dryden. Syn.
-- Also; likewise. See Also
[ Middle English tol
. Anglo-Saxon tōl
; akin to Icelandic tōl
, Goth. taijan
to do, to make, taui
deed, work, and perhaps to English taw
to dress leather. √64.] 1. An instrument such as a hammer, saw, plane, file, and the like, used in the manual arts, to facilitate mechanical operations; any instrument used by a craftsman or laborer at his work; an implement; as, the tools of a joiner, smith, shoe-maker, etc.; also, a cutter, chisel, or other part of an instrument or machine that dresses work. 2. A machine for cutting or shaping materials; -- also called machine tool . 3. Hence, any instrument of use or service.
That angry fool . . . Spenser. 4. A weapon.
Whipping her horse, did with his smarting tool
Oft whip her dainty self.
Him that is aghast of every tool . Chaucer. 5. A person used as an instrument by another person; -- a word of reproach; as, men of intrigue have their tools , by whose agency they accomplish their purposes.
I was not made for a minion or a tool . Burks.
Tool transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle tooled
; present participle & verbal noun tooling
.] 1. To shape, form, or finish with a tool.
." Ld. Lytton. 2. To drive, as a coach.
[ Slang, Eng.]
(tōl) intransitive verb
[ Confer Tool
, transitive verb
, 2.] To travel in a vehicle; to ride or drive.
Boys on their bicycles tooling along the well- kept roads. Illust. American.
Tool steel Hard steel, usually crucible steel, capable of being tempered so as to be suitable for tools.
Tool-post, Tool-stock noun (Machinery) The part of a tool-rest in which a cutting tool is clamped.
Tool-rest noun (Machinery) the part that supports a tool-post or a tool.
Tooling noun Work performed with a tool.
The fine tooling and delicate tracery of the cabinet artist is lost upon a building of colossal proportions. De Quincey.
[ Middle English tom
, from Icelandic tōmr
; akin to Dan. & Swedish tom
, As. tōme
, adverb Confer Teem
to pour.] Empty.
[ Obsolete or Prov.Eng. & Scot.] Wyclif.
Toom transitive verb To empty. [ Obsolete or Prov.Eng. & Scot.]
obsolete plural of Toe . Chaucer.
Toon noun [ Hind. tun , tūn , Sanskrit tunna .] (Botany) The reddish brown wood of an East Indian tree ( Cedrela Toona ) closely resembling the Spanish cedar; also. the tree itself.
Toonwood noun (Botany) Same as Toon .
Toot intransitive verb
[ Middle English toten
, Anglo-Saxon totian
to project; hence, to peep out.] [ Written also tout
.] 1. To stand out, or be prominent.
[ Obsolete] Howell. 2. To peep; to look narrowly.
[ Obsolete] Latimer.
For birds in bushes tooting . Spenser.
Toot transitive verb To see; to spy. [ Obsolete] P. Plowman.
Toot intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tooted
; present participle & verbal noun Tooting
.] [ Confer Dutch toeten
to blow a horn, German tuten
, Swedish tuta
, Danish tude
; probably of imitative origin.] To blow or sound a horn; to make similar noise by contact of the tongue with the root of the upper teeth at the beginning and end of the sound; also, to give forth such a sound, as a horn when blown.
Tooting horns and rattling teams of mail coaches. Thackeray.
Toot transitive verb To cause to sound, as a horn, the note being modified at the beginning and end as if by pronouncing the letter t ; to blow; to sound.
Tooter noun One who toots; one who plays upon a pipe or horn. B. Jonson.
; plural Teeth
. [ Middle English toth
, Anglo-Saxon tōð
; akin to OFries. tōth
, Old Saxon & Dutch tand
, Old High German zang
, German zahn
, Icelandic tönn
, Swedish & Danish tand
, Goth. tumpus
, Lithuanian dantis
, W. dant
, Latin dens
, Greek 'odoy`s
, Sanskrit danta
; probably originally the present participle of the verb to eat
. √239. Confer Eat
the tooth of a wheel, Dental
of a fork, Tusk
. ] 1. (Anat.) One of the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the jaws, or on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most vertebrates, and which usually aid in the prehension and mastication of food.
» The hard parts of teeth are principally made up of dentine
, or ivory, and a very hard substance called enamel
. These are variously combined in different animals. Each tooth consist of three parts, a crown
, or body, projecting above the gum, one or more fangs
imbedded in the jaw, and the neck
, or intermediate part. In some animals one or more of the teeth are modified into tusks which project from the mouth, as in both sexes of the elephant and of the walrus, and in the male narwhal. In adult man there are thirty-two teeth, composed largely of dentine, but the crowns are covered with enamel, and the fangs with a layer of bone called cementum
. Of the eight teeth on each half of each jaw, the two in front are incisors
, then come one canine
, cuspid, or dog tooth, two bicuspids
, or false molars, and three molars
, or grinding teeth. The milk, or temporary, teeth are only twenty in number, there being two incisors, one canine, and two molars on each half of each jaw. The last molars, or wisdom teeth, usually appear long after the others, and occasionally do not appear above the jaw at all.
How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is Shak. 2. Fig.: Taste; palate.
To have a thankless child !
These are not dishes for thy dainty tooth . Dryden. 3. Any projection corresponding to the tooth of an animal, in shape, position, or office; as, the teeth , or cogs, of a cogwheel; a tooth , prong, or tine, of a fork; a tooth , or the teeth , of a rake, a saw, a file, a card. 4. (a) A projecting member resembling a tenon, but fitting into a mortise that is only sunk, not pierced through. (b) One of several steps, or offsets, in a tusk . See Tusk . 5. (Nat. Hist.) An angular or prominence on any edge; as, a tooth on the scale of a fish, or on a leaf of a plant
; specifically (Botany)
, one of the appendages at the mouth of the capsule of a moss. See Peristome . 6. (Zoology) Any hard calcareous or chitinous organ found in the mouth of various invertebrates and used in feeding or procuring food; as, the teeth of a mollusk or a starfish. In spite of the teeth
, in defiance of opposition; in opposition to every effort.
-- In the teeth
, directly; in direct opposition; in front.
"Nor strive with all the tempest in my teeth
-- To cast in the teeth
, to report reproachfully; to taunt or insult one with.
-- Tooth and nail
, as if by biting and scratching; with one's utmost power; by all possible means. L'Estrange.
"I shall fight tooth and nail
for international copyright." Charles Reade.
-- Tooth coralline (Zoology)
, any sertularian hydroid.
-- Tooth edge
, the sensation excited in the teeth by grating sounds, and by the touch of certain substances, as keen acids.
-- Tooth key
, an instrument used to extract teeth by a motion resembling that of turning a key.
-- Tooth net
, a large fishing net anchored.
[ Scot.] Jamieson.
-- Tooth ornament
. (Architecture) Same as Dogtooth , noun , 2.
-- Tooth powder
, a powder for cleaning the teeth; a dentifrice.
- - Tooth rash
. (Medicine) See Red-gum , 1.
-- To show the teeth
, to threaten.
"When the Law shows
, but dares not bite." Young.
-- To the teeth
, in open opposition; directly to one's face.
"That I shall live, and tell him to
Tooth transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Toothed
; present participle & verbal noun Toothing
.] 1. To furnish with teeth.
The twin cards toothed with glittering wire. Wordsworth. 2. To indent; to jag; as, to tooth a saw. 3. To lock into each other. See Tooth , noun , 4. Moxon.
Toothache noun (Medicine) Pain in a tooth or in the teeth; odontalgia. Toothache grass (Botany) , a kind of grass ( Ctenium Americanum ) having a very pungent taste. -- Toothache tree . (Botany) (a) The prickly ash. (b) A shrub of the genus Aralia ( A. spinosa ).
Toothback noun (Zoology) Any notodontian.
Toothbill noun (Zoology) A peculiar fruit-eating ground pigeon ( Didunculus strigiostris ) native of the Samoan Islands, and noted for its resemblance, in several characteristics, to the extinct dodo. Its beak is stout and strongly hooked, and the mandible has two or three strong teeth toward the end. Its color is chocolate red. Called also toothbilled pigeon , and manu- mea .
Toothbrush noun A brush for cleaning the teeth.
Toothdrawer noun One whose business it is to extract teeth with instruments; a dentist. Shak.
Toothed adjective 1. Having teeth; furnished with teeth.
"Ruby-lipped and toothed
with pearl." Herrick. 2. (Bot. & Zoology) Having marginal projecting points; dentate. Toothed whale (Zoology)
, any whale of the order Denticete. See Denticete .
-- Toothed wheel
, a wheel with teeth or projections cut or set on its edge or circumference, for transmitting motion by their action on the engaging teeth of another wheel.
Toothful adjective Toothsome. [ Obsolete]
Toothing noun Toothing plane , a plane of which the iron is formed into a series of small teeth, for the purpose of roughening surfaces, as of veneers.
1. The act or process of indenting or furnishing with teeth. 2. (Masonry) Bricks alternately projecting at the end of a wall, in order that they may be bonded into a continuation of it when the remainder is carried up.
Toothless adjective Having no teeth. Cowper.
Toothlet noun A little tooth, or like projection.
Toothleted adjective Having a toothlet or toothlets; as, a toothleted leaf. [ Written also toothletted .]
Toothpick noun A pointed instument for clearing the teeth of substances lodged between them.
Toothpicker noun A toothpick. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Toothshell noun (Zoology) Any species of Dentalium and allied genera having a tooth-shaped shell. See Dentalium .
Toothsome adjective Grateful to the taste; palatable.
- - Tooth"some*ness
Though less toothsome to me, they were more wholesome for me. Fuller.
Toothwort noun (Botany) A plant whose roots are fancied to resemble teeth, as certain plants of the genus Lathræa , and various species of Dentaria . See Coralwort .
Toothy adjective Toothed; with teeth. [ R] Croxall.
Tootle intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tootled
; present participle & verbal noun Tootling
.] [ Freq. of toot
.] To toot gently, repeatedly, or continuously, on a wind instrument, as a flute; also, to make a similar noise by any means.
robin." John Clare.
Toozoo noun The ringdove. [ Prov. Eng.]
Top noun [ CF. OD. dop , top , Old High German , MNG., & dial. German topf ; perhaps akin to German topf a pot.]
1. A child's toy, commonly in the form of a conoid or pear, made to spin on its point, usually by drawing off a string wound round its surface or stem, the motion being sometimes continued by means of a whip. 2. (Rope Making) A plug, or conical block of wood, with longitudital grooves on its surface, in which the strands of the rope slide in the process of twisting.
[ Anglo-Saxon top
; akin to OFries. top
a tuft, Dutch top
top, Old High German zopf
end, tip, tuft of hair, German zopf
tuft of hair, pigtail, top of a tree, Icelandic toppr
a tuft of hair, crest, top, Danish top
, Swedish topp
pinnacle, top; of uncertain origin. Confer Tuft
.] 1. The highest part of anything; the upper end, edge, or extremity; the upper side or surface; summit; apex; vertex; cover; lid; as, the top of a spire; the top of a house; the top of a mountain; the top of the ground.
The star that bids the shepherd fold, Milton. 2. The utmost degree; the acme; the summit.
Now the top of heaven doth hold.
The top of my ambition is to contribute to that work. Pope. 3. The highest rank; the most honorable position; the utmost attainable place; as, to be at the top of one's class, or at the top of the school.
And wears upon his baby brow the round Shak. 4. The chief person; the most prominent one.
And top of sovereignty.
Other . . . aspired to be the top of zealots. Milton. 5. The crown of the head, or the hair upon it; the head.
to toe" Spenser.
All the stored vengeance of Heaven fall Shak. 6. The head, or upper part, of a plant.
On her ungrateful top !
The buds . . . are called heads, or tops , as cabbageheads. I. Watts. 7. (Nautical) A platform surrounding the head of the lower mast and projecting on all sudes. It serves to spead the topmast rigging, thus strengheningthe mast, and also furnishes a convenient standing place for the men aloft. Totten. 8. (Wool Manuf.) A bundle or ball of slivers of comkbed wool, from which the noils, or dust, have been taken out. 9. Eve; verge; point.
[ R.] "He was upon the top
of his marriage with Magdaleine." Knolles. 10. The part of a cut gem between the girdle, or circumference, and the table, or flat upper surface. Knight. 11. plural Top-boots.
[ Slang] Dickens.
is often used adjectively or as the first part of compound words, usually self-explaining; as, top
stone, or top
-boots, or top
soil, or top
-soil. Top and but (Shipbuilding)
, a phrase used to denote a method of working long tapering planks by bringing the but of one plank to the top of the other to make up a constant breadth in two layers.
-- Top minnow (Zoology)
, a small viviparous fresh-water fish ( Gambusia patruelis ) abundant in the Southern United States. Also applied to other similar species.
Top intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Topped
; present participle & verbal noun Topping
.] 1. To rise aloft; to be eminent; to tower; as, lofty ridges and topping mountains. Derham. 2. To predominate; as, topping passions.
"Influenced by topping
uneasiness." Locke. 3. To excel; to rise above others.
But write thy, and top . Dryden.
Top transitive verb 1. To cover on the top; to tip; to cap; -- chiefly used in the past participle.
Like moving mountains topped with snow. Waller.
A mount Milton. 2. To rise above; to excel; to outgo; to surpass.
Of alabaster, topped with golden spires.
Topping all others in boasting. Shak.
Edmund the base shall top the legitimate. Shak. 3. To rise to the top of; to go over the top of.
But wind about till thou hast topped the hill. Denham. 4. To take off the or upper part of; to crop.
Top your rose trees a little with your knife. Evelyn. 5. To perform eminently, or better than before.
From endeavoring universally to top their parts, they will go universally beyond them. Jeffrey. 6. (Nautical) To raise one end of, as a yard, so that that end becomes higher than the other. To top off
, to complete by putting on, or finishing, the top or uppermost part of; as, to top off a stack of hay; hence, to complete; to finish; to adorn.
Top noun (Golf) (a) A stroke on the top of the ball. (b) A forward spin given to the ball by hitting it on or near the top. -- From top to toe , from head to foot; altogether.
Top intransitive verb
1. (Golf) To strike a ball above the center. 2. (Nautical) To rise at one end, as a yard; -- usually with up .