Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Tortuose adjective [ See Tortuous.] Wreathed; twisted; winding. Loudon

Tortuoslty noun [ Latin tortuositas : confer French tortuosite .] the quality or state of being tortuous.

Tortuous adjective [ Middle English tortuos , Latin tortuosus , from tortus a twisting, winding, from torquere , tortum , to twist: confer French tortueux . See Torture.]
1. Bent in different directions; wreathed; twisted; winding; as, a tortuous train ; a tortuous train; a tortuous leaf or corolla.

The badger made his dark and tortuous hole on the side of every hill where the copsewood grew thick.
Macaulay.

2. Fig.: Deviating from rectitude; indirect; erroneous; deceitful.

That course became somewhat less tortuous , when the battle of the Boyne had cowed the spirit of the Jakobites.
Macaulay.

3. Injurious: tortious. [ Obsolete]

4. (Astrol.) Oblique; -- applied to the six signs of the zodiac (from Capricorn to Gemini) which ascend most rapidly and obliquely. [ Obsolete] Skeat.

Infortunate ascendent tortuous .
Chaucer.

-- Tor"tu*ous*ly , adverb -- Tor"tu*ous*ness , noun

Torturable adjective Capable of being tortured.

Torture noun [ French,fr.L. tortura , from torquere , tortum , to twist, rack, torture; probably akin to Greek tre`pein to turn, German drechsein to turn on a lathe, and perhaps to English queer . Confer Contort , Distort , Extort , Retort , Tart , noun , Torch , Torment , Tortion , Tort , Trope. ]
1. Extreme pain; anguish of body or mind; pang; agony; torment; as, torture of mind. Shak.

Ghastly spasm or racking torture .
Milton.

2. Especially, severe pain inflicted judicially, either as punishment for a crime, or for the purpose of extorting a confession from an accused person, as by water or fire, by the boot or thumbkin, or by the rack or wheel.

3. The act or process of torturing.

Torture , whitch had always been deciared illegal, and which had recently been declared illegal even by the servile judges of that age, was inflicted for the last time in England in the month of May, 1640.
Macaulay.

Torture transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tortured (...; 135); present participle & verbal noun Torturing. ] [ Confer French Torturer . ]
1. To put to torture; to pain extremely; to harass; to vex.

2. To punish with torture; to put to the rack; as, to torture an accused person. Shak.

3. To wrest from the proper meaning; to distort. Jar. Taylor.

4. To keep on the stretch, as a bow. [ Obsolete]

The bow tortureth the string.
Bacon.

Torturer noun One who tortures; a tormentor.

Torturingly adverb So as to torture. Beau. & Fl.

Torturous adjective Involving, or pertaining to, torture. [ R.] " The torturous crucifixion ." I. Disraeli.

Torula noun ; plural Torulæ [ New Latin , dim. of Latin torus a semicircular molding.] (Biol.) (a) A chain of special bacteria. (b) A genus of budding fungi. Same as Saccharomyces. Also used adjectively.

Torulaform adjective (Biol.) Having the appearance of a torula; in the form of a little chain; as, a torulaform string of micrococci.

Torulose adjective [ Latin torulus , dim. of torus : confer French toruleux . See Torus ] (Botany) Same as Torose.

Torulous adjective Same as Torose.

Torus noun ; plural Tori . [ Latin , a round, swelling, or bulging place, an elevation. Confer 3d Tore .]


1. (Architecture) A lage molding used in the bases of columns. Its profile is semicircular. See Illust. of Molding. Brande&C.

2. (Zoology) One of the ventral parapodia of tubicolous annelids. It usually has the form of an oblong thickening or elevation of the integument with rows of uncini or hooks along the center. See Illust. under Tubicolæ .

3. (Botany) The receptacle, or part of the flower on which the carpels stand.

4. (Geom.) See 3d Tore , 2.

Torved adjective Stern; grim. See Torvous. [ Obsolete]

But yesterday his breath
Awed Rome, and his least torved frown was death.
J. Webster (1654).

Torvity adjective [ Latin torvitas . See Torvous .] Sourness or severity of countenance; sterness. [ Obsolete]

Torvous adjective [ Latin torvus . ] Sour of aspect; of a severe countenance; stern; grim. [ Obsolete]

That torvous , sour look produced by anger.
Derham.

Tory noun ; plural Tories . [ Properly used of the Irish bogtrotters who robbed and plundered during the English civil wars, professing to be in sympathy with the royal cause; hence transferred to those who sought to maintain the extreme prerogatives of the crown; probably from Ir. toiridhe , tor , a pursuer; akin to Ir. & Gael. toir a pursuit.]
1. (Eng.Politics) A member of the conservative party, as opposed to the progressive party which was formerly called the Whig, and is now called the Liberal, party; an earnest supporter of exsisting royal and ecclesiastical authority.

» The word Tory first occurs in English history in 1679, during the struggle in Parliament occasioned by the introduction of the bill for the exclusion of the duke of York from the line of succession, and was applied by the advocates of the bill to its opponents as a title of obloquy or contempt. The Tories subsequently took a broader ground, and their leading principle became the maintenance of things as they were. The name, however, has for several years ceased to designate an existing party, but is rather applied to certain traditional maxims of public policy. The political successors of the Tories are now commonly known as Conservatives . New Am. Cyc.

2. (Amer. Hist.) One who, in the time of the Revolution, favored submitting tothe claims of Great Britain against the colonies; an adherent tothe crown.

Tory adjective Of ro pertaining to the Tories.

Toryism noun The principles of the Tories.

Toscatter transitive verb [ Prefix to- + scatter .] To scatter in pieces; to divide. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Tose transitive verb [ See Touse ] To tease, or comb, as wool. [ Obsoleteor Prov. Eng.]

Tosh adjective [ Confer Old French tonce shorn , clipped , and English tonsure .] Neat; trim. [ Scot.] Jomieson.

Toshred transitive verb [ Prefix to- + shred . ] To cut into shreads or pieces. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Toss transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tossed ; (less properly Tost ); present participle & verbal noun Tossing .] [ W. tosiaw , tosio , to jerk, toss, snatch, tos a quick jerk, a toss, a snatch. ]
1. To throw with the hand; especially, to throw with the palm of the hand upward, or to throw upward; as, to toss a ball.

2. To lift or throw up with a sudden or violent motion; as, to toss the head.

He tossed his arm aloft, and proudly told me,
He would not stay.
Addison.

3. To cause to rise and fall; as, a ship tossed on the waves in a storm.

We being exceedingly tossed with a tempeat.
Act xxvii. 18.

4. To agitate; to make restless.

Calm region once,
And full of peace, now tossed and turbulent.
Milton.

5. Hence, to try; to harass.

Whom devils fly, thus is he tossed of men.
Herbert.

6. To keep in play; to tumble over; as, to spend four years in tossing the rules of grammar. [ Obsolete] Ascham.

To toss off , to drink hastily. -- To toss the cars . See under Oar, noun

Toss intransitive verb
1. To roll and tumble; to be in violent commotion; to write; to fling.

To toss and fling, and to be restless, only frets and enreges our pain.
Tillotson.

2. To be tossed, as a fleet on the ocean. Shak.

To toss for , to throw dice or a coin to determine the possession of; to gamble for. -- To toss up , to throw a coin into the air, and wager on which side it will fall, or determine a question by its fall. Bramsion.

Toss noun
1. A throwing upward, or with a jerk; the act of tossing; as, the toss of a ball.

2. A throwing up of the head; a particular manner of raising the head with a jerk. Swift.

Tossel noun See Tassel .

Tosser noun Ohe who tosser. J. Fletcher.

Tossily adverb In a tossy manner. [ R.]

Tossing noun
1. The act of throwing upward; a rising and falling suddenly; a rolling and tumbling.

2. (Mining) (a) A process which consists in washing ores by violent agitation in water, in order to separate the lighter or earhy particles; -- called also tozing , and treloobing , in Cornwall. Pryce. (b) A process for refining tin by dropping it through the air while melted.

Tosspot noun A toper; one habitually given to strong drink; a drunkard. Shak.

Tossy adjective Tossing the head, as in scorn or pride; hence, proud; contemptuous; scornful; affectedly indifferent; as, a tossy commonplace. [ R.] C. Kingsley.

Tost imperfect & past participle of Toss.

Tosto adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) Quick; rapid.

Toswink intransitive verb [ Prefix to- + swink .] To labor excessively. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Tot noun [ Confer Toddle , Tottle , Totter .]
1. Anything small; -- frequently applied as a term of endearment to a little child.

2. A drinking cup of small size, holding about half a pint. [ Prov.Eng.] Halliwell.

3. A foolish fellow. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Tot noun [ Latin ] Lit., so much; -- a term used in the English exchequer to indicate that a debt was good or collectible for the amount specified, and often written opposite the item.

Tot transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Totted ; present participle & verbal noun Totting .]
1. To mark with the word "tot"; as, a totted debt. See Tot , noun

2. [ Confer Total .] To add; to count; to make up the sum of; to total; -- often with up . [ Colloq., Eng.]

The last two tot up the bill.
Thackeray.

Tota noun [ From the native name in Egypt.] (Zoology) The grivet.

Total adjective [ French, from Late Latin totalis , from Latin tolus all,whole. Confer Factotum , Surtout , Teetotum .] Whole; not divided; entire; full; complete; absolute; as, a total departure from the evidence; a total loss. " Total darkness." "To undergo myself the total crime." Milton.

Total abstinence . See Abstinence , noun , 1. -- Total depravity . (Theol.) See Original sin , under Original .

Whole; entire; complete. See Whole .

Total noun The whole; the whole sum or amount; as, these sums added make the grand total of five millions.

Total transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Totaled or Totalled ; present participle & verbal noun Totaling or Totalling .] To bring to a total; to add; also, to reach as a total; to amount to. [ Colloq.]

Totalis noun [ See Total , adjective ] The total.

I look on nothing but totalis .
B. Jonson.

Totalisator noun Same as Totalizator .

Totality noun [ Confer French totalite , Late Latin totalitas .]
1. The quality or state of being total; as, the totality of an eclipse.

2. The whole sum; the whole quantity or amount; the entirety; as, the totality of human knowledge. Buckle.

The totality of a sentence or passage.
Coleridge.

Totalization noun Act of totalizing, or state of being totalized.

Totalizator noun [ From Totalize : confer French totalisateur .] A machine for registering and indicating the number and nature of bets made on horse races, as in Australia and South Africa. Called also totalizer .

Totalize transitive verb To make total, or complete;to reduce to completeness. Coleridge.

Totalize intransitive verb To use a totalizator.