Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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To-rend transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle To-rent .] [ Prefix to- + rend .] To rend in pieces. [ Obsolete]

The wolf hath many a sheep and lamb to- rent .
Chaucer.

Toreador noun [ Spanish ,fr. torear to fight bulls, from Latin taurus a bull.] A bullfighter.

Toret noun [ Probably dim. from tore , torus .] A Turret. [ Obsolete]

Toret noun A ring for fastening a hawk's leash to the jesses; also, a ring affixed to the collar of a dog, etc. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Toreumatography noun [ Greek ..., ..., embossed work, work in relief (from ... to bore through, to work in relief) + -graphy .] A description of sculpture such as bas-relief in metal.

Toreumatology noun [ Greek ... embossed work + -logy .] The art or the description of scupture such as bas-relief in metal; toreumatography.

Toreutic adjective [ Greek ... belonging to work in relief.] (Sculp.) In relief; pertaining to sculpture in relief, especially of metal; also, pertaining to chasing such as surface ornamentation in metal.

Torgoch noun The saibling. [ Prov. Eng.]

Torilto noun [ Confer Spanish torillo a little bull.] (Zoology) A species of Turnix ( Turnix sylvatica ) native of Spain and Northen Africa.

Torinese adjective [ Italian ] Of or pertaining to Turin. -- noun sing. & plural A native or inhabitant of Turin; collectively, the people of Turin.

Torment noun [ Old French torment , French tourment , from Latin tormentum an engine for hurling missiles, an instrument of torture, a rack, torture, from torquere to turn, to twist, hurl. See Turture .]
1. (Mil. Antiq.) An engine for casting stones. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.

2. Extreme pain; anguish; torture; the utmost degree of misery, either of body or mind. Chaucer.

The more I see
Pleasures about me, so much more I feel
Torment within me.
Milton.

3. That which gives pain, vexation, or misery.

They brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments .
Matt. iv. 24.

Torment transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle tormented ; present participle & verbal noun tormenting .] [ Old French tormenter , French tourmenter .]
1. To put to extreme pain or anguish; to inflict excruciating misery upon, either of body or mind; to torture. " Art thou come hither to torment us before our time? " Matt. viii. 29.

2. To pain; to distress; to afflict.

Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented .
Matt. viii. 6.

3. To tease; to vex; to harass; as, to be tormented with importunities, or with petty annoyances. [ Colloq.]

4. To put into great agitation. [ R.] "[ They], soaring on main wing, tormented all the air." Milton.

Tormenter noun
1. One who, or that which, torments; a tormentor.

2. An executioner. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Tormentful adjective Full of torment; causing, or accompanied by, torment; excruciating. [ R.] Tillotson.

Tormentil noun [ French tormentille ; confer Pr., Italian , & New Latin tormentilla , Spanish tormentila ; all from Latin tormentum pain. So called because it is said to allay pain. See Torment .] (Botany) A rosaceous herb ( Potentilla Tormentilla ), the root of which is used as a powerful astringent, and for alleviating gripes, or tormina, in diarrhea.

Tormenting adjective Causing torment; as, a tormenting dream. -- Tor*ment"ing*ly , adverb

Tormentise noun [ See Torment .] Torture; torment. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Tormentor noun
1. One who, or that which, torments; one who inflicts penal anguish or tortures. Jer. Taylor.

Thoughts, my tormentors , armed with deadly stings.
Milton.

2. (Agriculture) An implement for reducing a stiff soil, resembling a harrow, but running upon wheels. Hebert.

Tormentress noun A woman who torments.

Fortune ordinarily cometh after to whip and punish them, as the scourge and tormentress of glory and honor.
Holland.

Tormentry noun Anything producing torment, annoyance, or pain. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Tormina noun plural [ Latin , a griping in the belly.] (Medicine) acute, colicky pains; gripes.

Torminous adjective (Medicine) Affected with tormina; griping.

Torn past participle of Tear .

Tornado noun ; plural Tornadoes . [ From Spanish or Portuguese tornar to turn, return, Latin tornare to turn, hence, a whirling wind. The Spanish & Portuguese tornada is a return. See Turn .] A violent whirling wind; specifically (Meteorol.) , a tempest distinguished by a rapid whirling and slow progressive motion, usually accompaned with severe thunder, lightning, and torrents of rain, and commonly of short duration and small breadth; a small cyclone.

Tornaria noun ; plural Tornariæ . [ New Latin , from Latin tornare to turn.] (Zoology) The peculiar free swimming larva of Balanoglossus. See Illust. in Append.

Torose adjective [ Latin torosus full of muscle, brawny, fleshy. See Torus .] Cylindrical with alternate swellings and contractions; having the surface covered with rounded prominences.

Torosity noun The quality or state of being torose.

Torous adjective Torose.

Torpedinous adjective Of or pertaining to a torpedo; resembling a torpedo; exerting a benumbing influence; stupefying; dull; torpid.

Fishy were his eyes; torpedinous was his manner.
De Quincey.

Torpedo noun ; plural Torpedoes . [ Latin torpedo , -inis , from torpere to be stiff, numb, or torpid. See Torpid .]


1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of elasmobranch fishes belonging to Torpedo and allied genera. They are related to the rays, but have the power of giving electrical shocks. Called also crampfish , and numbfish . See Electrical fish , under Electrical .

» The common European torpedo ( T. vulgaris ) and the American species ( T. occidentalis ) are the best known.

2. An engine or machine for destroying ships by blowing them up. Specifically: --

(a) A quantity of explosives anchored in a channel, beneath the water, or set adrift in a current, and so arranged that they will be exploded when touched by a vessel, or when an electric circuit is closed by an operator on shore.

(b) A kind of small submarine boat carrying an explosive charge, and projected from a ship against another ship at a distance, or made self-propelling, and otherwise automatic in its action against a distant ship.

3. (Mil.) A kind of shell or cartridge buried in earth, to be exploded by electricity or by stepping on it.

4. (Railroad) A kind of detonating cartridge or shell placed on a rail, and exploded when crushed under the locomotive wheels, -- used as an alarm signal.

5. An explosive cartridge or shell lowered or dropped into a bored oil well, and there exploded, to clear the well of obstructions or to open communication with a source of supply of oil.

6. A kind of firework in the form of a small ball, or pellet, which explodes when thrown upon a hard object.

Fish torpedo , a spindle-shaped, or fish-shaped, self-propelling submarine torpedo. -- Spar torpedo , a canister or other vessel containing an explosive charge, and attached to the end of a long spar which projects from a ship or boat and is thrust against an enemy's ship, exploding the torpedo. -- Torpedo boat , a vessel adapted for carrying, launching, operating, or otherwise making use of, torpedoes against an enemy's ship. -- Torpedo nettings , nettings made of chains or bars, which can be suspended around a vessel and allowed to sink beneath the surface of the water, as a protection against torpedoes.

Torpedo transitive verb to destroy by, or subject to the action of, a torpedo. London Spectator.

Torpedo noun An automobile with a torpedo body. [ Cant]

Torpedo body An automobile body which is built so that the side surfaces are flush. [ Cant]

Torpedo boom A spar formerly carried by men-of- war, having a torpedo on its end.

Torpedo catcher A small fast vessel for pursuing and destroying torpedo boats.

Torpedo shell (Ordnance) A shell longer than a deck-piercing shell, with thinner walls and a larger cavity for the bursting charge, which consists of about 130 pounds of high explosive. It has no soft cap, and is intended to effect its damage by the powerful explosion which follows on slight resistance. It is used chiefly in 12-inch mortars.

Torpedo station A headquarters for torpedo vessels and their supplies, usually having facilities for repairs and for instruction and experiments. The principal torpedo station of the United States is at Newport, R.I.

Torpedo stern A broad stern without overhang, flattened on the bottom, used in some torpedo and fast power boats. It prevents settling in the water at high speed.

Torpedo tube (Nav.) A tube fixed below or near the water line through which a torpedo is fired, usually by a small charge of gunpowder. On torpedo vessels the tubes are on deck and usually in broadside, on larger vessels usually submerged in broadside and fitted with a movable shield which is pushed out from the vessel's side to protect the torpedo until clear, but formerly sometimes in the bow. In submarine torpedo boats they are in the bow.

Torpedo-boat destroyer A larger, swifter, and more powerful armed type of torpedo boat, originally intended principally for the destruction of torpedo boats, but later used also as a more formidable torpedo boat.

Torpedoist noun (Nav.) One skilled in the theory or use of torpedoes; also, one who favors the use of torpedoes.

Torpent adjective [ Latin torpens , present participle of torpere to be numb.] Having no motion or activity; incapable of motion; benumbed; torpid. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

Torpescence noun The quality or state or being torpescent; torpidness; numbness; stupidity.

Torpescent adjective [ Latin torpescens , present participle of torpescere to grow stiff, numb, or torpid, incho. from torpere . See Torpid .] Becoming torpid or numb. Shenstone.

Torpid (tôr"pĭd) adjective [ Latin torpidus , from torpere to be stiff, numb, or torpid; of uncertain origin.]
1. Having lost motion, or the power of exertion and feeling; numb; benumbed; as, a torpid limb.

Without heat all things would be torpid .
Ray.

2. Dull; stupid; sluggish; inactive. Sir M. Hale.

Torpid noun [ See Torpid , adjective ] [ Slang, Oxford University, Eng.]
1. An inferior racing boat, or one who rows in such a boat.

2. plural The Lenten rowing races.

Torpidity noun Same as Torpidness .

Torpidly adverb In a torpid manner.

Torpidness noun The qualityy or state of being torpid.

Torpify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Torpified ; present participle & verbal noun Torpifying . ] [ Latin torpere to be torpid + -fy .] To make torpid; to numb, or benumb.