|Tollbooth Toll"booth` transitive verb To imprison in a tollbooth.
That they might tollbooth Oxford men. Bp. Corbet.
Toller Toll"er noun [ Anglo-Saxon tollere .] A toll gatherer. " Tollers in markets." Piers Plowman.
Toller Toll"er noun One who tolls a bell.
Tolletane Tol"le·tane adjective [ Latin Toletanus .] Of or pertaining to Toledo in Spain; made in Toledo. [ Obsolete] "Tables Tolletanes ." Chaucer.
Tollgate Toll"gate` noun A gate where toll is taken.
Tollhouse Toll"house` noun
; plural Tollhouses A house occupied by a receiver of tolls.
Tollman Toll"man noun
; plural Tollmen One who receives or collects toll; a toll gatherer. Cowper.
Tolmen Tol"men noun See Dolmen .
Tolsester Tol"ses·ter noun [ Late Latin tolsestrum . Confer Toll a tax.] (O. Eng. Law) A toll or tribute of a sextary of ale, paid to the lords of some manors by their tenants, for liberty to brew and sell ale. Cowell.
Tolsey Tol"sey noun A tollbooth; also, a merchants' meeting place, or exchange. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Tolstoyan, Tolstoian Tol·stoy"an, Tol·stoi"an adjective Of or pertaining to Tolstoy (1828- 1910). -- noun A follower of Tolstoy, who advocates and practices manual labor, simplicity of living, nonresistance, etc., holds that possession of wealth and ownership of property are sinful, and in religion rejects all teachings not coming from Christ himself.
Tolt Tolt noun [ Late Latin tolta , from Latin tollere to take away.] (O. Eng. Law) A writ by which a cause pending in a court baron was removed into a country court. Cowell.
Toltec Tol"tec noun (Ethnol.) One of a race which formerly occupied Mexico. -- Tol"te*can adjective
Tolu To·lu" noun A fragrant balsam said to have been first brought from Santiago de Tolu, in New Granada. See Balsam of Tolu , under Balsam . Tolu tree (Botany) , a large tree ( Myroxylon toluiferum ), the wood of which is red in the center, and has an aromatic rose odor. It affords the balsam called tolu .
Toluate Tol"u·ate noun (Chemistry) A salt of any one of the toluic acids.
Toluene Tol"u·ene noun [ Tolu + benz ene .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon, C 6 H 5 .CH 3 , of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene, and obtained as a light mobile colorless liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar, etc.; -- called also methyl benzene , phenyl methane , etc.
Toluenyl Tol`u·e"nyl noun [ Toluene + - yl .] (Chemistry) Tolyl. [ Obsolete]
Toluic To·lu"ic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, one of three metameric acids, CH 3 .C 6 H 4 .CO 2 H, which are related to toluene and analogous to benzoic acids. They are white crystalline substances, and are called respectively orthotoluic acid , metatoluic acid , and paratoluic acid.
Toluid Tol"u·id noun (Chemistry) A complex double tolyl and toluidine derivative of glycocoll, obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Toluidine To·lu"i·dine noun (Chemistry) Any one of three metameric amido derivatives of toluene analogous to aniline, and called respectively orthtoluidine , metatoluidine , and paratoluidine ; especially, the commonest one, or paratoluidine , which is obtained as a white crystalline substance. » It is used in the aniline dye industry, and constitutes the essential nucleus or radical of those dyes.
Toluol, Toluole Tol"u·ol, Tol"u·ole noun [ Tolu + benz ol .] (Chemistry) Same as Toluene .
Toluric To·lu"ric adjective [ Tol uic + uric .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, any one of three isomeric crystalline acids, C 9 H 10 ON.CO 2 H, which are toluyl derivatives of glycocoll.
Tolutation Tol`u·ta"tion noun [ Latin tolutim on a trot, properly, lifting up the feet, akin to tollere to lift up.] A pacing or ambling. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Toluyl Tol"u·yl noun [ Tolu ic + - yl .] (Chemistry) Any one of the three hypothetical radicals corresponding to the three toluic acids.
Toluylene Tol"u·yl·ene noun (Chemistry) (a) Same as Stilbene . (b) Sometimes, but less properly, tolylene.
Tolyl Tol"yl noun [ Tol uic + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hydrocarbon radical, CH 3 .C 6 H 4 , regarded as characteristic of certain compounds of the aromatic series related to toluene; as, tolyl carbinol.
Tolylene Tol"yl·ene noun (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical, C 6 H 4 .(CH 2 ) 2 , regarded as characteristic of certain toluene derivatives.
Tolypeutine Tol`y·peu"tine noun (Zoology) The apar.
Tom Tom noun The knave of trumps at gleek. [ Obsolete]
Tom Tom noun 1. A familiar contraction of Thomas , a proper name of a man. 2. The male of certain animals; -- often used adjectively or in composition; as, tom turkey, tom cat, etc.
Tom and Jerry Tom and Jerry A hot sweetened drink of rum and water spiced with cinnamon, cloves, etc., and beaten up with eggs.
Tom o' Bedlam Tom o' Bed"lam Formerly, a wandering mendicant discharged as incurable from Bethlehem Hospitel, Eng.; hence, a wandering mendicant, either mad or feigning to be so; a madman; a bedlamite.
Tom-tom Tom"-tom` (tŏm"tŏm`) noun See Tam-tam .
Tomahawk Tom"a·hawk noun [ Of American Indian origin; confer Algonkin tomehagen , Mohegan tumnahegan , Delaware tamoihecan .] A kind of war hatchet used by the American Indians. It was originally made of stone, but afterwards of iron.
Tomahawk Tom"a·hawk transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tomahawked ; present participle & verbal noun Tomahawking .] To cut, strike, or kill, with a tomahawk.
Tomaley Tom"a`ley noun The liver of the lobster, which becomes green when boiled; -- called also tomalline .
Toman To·man" noun [ Persian tōmān ; from a Mongol word signifying, ten thousand.] A money of account in Persia, whose value varies greatly at different times and places. Its average value may be reckoned at about two and a half dollars.
Tomato To·ma"to noun
; plural Tomatoes
. [ Spanish or Portuguese tomate
, of American Indian origin; confer Mexican tomail
.] (Botany) The fruit of a plant of the Nightshade family ( Lycopersicum esculentun ); also, the plant itself. The fruit, which is called also love apple , is usually of a rounded, flattened form, but often irregular in shape. It is of a bright red or yellow color, and is eaten either cooked or uncooked. Tomato gall (Zoology)
, a large gall consisting of a mass of irregular swellings on the stems and leaves of grapevines. They are yellowish green, somewhat tinged with red, and produced by the larva of a small two-winged fly ( Lasioptera vitis ).
-- Tomato sphinx (Zoology)
, the adult or imago of the tomato worm. It closely resembles the tobacco hawk moth. Called also tomato hawk moth . See Illust. of Hawk moth .
-- Tomato worm (Zoology)
, the larva of a large hawk moth ( Sphinx, or Macrosila, quinquemaculata ) which feeds upon the leaves of the tomato and potato plants, often doing considerable damage. Called also potato worm .
Tomb Tomb noun
[ Middle English tombe
, French tombe
, Late Latin tumba
, from Greek ... a tomb, grave; perhaps akin to Latin tumulus
a mound. Confer Tumulus
.] 1. A pit in which the dead body of a human being is deposited; a grave; a sepulcher.
As one dead in the bottom of a tomb . Shak. 2. A house or vault, formed wholly or partly in the earth, with walls and a roof, for the reception of the dead.
of marble stones." Chaucer. 3. A monument erected to inclose the body and preserve the name and memory of the dead.
Hang her an epitaph upon her tomb . Shak. Tomb bat (Zoology)
, any one of species of Old World bats of the genus Taphozous which inhabit tombs, especially the Egyptian species ( T. perforatus ).
, transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tombed
; present participle & verbal noun Tombing
.] To place in a tomb; to bury; to inter; to entomb.
I tombed my brother that I might be blessed. Chapman.
Tombac Tom"bac noun [ Portuguese tambaca , tambaque , from Malay tambāga copper; confer Sanskrit tāmraka ; confer French tombac .] (Metal.) An alloy of copper and zinc, resembling brass, and containing about 84 per cent of copper; -- called also German, or Dutch, brass . It is very malleable and ductile, and when beaten into thin leaves is sometimes called Dutch metal . The addition of arsenic makes white tombac . [ Written also tombak , and tambac .]
Tombester Tom"bes·ter noun [ See Tumble , and -ster .] A female dancer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Tombless Tomb"less adjective Destitute of a tomb.
Tomboy Tom"boy` noun [ Tom (for Thomas, Latin Thomas , from Greek ... )+ boy .] A romping girl; a hoiden. [ Colloq.] J. Fletcher.
Tombstone Tomb"stone` noun A stone erected over a grave, to preserve the memory of the deceased.
Tomcat Tom"cat` noun [ Tom (see Tomboy ) + cat .] A male cat, especially when full grown or of large size.
Tomcod Tom"cod` noun [ Tom (see Tomboy ) + cod : confer French tacaud whiting pout, American Indian tacaud , literally, plenty fish.] (Zoology) (a) A small edible American fish ( Microgadus tomcod ) of the Codfish family, very abundant in autumn on the Atlantic coast of the Northen United States; -- called also frostfish . See Illust. under Frostfish . (b) The kingfish. See Kingfish (a) . (c) The jack. See 2d Jack , 8. (c) .
Tome Tome noun
[ French tome
(cf. Italian , Spanish , & Portuguese tomo
), Latin tomus
, from Greek ... a piece cut off, a part of a book, a volume, akin to ... to cup, and perhaps to Latin tondere
to shear, English tonsure
. Confer Anatomy
. ] As many writings as are bound in a volume, forming part of a larger work; a book; -- usually applied to a ponderous volume.
Tomes of fable and of dream. Cowper.
A more childish expedient than that to which he now resorted is not to be found in all the tomes of the casuists. Macaulay.
Tomelet Tome"let noun All small tome, or volume. [ R.]
Tomentose To"men·tose` adjective [ Latin tomentum a stuffing of wool, hair, or feathers: confer French tomenteux .] (Bot. & Zoology) Covered with matted woolly hairs; as, a tomentose leaf; a tomentose leaf; a tomentose membrane.