Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Toleration noun [ Latin toleratio : confer Old French toleration .]
1. The act of tolerating; the allowance of that which is not wholly approved. 2. Specifically, the allowance of religious opinions and modes of worship in a state when contrary to, or different from, those of the established church or belief. 3. Hence, freedom from bigotry and severity in judgment of the opinions or belief of others, especially in respect to religious matters.
Toll transitive verb
[ Latin tollere
. See Tolerate
.] (O. Eng. Law) To take away; to vacate; to annul.
Toll transitive verb
[ See Tole
.] 1. To draw; to entice; to allure. See Tole . 2.
[ Probably the same word as toll
to draw, and at first meaning, to ring in order to draw people to church.] To cause to sound, as a bell, with strokes slowly and uniformly repeated; as, to toll the funeral bell.
"The sexton tolled
the bell." Hood. 3. To strike, or to indicate by striking, as the hour; to ring a toll for; as, to toll a departed friend. Shak.
Slow tolls the village clock the drowsy hour. Beattie. 4. To call, summon, or notify, by tolling or ringing.
When hollow murmurs of their evening bells Dryden.
Dismiss the sleepy swains, and toll them to their cells.
Toll intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tolled
; present participle & verbal noun Tolling
.] To sound or ring, as a bell, with strokes uniformly repeated at intervals, as at funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce the death of a person.
The country cocks do crow, the clocks do toll . Shak.
Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell. Pope.
Toll noun The sound of a bell produced by strokes slowly and uniformly repeated.
[ Middle English tol
, Anglo-Saxon toll
; akin to Old Saxon & Dutch tol
, German zoll
, Old High German zol
, Icelandic tollr
, Swedish tull
, Danish told
, and also to English tale
; -- originally, that which is counted out in payment. See Tale
number.] 1. A tax paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market, or the like. 2. (Sax. & O. Eng. Law) A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor. 3. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding. Toll and team (O. Eng. Law)
, the privilege of having a market, and jurisdiction of villeins. Burrill.
-- Toll bar
, a bar or beam used on a canal for stopping boats at the tollhouse, or on a road for stopping passengers.
-- Toll bridge
, a bridge where toll is paid for passing over it.
-- Toll corn
, corn taken as pay for grinding at a mill.
-- Toll dish
, a dish for measuring toll in mills.
-- Toll gatherer
, a man who takes, or gathers, toll.
-- Toll hop
, a toll dish.
[ Obsolete] Crabb.
-- Toll thorough (Eng. Law)
, toll taken by a town for beasts driven through it, or over a bridge or ferry maintained at its cost. Brande & C.
-- Toll traverse (Eng. Law)
, toll taken by an individual for beasts driven across his ground; toll paid by a person for passing over the private ground, bridge, ferry, or the like, of another.
-- Toll turn (Eng. Law)
, a toll paid at the return of beasts from market, though they were not sold. Burrill. Syn.
-- Tax; custom; duty; impost.
Toll intransitive verb 1. To pay toll or tallage.
[ R.] Shak. 2. To take toll; to raise a tax.
Well could he [ the miller] steal corn and toll thrice. Chaucer.
No Italian priest Shak.
Shall tithe or toll in our dominions.
Toll transitive verb To collect, as a toll. Shak.
Tollable adjective Subject to the payment of toll; as, tollable goods. Wright.
Tollage noun Payment of toll; also, the amount or quantity paid as toll. Drayton.
a tax + booth
.] [ Written also tolbooth
.] 1. A place where goods are weighed to ascertain the duties or toll.
He saw Levy . . . sitting at the tollbooth . Wyclif (Mark ii. 14). 2. In Scotland, a burgh jail; hence, any prison, especially a town jail. Sir W. Scott.
Tollbooth transitive verb To imprison in a tollbooth.
That they might tollbooth Oxford men. Bp. Corbet.
Toller noun [ Anglo-Saxon tollere .] A toll gatherer. " Tollers in markets." Piers Plowman.
Toller noun One who tolls a bell.
Tolletane adjective [ Latin Toletanus .] Of or pertaining to Toledo in Spain; made in Toledo. [ Obsolete] "Tables Tolletanes ." Chaucer.
Tollgate noun A gate where toll is taken.
; plural Tollhouses A house occupied by a receiver of tolls.
; plural Tollmen One who receives or collects toll; a toll gatherer. Cowper.
[ Late Latin tolsestrum
. Confer Toll
a tax.] (O. Eng. Law) A toll or tribute of a sextary of ale, paid to the lords of some manors by their tenants, for liberty to brew and sell ale. Cowell.
Tolsey noun A tollbooth; also, a merchants' meeting place, or exchange. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.
Tolstoyan, Tolstoian adjective Of or pertaining to Tolstoy (1828- 1910). -- noun A follower of Tolstoy, who advocates and practices manual labor, simplicity of living, nonresistance, etc., holds that possession of wealth and ownership of property are sinful, and in religion rejects all teachings not coming from Christ himself.
Tolt noun [ Late Latin tolta , from Latin tollere to take away.] (O. Eng. Law) A writ by which a cause pending in a court baron was removed into a country court. Cowell.
Toltec noun (Ethnol.) One of a race which formerly occupied Mexico. -- Tol"te*can adjective
Tolu noun A fragrant balsam said to have been first brought from Santiago de Tolu, in New Granada. See Balsam of Tolu , under Balsam . Tolu tree (Botany)
, a large tree ( Myroxylon toluiferum ), the wood of which is red in the center, and has an aromatic rose odor. It affords the balsam called tolu .
Toluate noun (Chemistry) A salt of any one of the toluic acids.
Toluene noun [ Tolu + benz ene .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon, C 6 H 5 .CH 3 , of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene, and obtained as a light mobile colorless liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar, etc.; -- called also methyl benzene , phenyl methane , etc.
Toluenyl noun [ Toluene + - yl .] (Chemistry) Tolyl. [ Obsolete]
Toluic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, one of three metameric acids, CH 3 .C 6 H 4 .CO 2 H, which are related to toluene and analogous to benzoic acids. They are white crystalline substances, and are called respectively orthotoluic acid , metatoluic acid , and paratoluic acid.
Toluid noun (Chemistry) A complex double tolyl and toluidine derivative of glycocoll, obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Toluidine noun (Chemistry) Any one of three metameric amido derivatives of toluene analogous to aniline, and called respectively orthtoluidine , metatoluidine , and paratoluidine ; especially, the commonest one, or paratoluidine , which is obtained as a white crystalline substance. » It is used in the aniline dye industry, and constitutes the essential nucleus or radical of those dyes.
Toluol, Toluole noun
+ benz ol
.] (Chemistry) Same as Toluene .
Toluric adjective [ Tol uic + uric .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, any one of three isomeric crystalline acids, C 9 H 10 ON.CO 2 H, which are toluyl derivatives of glycocoll.
Tolutation noun [ Latin tolutim on a trot, properly, lifting up the feet, akin to tollere to lift up.] A pacing or ambling. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Toluyl noun [ Tolu ic + - yl .] (Chemistry) Any one of the three hypothetical radicals corresponding to the three toluic acids.
Toluylene noun (Chemistry) (a) Same as Stilbene . (b) Sometimes, but less properly, tolylene.
Tolyl noun [ Tol uic + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hydrocarbon radical, CH 3 .C 6 H 4 , regarded as characteristic of certain compounds of the aromatic series related to toluene; as, tolyl carbinol.
Tolylene noun (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical, C 6 H 4 .(CH 2 ) 2 , regarded as characteristic of certain toluene derivatives.
Tolypeutine noun (Zoology) The apar.
Tom noun The knave of trumps at gleek. [ Obsolete]
1. A familiar contraction of Thomas , a proper name of a man. 2. The male of certain animals; -- often used adjectively or in composition; as, tom turkey, tom cat, etc.
Tom and Jerry A hot sweetened drink of rum and water spiced with cinnamon, cloves, etc., and beaten up with eggs.
Tom o' Bedlam Formerly, a wandering mendicant discharged as incurable from Bethlehem Hospitel, Eng.; hence, a wandering mendicant, either mad or feigning to be so; a madman; a bedlamite.
Tomahawk noun [ Of American Indian origin; confer Algonkin tomehagen , Mohegan tumnahegan , Delaware tamoihecan .] A kind of war hatchet used by the American Indians. It was originally made of stone, but afterwards of iron.
Tomahawk transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tomahawked
; present participle & verbal noun Tomahawking
.] To cut, strike, or kill, with a tomahawk.
Tomaley noun The liver of the lobster, which becomes green when boiled; -- called also tomalline .
Toman noun [ Persian tōmān ; from a Mongol word signifying, ten thousand.] A money of account in Persia, whose value varies greatly at different times and places. Its average value may be reckoned at about two and a half dollars.
; plural Tomatoes
. [ Spanish or Portuguese tomate
, of American Indian origin; confer Mexican tomail
.] (Botany) The fruit of a plant of the Nightshade family ( Lycopersicum esculentun ); also, the plant itself. The fruit, which is called also love apple , is usually of a rounded, flattened form, but often irregular in shape. It is of a bright red or yellow color, and is eaten either cooked or uncooked. Tomato gall (Zoology)
, a large gall consisting of a mass of irregular swellings on the stems and leaves of grapevines. They are yellowish green, somewhat tinged with red, and produced by the larva of a small two-winged fly ( Lasioptera vitis ).
-- Tomato sphinx (Zoology)
, the adult or imago of the tomato worm. It closely resembles the tobacco hawk moth. Called also tomato hawk moth . See Illust. of Hawk moth .
-- Tomato worm (Zoology)
, the larva of a large hawk moth ( Sphinx, or Macrosila, quinquemaculata ) which feeds upon the leaves of the tomato and potato plants, often doing considerable damage. Called also potato worm .
[ Middle English tombe
, French tombe
, Late Latin tumba
, from Greek ... a tomb, grave; perhaps akin to Latin tumulus
a mound. Confer Tumulus
.] 1. A pit in which the dead body of a human being is deposited; a grave; a sepulcher.
As one dead in the bottom of a tomb . Shak. 2. A house or vault, formed wholly or partly in the earth, with walls and a roof, for the reception of the dead.
of marble stones." Chaucer. 3. A monument erected to inclose the body and preserve the name and memory of the dead.
Hang her an epitaph upon her tomb . Shak. Tomb bat (Zoology)
, any one of species of Old World bats of the genus Taphozous which inhabit tombs, especially the Egyptian species ( T. perforatus ).
, transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tombed
; present participle & verbal noun Tombing
.] To place in a tomb; to bury; to inter; to entomb.
I tombed my brother that I might be blessed. Chapman.