Webster's Dictionary, 1913
To-beat transitive verb [ Prefix to- + beat .] To beat thoroughly or severely. [ Obsolete] Layamon.
To-break transitive verb
[ Prefix to-
.] To break completely; to break in pieces.
With nose and mouth to-broke . Chaucer.
To-brest transitive verb [ Prefix to- + brest .] To burst or break in pieces. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon tō dæg
. See To
, and Day
.] On this day; on the present day.
Worcester's horse came but to-day . Shak.
To-day noun The present day.
On to-day Longfellow.
Is worth for me a thousand yesterdays.
. Confer Ado
.] Bustle; stir; commotion; ado.
To-fall noun (Architecture) A lean- to. See Lean-to .
; plural Toadies
. [ Shortened from toadeater
.] 1. A mean flatterer; a toadeater; a sycophant.
Before I had been standing at the window five minutes, they somehow conveyed to me that they were all toadies and humbugs. Dickens. 2. A coarse, rustic woman.
[ R.] Sir W. Scott.
Toady transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Toadied
; present participle & verbal noun Toadying
.] To fawn upon with mean sycophancy.
Toadyism noun The practice of meanly fawning on another; base sycophancy; servile adulation.
Toast transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Toasted
; present participle & verbal noun Toasting
.] [ Old French toster
to roast, toast, from Latin torrere
, to parch, roast. See Torrid
.] 1. To dry and brown by the heat of a fire; as, to toast bread. 2. To warm thoroughly; as, to toast the feet. 3. To name when a health is proposed to be drunk; to drink to the health, or in honor, of; as, to toast a lady.
[ Old French toste
, or tostée
, toasted bread. See Toast
] 1. Bread dried and browned before a fire, usually in slices; also, a kind of food prepared by putting slices of toasted bread into milk, gravy, etc.
My sober evening let the tankard bless, T. Warton. 2. A lady in honor of whom persons or a company are invited to drink; -- so called because toasts were formerly put into the liquor, as a great delicacy.
With toast embrowned, and fragrant nutmeg fraught.
It now came to the time of Mr. Jones to give a toast . . . who could not refrain from mentioning his dear Sophia. Fielding. 3. Hence, any person, especially a person of distinction, in honor of whom a health is drunk; hence, also, anything so commemorated; a sentiment, as "The land we live in," "The day we celebrate," etc. Toast rack
, a small rack or stand for a table, having partitions for holding slices of dry toast.
1. One who toasts. 2. A kitchen utensil for toasting bread, cheese, etc.
Toasting adjective & noun from Toast , v. Toasting fork
, a long-handled fork for toasting bread, cheese, or the like, by the fire.
Toastmaster noun A person who presides at a public dinner or banquet, and announces the toasts.
Toat noun The handle of a joiner's plane. Knight.
[ Spanish tabaco
, from the Indian tabaco
the tube or pipe in which the Indians or Caribbees smoked this plant. Some derive the word from Tabaco
, a province of Yucatan, where it was said to be first found by the Spaniards; others from the island of Tobago
, one of the Caribbees. But these derivations are very doubtful.] 1. (Botany) An American plant ( Nicotiana Tabacum ) of the Nightshade family, much used for smoking and chewing, and as snuff. As a medicine, it is narcotic, emetic, and cathartic. Tobacco has a strong, peculiar smell, and an acrid taste.
» The name is extended to other species of the genus, and to some unrelated plants, as Indian tobacco ( Nicotiana rustica
, and also Lobelia inflata
), mountain tobacco ( Arnica montana
), and Shiraz tobacco ( Nicotiana Persica
). 2. The leaves of the plant prepared for smoking, chewing, etc., by being dried, cured, and manufactured in various ways. Tobacco box (Zoology)
, the common American skate.
-- Tobacco camphor
. (Chemistry) See Nicotianine .
-- Tobacco man
, a tobacconist.
[ R.] -- Tobacco pipe
. (a) A pipe used for smoking, made of baked clay, wood, or other material. (b) (Botany) Same as Indian pipe , under Indian .
-- Tobacco-pipe clay (Min.)
, a species of clay used in making tobacco pipes; -- called also cimolite .
-- Tobacco-pipe fish
. (Zoology) See Pipemouth .
-- Tobacco stopper
, a small plug for pressing down the tobacco in a pipe as it is smoked.
-- Tobacco worm (Zoology)
, the larva of a large hawk moth ( Sphinx, or Phlegethontius, Carolina ). It is dark green, with seven oblique white stripes bordered above with dark brown on each side of the body. It feeds upon the leaves of tobacco and tomato plants, and is often very injurious to the tobacco crop. See Illust. of Hawk moth .
Tobacconing noun Smoking tobacco. [ Obsolete] " Tobacconing is but a smoky play." [ Obsolete] Sylvester.
1. A dealer in tobacco; also, a manufacturer of tobacco. 2. A smoker of tobacco. [ Obsolete] Sylvester.
[ See the Note under Asmodeus
, in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.] (Zoology) The lant, or sand eel.
[ Confer Toby
.] A kind of inferior cigar of a long slender shape, tapered at one end.
[ Local, U. S.]
[ Confer German tobin
, Dutch tabijn
. See Tabby
.] A stout twilled silk used for dresses.
Tobit noun A book of the Apocrypha.
Toboggan noun [ Corruption of American Indian odabagan a sled.] A kind of sledge made of pliable board, turned up at one or both ends, used for coasting down hills or prepared inclined planes; also, a sleigh or sledge, to be drawn by dogs, or by hand, over soft and deep snow. [ Written also tobogan , and tarbogan .]
Toboggan intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tobogganed
; present participle & verbal noun Tobogganing
.] To slide down hill over the snow or ice on a toboggan. Barilett.
Tobogganer, Tobogganist noun One who practices tobogganing.
; plural - bies
. [ Perh. from the proper name.] A small jug, pitcher, or mug, generally used for ale, shaped somewhat like a stout man, with a cocked hat forming the brim.
[ Italian , from toccare
to touch. See Touch
.] (Mus.) An old form of piece for the organ or harpsichord, somewhat in the free and brilliant style of the prelude , fantasia , or capriccio .
Toccatella Toc`ca*ti"na noun [ Italian ] (Music) A short or simple toccata.
Tocher noun [ Gael. tochradh .] Dowry brought by a bride to her husband. [ Scot.] Burns.
Tockay noun (Zoology) A spotted lizard native of India.
Toco noun (Zoology) A toucan ( Ramphastos toco ) having a very large beak. See Illust. under Toucan .
Tocology noun [ Greek ... a birth + - logy .] The science of obstetrics, or midwifery; that department of medicine which treats of parturition. [ Written also tokology .]
Tocororo noun [ Probably from the native name through the Spanish: confer Spanish tocororo .] (Zoology) A cuban trogon ( Priotelus temnurus ) having a serrated bill and a tail concave at the end.
[ French, from Old French toquier
to touch, French toquer
(originally, a dialectic form of French toucher
) + seint
) a bell, Late Latin signum
, from Latin signum
a sign, signal. See Touch
, and Sign
.] An alarm bell, or the ringing of a bell for the purpose of alarm.
The loud tocsin tolled their last alarm. Campbell.
[ Akin to Dutch todde
a rag, German zotte
shag, rag, a tuft of hair, Icelandic toddi
a piece of a thing, a tod of wool.] 1. A bush; a thick shrub; a bushy clump.
[ R.] "An ivy todde
The ivy tod is heavy with snow. Coleridge. 2. An old weight used in weighing wool, being usually twenty-eight pounds. 3. A fox; -- probably so named from its bushy tail.
The wolf, the tod , the brock. B. Jonson. Tod stove
, a close stove adapted for burning small round wood, twigs, etc.
[ U. S.] Knight.
Tod transitive verb & i. To weigh; to yield in tods. [ Obsolete]
Toddle intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Toddled
; present participle & verbal noun Toddling
.] [ Akin to tottle
.] To walk with short, tottering steps, as a child.
Toddle noun A toddling walk. Trollope.
Toddler noun One who toddles; especially, a young child. Mrs. Gaskell.
Toddy noun [ Formed from Hind. tā...ī the juice of the palmyra tree, popularly, toddy , from tā... the palmyra tree, Sanskrit tāla .] Toddy bird (Zoology) , a weaver bird of the East Indies and India: -- so called from its fondness for the juice of the palm. -- Toddy cat (Zoology) , the common paradoxure; the palm cat.
1. A juice drawn from various kinds of palms in the East Indies; or, a spirituous liquor procured from it by fermentation. 2. A mixture of spirit and hot water sweetened. » Toddy differs from grog in having a less proportion of spirit, and is being made hot and sweetened.
Tody noun ; plural Todies . [ Confer New Latin todus , French todier , German todvogel .] (Zoology) Any one of several species of small insectivorous West Indian birds of the genus Todus . They are allied to the kingfishers.
[ Middle English too
, Anglo-Saxon tā
; akin to Dutch teen
, German zehe
, Old High German zēha
, Icelandic tā
, Swedish tå
, Danish taa
; of uncertain origin. √60.] 1. (Anat.) One of the terminal members, or digits, of the foot of a man or an animal.
"Each one, tripping on his toe
." Shak. 2. (Zoology) The fore part of the hoof or foot of an animal. 3. Anything, or any part, corresponding to the toe of the foot; as, the toe of a boot; the toe of a skate. 4. (Machinery) (a) The journal, or pivot, at the lower end of a revolving shaft or spindle, which rests in a step. (b) A lateral projection at one end, or between the ends, of a piece, as a rod or bolt, by means of which it is moved. (c) A projection from the periphery of a revolving piece, acting as a cam to lift another piece. Toe biter (Zoology)
, a tadpole; a polliwig.
-- Toe drop (Medicine)
, a morbid condition of the foot in which the toe is depressed and the heel elevated, as in talipes equinus . See Talipes .
Toe transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Toed
; present participle & verbal noun Toeing
.] To touch or reach with the toes; to come fully up to; as, to toe the mark.
Toe intransitive verb To hold or carry the toes (in a certain way). To toe in , to stand or carry the feet in such a way that the toes of either foot incline toward the other. -- To toe out , to have the toes of each foot, in standing or walking, incline from the other foot.
Toe drop (Medicine) A morbid condition of the foot in which the toe is depressed and the heel elevated.
Toe hold (Wrestling) A hold in which the agressor bends back his opponent's foot.
1. Having (such or so many) toes; -- chiefly used in composition; as, narrow- toed , four- toed . 2. (Carp.) Having the end secured by nails driven obliquely, said of a board, plank, or joist serving as a brace, and in general of any part of a frame secured to other parts by diagonal nailing.
Toff noun [ Etym. uncertain.] A fop; a beau; a swell. [ Slang, Eng.] Kipling.
Toffee, Toffy noun Taffy. [ Eng.]
Tofore, Toforn preposition & adverb
[ Anglo-Saxon tōforan
. See To
Toforn him goeth the loud minstrelsy. Chaucer.
Would thou wert as thou tofore hast been! Shak.