Webster's Dictionary, 1913
To-name (tō"nām`) noun [ prep. to + name .] A name added, for the sake of distinction, to one's surname, or used instead of it. [ Scot.] Jamieson.
(tŏm"tŏm`) noun See Tam-tam .
Tombac noun [ Portuguese tambaca , tambaque , from Malay tambāga copper; confer Sanskrit tāmraka ; confer French tombac .] (Metal.) An alloy of copper and zinc, resembling brass, and containing about 84 per cent of copper; -- called also German, or Dutch, brass . It is very malleable and ductile, and when beaten into thin leaves is sometimes called Dutch metal . The addition of arsenic makes white tombac . [ Written also tombak , and tambac .]
[ See Tumble
, and -ster
.] A female dancer.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Tombless adjective Destitute of a tomb.
Tomboy noun [ Tom (for Thomas, Latin Thomas , from Greek ... )+ boy .] A romping girl; a hoiden. [ Colloq.] J. Fletcher.
Tombstone noun A stone erected over a grave, to preserve the memory of the deceased.
) + cat
.] A male cat, especially when full grown or of large size.
) + cod
: confer French tacaud
whiting pout, American Indian tacaud
, literally, plenty fish.] (Zoology) (a) A small edible American fish ( Microgadus tomcod ) of the Codfish family, very abundant in autumn on the Atlantic coast of the Northen United States; -- called also frostfish . See Illust. under Frostfish . (b) The kingfish. See Kingfish (a) . (c) The jack. See 2d Jack , 8. (c) .
[ French tome
(cf. Italian , Spanish , & Portuguese tomo
), Latin tomus
, from Greek ... a piece cut off, a part of a book, a volume, akin to ... to cup, and perhaps to Latin tondere
to shear, English tonsure
. Confer Anatomy
. ] As many writings as are bound in a volume, forming part of a larger work; a book; -- usually applied to a ponderous volume.
Tomes of fable and of dream. Cowper.
A more childish expedient than that to which he now resorted is not to be found in all the tomes of the casuists. Macaulay.
Tomelet noun All small tome, or volume. [ R.]
Tomentose adjective [ Latin tomentum a stuffing of wool, hair, or feathers: confer French tomenteux .] (Bot. & Zoology) Covered with matted woolly hairs; as, a tomentose leaf; a tomentose leaf; a tomentose membrane.
Tomentous adjective Tomentose.
; plural Tomenta
. [ Latin See Tomentose
. ] (Botany) The closely matted hair or downy nap covering the leaves or stems of some plants.
) + fool
.] A great fool; a trifler.
Tomfoolery noun Folly; trifling.
; plural Tomia
(-ȧ) [ New Latin , from Greek te`mnein
to cut.] (Zoology) The cutting edge of the bill of a bird.
Tomjohn noun [ Probably of East Indian origin.] A kind of open sedan used in Ceylon, carried by a single pole on men's shoulders.
1. Bread, -- generally a penny roll; the supply of food carried by workmen as their daily allowance. [ Slang, Eng.] 2. A truck, or barter; the exchange of labor for goods, not money. [ Slang, Eng.] » Tommy is used adjectively or in compounds; as, tommy master, tommy -store, tommy -shop, etc.
Tommy Atkins Any white regular soldier of the British army; also, such soldiers collectively; -- said to be fictitious name inserted in the models given to soldiers to guide them in filling out account blanks, etc.
) + noddy
.] 1. (Zoology) A sea bird, the puffin.
[ Prov.Eng.] 2. A fool; a dunce; a noddy.
Tomopteris noun [ New Latin , from Greek to`mos a cut + ptero`n wing (but taken to mean, fin).] (Zoology) A genus of transparent marine annelids which swim actively at the surface of the sea. They have deeply divided or forked finlike organs (parapodia). This genus is the type of the order, or suborder, Gymnocopa.
Tomorn adverb [ Prep. to + morn .] To-morrow. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Prep. to + morrow
.] On the day after the present day; on the next day; on the morrow.
Summon him to-morrow to the Tower. Shak.
Tomorrow noun The day after the present; the morrow.
is our wedding day." Cowper.
One today is worth two to-morrows . Franklin.
[ See Tampios
] 1. A stopper of a cannon or a musket. See Tampion . 2. (Mus.) A plug in a flute or an organ pipe, to modulate the tone. Knight. 3. The iron bottom to which grapeshot are fixed.
[ French tampon
. See Tampion
.] An inking pad used in lithographic printing.
) + rig
.)] A rude, wild, wanton girl; a hoiden; a tomboy. Dennis.
Tomtate noun A Florida and West Indian grunt ( Bathystoma, or Hæmulon, rimator ); also, any of various allied species.
) + tit
the bird.] (Zoology) (a) A titmouse, esp. the blue titmouse.
[ Prov.eng.] (b) The wren.
(tŏn), obsolete plural of Toe . Chaucer.
[ Confer Tunny
.] (Zoology) The common tunny, or horse mackerel.
[ French See Tone
.] The prevailing fashion or mode; vogue; as, things of ton . Byron.
If our people of ton are selfish, at any rate they show they are selfish. Thackeray. Bon ton
. See in the Vocabulary.
[ Middle English tonne
, a tun, AS
a tun, tub, a large vessel; akin to G. & French tonne
a ton, tun, Late Latin tunna
a tun; all perhaps of Celtic origin; confer Ir. & Gael. tunna
a tun. Confer Tun
.] (Com.) A measure of weight or quantity.
Specifically: -- (a) The weight of twenty hundredweight.
» In England, the ton
is 2,240 pounds. In the United States the ton is commonly estimated at 2,000 pounds, this being sometimes called the short ton
, while that of 2,240 pounds is called the long ton
. (b) (Naut. & Com.) Forty cubic feet of space, being the unit of measurement of the burden, or carrying capacity, of a vessel; as a vessel of 300 tons burden.
See the Note under Tonnage
. (c) (Naut. & Com.) A certain weight or quantity of merchandise, with reference to transportation as freight; as, six hundred weight of ship bread in casks, seven hundred weight in bags, eight hundred weight in bulk; ten bushels of potatoes; eight sacks, or ten barrels, of flour; forty cubic feet of rough, or fifty cubic feet of hewn, timber, etc.
have the same etymology, and were formerly used interchangeably; but now ton
generally designates the weight, and tun
the cask. See Tun
Ton mile (Railroads) A unit of measurement of the freight transportation performed by a railroad during a given period, usually a year, the total of which consists of the sum of the products obtained by multiplying the aggregate weight of each shipment in tons during the given period by the number of miles for which it is carried.
Ton mileage (Railroads) Ton miles collectively; esp., the total ton miles performed by a railroad in a given period.
[ Confer French tonalité
.] (Mus.) The principle of key in music; the character which a composition has by virtue of the key in which it is written, or through the family relationship of all its tones and chords to the keynote, or tonic, of the whole.
The predominance of the tonic as the link which connects all the tones of a piece, we may, with Fétis, term the principle of tonality . Helmholtz.
[ French ton
, Latin tonus
a sound, tone, from Greek to`nos
a stretching, straining, raising of the voice, pitch, accent, measure or meter, in plural, modes or keys differing in pitch; akin to tei`nein
to stretch or strain. See Thin
, and confer Monotonous
.] 1. Sound, or the character of a sound, or a sound considered as of this or that character; as, a low, high, loud, grave, acute, sweet, or harsh tone .
[ Harmony divine] smooths her charming tones . Milton.
Tones that with seraph hymns might blend. Keble. 2. (Rhet.) Accent, or inflection or modulation of the voice, as adapted to express emotion or passion.
Eager his tone , and ardent were his eyes. Dryden. 3. A whining style of speaking; a kind of mournful or artificial strain of voice; an affected speaking with a measured rhythm ahd a regular rise and fall of the voice; as, children often read with a tone . 4. (Mus.) (a) A sound considered as to pitch; as, the seven tones of the octave; she has good high tones . (b) The larger kind of interval between contiguous sounds in the diatonic scale, the smaller being called a semitone as, a whole tone too flat; raise it a tone . (c) The peculiar quality of sound in any voice or instrument; as, a rich tone , a reedy tone . (d) A mode or tune or plain chant; as, the Gregorian tones .
» The use of the word tone
, both for a sound and for the interval between two sounds or tones, is confusing, but is common -- almost universal. » Nearly every musical sound is composite, consisting of several simultaneous tones
having different rates of vibration according to fixed laws, which depend upon the nature of the vibrating body and the mode of excitation. The components (of a composite sound) are called partial tones
; that one having the lowest rate of vibration is the fundamental tone
, and the other partial tones
are called harmonics
, or overtones
. The vibration ratios of the partial tones
composing any sound are expressed by all, or by a part, of the numbers in the series 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.; and the quality of any sound (the tone color
) is due in part to the presence or absence of overtones
as represented in this series, and in part to the greater or less intensity of those present as compared with the fundamental tone
and with one another. Resultant tones
, combination tones
, summation tones
, difference tones
, Tartini's tones
(terms only in part synonymous) are produced by the simultaneous sounding of two or more primary (simple or composite) tones. 5. (Medicine) That state of a body, or of any of its organs or parts, in which the animal functions are healthy and performed with due vigor.
» In this sense, the word is metaphorically applied to character or faculties, intellectual and moral; as, his mind has lost its tone
. 6. (Physiol.) Tonicity; as, arterial tone . 7. State of mind; temper; mood.
The strange situation I am in and the melancholy state of public affairs, . . . drag the mind down . . . from a philosophical tone or temper, to the drudgery of private and public business. Bolingbroke.
Their tone was dissatisfied, almost menacing. W. C. Bryant. 8. Tenor; character; spirit; drift; as, the tone of his remarks was commendatory. 9. General or prevailing character or style, as of morals, manners, or sentiment, in reference to a scale of high and low; as, a low tone of morals; a tone of elevated sentiment; a courtly tone of manners. 10. The general effect of a picture produced by the combination of light and shade, together with color in the case of a painting; -- commonly used in a favorable sense; as, this picture has tone . Tone color
. (Mus.) see the Note under def. 4, above.
-- Tone syllable
, an accented syllable. M. Stuart.
Tone transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Toned
; present participle & verbal noun Toning
.] 1. To utter with an affected tone. 2. To give tone, or a particular tone, to; to tune. See Tune , transitive verb 3. (Photog.) To bring, as a print, to a certain required shade of color, as by chemical treatment. To tone down
. (a) To cause to give lower tone or sound; to give a lower tone to. (b) (Paint.) To modify, as color, by making it less brilliant or less crude; to modify, as a composition of color, by making it more harmonius.
Its thousand hues toned down harmoniusly. C. Kingsley. (c)
Fig.: To moderate or relax; to diminish or weaken the striking characteristics of; to soften.
The best method for the purpose in hand was to employ some one of a character and position suited to get possession of their confidence, and then use it to tone down their religious strictures. Palfrey.
-- To tone up
, to cause to give a higher tone or sound; to give a higher tone to; to make more intense; to heighten; to strengthen.
Tone noun 1. (Physiol.) Quality, with respect to attendant feeling; the more or less variable complex of emotion accompanying and characterizing a sensation or a conceptual state; as, feeling tone ; color tone . 2. Color quality proper; -- called also hue . Also, a gradation of color, either a hue, or a tint or shade.
She was dressed in a soft cloth of a gray tone . Sir G. Parker. 3. (Plant Physiol.) The condition of normal balance of a healthy plant in its relations to light, heat, and moisture.
Toned adjective Having (such) a tone; -- chiefly used in composition; as, high- toned ; sweet- toned . Toned paper , paper having a slight tint, in distinction from paper which is quite white.
Toneless adjective Having no tone; unmusical.
Tong noun [ Chinese t'ang , lit., hall.] In China, an association, secret society, or organization of any kind; in the United States, usually, a secret association of Chinese such as that of the highbinders.
Tong, Tonge noun Tongue. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Tonga noun (Medicine) A drug useful in neuralgia, derived from a Fijian plant supposed to be of the aroid genus Epipremnum .
Tonga noun [ Hind. tāngā , Sanskrit tama&ndot;gaka .] A kind of light two-wheeled vehicle, usually for four persons, drawn by ponies or bullocks. [ India]
Tongkang noun (Nautical) A kind of boat or junk used in the seas of the Malay Archipelago.
Tongo noun The mangrove; -- so called in the Pacific Islands.
Tongs noun plural
[ Middle English tonge
, Anglo-Saxon tange
; akin to Dutch tang
, German zanga
, Old High German zanga
, Don. tang
, Swedish tång
, Icelandic töng
, Greek da`knein
to bite, Sanskrit dañiç
. √59. Confer Tang
a strong taste, anything projecting.] An instrument, usually of metal, consisting of two parts, or long shafts, jointed together at or near one end, or united by an elastic bow, used for handling things, especially hot coals or metals; -- often called a pair of tongs .