Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Torpitude noun Torpidness. [ Obsolete] "In a kind of torpitude , or sleeping state." Derham.

Torpor noun [ Latin , from torpere , to be torpid.]


1. Loss of motion, or of the motion; a state of inactivity with partial or total insensibility; numbness.

2. Dullness; sluggishness; inactivity; as, a torpor of the mental faculties.

Torporific adjective [ Latin torpor torpor + facere to make.] Tending to produce torpor.

Torquate adjective [ Latin torquatus wearing a collar.] (Zoology) Collared; having a torques, or distinct colored ring around the neck.

torquated adjective [ Latin Torqyatus .] Having or wearing a torque, or neck chain.

Torque noun [ Latin torques a twisted neck chain, from torquere to twist.]
1. A collar or neck chain, usually twisted, especially as worn by ancient barbaric nations, as the Gauls, Germans, and Britons.

2. [ Latin torquere to twist.] (Mech.) That which tends to produce torsion; a couple of forces. J. Thomson.

3. (Physics Science) A turning or twisting; tendency to turn, or cause to turn, about an axis.

Torqued adjective [ Latin torquere to twist, to turn, to wind.]
1. Wreathed; twisted. [ R.]

2. (Her.) Twisted; bent; -- said of a dolphin haurient, which forms a figure like the letter S.

Torques noun [ Latin , a necklace. See Torque , 1.] (Zoology) A cervical ring of hair or feathers, distinguished by its color or structure; a collar.

Torrefaction noun [ Latin torrefacere , torrefactum , to torrefy: confer French torr é faction . See Torrefy .] The act or process of torrefying, or the state of being torrefied. Bp. Hall.

Torrefy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Torrefied ; present participle & verbal noun Torrefying .] [ Latin torrere to parch + -fy : confer French torr é fier , Latin torrefacere .] [ Written also torrify .]
1. To dry by a fire. Sir T. Browne.

2. (Metal.) To subject to scorching heat, so as to drive off volatile ingredients; to roast, as ores.

3. (Pharm.) To dry or parch, as drugs, on a metallic plate till they are friable, or are reduced to the state desired.

Torrens system A system of registration of titles to land (as distinct from registration of deeds) introduced into South Australia by the Real Property (or Torrens) Act (act 15 of 1857-58), drafted by Sir Robert Torrens (1814-84). Its essential feature is the guaranty by the government of properly registered titles. The system has been generally adopted in Australia and British Columbia, and in its original or a modified form in some other countries, including some States of the United States. Hence Torrens title , etc.

Torrent noun [ French, from Latin torrens , -entis , from torrens burning, roaring, boiling, present participle of torrere to dry by heat, to burn. See Torrid .]
1. A violent stream, as of water, lava, or the like; a stream suddenly raised and running rapidly, as down a precipice.

The roaring torrent is deep and wide.
Longfellow.

2. Fig.: A violent or rapid flow; a strong current; a flood; as, a torrent of vices; a torrent of eloquence.

At length, Erasmus, that great injured name, . . .
Stemmed the wild torrent of a barbarous age.
Pope.

Torrent adjective [ See Torrent , noun ] Rolling or rushing in a rapid stream. "Waves of torrent fire." Milton.

Torrential, Torrentine adjective Of or pertaining to a torrent; having the character of a torrent; caused by a torrent . [ R.]

Torricellian adjective Of or pertaining to Torricelli , an Italian philosopher and mathematician, who, in 1643, discovered that the rise of a liquid in a tube, as in the barometer, is due to atmospheric pressure. See Barometer .

Torricellian tube , a glass tube thirty or more inches in length, open at the lower end and hermetically sealed at the upper, such as is used in the barometer. -- Torricellian vacuum (Physics) , a vacuum produced by filling with a fluid, as mercury, a tube hermetically closed at one end, and, after immersing the other end in a vessel of the same fluid, allowing the inclosed fluid to descend till it is counterbalanced by the pressure of the atmosphere, as in the barometer. Hutton.

Torrid adjective [ Latin torridus , from torrere to parch, to burn, akin to English Thist : confer French torride . See Thirst .]
1. Parched; dried with heat; as, a torrid plain or desert. "Barca or Cyrene's torrid soil." Milton.

2. Violenty hot; drying or scorching with heat; burning; parching. " Torrid heat." Milton.

Torrid zone (Geology) , that space or board belt of the earth, included between the tropics, over which the sun is vertical at some period of every year, and the heat is always great.

Torridity noun Torridness. [ R.]

Torridness noun The quality or state of being torrid or parched.

Torril noun A worthless woman; also, a worthless horse. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Torrock noun (Zoology) A gull. [ Prov. Eng.]

Torsade noun [ French] A twisted cord; also, a molded or worked ornament of similar form.

The crown decked with torsades of pearls.
Harper's Mag.

Torsal noun (Carp.) A torsel. Knight.

Torse noun [ Old French , from Old French & French tors , torse , twisted, wreathed, past participle of tordre to twist, Latin torquere . See Torture .]


1. (Her.) A wreath.

2. [ French tors , torse , twisted.] (Geom.) A developable surface. See under Developable .

Torsel noun (Carp.) A plate of timber for the end of a beam or joist to rest on. Gwilt

Torsibillty noun The tendency, as of a rope, to untwist after being twisted.

Torsion noun [ French, from Late Latin torsio , from Latin torquere , tortum , to twist. See Torture .]
1. The act of turning or twisting, or the state of being twisted; the twisting or wrenching of a body by the exertion of a lateral force tending to turn one end or part of it about a longitudinal axis, while the other is held fast or turned in the opposite direction.

2. (Mech.) That force with which a thread, wire, or rod of any material, returns, or tends to return, to a state of rest after it has been twisted; torsibility.

Angle of torsion (of a curve) (Geom.) , the indefinitely small angle between two consecutive osculating planes of a curve of double curvature. -- Moment of torsion (Mech.) the moment of a pair of equal and opposite couples which tend to twist a body. -- Torsion balance (Physics.) , an instrument for estimating very minute forces, as electric or magnetic attractions and repulsions, by the torsion of a very slender wire or fiber having at its lower extremity a horizontal bar or needle, upon which the forces act. -- Torsion scale , a scale for weighing in which the fulcra of the levers or beams are strained wires or strips acting by torsion.

Torsion electrometer (Electricity) A torsion balance used for measuring electric attraction or repulsion.

Torsion galvanometer (Electricity) A galvanometer in which current is measured by torsion.

Torsion head That part of a torsion balance from which the wire or filament is suspended.

Torsion indicator An autographic torsion meter.

Torsion meter (Mech.) An instrument for determining the torque on a shaft, and hence the horse power of an engine, esp. of a marine engine of high power, by measuring the amount of twist of a given length of the shaft. Called also torsimeter , torsiometer , torsometer .

Torsional adjective Of or pertaining to torsion; resulting from torsion, or the force with which a thread or wire returns to a state of rest after having been twisted round its axis; as, torsional force.

Torsk noun [ Dan.; akin to Icelandic þorskr a codfish, German dorsch .] (Zoology) (a) The cusk. See Cusk . (b) The codfish. Called also tusk .

Torso noun ; plural English Torsos , Italian Torsi . [ Italian torso , probably from Latin thyrsus a stalk, stem, thyrsus, Greek ...; confer Old High German torso , turso , a stalk, stem, German dorsche a cabbage stalk. Confer Thyrsus , Truss .] The human body, as distinguished from the head and limbs; in sculpture, the trunk of a statue, mutilated of head and limbs; as, the torso of Hercules.

Tort noun [ French, from Late Latin tortum , from Latin tortus twisted, crooked, past participle of torqure to twist, bend. See Torture .]
1. Mischief; injury; calamity. [ Obsolete]

That had them long opprest with tort .
Spenser.

2. (Law) Any civil wrong or injury; a wrongful act (not involving a breach of contract) for which an action will lie; a form of action, in some parts of the United States, for a wrong or injury.

Tort adjective Stretched tight; taut. [ R.]

Yet holds he them with tortest rein.
Emerson.

Torta noun [ Confer Spanish torta a cake.] (Metal.) a flat heap of moist, crushed silver ore, prepared for the patio process.

Torteau noun ; plural Torteaus . [ Of. torteau , tortel , from Latin tortus twisted. See Tort .] (Her.) A roundel of a red color.

Torticollis noun [ French toricolis ; Latin torquere , tortum , to twist + collum the neck.] (Medicine) See Wryneck .

Tortile adjective [ Latin tortilis , from torquere , tortum , to twist: confer French tortile .] Twisted; wreathed; coiled.

Tortility noun The quality or state of being tortile, twisted, or wreathed.

Tortilla noun [ Spanish ] An unleavened cake, as of maize flour, baked on a heated iron or stone.

Tortion noun [ Late Latin tortio . See Torsion .] Torment; pain. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Tortious adjective [ From Tort .]
1. Injurious; wrongful. [ Obsolete] " Tortious power." Spenser.

2. (Law) Imploying tort, or privat injury for which the law gives damages; involing tort.

Tortiously adverb (Law) In a tortous manner.

Tortive adjective [ Latin tortus , past participle of torquere to twist, wind.] Twisted; wreathed. Shak.

Tortoise noun [ Middle English tortuce , from Old French tortis crooked, from Latin tortus isted, crooked, contorted, past participle of torquere , tortum , to wind; confer French tortue tortoise, Late Latin tortuca , tartuca , Pr. tortesa crookedness, tortis crooked. so called in allusion to its crooked feet. See Torture .]
1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of reptiles of the order Testudinata.

» The term is applied especially to the land and fresh-water species, while the marine species are generally called turtles , but the terms tortoise and turtle are used synonymously by many writers. see Testudinata , Terrapin , and Turtle .

2. (Rom. Antiq.) Same as Testudo , 2.

Box tortoise , Land tortoise , etc. See under Box , Land , etc. -- Painted tortoise . (Zoology) See Painted turtle , under Painted . -- Soft-shell tortoise . (Zoology) See Trionyx . -- Spotted tortoise . (Zoology) A small American fresh-water tortoise ( Chelopus, or Nanemys, quttatus ) having a blackish carapace on which are scattered round yellow spots. -- Tortoise beetle (Zoology) , any one of numerous species of small tortoise-shaped beetles. Many of them have a brilliant metallic luster. the larvæ feed upon the leaves of various plants, and protect themselves beneath a mass of dried excrement held over the back by means of the caudal spines. The golden tortoise beetle ( Cassida aurichalcea ) is found on the morning-glory vine and allied plants. -- Tortoise plant . (Botany) See Elephant's foot , under Elephant . -- Tortoise shell , the substance of the shell or horny plates of several species of sea turtles, especially of the hawkbill turtle. It is used in inlaying and in the manufacture of various ornamental articles. -- Tortoise- shell butterfly (Zoology) , any one of several species of handsomely colored butterflies of the genus Aglais , as A. Milberti , and A. urticæ , both of which, in the larva state, feed upon nettles. -- Tortoise-shell turtle (Zoology) , the hawkbill turtle. See Hawkbill .

Tortricid adjective [ See Tortrix .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Tortix, or the family Tortricidæ .

Tortrix noun [ New Latin , from Latin torquere , tortum , to twist.]
1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small moths of the family Tortricidæ , the larvæ of which usually roll up the leaves of plants on which they live; -- also called leaf roller .

2. (Zoology) A genus of tropical short- tailed snakes, which are not venomous. One species ( Tortrix scytal æ) is handsomely banded with black, and is sometimes worn alive by the natives of Brazil for a necklace.

Tortulous adjective (Nat. Hist.) Swelled out at intervals like a knotted cord.