Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Recarriage (re*kăr"rĭj) noun Act of carrying back.

Recarry (-rȳ) transitive verb To carry back. Walton.

Recast (rē*kȧst") transitive verb
1. To throw again. Florio.

2. To mold anew; to cast anew; to throw into a new form or shape; to reconstruct; as, to recast cannon; to recast an argument or a play.

3. To compute, or cast up, a second time.

Recche (rĕk"k e ) intransitive verb To reck. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Reccheles (-lĕs) adjective Reckless. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Recede (re*sēd") intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Receded ; present participle & verbal noun Receding .] [ Latin recedere , recessum ; prefix re- re- + cedere to go, to go along: confer French recéder . See Cede .]
1. To move back; to retreat; to withdraw.

Like the hollow roar
Of tides receding from the insulted shore.
Dryden.

All bodies moved circularly endeavor to recede from the center.
Bentley.

2. To withdraw a claim or pretension; to desist; to relinquish what had been proposed or asserted; as, to recede from a demand or proposition.

Syn. -- To retire; retreat; return; retrograde; withdraw; desist.

Recede (rē*sēd") transitive verb [ Prefix re- + cede . Confer Recede , intransitive verb ] To cede back; to grant or yield again to a former possessor; as, to recede conquered territory.

Receipt (re*sēt") noun [ Middle English receite , Old French recete , recepte , French recette , from Latin recipere , receptum , to receive. See Receive .]
1. The act of receiving; reception. "At the receipt of your letter." Shak.

2. Reception, as an act of hospitality. [ Obsolete]

Thy kind receipt of me.
Chapman.

3. Capability of receiving; capacity. [ Obsolete]

It has become a place of great receipt .
Evelyn.

4. Place of receiving. [ Obsolete]

He saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom.
Matt. ix. 9.

5. Hence, a recess; a retired place. [ Obsolete] "In a retired receipt together lay." Chapman.

6. A formulary according to the directions of which things are to be taken or combined; a recipe; as, a receipt for making sponge cake.

She had a receipt to make white hair black.
Sir T. Browne.

7. A writing acknowledging the taking or receiving of goods delivered; an acknowledgment of money paid.

8. That which is received; that which comes in, in distinction from what is expended, paid out, sent away, and the like; -- usually in the plural; as, the receipts amounted to a thousand dollars.

Gross receipts . See under Gross , adjective

Receipt transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Receipted ; present participle & verbal noun Receipting .]
1. To give a receipt for; as, to receipt goods delivered by a sheriff.

2. To put a receipt on, as by writing or stamping; as, to receipt a bill.

Receipt intransitive verb To give a receipt, as for money paid.

Receiptment (-m e nt) noun (O. Eng. Law) The receiving or harboring a felon knowingly, after the commission of a felony. Burrill.

Receiptor (-ẽr) noun One who receipts; specifically (Law) , one who receipts for property which has been taken by the sheriff.

Receit (re*sēt") noun Receipt. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Receivability (re*sēv`ȧ*bĭl"ĭ*tȳ) noun The quality of being receivable; receivableness.

Receivable (re*sēv"ȧ*b'l) adjective [ Confer French recevable .] Capable of being received. -- Re*ceiv"a*ble*ness , noun

Bills receivable . See under 6th Bill .

Receive (re*sēv") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Received (-sēvd"); present participle & verbal noun Receiving .] [ Old French receveir , recevoir , French recevoir , from Latin recipere ; prefix re- re- + capere to take, seize. See Capable , Heave , and confer Receipt , Reception , Recipe .]
1. To take, as something that is offered, given, committed, sent, paid, or the like; to accept; as, to receive money offered in payment of a debt; to receive a gift, a message, or a letter.

Receyven all in gree that God us sent.
Chaucer.

2. Hence: To gain the knowledge of; to take into the mind by assent to; to give admission to; to accept, as an opinion, notion, etc.; to embrace.

Our hearts receive your warnings.
Shak.

The idea of solidity we receive by our touch.
Locke.

3. To allow, as a custom, tradition, or the like; to give credence or acceptance to.

Many other things there be which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots.
Mark vii. 4.

4. To give admittance to; to permit to enter, as into one's house, presence, company, and the like; as, to receive a lodger, visitor, ambassador, messenger, etc.

They kindled a fire, and received us every one.
Acts xxviii. 2.

5. To admit; to take in; to hold; to contain; to have capacity for; to be able to take in.

The brazen altar that was before the Lord was too little to receive the burnt offerings.
1 Kings viii. 64.

6. To be affected by something; to suffer; to be subjected to; as, to receive pleasure or pain; to receive a wound or a blow; to receive damage.

Against his will he can receive no harm.
Milton.

7. To take from a thief, as goods known to be stolen.

8. (Lawn Tennis) To bat back (the ball) when served.

Receiving ship , one on board of which newly recruited sailors are received, and kept till drafted for service.

Syn. -- To accept; take; allow; hold; retain; admit. -- Receive , Accept . To receive describes simply the act of taking. To accept denotes the taking with approval, or for the purposes for which a thing is offered. Thus, we receive a letter when it comes to hand; we receive news when it reaches us; we accept a present when it is offered; we accept an invitation to dine with a friend.

Who, if we knew
What we receive , would either not accept
Life offered, or soon beg to lay it down.
Milton.

Receive (re*sēv") intransitive verb
1. To receive visitors; to be at home to receive calls; as, she receives on Tuesdays.

2. (Lawn Tennis) To return, or bat back, the ball when served; as, it is your turn to receive .

Receivedness noun The state or quality of being received, accepted, or current; as, the receivedness of an opinion. Boyle.

Receiver (-ẽr) noun [ Confer French receveur .]
1. One who takes or receives in any manner.

2. (Law) A person appointed, ordinarily by a court, to receive, and hold in trust, money or other property which is the subject of litigation, pending the suit; a person appointed to take charge of the estate and effects of a corporation, and to do other acts necessary to winding up its affairs, in certain cases. Bouvier.

3. One who takes or buys stolen goods from a thief, knowing them to be stolen. Blackstone.

4. (Chemistry) (a) A vessel connected with an alembic, a retort, or the like, for receiving and condensing the product of distillation. (b) A vessel for receiving and containing gases.

5. (Pneumatics) The glass vessel in which the vacuum is produced, and the objects of experiment are put, in experiments with an air pump. Confer Bell jar , and see Illust. of Air pump .

6. (Steam Engine) (a) A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder, in a compound engine. (b) A capacious vessel for receiving steam from a distant boiler, and supplying it dry to an engine.

7. That portion of a telephonic apparatus, or similar system, at which the message is received and made audible; -- opposed to transmitter .

Exhausted receiver (Physics) , a receiver, as that used with the air pump, from which the air has been withdrawn; a vessel the interior of which is a more or less complete vacuum.

Receiver noun (Firearms) In portable breech-loading firearms, the steel frame screwed to the breech end of the barrel, which receives the bolt or block, gives means of securing for firing, facilitates loading, and holds the ejector, cut-off, etc.

Receiver's certificate An acknowledgement of indebtedness made by a receiver under order of court to obtain funds for the preservation of the assets held by him, as for operating a railroad. Receivers' certificates are ordinarily a first lien on the assets, prior to that of bonds or other securities.

Receivership noun The state or office of a receiver.

Recelebrate (rē*sĕl"e*brāt) transitive verb To celebrate again, or anew. -- Re*cel`e*bra"tion (-brā"shŭn) noun

Recency (rē"s e n*sȳ) noun [ Late Latin recentia , from Latin recens . See Recent .] The state or quality of being recent; newness; new state; late origin; lateness in time; freshness; as, the recency of a transaction, of a wound, etc.

Recense (re*sĕns") transitive verb [ Latin recensere ; prefix re- again + censere to value, estimate: confer French recenser .] To review; to revise. [ R.] Bentley.

Recension (re*sĕn"shŭn) noun [ Latin recensio : confer French recension .]
1. The act of reviewing or revising; review; examination; enumeration. Barrow.

2. Specifically, the review of a text (as of an ancient author) by an editor; critical revisal and establishment.

3. The result of such a work; a text established by critical revision; an edited version.

Recensionist noun One who makes recensions; specifically, a critical editor.

Recent (rē"s e nt) adjective [ Latin recens , -entis : confer French récent .]
1. Of late origin, existence, or occurrence; lately come; not of remote date, antiquated style, or the like; not already known, familiar, worn out, trite, etc.; fresh; novel; new; modern; as, recent news.

The ancients were of opinion, that a considerable portion of that country [ Egypt] was recent , and formed out of the mud discharged into the neighboring sea by the Nile.
Woodward.

2. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the present or existing epoch; as, recent shells.

Recenter (rē*sĕn"tẽr) transitive verb [ Prefix re- + center .] To center again; to restore to the center. Coleridge.

Recently (rē"s e nt*lȳ) adverb Newly; lately; freshly; not long since; as, advices recently received.

Recentness noun Quality or state of being recent.

Receptacle (re*sĕp"tȧ*k'l) noun [ French réceptacle , Latin receptaculum , from receptare , v. intens. from recipere to receive. See Receive .]
1. That which serves, or is used, for receiving and containing something, as a basket, a vase, a bag, a reservoir; a repository.

O sacred receptacle of my joys!
Shak.

2. (Botany) (a) The apex of the flower stalk, from which the organs of the flower grow, or into which they are inserted. See Illust. of Flower , and Ovary . (b) The dilated apex of a pedicel which serves as a common support to a head of flowers. (c) An intercellular cavity containing oil or resin or other matters. (d) A special branch which bears the fructification in many cryptogamous plants.

Receptacular (rĕs`ĕp*tăk"u*lẽr) adjective [ Confer French réceptaculaire .] (Botany) Pertaining to the receptacle, or growing on it; as, the receptacular chaff or scales in the sunflower.

Receptaculum (-lŭm) noun ; plural Receptacula (-lȧ). [ Latin ] (Anat.) A receptacle; as, the receptaculum of the chyle.

Receptary (rĕs"ĕp*ta*rȳ) adjective Generally or popularly admitted or received. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Receptary noun That which is received. [ Obsolete] " Receptaries of philosophy." Sir T. Browne.

Receptibility (re*sĕp`tĭ*bĭl"ĭ*tȳ) noun
1. The quality or state of being receptible; receivableness.

2. A receptible thing. [ R.] Glanvill.

Receptible (re*sĕp"tĭ*b'l) adjective [ Latin receptibilis .] Such as may be received; receivable.

Reception (-shŭn) noun [ French réception , Latin receptio , from recipere , receptum . See Receive .]
1. The act of receiving; receipt; admission; as, the reception of food into the stomach; the reception of a letter; the reception of sensation or ideas; reception of evidence.

2. The state of being received.

3. The act or manner of receiving, esp. of receiving visitors; entertainment; hence, an occasion or ceremony of receiving guests; as, a hearty reception ; an elaborate reception .

What reception a poem may find.
Goldsmith.

4. Acceptance, as of an opinion or doctrine.

Philosophers who have quitted the popular doctrines of their countries have fallen into as extravagant opinions as even common reception countenanced.
Locke.

5. A retaking; a recovery. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Receptive (re*sĕp"tĭv) adjective [ Confer French réceptif . See Receive .] Having the quality of receiving; able or inclined to take in, absorb, hold, or contain; receiving or containing; as, a receptive mind.

Imaginary space is receptive of all bodies.
Glanvill.

Receptiveness noun The quality of being receptive.

Receptivity (rĕs`ĕp*tĭv"ĭ*tȳ or rē`sĕp- ) noun [ Confer French réceptivité .]
1. The state or quality of being receptive.

2. (Kantian Philos.) The power or capacity of receiving impressions, as those of the external senses.

Receptory (re*sĕp"to*rȳ; 277) noun [ Confer Latin receptorium a place of shelter.] Receptacle. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Recess (re*sĕs") noun [ Latin recessus , from recedere , recessum . See Recede .]
1. A withdrawing or retiring; a moving back; retreat; as, the recess of the tides.

Every degree of ignorance being so far a recess and degradation from rationality.
South.

My recess hath given them confidence that I may be conquered.
Eikon Basilike.

2. The state of being withdrawn; seclusion; privacy.

In the recess of the jury they are to consider the evidence.
Sir M. Hale.

Good verse recess and solitude requires.
Dryden.

3. Remission or suspension of business or procedure; intermission, as of a legislative body, court, or school.

The recess of . . . Parliament lasted six weeks.
Macaulay.

4. Part of a room formed by the receding of the wall, as an alcove, niche, etc.

A bed which stood in a deep recess .
W. Irving.

5. A place of retirement, retreat, secrecy, or seclusion.

Departure from this happy place, our sweet
Recess , and only consolation left.
Milton.

6. Secret or abstruse part; as, the difficulties and recesses of science. I. Watts.

7. (Bot. & Zoology) A sinus.

Recess transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recessed ; present participle & verbal noun Recessing .] To make a recess in; as, to recess a wall.

Recess noun [ G.] A decree of the imperial diet of the old German empire. Brande & C.

Recessed (re*sĕst") adjective
1. Having a recess or recesses; as, a recessed arch or wall.

2. Withdrawn; secluded. [ R.] "Comfortably recessed from curious impertinents." Miss Edgeworth.

Recessed arch (Architecture) , one of a series of arches constructed one within another so as to correspond with splayed jambs of a doorway, or the like.

Recession (re*sĕsh"ŭn) noun [ Latin recessio , from recedere , recessum . See Recede .] The act of receding or withdrawing, as from a place, a claim, or a demand. South.

Mercy may rejoice upon the recessions of justice.
Jer. Taylor.

Recession noun [ Prefix re- + cession .] The act of ceding back; restoration; repeated cession; as, the recession of conquered territory to its former sovereign.

Recessional (- a l) adjective Of or pertaining to recession or withdrawal.

Recessional hymn , a hymn sung in a procession returning from the choir to the robing room.