Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Re-ally (-lī") transitive verb [ Prefix re- + ally , transitive verb ] To bring together again; to compose or form anew. Spenser.
Reafforest (rē`ăf*fŏr"ĕst) transitive verb To convert again into a forest, as a region of country.
Reafforestation (-ĕs*tā"shŭn) noun The act or process of converting again into a forest.
Reagent (re*ā"j e nt) noun (Chemistry) A substance capable of producing with another a reaction, especially when employed to detect the presence of other bodies; a test.
Reaggravation (- ăg`grȧ*vā"shŭn) noun (R. C. Ch.) The last monitory, published after three admonitions and before the last excommunication.
Reagree (rē`ȧ*grē") intransitive verb To agree again.
[ √115. Confer Wrack
seaweed.] A rush.
[ Obsolete] "Feeds on reaks
and reeds." Drant.
Reak noun [ Confer Icelandic hrekkr , or English wreak vengeance.] A prank. [ Obsolete] "They play such reaks ." Beau. & Fl.
[ Spanish , from real
royal, Latin regalis
. See Regal
, and confer Ree
a coin.] A small Spanish silver coin; also, a denomination of money of account, formerly the unit of the Spanish monetary system.
» A real of plate
(coin) varied in value according to the time of its coinage, from 12½ down to 10 cents, or from 6½ to 5 pence sterling. The real vellon
, or money of account, was nearly equal to five cents, or 2½ pence sterling. In 1871 the coinage of Spain was assimilated to that of the Latin Union, of which the franc is the unit.
Real (ra*äl") adjective Royal; regal; kingly. [ Obsolete] "The blood real of Thebes." Chaucer.
[ Late Latin realis
, from Latin res
, a thing: confer French réel
. Confer Rebus
.] 1. Actually being or existing; not fictitious or imaginary; as, a description of real life.
Whereat I waked, and found Milton. 2. True; genuine; not artificial, counterfeit, or factitious; often opposed to ostensible ; as, the real reason; real Madeira wine; real ginger.
Before mine eyes all real , as the dream
Had lively shadowed.
Whose perfection far excelled Milton. 3. Relating to things, not to persons.
Hers in all real dignity.
Many are perfect in men's humors that are not greatly capable of the real part of business. Bacon. 4. (Alg.) Having an assignable arithmetical or numerical value or meaning; not imaginary. 5. (Law) Pertaining to things fixed, permanent, or immovable, as to lands and tenements; as, real property, in distinction from personal or movable property. Chattels real (Law)
, such chattels as are annexed to, or savor of, the realty, as terms for years of land. See Chattel .
-- Real action (Law)
, an action for the recovery of real property.
-- Real assets (Law)
, lands or real estate in the hands of the heir, chargeable with the debts of the ancestor.
-- Real composition (Eccl. Law)
, an agreement made between the owner of lands and the parson or vicar, with consent of the ordinary, that such lands shall be discharged from payment of tithes, in consequence of other land or recompense given to the parson in lieu and satisfaction thereof. Blackstone.
-- Real estate
, lands, tenements, and hereditaments; freehold interests in landed property; property in houses and land. Kent. Burrill.
-- Real presence (R. C. Ch.)
, the actual presence of the body and blood of Christ in the eucharist, or the conversion of the substance of the bread and wine into the real body and blood of Christ; transubstantiation. In other churches there is a belief in a form of real presence, not however in the sense of transubstantiation .
-- Real servitude
, called also Predial servitude (Civil Law)
, a burden imposed upon one estate in favor of another estate of another proprietor. Erskine. Bouvier. Syn.
-- Actual; true; genuine; authentic. -- Real
represents a thing to be a substantive existence; as, a real
, not imaginary, occurrence. Actual
refers to it as acted or performed; and, hence, when we wish to prove a thing real
, we often say, "It actually
exists," "It has actually
been done." Thus its reality
is shown by its actuality
, from this reference to being acted
, has recently received a new signification, namely, present
; as, the actual
posture of affairs; since what is now in action
, or going on, has, of course, a present
existence. An actual
fact; a real
For he that but conceives a crime in thought, Dryden.
Contracts the danger of an actual fault.
Our simple ideas are all real ; all agree to the reality of things. Locke.
Real (rē" a l) noun A realist. [ Obsolete] Burton.
Realgar (re*ăl"gẽr) noun [ French réalgar , Spanish rejalgar , Arabic rahj al ghār powder of the mine.] (Min.) Arsenic sulphide, a mineral of a brilliant red color; red orpiment. It is also an artificial product.
Realism (rē" a l*ĭz'm) noun [ Confer French réalisme .]
1. (Philos.) (a) As opposed to nominalism , the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem ( Plato ), or in re ( Aristotle ). (b) As opposed to idealism , the doctrine that in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of the external object, and our knowledge of it is not mediate and representative. 2. (Art & Lit.) Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation without idealization, and making no appeal to the imagination; adherence to the actual fact.
[ Confer French réaliste
.] 1. (Philos.) One who believes in realism; esp., one who maintains that generals , or the terms used to denote the genera and species of things, represent real existences, and are not mere names, as maintained by the nominalists . 2. (Art. & Lit.) An artist or writer who aims at realism in his work. See Realism , 2.
Realistic (-ĭs"tĭk) adjective Of or pertaining to the realists; in the manner of the realists; characterized by realism rather than by imagination.
Realistically adverb In a realistic manner.
; plural Realities
(- tĭz). [ Confer French réalité
, Late Latin realitas
. See 3d Real
, and confer 2d Realty
.] 1. The state or quality of being real; actual being or existence of anything, in distinction from mere appearance; fact.
A man fancies that he understands a critic, when in reality he does not comprehend his meaning. Addison. 2. That which is real; an actual existence; that which is not imagination, fiction, or pretense; that which has objective existence, and is not merely an idea.
And to realities yield all her shows. Milton.
My neck may be an idea to you, but it is a reality to me. Beattie. 3.
[ See 1st Realty
, 2.] Loyalty; devotion.
To express our reality to the emperor. Fuller. 4. (Law) See 2d Realty , 2.
Realizable (rē" a l*ī`zȧ*b'l) adjective Capable of being realized.
Realization (-ĭ*zā"shŭn) noun [ Confer French réalisation .] The act of realizing, or the state of being realized.
l*īz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Realized
(- īzd); present participle & verbal noun Realizing
(- ī`zĭng).] [ Confer French réaliser
.] 1. To make real; to convert from the imaginary or fictitious into the actual; to bring into concrete existence; to effectuate; to accomplish; as, to realize a scheme or project.
We realize what Archimedes had only in hypothesis, weighing a single grain against the globe of earth. Glanvill. 2. To cause to seem real; to impress upon the mind as actual; to feel vividly or strongly; to make one's own in apprehension or experience.
Many coincidences . . . soon begin to appear in them [ Greek inscriptions] which realize ancient history to us. Jowett.
We can not realize it in thought, that the object . . . had really no being at any past moment. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. To convert into real property; to make real estate of; as, to realize his fortune. 4. To acquire as an actual possession; to obtain as the result of plans and efforts; to gain; to get; as, to realize large profits from a speculation.
Knighthood was not beyond the reach of any man who could by diligent thrift realize a good estate. Macaulay. 5. To convert into actual money; as, to realize assets.
Realize intransitive verb To convert any kind of property into money, especially property representing investments, as shares in stock companies, bonds, etc.
Wary men took the alarm, and began to realize , a word now first brought into use to express the conversion of ideal property into something real. W. Irving.
Realizer (-ī`zẽr) noun One who realizes. Coleridge.
Realizing (-zĭng) adjective Serving to make real, or to impress on the mind as a reality; as, a realizing view of the danger incurred. -- Re"al*i`zing*ly , adverb
Reallege (-ăl*lĕj") transitive verb To allege again. Cotgrave.
Realliance (-lī" a ns) noun A renewed alliance.
Really (rā"äl*lē`) adverb Royally. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
l*lȳ) adverb In a real manner; with or in reality; actually; in truth.
Whose anger is really but a short fit of madness. Swift.
is often used familiarly as a slight corroboration of an opinion or a declaration.
Why, really , sixty-five is somewhat old. Young.
[ Middle English realme
, Old French reialme
, French royaume
, from (assumed) Late Latin regalimen
, from Latin regalis
royal. See Regal
.] 1. A royal jurisdiction or domain; a region which is under the dominion of a king; a kingdom.
The absolute master of realms on which the sun perpetually shone. Motley. 2. Hence, in general, province; region; country; domain; department; division; as, the realm of fancy.
Realmless adjective Destitute of a realm. Keats.
Realness (rē" a l*nĕs) noun The quality or condition of being real; reality.
[ Old French réalté
, Late Latin regalitas
, from Latin regalis
. See Regal
.] 1. Royalty.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. Loyalty; faithfulness.
[ R.] Milton.
[ Contr. from 1st Reality
.] 1. Reality.
[ Obsolete] Dr. H. More. 2. (Law) (a) Immobility, or the fixed, permanent nature of real property; as, chattels which savor of the realty ; -- so written in legal language for reality . (b) Real estate; a piece of real property. Blackstone.
Ream (rēm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon reám , akin to German rahm .] Cream; also, the cream or froth on ale. [ Scot.]
Ream intransitive verb To cream; to mantle.
A huge pewter measuring pot which, in the language of the hostess, reamed with excellent claret. Sir W. Scott.
Ream transitive verb
[ Confer Reim
.] To stretch out; to draw out into thongs, threads, or filaments.
Ream noun [ Middle English reme , Old French rayme , French rame (cf. Spanish resma ), from Arabic rizma a bundle, especially of paper.] A bundle, package, or quantity of paper, usually consisting of twenty quires or 480 sheets. Printer's ream , twenty-one and a half quires. [ Eng.] A common practice is now to count five hundred sheets to the ream . Knight.
Ream transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reamed
(rēmd); present participle & verbal noun Reaming
.] [ Confer German räumen
to remove, to clear away, from raum
room. See Room
.] To bevel out, as the mouth of a hole in wood or metal; in modern usage, to enlarge or dress out, as a hole, with a reamer.
Reame (rēm) noun Realm. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Reamer (-ẽr) noun One who, or that which, reams; specifically, an instrument with cutting or scraping edges, used, with a twisting motion, for enlarging a round hole, as the bore of a cannon, etc.
Reamputation (rē*ăm`pu*tā"shŭn) noun (Surg.) The second of two amputations performed upon the same member.
Reanimate (re*ăn"ĭ*māt) transitive verb To animate anew; to restore to animation or life; to infuse new life, vigor, spirit, or courage into; to revive; to reinvigorate; as, to reanimate a drowned person; to reanimate disheartened troops; to reanimate languid spirits. Glanvill.
Reanimation (-mā"shŭn) noun The act or operation of reanimating, or the state of being reanimated; reinvigoration; revival.
Reannex (rē`ăn*nĕks") transitive verb To annex again or anew; to reunite. "To reannex that duchy." Bacon.
Reannexation (-ā"shŭn) noun Act of reannexing.
(re*ăn"sẽr) transitive verb & i. To answer in return; to repay; to compensate; to make amends for.
Which in weight to reanswer , his pettiness would bow under. Shak.
(rēp) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reaped
(rēpt); present participle & verbal noun Reaping
.] [ Middle English repen
, Anglo-Saxon rīpan
to seize, reap; confer Dutch rapen
to glean, reap, German raufen
to pluck, Goth. raupjan
, or English ripe
.] 1. To cut with a sickle, scythe, or reaping machine, as grain; to gather, as a harvest, by cutting.
When ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field. Lev. xix. 9. 2. To gather; to obtain; to receive as a reward or harvest, or as the fruit of labor or of works; -- in a good or a bad sense; as, to reap a benefit from exertions.
Why do I humble thus myself, and, suing Milton. 3. To clear of a crop by reaping; as, to reap a field. 4. To deprive of the beard; to shave.
For peace, reap nothing but repulse and hate?
[ R.] Shak. Reaping hook
, an implement having a hook- shaped blade, used in reaping; a sickle; -- in a specific sense, distinguished from a sickle by a blade keen instead of serrated.
Reap intransitive verb To perform the act or operation of reaping; to gather a harvest.
They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. Ps. cxxvi. 5.
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon rīp
harvest. See Reap
] A bundle of grain; a handful of grain laid down by the reaper as it is cut.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Wright.
(rēp"ẽr) noun 1. One who reaps.
The sun-burned reapers wiping their foreheads. Macaulay. 2. A reaping machine.