|Raw Raw noun A raw, sore, or galled place; a sensitive spot; as, to touch one on the raw .
Like savage hackney coachmen, they know where there is a raw . De Quincey.
Rawbone Raw"bone` (ra"bōn`) adjective Rawboned. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Rawboned Raw"boned` (-bōnd`) adjective Having little flesh on the bones; gaunt. Shak.
Rawhead Raw"head` (ra"hĕd`) noun A specter mentioned to frighten children; as, rawhead and bloodybones.
Rawhide Raw"hide` (ra"hīd`) noun A cowhide, or coarse riding whip, made of untanned (or raw) hide twisted.
Rawish Raw"ish adjective Somewhat raw. [ R.] Marston.
Rawly Raw"ly adverb 1. In a raw manner; unskillfully; without experience. 2. Without proper preparation or provision. Shak.
Rawness Raw"ness noun The quality or state of being raw.
Ray Ray (rā) transitive verb [ An aphetic form of array ; confer Beray .] 1. To array. [ Obsolete] Sir T. More. 2. To mark, stain, or soil; to streak; to defile. [ Obsolete] "The filth that did it ray ." Spenser.
Ray Ray noun Array; order; arrangement; dress.
And spoiling all her gears and goodly ray . Spenser.
Ray Ray noun
[ Old French rai
, French rais
, from Latin radius
a beam or ray, staff, rod, spoke of a wheel. Confer Radius
.] 1. One of a number of lines or parts diverging from a common point or center, like the radii of a circle; as, a star of six rays . 2. (Botany) A radiating part of a flower or plant; the marginal florets of a compound flower, as an aster or a sunflower; one of the pedicels of an umbel or other circular flower cluster; radius. See Radius . 3. (Zoology) (a) One of the radiating spines, or cartilages, supporting the fins of fishes. (b) One of the spheromeres of a radiate, especially one of the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran. 4. (Physics) (a) A line of light or heat proceeding from a radiant or reflecting point; a single element of light or heat propagated continuously; as, a solar ray ; a polarized ray . (b) One of the component elements of the total radiation from a body; any definite or limited portion of the spectrum; as, the red ray ; the violet ray . See Illust . under Light . 5. Sight; perception; vision; -- from an old theory of vision, that sight was something which proceeded from the eye to the object seen.
All eyes direct their rays Pope. 6. (Geom.) One of a system of diverging lines passing through a point, and regarded as extending indefinitely in both directions. See Half-ray . Bundle of rays
On him, and crowds turn coxcombs as they gaze.
. (Geom.) See Pencil of rays , below.
-- Extraordinary ray (Opt.)
, that one of two parts of a ray divided by double refraction which does not follow the ordinary law of refraction.
-- Ordinary ray (Opt.)
, that one of the two parts of a ray divided by double refraction which follows the usual or ordinary law of refraction.
-- Pencil of rays (Geom.)
, a definite system of rays.
-- Ray flower
, or Ray floret (Botany)
, one of the marginal flowers of the capitulum in such composite plants as the aster, goldenrod, daisy, and sunflower. They have an elongated, strap-shaped corolla, while the corollas of the disk flowers are tubular and five-lobed.
-- Ray point (Geom.)
, the common point of a pencil of rays.
-- Röntgen ray
(rẽnt"gĕn) (Physics )
, a kind of ray generated in a very highly exhausted vacuum tube by the electrical discharge. It is capable of passing through many bodies opaque to light, and producing photographic and fluorescent effects by which means pictures showing the internal structure of opaque objects are made, called radiographs , or sciagraphs .. So called from the discoverer, W. C. Röntgen .
-- X ray
, the Röntgen ray; -- so called by its discoverer because of its enigmatical character, x being an algebraic symbol for an unknown quantity.
Ray Ray transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Rayed (rād); present participle & verbal noun Raying .] [ Confer Old French raier , raiier , rayer , Latin radiare to irradiate. See Ray , noun , and confer Radiate .] 1. To mark with long lines; to streak. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. [ From Ray , noun ] To send forth or shoot out; to cause to shine out; as, to ray smiles. [ R.] Thomson.
Ray Ray intransitive verb To shine, as with rays. Mrs. Browning.
Ray Ray noun [ French raie , Latin raia . Confer Roach .] (Zoology) (a) Any one of numerous elasmobranch fishes of the order Raiæ, including the skates, torpedoes, sawfishes, etc. (b) In a restricted sense, any of the broad, flat, narrow-tailed species, as the skates and sting rays. See Skate . Bishop ray , a yellow-spotted, long-tailed eagle ray ( Stoasodon nÃ rinari ) of the Southern United States and the West Indies. -- Butterfly ray , a short-tailed American sting ray ( Pteroplatea Maclura ), having very broad pectoral fins. -- Devil ray . See Sea devil . -- Eagle ray , any large ray of the family Myliobatidæ , or Ætobatidæ . The common European species ( Myliobatis aquila ) is called also whip ray , and miller . -- Electric ray , or Cramp ray , a torpedo. -- Starry ray , a common European skate ( Raia radiata ). -- Sting ray , any one of numerous species of rays of the family Trygonidæ having one or more large, sharp, barbed dorsal spines on the whiplike tail. Called also stingaree .
Ray grass Ray" grass` (rā" grȧs`). [ Etymol. of ray is uncertain.] (Botany) A perennial European grass ( Lolium perenne ); -- called also rye grass , and red darnel . See Darnel , and Grass . Italian ray , or rye , grass . See Darnel , and Grass .
Rayah Ra"yah (rā"yȧ or rä"yȧ) noun [ Arabic ra'iyah a herd, a subject, from ra'a to pasture, guard.] A person not a Mohammedan, who pays the capitation tax. [ Turkey]
Rayless Ray"less (rā"lĕs) adjective Destitute of rays; hence, dark; not illuminated; blind; as, a rayless sky; rayless eyes.
Rayon Ray"on (rā"ŏn) noun [ French] Ray; beam. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Rayonnant Ray"on·nant (rā"ŏn*nănt) adjective [ French] (Her.) Darting forth rays, as the sun when it shines out.
Raze Raze (rāz) noun [ See Race .] A Shakespearean word (used once) supposed to mean the same as race , a root.
Raze Raze transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Razed
(rāzd); present participle & verbal noun Razing
.] [ French raser
. See Rase
, transitive verb
] [ Written also rase
.] 1. To erase; to efface; to obliterate.
Razing the characters of your renown. Shak. 2. To subvert from the foundation; to lay level with the ground; to overthrow; to destroy; to demolish.
The royal hand that razed unhappy Troy. Dryden. Syn.
-- To demolish; level; prostrate; overthrow; subvert; destroy; ruin. See Demolish
Razed Razed (rāzd) adjective Slashed or striped in patterns. [ Obsolete] "Two Provincial roses on my razed shoes." Shak.
Razee Ra·zee" (rȧ*zē") noun [ French vaisseau rasé , from raser to raze, to cut down ships. See Raze , transitive verb , Rase , transitive verb ] (Nautical) An armed ship having her upper deck cut away, and thus reduced to the next inferior rate, as a seventy-four cut down to a frigate. Totten.
Razee Ra·zee" transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Razeed (rȧ*zēd"); present participle & verbal noun Razeeing .] To cut down to a less number of decks, and thus to an inferior rate or class, as a ship; hence, to prune or abridge by cutting off or retrenching parts; as, to razee a book, or an article.
Razor Ra"zor (rā"zẽr) noun [ Middle English rasour , Old French rasur , Late Latin rasor : confer French rasoir , Late Latin rasorium . See Raze , transitive verb , Rase , transitive verb ] 1. A keen-edged knife of peculiar shape, used in shaving the hair from the face or the head. "Take thee a barber's razor ." Ezek. v. 1. --> 2. (Zoology) A tusk of a wild boar. Razor fish . (Zoology) (a) A small Mediterranean fish ( Coryphæna novacula ), prized for the table . (b) The razor shell. -- Razor grass (Botany) , a West Indian plant ( Scleria scindens ), the triangular stem and the leaves of which are edged with minute sharp teeth. -- Razor grinder (Zoology) , the European goat-sucker. -- Razor shell (Zoology) , any marine bivalve shell belonging to Solen and allied genera, especially Solen, or Ensatella, ensis, & Americana , which have a long, narrow, somewhat curved shell, resembling a razor handle in shape. Called also razor clam , razor fish , knife handle . -- Razor stone . Same as Novaculite . -- Razor strap , or Razor strop , a strap or strop used in sharpening razors.
Razor-backed Ra"zor-backed` (-băkt`) adjective (Zoology) Having a sharp, lean, or thin back; as, a razor-backed hog, perch, etc.
Razorable Ra"zor·a·ble (-ȧ*b'l) adjective Ready for the razor; fit to be shaved. [ R.] Shak.
Razorback Ra"zor·back` (-băk`) noun (Zoology) The rorqual.
Razorbill Ra"zor·bill` (-bĭl`) noun (Zoology) (a) A species of auk ( Alca torda ) common in the Arctic seas. See Auk , and Illust. in Appendix. (b) See Cutwater , 3.
Razure Ra"zure (rā"zhur; 135) noun [ See Rasure .] 1. The act of erasing or effacing, or the state of being effaced; obliteration. See Rasure . Shak. 2. An erasure; a change made by erasing.
Razzia Raz"zi·a (rä"ze*ä) noun [ French, from Arabic ghāzīa (pron. razia in Algeria).] A plundering and destructive incursion; a foray; a raid.
Re Re (rā). [ Italian ] (Mus.) A syllable applied in solmization to the second tone of the diatonic scale of C; in the American system, to the second tone of any diatonic scale.
Re coverance Re cov"er·ance (- a ns) noun Recovery. [ Obsolete]
Re proval Re prov"al (- a l) noun Reproof. Sir P. Sidney.
Re sign Re sign" noun Resignation. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Re- Re- (rē-). [ Latin re- , older form (retained before vowels) red- : confer French re- , ré- .] A prefix signifying back , against , again , anew ; as, re cline, to lean back; re call, to call back; re cede; re move; re claim, to call out against; re pugn, to fight against; re cognition, a knowing again; re join, to join again; re iterate; re assure. Combinations containing the prefix re- are readily formed, and are for the most part of obvious signification.
Re-ally Re"-al·ly" (-lī") transitive verb [ Prefix re- + ally , transitive verb ] To bring together again; to compose or form anew. Spenser.
(rē`kŏl*lĕkt") transitive verb
[ Prefix re-
.] To collect again; to gather what has been scattered; as, to re- collect routed troops.
God will one day raise the dead, re-collecting our scattered dust. Barrow.
Re-create Re`-cre·ate" transitive verb
[ Prefix re-
.] To create or form anew.
On opening the campaign of 1776, instead of reënforcing, it was necessary to re-create , the army. Marshall.
Re-creation Re`-cre·a"tion noun [ See Re-create .] A forming anew; a new creation or formation.
Re-creative Re`-cre·a"tive adjective Creating anew; as, re-creative power.
Re-demption Re-demp"tion noun
[ French rédemption
, Latin redemptio
. See Redeem
, and confer Ransom
.] The act of redeeming, or the state of being redeemed; repurchase; ransom; release; rescue; deliverance; as, the redemption of prisoners taken in war; the redemption of a ship and cargo.
Specifically: (a) (Law) The liberation of an estate from a mortgage, or the taking back of property mortgaged, upon performance of the terms or conditions on which it was conveyed; also, the right of redeeming and reëntering upon an estate mortgaged. See Equity of redemption , under Equity . (b) (Com.) Performance of the obligation stated in a note, bill, bond, or other evidence of debt, by making payment to the holder. (c) (Theol.) The procuring of God's favor by the sufferings and death of Christ; the ransom or deliverance of sinners from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God's violated law.
In whom we have redemption through his blood. Eph. i. 7.
Re-ferment Re`-fer·ment" (r...`f...r*m...nt") transitive verb & i. To ferment, or cause to ferment, again. Blackmore.
Re-form Re-form" transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Re-formed (-f?rmd"); present participle & verbal noun Re-forming .] To give a new form to; to form anew; to take form again, or to take a new form; as, to re- form the line after a charge.
Re-formation Re`-for·ma"tion noun The act of forming anew; a second forming in order; as, the reformation of a column of troops into a hollow square.
Re-let Re-let" transitive verb To let anew, as a house.
Re-mark Re-mark" transitive verb [ Prefix re- + mark .] To mark again, or a second time; to mark anew.
Re-present Re`-pre·sent" transitive verb To present again; as, to re-present the points of an argument.
Re-presentation Re-pres`en·ta"tion noun [ See Re-present .] The act of re- presenting, or the state of being presented again; a new presentation; as, re-presentation of facts previously stated.
Re-reiterate Re`-re·it"er·ate transitive verb To reiterate many times. [ R.] "My re-reiterated wish." Tennyson.
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