Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Reapparel (rē`ăp*păr"ĕl) transitive verb To clothe again.
Reappear (rē`ăp*pēr") intransitive verb To appear again.
Reappearance (- a ns) noun A second or new appearance; the act or state of appearing again.
Reapplication (rē*ăp`plĭ*kā"shŭn) noun The act of reapplying, or the state of being reapplied.
Reapply (rē`ăp*plī") transitive verb & i. To apply again.
Reappoint (-point") transitive verb To appoint again.
Reappointment (-m e nt) noun The act of reappointing, or the state of being reappointed.
Reapportion (-pōr"shŭn) transitive verb To apportion again.
Reapportionment (-m e nt) noun A second or a new apportionment.
Reapproach (rē`ăp*prōch") intransitive verb & t. To approach again or anew.
(rēr) adverb Early; soon.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Then why does Cuddy leave his cot so rear ? Gay.
[ Old French riere
behind, backward, from Latin retro
. Confer Arrear
.] 1. The back or hindmost part; that which is behind, or last in order; -- opposed to front .
Nipped with the lagging rear of winter's frost. Milton. 2. Specifically, the part of an army or fleet which comes last, or is stationed behind the rest.
When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear . Milton.
Rear adjective Being behind, or in the hindmost part; hindmost; as, the rear rank of a company. Rear admiral
, an officer in the navy, next in rank below a vice admiral and above a commodore. See Admiral .
-- Rear front (Mil.)
, the rear rank of a body of troops when faced about and standing in that position.
-- Rear guard (Mil.)
, the division of an army that marches in the rear of the main body to protect it; -- used also figuratively.
-- Rear line (Mil.)
, the line in the rear of an army.
-- Rear rank (Mil.)
, the rank or line of a body of troops which is in the rear, or last in order.
-- Rear sight (Firearms)
, the sight nearest the breech.
-- To bring up the rear
, to come last or behind.
Rear (rēr) transitive verb To place in the rear; to secure the rear of. [ R.]
Rear transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reared
(rērd); present participle & verbal noun Rearing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon rǣran
to raise, rear, elevate, for rǣsan
, causative of rīsan
to rise. See Rise
, and confer Raise
.] 1. To raise; to lift up; to cause to rise, become erect, etc.; to elevate; as, to rear a monolith.
In adoration at his feet I fell Milton.
Submiss; he reared me.
It reareth our hearts from vain thoughts. Barrow.
Mine [ shall be] the first hand to rear her banner. Ld. Lytton. 2. To erect by building; to set up; to construct; as, to rear defenses or houses; to rear one government on the ruins of another.
One reared a font of stone. Tennyson. 3. To lift and take up.
[ Obsolete or R.]
And having her from Trompart lightly reared , Spenser. 4. To bring up to maturity, as young; to educate; to instruct; to foster; as, to rear offspring.
Upon his courser set the lovely load.
He wants a father to protect his youth, Southern. 5. To breed and raise; as, to rear cattle. 6. To rouse; to stir up.
And rear him up to virtue.
And seeks the tusky boar to rear . Dryden. Syn.
-- To lift; elevate; erect; raise; build; establish. See the Note under Raise
, 3 (c)
Rear intransitive verb To rise up on the hind legs, as a horse; to become erect. Rearing bit , a bit designed to prevent a horse from lifting his head when rearing. Knight.
Rear-horse (rēr"hôrs`) noun [ So called because it rears up when disturbed.] (Zoology) A mantis.
Reardorse (-dôrs), Rear"doss (- dŏs) }, noun A reredos.
Rearer (rēr"ẽr) noun One who, or that which, rears.
Reargue (rē*är"gū) transitive verb To argue anew or again.
Reargument (-gu*m e nt) noun An arguing over again, as of a motion made in court.
Rearly adverb Early. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Rearmost (-mōst`) adjective Farthest in the rear; last.
Rearmouse, Reremouse (-mous`) }, noun [ Anglo-Saxon hrēremūs ; probably from hrēran to agitate, stir (akin to German rühren , Icelandic hræra ) + mūs mouse.] (Zoology) The leather-winged bat ( Vespertilio murinus ). [ Written also reermouse .]
Rearrange (rē`ăr*rānj") transitive verb To arrange again; to arrange in a different way.
Rearrangement (-m e nt) noun The act of rearranging, or the state of being rearranged.
Rearward (rēr"ward`) noun [ Rear + ward .] The last troop; the rear of an army; a rear guard. Also used figuratively. Shak.
Rearward (-wẽrd) adjective & adverb At or toward the rear.
Reascend (rē`ăs*sĕnd") intransitive verb To rise, mount, or climb again.
Reascend transitive verb To ascend or mount again; to reach by ascending again.
He mounts aloft, and reascends the skies. Addison.
Reascension (-sĕn"shŭn) noun The act of reascending; a remounting.
Reascent (-sĕnt") noun A returning ascent or ascension; acclivity. Cowper.
[ Middle English resoun
, French raison
, from Latin ratio
(akin to Goth. raþjō
number, account, ga raþjan
to count, German rede
to speak), from reri
, to reckon, believe, think. Confer Arraign
.] 1. A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.
I 'll give him reasons for it. Shak.
The reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the next wheel. Sir M. Hale.
This reason did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called "catholic." Bp. Pearson.
Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness. Tillotson. 2. The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.
We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our reason . P. Browne.
In common and popular discourse, reason denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends. Stewart.
Reason is used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature, more especially, perhaps, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the power of deduction or argumentation. Stewart.
By the pure reason I mean the power by which we become possessed of principles. Coleridge.
The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the reason , or rationalized understanding, comprehends. Coleridge. 3. Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.
I was promised, on a time, Spenser.
To have reason for my rhyme.
But law in a free nation hath been ever public reason ; the enacted reason of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private reason , which to us is no law. Milton.
The most probable way of bringing France to reason would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies. Addison. 4. (Math.) Ratio; proportion.
[ Obsolete] Barrow. By reason of
, by means of; on account of; because of.
"Spain is thin sown of people, partly by reason of
the sterility of the soil." Bacon.
-- In reason
, In all reason
, in justice; with rational ground; in a right view.
When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not, in reason , to doubt of its existence. Tillotson.
-- It is reason
, it is reasonable; it is right.
Yet it were great reason , that those that have children should have greatest care of future times. Bacon. Syn.
-- Motive; argument; ground; consideration; principle; sake; account; object; purpose; design. See Motive
(rē"z'n) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reasoned
(-z'nd); present participle & verbal noun Reasoning
.] [ Confer French raisonner
. See Reason
] 1. To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts. 2. Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
Stand still, that I may reason with you, before the Lord, of all the righteous acts of the Lord. 1 Sam. xii. 7. 3. To converse; to compare opinions. Shak.
Reason transitive verb 1. To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend.
When they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well reasoned in every part, there is beauty in such a theory. T. Burnet. 2. To support with reasons, as a request.
[ R.] Shak. 3. To persuade by reasoning or argument; as, to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan.
Men that will not be reasoned into their senses. L'Estrange. 4. To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; -- with down ; as, to reason down a passion. 5. To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; -- usually with out ; as, to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon.
[ Middle English resonable
, French raisonnable
, from Latin rationabilis
. See Reason
] 1. Having the faculty of reason; endued with reason; rational; as, a reasonable being. 2. Governed by reason; being under the influence of reason; thinking, speaking, or acting rationally, or according to the dictates of reason; agreeable to reason; just; rational; as, the measure must satisfy all reasonable men.
By indubitable certainty, I mean that which doth not admit of any reasonable cause of doubting. Bp. Wilkins.
Men have no right to what is not reasonable . Burke. 3. Not excessive or immoderate; within due limits; proper; as, a reasonable demand, amount, price.
Let . . . all things be thought upon Shak. Syn.
That may, with reasonable swiftness, add
More feathers to our wings.
-- Rational; just; honest; equitable; fair; suitable; moderate; tolerable. See Rational
Reasonable adverb Reasonably; tolerably.
I have a reasonable good ear in music. Shak.
Reasonableness noun Quality of being reasonable.
1. In a reasonable manner. 2. Moderately; tolerably. " Reasonably perfect in the language." Holder.
Reasoner (-ẽr) noun One who reasons or argues; as, a fair reasoner ; a close reasoner ; a logical reasoner .
Reasoning noun 1. The act or process of adducing a reason or reasons; manner of presenting one's reasons. 2. That which is offered in argument; proofs or reasons when arranged and developed; course of argument.
His reasoning was sufficiently profound. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Argumentation; argument. -- Reasoning
. Few words are more interchanged than these; and yet, technically, there is a difference between them. Reasoning
is the broader term, including both deduction and induction. Argumentation
denotes simply the former, and descends from the whole to some included part; while reasoning
embraces also the latter, and ascends from the parts to a whole. See Induction
is occupied with ideas and their relations; argumentation
has to do with the forms of logic. A thesis is set down: you attack, I defend it; you insist, I reply; you deny, I prove; you distinguish, I destroy your distinctions; my replies balance or overturn your objections. Such is argumentation
. It supposes that there are two sides, and that both agree to the same rules. Reasoning
, on the other hand, is often a natural process, by which we form, from the general analogy of nature, or special presumptions in the case, conclusions which have greater or less degrees of force, and which may be strengthened or weakened by subsequent experience.
Reasonist noun A rationalist.
Such persons are now commonly called " reasonists " and "rationalists," to distinguish them from true reasoners and rational inquirers. Waterland.
Reasonless adjective 1. Destitute of reason; as, a reasonless man or mind. Shak. 2. Void of reason; not warranted or supported by reason; unreasonable.
This proffer is absurd and reasonless . Shak.
Reassemblage (rē`ăs*sĕm"blaj) noun Assemblage a second time or again.
Reassemble (-b'l) transitive verb & i. To assemble again.
(-sẽrt") transitive verb To assert again or anew; to maintain after an omission to do so.
Let us hope . . . we may have a body of authors who will reassert our claim to respectability in literature. Walsh.
Reassertion (-sẽr"shŭn) noun A second or renewed assertion of the same thing.
Reassessment (-sĕs"m e nt) noun A renewed or second assessment.
Reassign (-sīn") transitive verb To assign back or again; to transfer back what has been assigned.
Reassignment (-m e nt) noun The act of reassigning.