Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Recessive (re*sĕs"sĭv) adjective Going back; receding.
Rechabite (rē"kăb*īt) noun (Jewish Hist.) One of the descendants of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the vine. Jer . xxxv . 2-19. Also, in modern times, a member of a certain society of abstainers from alcoholic liquors.
Rechange (rē*chānj") transitive verb & i. To change again, or change back.
Recharge (rē*chärj") transitive verb & i. [ Prefix re- + charge : confer French recharger .]
1. To charge or accuse in return. 2. To attack again; to attack anew. Dryden.
Recharter (rē*chär"tẽr) noun A second charter; a renewal of a charter. D. Webster.
Recharter transitive verb To charter again or anew; to grant a second or another charter to.
Rechase (rē*chās") transitive verb [ Prefix re- + chase : confer French rechasser .] To chase again; to chase or drive back.
[ French, orig. p.p. of réchauffer
8warm over. See Chafe
, transitive verb
] A dish of food that has been warmed again, hence, fig., something made up from old material; a rehash.
It is merely a réchauffé of ancient philosophies. F. W. H. Myers.
[ French requêté
, from requêter
to hunt anew. See Request
.] (Sporting) A strain given on the horn to call back the hounds when they have lost track of the game.
Recheat intransitive verb To blow the recheat. Drayton.
Recherché (r e *shâr`sha") adjective [ French] Sought out with care; choice. Hence: of rare quality, elegance, or attractiveness; peculiar and refined in kind.
Rechless (rĕk"lĕs) adjective Reckless. [ Obsolete] P. Plowman.
Rechoose (rē*chōz") transitive verb To choose again.
(re*sĭd"ĭ*vāt) intransitive verb
[ Late Latin recidivare
. See Recidivous
.] To backslide; to fall again.
Recidivation (-vā"shŭn) noun [ Late Latin recidivatio .] A falling back; a backsliding. Hammond.
Recidivism noun The state or quality of being recidivous; relapse,
, a falling back or relapse into prior criminal habits, esp. after conviction and punishment.
The old English system of recognizances, in which the guilty party deposits a sum of money, is an excellent guarantee to society against recidivism . Havelock Ellis.
Recidivist noun One who is recidivous or is characterized by recidivism; an incorrigible criminal.
-- Re*cid`i*vis"tic adjective
The criminal by passion never becomes a recidivist , it is the social, not the antisocial, instincts that are strong within him, his crime is a solitary event in his life. Havelock Ellis.
Recidivous (re*sĭd"ĭ*vŭs) adjective [ Latin recidivus , from recidere to fall back.] Tending or liable to backslide or relapse to a former condition or habit.
; plural Recipes
(- pēz). [ Latin , imperative of recipere
to take back, take in, receive. See Receive
.] A formulary or prescription for making some combination, mixture, or preparation of materials; a receipt; especially, a prescription for medicine.
Recipiangle (re*sĭp"ĭ*ăn`g'l) noun [ Latin recipere to take + angulus angle.] An instrument with two arms that are pivoted together at one end, and a graduated arc, -- used by military engineers for measuring and laying off angles of fortifications.
Recipience (re*sĭp"ĭ* e ns), Re*cip"i*en*cy (- e n*sȳ) noun The quality or state of being recipient; a receiving; reception; receptiveness.
[ Latin recipiens
, receiving, present participle of recipere
to receive: confer French récipient
. See Receive
.] A receiver; the person or thing that receives; one to whom, or that to which, anything is given or communicated; specifically, the receiver of a still.
Recipient adjective Receiving; receptive.
[ Latin reciprocus
; of unknown origin.] 1. Recurring in vicissitude; alternate. 2. Done by each to the other; interchanging or interchanged; given and received; due from each to each; mutual; as, reciprocal love; reciprocal duties.
Let our reciprocal vows be remembered. Shak. 3. Mutually interchangeable.
These two rules will render a definition reciprocal with the thing defined. I. Watts. 4. (Gram.) Reflexive; -- applied to pronouns and verbs, but sometimes limited to such pronouns as express mutual action. 5. (Math.) Used to denote different kinds of mutual relation; often with reference to the substitution of reciprocals for given quantities. See the Phrases below. Reciprocal equation (Math.)
, one which remains unchanged in form when the reciprocal of the unknown quantity is substituted for that quantity.
-- Reciprocal figures (Geom.)
, two figures of the same kind (as triangles, parallelograms, prisms, etc.), so related that two sides of the one form the extremes of a proportion of which the means are the two corresponding sides of the other; in general, two figures so related that the first corresponds in some special way to the second, and the second corresponds in the same way to the first.
-- Reciprocal proportion (Math.)
, a proportion such that, of four terms taken in order, the first has to the second the same ratio which the fourth has to the third, or the first has to the second the same ratio which the reciprocal of the third has to the reciprocal of the fourth. Thus, 2:5: :20:8 form a reciprocal proportion , because 2:5: : 1/20 : 1/8 .
-- Reciprocal quantities (Math.)
, any two quantities which produce unity when multiplied together.
-- Reciprocal ratio (Math.)
, the ratio between the reciprocals of two quantities; as, the reciprocal ratio of 4 to 9 is that of ¼ to &frac19;.
-- Reciprocal terms (Logic)
, those terms which have the same signification, and, consequently, are convertible, and may be used for each other. Syn.
-- Mutual; alternate. -- Reciprocal
. The distinctive idea of mutual
is, that the parties unite by interchange in the same act; as, a mutual
affection, etc. The distinctive idea of reciprocal
is, that one party acts by way of return or response to something previously done by the other party; as, a reciprocal
reproaches, etc. Love is reciprocal
when the previous affection of one party has drawn forth the attachment of the other. To make it mutual
in the strictest sense, the two parties should have fallen in love at the same time; but as the result is the same, the two words are here used interchangeably. The ebbing and flowing of the tide is a case where the action is reciprocal
, but not mutual
Reciprocal noun 1. That which is reciprocal to another thing.
Corruption is a reciprocal to generation. Bacon. 2. (Arith. & Alg.) The quotient arising from dividing unity by any quantity; thus, ¼ is the reciprocal of 4; 1/(a +b) is the reciprocal of a + b . The reciprocal of a fraction is the fraction inverted, or the denominator divided by the numerator.
Reciprocality (-kăl"ĭ*tȳ) noun The quality or condition of being reciprocal; reciprocalness. [ R.]
l*lȳ) adverb 1. In a reciprocal manner; so that each affects the other, and is equally affected by it; interchangeably; mutually.
These two particles do reciprocally affect each other with the same force. Bentley. 2. (Math.) In the manner of reciprocals. Reciprocally proportional (Arith. & Alg.)
, proportional, as two variable quantities, so that the one shall have a constant ratio to the reciprocal of the other.
Reciprocalness (re*sĭp"ro*k a l*nĕs) noun The quality or condition of being reciprocal; mutual return; alternateness.
(-kāt) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reciprocated
(- kā`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Reciprocating
.] [ Latin reciprocatus
, past participle of reciprocare
. See Reciprocal
.] To move forward and backward alternately; to recur in vicissitude; to act interchangeably; to alternate.
One brawny smith the puffing bellows plies, Dryden. Reciprocating engine
And draws and blows reciprocating air.
, a steam, air, or gas engine, etc., in which the piston moves back and forth; -- in distinction from a rotary engine , in which the piston travels continuously in one direction in a circular path.
-- Reciprocating motion (Mech.)
, motion alternately backward and forward, or up and down, as of a piston rod.
Reciprocate transitive verb To give and return mutually; to make return for; to give in return; to interchange; to alternate; as, to reciprocate favors. Cowper.
Reciprocation (-kā"shŭn) noun [ Latin reciprocatio : confer French réciprocation .]
1. The act of reciprocating; interchange of acts; a mutual giving and returning; as, the reciprocation of kindnesses. 2. Alternate recurrence or action; as, the reciprocation of the sea in the flow and ebb of tides. Sir T. Browne.
[ Confer French réciprocité
. See Reciprocal
.] 1. Mutual action and reaction. 2. Reciprocal advantages, obligations, or rights; reciprocation. Reciprocity treaty
, or Treaty of reciprocity
, a treaty concluded between two countries, conferring equal privileges as regards customs or charges on imports, or in other respects. Syn.
-- Reciprocation; interchange; mutuality.
Reciprocornous (re*sĭp`ro*kôr"nŭs) adjective [ Latin reciprocus returning, reciprocal + cornu horn.] (Zoology) Having horns turning backward and then forward, like those of a ram. [ R.] Ash.
Reciprocous (re*sĭp"ro*kŭs) adjective Reciprocal. [ Obsolete]
Reciprok (rĕs"ĭ*prŏk) adjective [ French réciproque , Latin reciprocus .] Reciprocal. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Reciproque (rĕs"ĭ*prōk) adjective & noun [ French réciproque .] Reciprocal. Bacon.
Recision (re*sĭzh"ŭn) noun [ Latin recisio , from recidere , recisum , to cut off; prefix re- re- + caedere to cut.] The act of cutting off. Sherwood.
[ From Recite
.] 1. The act of reciting; the repetition of the words of another, or of a document; rehearsal; as, the recital of testimony. 2. A telling in detail and due order of the particulars of anything, as of a law, an adventure, or a series of events; narration. Addison. 3. That which is recited; a story; a narration. 4. (Mus.) A vocal or instrumental performance by one person; -- distinguished from concert ; as, a song recital ; an organ, piano, or violin recital . 5. (Law) The formal statement, or setting forth, of some matter of fact in any deed or writing in order to explain the reasons on which the transaction is founded; the statement of matter in pleading introductory to some positive allegation. Burn. Syn.
-- Account; rehearsal; recitation; narration; description; explanation; enumeration; detail; narrative. See Account
[ Latin recitatio
: confer French récitation
. See Recite
.] 1. The act of reciting; rehearsal; repetition of words or sentences. Hammond. 2. The delivery before an audience of something committed to memory, especially as an elocutionary exhibition; also, that which is so delivered. 3. (Colleges and Schools) The rehearsal of a lesson by pupils before their instructor.
[ Italian recitativo
, or French récitatif
. See Recite
.] (Mus.) A species of musical recitation in which the words are delivered in a manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to melisma .
Recitative adjective Of or pertaining to recitation; intended for musical recitation or declamation; in the style or manner of recitative. -- Rec`i*ta*tive"ly , adverb
Recitativo (-tē"vo) noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) Recitative.
(re*sīt") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Recited
; present participle & verbal noun Reciting
.] [ French réciter
, from Latin recitare
; prefix re-
re- + citare
to call or name, to cite. See Cite
.] 1. To repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed to memory, or the like; to deliver from a written or printed document, or from recollection; to rehearse; as, to recite the words of an author, or of a deed or covenant. 2. To tell over; to go over in particulars; to relate; to narrate; as, to recite past events; to recite the particulars of a voyage. 3. To rehearse, as a lesson to an instructor. 4. (Law) To state in or as a recital. See Recital , 5. Syn.
-- To rehearse; narrate; relate; recount; describe; recapitulate; detail; number; count.
Recite intransitive verb To repeat, pronounce, or rehearse, as before an audience, something prepared or committed to memory; to rehearse a lesson learned.
Recite noun A recital. [ Obsolete] Sir W. Temple.
Reciter (-sīt"ẽr) noun One who recites; also, a book of extracts for recitation.
(rĕk) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Recked
(rĕkt) ( obsolete imperfect Roughte
); present participle & verbal noun Recking
.] [ Anglo-Saxon reccan
, to care for; akin to Old Saxon rōkian
, Old High German ruochan
, German geruhen
, Icelandic rækja
, also to English reckon
an implement. See Rake
, and confer Reckon
.] 1. To make account of; to care for; to heed; to regard.
This son of mine not recking danger. Sir P. Sidney.
And may you better reck the rede Burns. 2. To concern; -- used impersonally.
Than ever did the adviser.
What recks it them? Milton.
(rĕk) intransitive verb To make account; to take heed; to care; to mind; -- often followed by of .
Then reck I not, when I have lost my life. Chaucer.
I reck not though I end my life to- day. Shak.
Of me she recks not, nor my vain desire. M. Arnold.
[ Anglo-Saxon recceleás
.] 1. Inattentive to duty; careless; neglectful; indifferent. Chaucer. 2. Rashly negligent; utterly careless or heedless.
It made the king as reckless as them diligent. Sir P. Sidney. Syn.
-- Heedless; careless; mindless; thoughtless; negligent; indifferent; regardless; unconcerned; inattentive; remiss; rash. -- Reck"less*ly
Reckling (-lĭng) adjective Needing care; weak; feeble; as, a reckling child. H. Taylor. -- noun A weak child or animal. Tennyson.