Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Re-create transitive verb [ Prefix re- + create .] To create or form anew.

On opening the campaign of 1776, instead of reënforcing, it was necessary to re-create , the army.
Marshall.

Re-creation noun [ See Re-create .] A forming anew; a new creation or formation.

Re-creative adjective Creating anew; as, re-creative power.

Recount (rē*kount") transitive verb [ Prefix re- + count .] To count or reckon again.

Recount noun A counting again, as of votes.

Recount (re*kount") transitive verb [ French raconter to relate, to recount; prefix re- again + ... (L. ad .) + conter to relate. See Count , v. ] To tell over; to relate in detail; to recite; to tell or narrate the particulars of; to rehearse; to enumerate; as, to recount one's blessings. Dryden.

To all his angels, who, with true applause,
Recount his praises.
Milton.

Recountment (-m e nt) noun Recital. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Recoup, Recoupe transitive verb [ French recouper ; prefix re- re- + couper to cut.]
1. (Law) To keep back rightfully (a part), as if by cutting off, so as to diminish a sum due; to take off (a part) from damages; to deduct; as, where a landlord recouped the rent of premises from damages awarded to the plaintiff for eviction.

2. To get an equivalent or compensation for; as, to recoup money lost at the gaming table; to recoup one's losses in the share market.

3. To reimburse; to indemnify; -- often used reflexively and in the passive.

Elizabeth had lost her venture; but if she was bold, she might recoup herself at Philip's cost.
Froude.

Industry is sometimes recouped for a small price by extensive custom.
Duke of Argyll.

Recouper noun One who recoups. Story.

Recoupment (-m e nt) noun The act of recouping.

» Recoupment applies to equities growing out of the very affair from which thw principal demand arises, set-off to cross-demands which may be independent in origin. Abbott.

Recourse noun [ French recours , Latin recursus a running back, return, from recurrere , recursum , to run back. See Recur .]
1. A coursing back, or coursing again, along the line of a previous coursing; renewed course; return; retreat; recurence. [ Obsolete] "Swift recourse of flushing blood." Spenser.

Unto my first I will have my recourse .
Chaucer.

Preventive physic . . . preventeth sickness in the healthy, or the recourse thereof in the valetudinary .
Sir T. Browne.

2. Recurrence in difficulty, perplexity, need, or the like; access or application for aid; resort.

Thus died this great peer, in a time of great recourse unto him and dependence upon him.
Sir H. Wotton.

Our last recourse is therefore to our art.
Dryden.

3. Access; admittance. [ Obsolete]

Give me recourse to him.
Shak.

Without recourse (Commerce) , words sometimes added to the indorsement of a negotiable instrument to protect the indorser from liability to the indorsee and subsequent holders. It is a restricted indorsement.

Recourse intransitive verb
1. To return; to recur. [ Obsolete]

The flame departing and recoursing .
Foxe.

2. To have recourse; to resort. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hacket.

Recourseful adjective Having recurring flow and ebb; moving alternately. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Recover transitive verb [ Prefix re- + cover : confer F. recouvrir .] To cover again. Sir W. Scott.

Recover transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recovered (-?rd); present participle & verbal noun Recovering . ] [ Middle English recoveren , Old French recovrer , French recouvrer , from Latin recuperare ; prefix re- re + a word of unknown origin. Confer Recuperate .]


1. To get or obtain again; to get renewed possession of; to win back; to regain.

David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away.
1. Sam. xxx. 18.

2. To make good by reparation; to make up for; to retrieve; to repair the loss or injury of; as, to recover lost time. "Loss of catel may recovered be." Chaucer.

Even good men have many failings and lapses to lament and recover .
Rogers.

3. To restore from sickness, faintness, or the like; to bring back to life or health; to cure; to heal.

The wine in my bottle will recover him.
Shak.

4. To overcome; to get the better of, -- as a state of mind or body.

I do hope to recover my late hurt.
Cowley.

When I had recovered a little my first surprise.
De Foe.

5. To rescue; to deliver.

That they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him.
2. Tim. ii. 26.

6. To gain by motion or effort; to obtain; to reach; to come to. [ Archaic]

The forest is not three leagues off;
If we recover that, we're sure enough.
Shak.

Except he could recover one of the Cities of Refuge he was to die.
Hales.

7. (Law) To gain as a compensation; to obtain in return for injury or debt; as, to recover damages in trespass; to recover debt and costs in a suit at law; to obtain title to by judgement in a court of law; as, to recover lands in ejectment or common recovery; to gain by legal process; as, to recover judgement against a defendant.

Recover arms (Mil. Drill) , a command whereby the piece is brought from the position of "aim" to that of "ready."

Syn. -- To regain; repossess; resume; retrieve; recruit; heal; cure.

Recover intransitive verb
1. To regain health after sickness; to grow well; to be restored or cured; hence, to regain a former state or condition after misfortune, alarm, etc.; -- often followed by of or from ; as, to recover from a state of poverty; to recover from fright.

Go, inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover of this disease.
2 Kings i. 2.

2. To make one's way; to come; to arrive. [ Obsolete]

With much ado the Christians recovered to Antioch.
Fuller.

3. (Law) To obtain a judgement; to succeed in a lawsuit; as, the plaintiff has recovered in his suit.

Recover noun Recovery. Sir T. Malory.

Recoverable adjective [ Confer French recouvrable .] Capable of being recovered or regained; capable of being brought back to a former condition, as from sickness, misfortune, etc.; obtainable from a debtor or possessor; as, the debt is recoverable ; goods lost or sunk in the ocean are not recoverable .

A prodigal course
Is like the sun's; but not, like his, recoverable .
Shak.

If I am recoverable , why am I thus?
Cowper.

-- Re*cov"er*a*ble*ness , noun

Recoveree (-ē") noun (Law) The person against whom a judgment is obtained in common recovery.

Recoverer noun One who recovers.

Recoveror noun (Law) The demandant in a common recovery after judgment. Wharton.

Recovery noun
1. The act of recovering, regaining, or retaking possession.

2. Restoration from sickness, weakness, faintness, or the like; restoration from a condition of mistortune, of fright, etc.

3. (Law) The obtaining in a suit at law of a right to something by a verdict and judgment of court.

4. The getting, or gaining, of something not previously had. [ Obsolete] "Help be past recovery ." Tusser.

5. In rowing, the act of regaining the proper position for making a new stroke.

Common recovery (Law) , a species of common assurance or mode of conveying lands by matter of record, through the forms of an action at law, formerly in frequent use, but now abolished or obsolete, both in England and America. Burrill. Warren.

Recreance noun Recreancy.

Recreancy noun The quality or state of being recreant.

Recreant (- a nt) adjective [ Old French , cowardly, from recroire , recreire , to forsake, leave, tire, discourage, regard as conquered, Late Latin recredere se to declare one's self conquered in combat; hence, those are called recrediti or recreanti who are considered infamous; Latin prefix re- again, back + credere to believe, to be of opinion; hence, originally, to disavow one's opinion. See Creed .]
1. Crying for mercy, as a combatant in the trial by battle; yielding; cowardly; mean-spirited; craven. "This recreant knight." Spenser.

2. Apostate; false; unfaithful.

Who, for so many benefits received,
Turned recreant to God, ingrate and false.
Milton.

Recreant noun One who yields in combat, and begs for mercy; a mean-spirited, cowardly wretch. Blackstone.

You are all recreants and dastards!
Shak.

Recreate (rk"r*t) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recreated (-`td); present participle & verbal noun Recreating .] [ Latin recreatus , past participle of recreate to create anew, to refresh; prefix re- re- + creare to create. See Create .] To give fresh life to; to reanimate; to revive; especially, to refresh after wearying toil or anxiety; to relieve; to cheer; to divert; to amuse; to gratify.

Painters, when they work on white grounds, place before them colors mixed with blue and green, to recreate their eyes, white wearying . . . the sight more than any.
Dryden.

St. John, who recreated himself with sporting with a tame partridge.
Jer. Taylor.

These ripe fruits recreate the nostrils with their aromatic scent.
Dr. H. More.

Recreate intransitive verb To take recreation. Latin Addison.

Recreation noun [ French récréation , Latin recreatio .] The act of recreating, or the state of being recreated; refreshment of the strength and spirits after toil; amusement; diversion; sport; pastime.

Recreative adjective [ Confer French récréatif . See Recreate .] Tending to recreate or refresh; recreating; giving new vigor or animation; reinvigorating; giving relief after labor or pain; amusing; diverting.

Let the music of them be recreative .
Bacon.

--- Rec"re*a`tive*ly , adverb -- Rec"re*a`tive*ness , noun

Recrement noun [ Latin recrementum ; prefix re- re- + cernere , cretum , to separate, sift: confer French récrément .]
1. Superfluous matter separated from that which is useful; dross; scoria; as, the recrement of ore.

2. (Medicine) (a) Excrement. [ Obsolete] (a) A substance secreted from the blood and again absorbed by it.

Recremental adjective Recrementitious.

Recrementitial adjective [ Confer French récrémentitiel .] (Medicine) Of the nature of a recrement. See Recrement , 2 (b) . " Recrementitial fluids." Dunglison.

Recrementitious adjective Of or pertaining to recrement; consisting of recrement or dross. Boyle.

Recriminate intransitive verb [ Prefix re- + criminate : confer French récriminer , Late Latin recriminare .] To return one charge or accusation with another; to charge back fault or crime upon an accuser.

It is not my business to recriminate , hoping sufficiently to clear myself in this matter.
Bp. Stillingfleet.

Recriminate transitive verb To accuse in return. South.

Recrimination noun [ French récrimination , Late Latin recriminatio .] The act of recriminating; an accusation brought by the accused against the accuser; a counter accusation.

Accusations and recriminations passed backward and forward between the contending parties.
Macaulay.

Recriminative adjective Recriminatory.

Recriminator noun One who recriminates.

Recriminatory adjective [ Confer French récriminatoire .] Having the quality of recrimination; retorting accusation; recriminating.

Recross transitive verb To cross a second time.

Recrudency (re*kru"d e n*sȳ) noun Recrudescence.

Recrudesce intransitive verb [ See Recrudescent .] To be in a state of recrudescence; esp., to come into renewed freshness, vigor, or activity; to revive.

The general influence . . . which is liable every now and then to recrudesce in his absence.
Edmund Gurney.

Recrudescence (r?`kr?*d?s"s e ns), Re`cru*des`cen*cy (-d?s"s e n*s?) noun [ Confer French recrudescence .]


1. The state or condition of being recrudescent.

A recrudescence of barbarism may condemn it [ land] to chronic poverty and waste.
Duke of Argyll.

2. (Medicine) Increased severity of a disease after temporary remission. Dunglison.

Recrudescent (-s e nt) adjective [ Latin recrudescens , -entis , present participle of recrudescere to become raw again; prefix re- re- + crudescere to become hard or raw: confer French recrudescent .]
1. Growing raw, sore, or painful again.

2. Breaking out again after temporary abatement or supression; as, a recrudescent epidemic.

Recruit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recruited ; present participle & verbal noun Recruiting .] [ French recruter , corrupted (under influence of recrue recruiting, recruit, from recroî/tre , past participle recrû , to grow again) from an older recluter , properly, to patch, to mend (a garment); prefix re- + Old French clut piece, piece of cloth; confer Icelandic klūtr kerchief, English clout .]
1. To repair by fresh supplies, as anything wasted; to remedy lack or deficiency in; as, food recruits the flesh; fresh air and exercise recruit the spirits.

Her cheeks glow the brighter, recruiting their color.
Glanvill.

2. Hence, to restore the wasted vigor of; to renew in strength or health; to reinvigorate.

3. To supply with new men, as an army; to fill up or make up by enlistment; as, he recruited two regiments; the army was recruited for a campaign; also, to muster; to enlist; as, he recruited fifty men. M. Arnold.

Recruit intransitive verb
1. To gain new supplies of anything wasted; to gain health, flesh, spirits, or the like; to recuperate; as, lean cattle recruit in fresh pastures.

2. To gain new supplies of men for military or other service; to raise or enlist new soldiers; to enlist troops.

Recruit noun
1. A supply of anything wasted or exhausted; a reënforcement.

The state is to have recruits to its strength, and remedies to its distempers.
Burke.

2. Specifically, a man enlisted for service in the army; a newly enlisted soldier.

Recruiter noun One who, or that which, recruits.

Recruitment (-m e nt) noun The act or process of recruiting; especially, the enlistment of men for an army.