Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Re-collect (rē`kŏl*lĕkt") transitive verb [ Prefix re- + collect .] To collect again; to gather what has been scattered; as, to re- collect routed troops.

God will one day raise the dead, re-collecting our scattered dust.
Barrow.

Recoil (re*koil") intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recoiled (-koild"); present participle & verbal noun Recoiling .] [ Middle English recoilen , French reculer , from Latin prefix re- re- + culus the fundament. The English word was perhaps influenced in form by accoil .]


1. To start, roll, bound, spring, or fall back; to take a reverse motion; to be driven or forced backward; to return.

Evil on itself shall back recoil .
Milton.

The solemnity of her demeanor made it impossible . . . that we should recoil into our ordinary spirits.
De Quincey.

2. To draw back, as from anything repugnant, distressing, alarming, or the like; to shrink. Shak.

3. To turn or go back; to withdraw one's self; to retire. [ Obsolete] "To your bowers recoil ." Spenser.

Recoil transitive verb To draw or go back. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Recoil noun
1. A starting or falling back; a rebound; a shrinking; as, the recoil of nature, or of the blood.

2. The state or condition of having recoiled.

The recoil from formalism is skepticism.
F. W. Robertson.

3. Specifically, the reaction or rebounding of a firearm when discharged.

Recoil dynamometer (Gunnery) , an instrument for measuring the force of the recoil of a firearm. -- Recoil escapement . See the Note under Escapement .

Recoiler (-ẽr) noun One who, or that which, recoils.

Recoilingly adverb In the manner of a recoil.

Recoilment noun [ Confer French reculement .] Recoil. [ R.]

Recoin (rē*koin") transitive verb To coin anew or again.

Recoinage (-aj) noun
1. The act of coining anew.

2. That which is coined anew.

Recollect (rĕk`ŏl*lĕkt") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recollected ; present participle & verbal noun Recollecting .] [ Prefix re- + collect : confer Latin recolligere , recollectum , to collect. Confer Recollet .]
1. To recover or recall the knowledge of; to bring back to the mind or memory; to remember.

2. Reflexively, to compose one's self; to recover self-command; as, to recollect one's self after a burst of anger; -- sometimes, formerly, in the perfect participle.

The Tyrian queen . . .
Admired his fortunes, more admired the man;
Then recollected stood.
Dryden.

Recollect (rĕk"ŏl*lĕkt) noun [ See Recollet .] (Eccl.) A friar of the Strict Observance, -- an order of Franciscans. [ Written also Recollet .] Addis & Arnold.

Recollection noun [ Confer French récollection .]
1. The act of recollecting, or recalling to the memory; the operation by which objects are recalled to the memory, or ideas revived in the mind; reminiscence; remembrance.

2. The power of recalling ideas to the mind, or the period within which things can be recollected; remembrance; memory; as, an event within my recollection .

3. That which is recollected; something called to mind; reminiscence. "One of his earliest recollections ." Macaulay.

4. The act or practice of collecting or concentrating the mind; concentration; self-control. [ Archaic]

From such an education Charles contracted habits of gravity and recollection .
Robertson.

Syn. -- Reminiscence; remembrance. See Memory .

Recollective adjective Having the power of recollecting. J. Foster.

Recollet noun [ French récollet , from Latin recollectus , past participle of recolligere to gather again, to gather up; New Latin , to collect one's self, esp. for religious contemplation.] (Eccl.) Same as Recollect , noun

Recolonization noun A second or renewed colonization.

Recolonize transitive verb To colonize again.

Recombination noun Combination a second or additional time.

Recombine transitive verb To combine again.

Recomfort transitive verb [ Prefix re- + comfort : confer French réconforter .] To comfort again; to console anew; to give new strength to. Bacon.

Gan her recomfort from so sad affright.
Spenser.

Recomfortless adjective Without comfort. [ Obsolete]

Recomforture noun The act of recomforting; restoration of comfort. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Recommence intransitive verb
1. To commence or begin again. Howell.

2. To begin anew to be; to act again as. [ Archaic.]

He seems desirous enough of recommencing courtier.
Johnson.

Recommence transitive verb [ Prefix re- + commence : confer French recommencer .] To commence again or anew.

Recommencement (-m e nt) noun A commencement made anew.

Recommend transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recommended ; present participle & verbal noun Recommending .] [ Prefix re- + commend : confer French recommander .]
1. To commend to the favorable notice of another; to commit to another's care, confidence, or acceptance, with favoring representations; to put in a favorable light before any one; to bestow commendation on; as, he recommended resting the mind and exercising the body.

Mæcenas recommended Virgil and Horace to Augustus, whose praises . . . have made him precious to posterity.
Dryden.

2. To make acceptable; to attract favor to.

A decent boldness ever meets with friends,
Succeeds, and e'en a stranger recommends .
Pope.

3. To commit; to give in charge; to commend.

Paul chose Silas and departed, being recommended by the brethren unto the grace of God.
Acts xv. 40.

Recommendable adjective [ Confer French recommandable .] Suitable to be recommended; worthy of praise; commendable. Glanvill. -- Rec`om*mend"a*ble*ness , noun -- Rec`om*mend"a*bly , adverb

Recommendation noun [ Confer French recommandation .]
1. The act of recommending.

2. That which recommends, or commends to favor; anything procuring, or tending to procure, a favorable reception, or to secure acceptance and adoption; as, he brought excellent recommendations .

3. The state of being recommended; esteem. [ R.]

The burying of the dead . . . hath always been had in an extraordinary recommendation amongst the ancient.
Sir T. North.

Recommendative noun That which recommends; a recommendation. [ Obsolete]

Recommendatory adjective Serving to recommend; recommending; commendatory. Swift.

Recommender noun One who recommends.

Recommission transitive verb To commission again; to give a new commission to.

Officers whose time of service had expired were to be recommissioned .
Marshall.

Recommit transitive verb To commit again; to give back into keeping; specifically, to refer again to a committee; as, to recommit a bill to the same committee.

Recommitment noun A second or renewed commitment; a renewed reference to a committee.

Recompact transitive verb To compact or join anew. " Recompact my scattered body." Donne.

Recompensation noun [ Confer Late Latin recompensatio .]
1. Recompense. [ Obsolete]

2. (Scots Law) Used to denote a case where a set-off pleaded by the defendant is met by a set-off pleaded by the plaintiff.

Recompense (rĕk"ŏm*pĕns) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recompensed (-p?nst); present participle & verbal noun Recompensing (-p?n`s?ng).] [ French récompenser , Late Latin recompensare , from Latin prefix re- re- + compensare to compensate. See Compensate .]
1. To render an equivalent to, for service, loss, etc.; to requite; to remunerate; to compensate.

He can not recompense me better.
Shak.

2. To return an equivalent for; to give compensation for; to atone for; to pay for.

God recompenseth the gift.
Robynson (More's Utopia).

To recompense
My rash, but more unfortunate, misdeed.
Milton.

3. To give in return; to pay back; to pay, as something earned or deserved. [ R.]

Recompense to no man evil for evil.
Rom. xii. 17.

Syn. -- To repay; requite; compensate; reward; remunerate.

Recompense intransitive verb To give recompense; to make amends or requital. [ Obsolete]

Recompense noun [ Confer French récompense .] An equivalent returned for anything done, suffered, or given; compensation; requital; suitable return.

To me belongeth vengeance, and recompense .
Deut. xxii. 35.

And every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward.
Hebrew ii. 2.

Syn. -- Repayment; compensation; remuneration; amends; satisfaction; reward; requital.

Recompensement noun Recompense; requital. [ Obsolete] Fabyan.

Recompenser noun One who recompenses.

A thankful recompenser of the benefits received.
Foxe.

Recompensive adjective Of the nature of recompense; serving to recompense. Sir T. Browne.

Recompilation noun A new compilation.

Recompile (rē`kŏm*pīl") transitive verb To compile anew.

Recompilement (-m e nt) noun The act of recompiling; new compilation or digest; as, a recompilement of the laws. Bacon.

Recompose transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Recomposed (-p?zd"); present participle & verbal noun Recomposing .] [ Prefix re- + compose : confer French recomposer .]
1. To compose again; to form anew; to put together again or repeatedly.

The far greater number of the objects presented to our observation can only be decomposed, but not actually recomposed .
Sir W. Hamilton.

2. To restore to composure; to quiet anew; to tranquilize; as, to recompose the mind. Jer. Taylor.

Recomposer noun One who recomposes.

Recomposition noun [ Confer French recomposition .] The act of recomposing.

Reconcentrado noun [ Spanish , p.p. of reconcentrar to inclose, to reconcentrate.] Lit., one who has been reconcentrated; specif., in Cuba, the Philippines, etc., during the revolution of 1895-98, one of the rural noncombatants who were concentrated by the military authorities in areas surrounding the fortified towns, and later were reconcentrated in the smaller limits of the towns themselves.

Reconcentrate transitive verb & i. To concentrate again; to concentrate thoroughly.

Reconcentration noun The act of reconcentrating or the state of being reconcentrated; esp., the act or policy of concentrating the rural population in or about towns and villages for convenience in political or military administration, as in Cuba during the revolution of 1895-98.

Reconcilable adjective [ Confer French réconciliable .] Capable of being reconciled; as, reconcilable adversaries; an act reconciable with previous acts.

The different accounts of the numbers of ships are reconcilable .
Arbuthnot.

-- Rec"on*ci`la*ble*ness , noun -- Rec"on*ci`la*bly , adverb