Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French rédemption
, Latin redemptio
. See Redeem
, and confer Ransom
.] The act of redeeming, or the state of being redeemed; repurchase; ransom; release; rescue; deliverance; as, the redemption of prisoners taken in war; the redemption of a ship and cargo.
Specifically: (a) (Law) The liberation of an estate from a mortgage, or the taking back of property mortgaged, upon performance of the terms or conditions on which it was conveyed; also, the right of redeeming and reëntering upon an estate mortgaged. See Equity of redemption , under Equity . (b) (Com.) Performance of the obligation stated in a note, bill, bond, or other evidence of debt, by making payment to the holder. (c) (Theol.) The procuring of God's favor by the sufferings and death of Christ; the ransom or deliverance of sinners from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God's violated law.
In whom we have redemption through his blood. Eph. i. 7.
[ Middle English reed gounde
; Anglo-Saxon reád
red + gund
matter, pus.] 1. (Medicine) An eruption of red pimples upon the face, neck, and arms, in early infancy; tooth rash; strophulus. Good. 2. A name of rust on grain. See Rust .
Red-hand adjective or adverb Having hands red with blood; in the very act, as if with red or bloody hands; -- said of a person taken in the act of homicide; hence, fresh from the commission of crime; as, he was taken red-hand or red-handed .
Red-hot adjective Red with heat; heated to redness; as, red-hot iron; red-hot balls. Hence, figuratively, excited; violent; as, a red-hot radical. Shak.
Redden transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reddened
(-d'nd); present participle & verbal noun Reddening
.] [ From Red
] To make red or somewhat red; to give a red color to.
Redden intransitive verb To grow or become red; to blush.
Appius reddens at each word you speak. Pope.
He no sooner saw that her eye glistened and her cheek reddened than his obstinacy was at once subbued. Sir W. SCott.
[ Neut. of Latin reddendus
that must be given back or yielded, gerundive of reddere
. See Reddition
.] (Law) A clause in a deed by which some new thing is reserved out of what had been granted before; the clause by which rent is reserved in a lease. Cruise.
Reddi*tive adjective [ Latin redditivus .] (Gram.) Answering to an interrogative or inquiry; conveying a reply; as, redditive words.
Reddish adjective Somewhat red; moderately red .
[ Latin redditio
, from reddere
to give back, to return: confer French reddition
. See Render
.] 1. Restoration: restitution: surrender. Howell. 2. Explanation; representation.
The reddition or application of the comparison. Chapman.
[ From Red
; confer German r...thel
. Confer Ruddle
.] (Min.) Red chalk. See under Chalk .
Reddour noun [ French raideur , from raide stiff.] Rigor; violence. [ Obsolete] Gower.
Rede transitive verb
[ See Read
, transitive verb
] 1. To advise or counsel.
[ Obsolete or Scot.]
I rede that our host here shall begin. Chaucer. 2. To interpret; to explain.
My sweven [ dream] rede aright. Chaucer.
[ See Read
] 1. Advice; counsel; suggestion.
[ Obsolete or Scot.] Burns.
There was none other remedy ne reed . Chaucer. 2. A word or phrase; a motto; a proverb; a wise saw.
[ Obsolete] "This rede
is rife." Spenser.
Redeem transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Redeemed
. (-d...md"); present participle & verbal noun Redeeming
.] [ French rédimer
, Latin redimere
; prefix red-
re- + emere
, to buy, originally, to take, confer OIr. em
(in comp.), Lithuanian imti
. Confer Assume
.] 1. To purchase back; to regain possession of by payment of a stipulated price; to repurchase.
If a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold. Lev. xxv. 29. 2.
Hence, specifically: (a) (Law) To recall, as an estate, or to regain, as mortgaged property, by paying what may be due by force of the mortgage. (b) (Com.) To regain by performing the obligation or condition stated; to discharge the obligation mentioned in, as a promissory note, bond, or other evidence of debt; as, to redeem bank notes with coin. 3. To ransom, liberate, or rescue from captivity or bondage, or from any obligation or liability to suffer or to be forfeited, by paying a price or ransom; to ransom; to rescue; to recover; as, to redeem a captive, a pledge, and the like.
Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles. Ps. xxv. 22.
The Almighty from the grave Sandys. 4. (Theol.) Hence, to rescue and deliver from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God's violated law.
Hath me redeemed .
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us. Gal. iii. 13. 5. To make good by performing fully; to fulfill; as, to redeem one's promises.
I will redeem all this on Percy's head. Shak. 6. To pay the penalty of; to make amends for; to serve as an equivalent or offset for; to atone for; to compensate; as, to redeem an error.
Which of ye will be mortal, to redeem Milton.
Man's mortal crime?
It is a chance which does redeem all sorrows. Shak. To redeem the time
, to make the best use of it.
Redeemability noun Redeemableness.
1. Capable of being redeemed; subject to repurchase; held under conditions permitting redemption; as, a pledge securing the payment of money is redeemable . 2. Subject to an obligation of redemtion; conditioned upon a promise of redemtion; payable; due; as, bonds, promissory notes, etc. , redeemabble in gold, or in current money, or four months after date.
Redeemableness noun The quality or state of being redeemable; redeemability.
1. One who redeems. 2. Specifically, the Savior of the world, Jesus Christ.
Redeless adjective Without rede or counsel. [ Obsolete]
Redeliberate transitive verb & i. To deliberate again; to reconsider.
Redeliver transitive verb
1. To deliver or give back; to return. Ay...iffe. 2. To deliver or liberate a second time or again. 3. To report; to deliver the answer of. [ R.] "Shall I redeliver you e'en so?" Shak.
Redeliverance (- a ns) noun A second deliverance.
1. Act of delivering back. 2. A second or new delivery or liberation.
Redemand transitive verb [ Prefix re- back, again + demand : confer French redemander .] To demand back; to demand again.
Redemand noun A demanding back; a second or renewed demand.
Redemise transitive verb To demise back; to convey or transfer back, as an estate.
Redemise noun (Law) The transfer of an estate back to the person who demised it; reconveyance; as, the demise and redemise of an estate. See under Demise .
Redemonstrate transitive verb To demonstrate again, or anew.
Every truth of morals must be redemonstrated in the experience of the individual man before he is capable of utilizing it as a constituent of character or a guide in action. Lowell.
Redemptible adjective Redeemable.
Redemptionary noun One who is, or may be, redeemed. [ R.] Hakluyt.
1. One who redeems himself, as from debt or servitude. 2. Formerly, one who, wishing to emigrate from Europe to America, sold his services for a stipulated time to pay the expenses of his passage.
Redemptionist noun (R.C.Ch.) A monk of an order founded in 1197; -- so called because the order was especially devoted to the redemption of Christians held in captivity by the Mohammedans. Called also Trinitarian .
Redemptive adjective Serving or tending to redeem; redeeming; as, the redemptive work of Christ.
[ French rédemptoriste
, from Latin redemptor
redeemer, from redinere
. See Redeem
.] (R.C.Ch.) One of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, founded in Naples in 1732 by St. Alphonsus Maria de Liquori. It was introduced onto the United States in 1832 at Detroit. The Fathers of the Congregation devote themselves to preaching to the neglected, esp. in missions and retreats, and are forbidden by their rule to engage in the instruction of youth.
Redemptory adjective Paid for ransom; serving to redeem. "Hector's redemptory price." Chapman.
Redempture noun Redemption. [ Obsolete]
[ From Old French redent
. See Redan
.] Formed like the teeth of a saw; indented.
Redeposit transitive verb To deposit again.
Redescend intransitive verb [ Prefix re- + descend : confer French redescendre .] To descend again. Howell.
Redevelop transitive verb & i. To develop again; specif. (Photog.) , to intensify (a developed image), as by bleaching with mercuric chloride and subsequently subjecting anew to a developing agent. -- Re`de*vel"op*er noun -- Re`de*vel"op*ment noun
Redeye noun (Zoology) (a) The rudd. (b) Same as Redfish (d) . (c) The goggle-eye, or fresh-water rock bass.
[ Local, U.S.]
Redfin noun (Zoology) A small North American dace ( Minnilus cornutus , or Notropis megalops ). The male, in the breeding season, has bright red fins. Called also red dace , and shiner . Applied also to Notropis ardens , of the Mississippi valley.
Redfinch (-fĭnch`) noun (Zoology) The European linnet.
(rĕd"fĭsh`) noun (Zoology) (a) The blueback salmon of the North Pacific; -- called also nerka . See Blueback (b) . (b) The rosefish. (c) A large California labroid food fish ( Trochocopus pulcher ); -- called also fathead . (d) The red bass, red drum, or drumfish. See the Note under Drumfish .
Redhead noun 1. A person having red hair. 2. (Zoology) (a) An American duck ( Aythya Americana ) highly esteemed as a game bird. It is closely allied to the canvasback, but is smaller and its head brighter red. Called also red-headed duck . American poachard , grayback , and fall duck . See Illust. under Poachard . (b) The red-headed woodpecker. See Woodpecker . 3. (Botany) A kind of milkweed ( Asclepias Curassavica ) with red flowers. It is used in medicine.
Redhibition noun [ Latin redhibitio a taking back.] (Civil Law) The annulling of a sale, and the return by the buyer of the article sold, on account of some defect.
Redhibitory adjective [ Latin redhibitorius .] (Civil Law) Of or pertaining to redhibition; as, a redhibitory action or fault.
Redhoop noun (Zoology) The male of the European bullfinch. [ Prov. Eng.]
Redhorn noun (Zoology) Any species of a tribe of butterflies ( Fugacia ) including the common yellow species and the cabbage butterflies. The antennæ are usually red.
(-ē), English Redias
(-...z). [ New Latin ; of uncertain origin.] (Zoology) A kind of larva, or nurse, which is prroduced within the sporocyst of certain trematodes by asexual generation. It in turn produces, in the same way, either another generation of rediæ, or else cercariæ within its own body. Called also proscolex , and nurse . See Illustration in Appendix.