Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin protectio
: confer French protection
.] 1. The act of protecting, or the state of being protected; preservation from loss, injury, or annoyance; defense; shelter; as, the weak need protection .
To your protection I commend me, gods. Shak. 2. That which protects or preserves from injury; a defense; a shield; a refuge.
Let them rise up . . . and be your protection . Deut. xxxii. 38. 3. A writing that protects or secures from molestation or arrest; a pass; a safe-conduct; a passport.
He . . . gave them protections under his hand. Macaulay. 4. (Polit. Econ.) A theory, or a policy, of protecting the producers in a country from foreign competition in the home market by the imposition of such discriminating duties on goods of foreign production as will restrict or prevent their importation; -- opposed to free trade . Writ of protection
. (Law) (a) A writ by which the king formerly exempted a person from arrest; -- now disused
. [ Eng.] Blackstone. (b) A judicial writ issued to a person required to attend court, as party, juror, etc., intended to secure him from arrest in coming, staying, and returning. Syn.
-- Preservation; defense; guard; shelter; refuge; security; safety.
Protectionism noun (Polit. Econ.) The doctrine or policy of protectionists. See Protection , 4.
Protectionist noun (Polit. Econ.) One who favors protection. See Protection , 4.
[ Confer French protectif
.] Affording protection; sheltering; defensive.
" The favor of a protective
Providence." Feltham. Protective coloring (Zoology)
, coloring which serves for the concealment and preservation of a living organism. Confer Mimicry . Wallace.
-- Protective tariff (Polit. Econ.)
, a tariff designed to secure protection (see Protection , 4.), as distinguished from a tariff designed to raise revenue. See Tariff , and Protection , 4.
Protectiveness noun The quality or state of being protective. W. Pater.
[ Latin : confer French protecteur
.] 1. One who, or that which, defends or shields from injury, evil, oppression, etc.; a defender; a guardian; a patron.
For the world's protector shall be known. Waller. 2. (Eng. Hist.) One having the care of the kingdom during the king's minority; a regent.
Is it concluded he shall be protector ! Shak. 3. (R. C. Ch.) A cardinal, from one of the more considerable Roman Catholic nations, who looks after the interests of his people at Rome; also, a cardinal who has the same relation to a college, religious order, etc. Lord Protector (Eng. Hist.)
, the title of Oliver Cromwell as supreme governor of the British Commonwealth (1653-1658).
Protectoral adjective Of or pertaining to a protector; protectorial; as, protectoral power.
Protectorate noun [ Confer French protectorat .]
1. Government by a protector; -- applied especially to the government of England by Oliver Cromwell. 2. The authority assumed by a superior power over an inferior or a dependent one, whereby the former protects the latter from invasion and shares in the management of its affairs.
[ Confer Latin protectorius
.] Same as Protectoral .
Protectorless adjective Having no protector; unprotected.
Protectorship noun The office of a protector or regent; protectorate.
Protectress, Protectrix noun [ New Latin protectrix .] A woman who protects.
Protégé noun m. Pro`té`gée" noun f. [ French, past participle of protéger . See Protect .] One under the care and protection of another.
[ Greek prw^tos
first.] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a class of amorphous nitrogenous principles, containing, as a rule, a small amount of sulphur; an albuminoid, as blood fibrin, casein of milk, etc. Proteids are present in nearly all animal fluids and make up the greater part of animal tissues and organs. They are also important constituents of vegetable tissues. See 2d Note under Food .
Proteid noun -- Defensive proteid (Physiol. Chem.) , one of a class of proteid substances, present in some animal tissues and fluids, that make the body immune to certain infectious diseases by destroying or rendering inactive the toxic products of bacterial growth.
Proteidea noun plural
[ New Latin See Proteus
, and -oid
.] (Zoology) An order of aquatic amphibians having prominent external gills and four legs. It includes Proteus and Menobranchus ( Necturus ). Called also Proteoidea , and Proteida .
Proteiform adjective (Zoology) Changeable in form; resembling a Proteus, or an amœba.
[ Greek prw^tos
first: confer prwtei^on
the first place.] (Physiol. Chem.) A body now known as alkali albumin, but originally considered to be the basis of all albuminous substances, whence its name. Protein crystal
. (Botany) See Crystalloid , noun , 2.
Protein noun (Physiol. Chem.) In chemical analysis, the total nitrogenous material in vegetable or animal substances, obtained by multiplying the total nitrogen found by a factor, usually 6.25, assuming most proteids to contain approximately 16 per cent of nitrogen.
Proteinaceous adjective (Physiol. Chem.) Of or related to protein; albuminous; proteid.
Proteinous adjective Proteinaceuos.
Proteles noun [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A South Africa genus of Carnivora, allied to the hyenas, but smaller and having weaker jaws and teeth. It includes the aard-wolf.
Protend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Protended
; present participle & verbal noun Protending
.] [ Latin protendere
before, forth + tendere
to stretch.] To hold out; to stretch forth.
With his protended lance he makes defence. Dryden.
[ See Protend
[ Obsolete] " By due degrees and long protense
Protension noun [ Latin protensio .] A drawing out; extension. [ R.] Sir W. Hamilton.
Protensive adjective Drawn out; extended.
Time is a protensive quantity. Sir W. Hamilton.
[ New Latin See Proteolytic
.] (Physiol. Chem.) The digestion or dissolving of proteid matter by proteolytic ferments.
Proteolytic adjective [ Proteid + Greek ... to loose.] (Physiol.) Converting proteid or albuminous matter into soluble and diffusible products, as peptones. " The proteolytic ferment of the pancreas." Foster.
Proteose noun [ Prote id + -ose .] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a class of soluble products formed in the digestion of proteids with gastric and pancreatic juice, and also by the hydrolytic action of boiling dilute acids on proteids. Proteoses are divided into the two groups, the primary and secondary proteoses.
Proterandrous adjective [ Greek ... earlier (fr. ... before) + ..., ..., man, male.] (Botany) Having the stamens come to maturity before the pistil; -- opposed to proterogynous .
Proterandry noun (Botany) The condition of being proterandrous.
Proteranthous adjective [ Greek ... earlier (fr. ... before) + ... flower.] (Botany) Having flowers appearing before the leaves; -- said of certain plants. Gray.
Proteroglypha noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... before + ... to carve.] (Zoology) A suborder of serpents including those that have permanently erect grooved poison fangs, with ordinary teeth behind them in the jaws. It includes the cobras, the asps, and the sea snakes. Called also Proteroglyphia .
Proterogynous adjective [ Greek ... earlier (fr. ... before) + ... woman, female.] (Botany) Having the pistil come to maturity before the stamens; protogynous; -- opposed to proterandrous .
Proterosaurus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... earlier (fr. ... before) + ... a lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of reptiles of the Permian period. Called also Protosaurus .
Protervity noun [ Latin protervitas , from protervus violent.] Peevishness; petulance. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Protest intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Protested
; present participle & verbal noun Protesting
.] [ French protester
, Latin protestari
before + testari
to be a witness, testis
a witness. See Testify
.] 1. To affirm in a public or formal manner; to bear witness; to declare solemnly; to avow.
He protest that his measures are pacific. Landor.
The lady doth protest too much, methinks. Shak. 2. To make a solemn declaration (often a written one) expressive of opposition; -- with against ; as, he protest against your votes. Denham.
The conscience has power . . . to protest againts the exorbitancies of the passions. Shak. Syn.
-- To affirm; asseverate; assert; aver; attest; testify; declare; profess. See Affirm
Protest transitive verb 1. To make a solemn declaration or affirmation of; to proclaim; to display; as, to protest one's loyalty.
I will protest your cowardice. Shak. 2. To call as a witness in affirming or denying, or to prove an affirmation; to appeal to.
Fiercely [ they] opposed Milton. To protest a bill or note (Law)
My journey strange, with clamorous uproar
Protesting fate supreme.
, to make a solemn written declaration, in due form, on behalf of the holder, against all parties liable for any loss or damage to be sustained by the nonacceptance or the nonpayment of the bill or note, as the case may be. This should be made by a notary public, whose seal it is the usual practice to affix. Kent. Story.
[ Confer French protêt
, Italian protesto
. See Protest
] 1. A solemn declaration of opinion, commonly a formal objection against some act; especially, a formal and solemn declaration, in writing, of dissent from the proceedings of a legislative body; as, the protest of lords in Parliament. 2. (Law) (a) A solemn declaration in writing, in due form, made by a notary public, usually under his notarial seal, on behalf of the holder of a bill or note, protesting against all parties liable for any loss or damage by the nonacceptance or nonpayment of the bill, or by the nonpayment of the note, as the case may be. (b) A declaration made by the master of a vessel before a notary, consul, or other authorized officer, upon his arrival in port after a disaster, stating the particulars of it, and showing that any damage or loss sustained was not owing to the fault of the vessel, her officers or crew, but to the perils of the sea, etc., ads the case may be, and protesting against them. (c) A declaration made by a party, before or while paying a tax, duty, or the like, demanded of him, which he deems illegal, denying the justice of the demand, and asserting his rights and claims, in order to show that the payment was not voluntary. Story. Kent.
Protestancy noun Protestantism. [ R.]
[ French protestant
, from Latin protestans
, present participle of protestare
. See Protest
] One who protests; -- originally applied to those who adhered to Luther, and protested against, or made a solemn declaration of dissent from, a decree of the Emperor Charles V. and the Diet of Spires, in 1529, against the Reformers, and appealed to a general council; -- now used in a popular sense to designate any Christian who does not belong to the Roman Catholic or the Greek Church.
Protestant adjective [ Confer French protestant .]
1. Making a protest; protesting. 2. Of or pertaining to the faith and practice of those Christians who reject the authority of the Roman Catholic Church; as, Protestant writers.
Protestantical adjective Protestant. [ Obsolete]
Protestantism noun [ Confer French protestantisme .] The quality or state of being protestant, especially against the Roman Catholic Church; the principles or religion of the Protestants.
Protestantly adverb Like a Protestant; in conformity with Protestantism. [ R.] Milton.
[ Latin protestatio
: confer French protestation
. See Protest
.] 1. The act of making a protest; a public avowal; a solemn declaration, especially of dissent.
" The protestation
of our faith." Latimer. 2. (Law) Formerly, a declaration in common-law pleading, by which the party interposes an oblique allegation or denial of some fact, protesting that it does or does not exist, and at the same time avoiding a direct affirmation or denial.
Protestator noun [ Confer French protestateur .] One who makes protestation; a protester.
1. One who protests; one who utters a solemn declaration. Shak. 2. (Law) One who protests a bill of exchange, or note.
Protestingly adverb By way of protesting.
Proteus noun [ Latin , Greek ....]
1. (Class. Myth.) A sea god in the service of Neptune who assumed different shapes at will. Hence, one who easily changes his appearance or principles. 2. (Zoology) (a) A genus of aquatic eel-shaped amphibians found in caves in Austria. They have permanent external gills as well as lungs. The eyes are small and the legs are weak. (b) A changeable protozoan; an amœba.