Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Prove transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Proved ; present participle & verbal noun Proving .] [ Middle English prover , French prouver , from Latin probare to try, approve, prove, from probus good, proper. Confer Probable , Proof , Probe .]
1. To try or to ascertain by an experiment, or by a test or standard; to test; as, to prove the strength of gunpowder or of ordnance; to prove the contents of a vessel by a standard measure.

Thou hast proved mine heart.
Ps. xvii. 3.

2. To evince, establish, or ascertain, as truth, reality, or fact, by argument, testimony, or other evidence.

They have inferred much from slender premises, and conjectured when they could not prove .
J. H. Newman.

3. To ascertain or establish the genuineness or validity of; to verify; as, to prove a will.

4. To gain experience of the good or evil of; to know by trial; to experience; to suffer.

Where she, captived long, great woes did prove .
Spenser.

5. (Arith.) To test, evince, ascertain, or verify, as the correctness of any operation or result; thus, in subtraction, if the difference between two numbers, added to the lesser number, makes a sum equal to the greater, the correctness of the subtraction is proved .

6. (Printing) To take a trial impression of; to take a proof of; as, to prove a page.

Syn. -- To try; verify; justify; confirm; establish; evince; manifest; show; demonstrate.

Prove intransitive verb
1. To make trial; to essay.

2. To be found by experience, trial, or result; to turn out to be; as, a medicine proves salutary; the report proves false. "The case proves mortal." Arbuthnot.

So life a winter's morn may prove .
Keble.

3. To succeed; to turn out as expected. [ Obsolete] "The experiment proved not." Bacon.

Provect adjective [ Latin provectus , past participle of provehere to carry forward.] Carried forward; advanced. [ Obsolete] " Provect in years." Sir T. Flyot.

Provection noun [ Latin provectio an advancement.] (Philol.) A carrying forward, as of a final letter, to a following word; as, for example, a nickname for an ekename .

Proveditor noun [ Italian proveditore , provveditore , from provedere , Latin providere . See Provide , and confer Purveyor , Provedore .] One employed to procure supplies, as for an army, a steamer, etc.; a purveyor; one who provides for another. Jer. Taylor.

Provedore noun [ Confer Spanish proveedor . See Proveditor .] A proveditor; a purveyor.

Busied with the duties of a provedore .
W. Irving.

Proven past participle or adjective Proved. "Accusations firmly proven in his mind." Thackeray.

Of this which was the principal charge, and was generally believed to be proven , he was acquitted.
Jowett (Thucyd. ).

Not proven (Scots Law) , a verdict of a jury that the guilt of the accused is not made out, though not disproved. Mozley & W.

Provenance noun [ French, from provenir to originate, to come forth, Latin provenire . Confer Provenience .] Origin; source; provenience.

Their age attested by their provenance and associations.
A. H. Keane.

Provençal adjective [ French, from Provence , from Latin provincia province. See Provincial .] Of or pertaining to Provence or its inhabitants.

Provençal noun [ French]
1. A native or inhabitant of Provence in France.

2. The Provencal language. See Langue d'oc .

Provence rose [ Provence the place + rose .] (a) The cabbage rose ( Rosa centifolia ). (b) A name of many kinds of roses which are hybrids of Rosa centifolia and R. Gallica .

Provencial adjective [ See Provençal .] Of or pertaining to Provence in France.

Provend noun See Provand . [ Obsolete]

Provender noun [ Middle English provende , French provende , provisions, provender, from Late Latin praebenda ( prae and pro being confused), a daily allowance of provisions, a prebend. See Prebend .]
1. Dry food for domestic animals, as hay, straw, corn, oats, or a mixture of ground grain; feed. "Hay or other provender ." Mortimer.

Good provender laboring horses would have.
Tusser.

2. Food or provisions. [ R or Obsolete]

Provenience noun [ Latin proveniens , -entis , p.pr. of provenire to come forth; pro forth + venire to come.] Origin; source; place where found or produced; provenance; -- used esp. in the fine arts and in archæology; as, the provenience of a patera.

Provenient adjective [ Latin proveniens , p.pr.] Forthcoming; issuing. [ Rare]

Provent noun See Provand . [ Obsolete]

Proventricle noun (Anat.) Proventriculus.

Proventriulus noun [ New Latin See Pro- , and Ventricle .] (Anat.) The glandular stomach of birds, situated just above the crop.

Prover noun One who, or that which, proves.

Proverb noun [ Middle English proverbe , French proverbe , from Latin proverbium ; pro before, for + verbum a word. See Verb .]
1. An old and common saying; a phrase which is often repeated; especially, a sentence which briefly and forcibly expresses some practical truth, or the result of experience and observation; a maxim; a saw; an adage. Chaucer. Bacon.

2. A striking or paradoxical assertion; an obscure saying; an enigma; a parable.

His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb .
John xvi. 29.

3. A familiar illustration; a subject of contemptuous reference.

Thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb , and a by word, among all nations.
Deut. xxviii. 37.

4. A drama exemplifying a proverb.

Book of Proverbs , a canonical book of the Old Testament, containing a great variety of wise maxims.

Syn. -- Maxim; aphorism; apothegm; adage; saw.

Proverb transitive verb
1. To name in, or as, a proverb. [ R.]

Am I not sung and proverbed for a fool ?
Milton.

2. To provide with a proverb. [ R.]

I am proverbed with a grandsire phrase.
Shak.

Proverb intransitive verb To write or utter proverbs. [ R.]

Proverbial adjective [ Latin proverbialis : confer French proverbial .]
1. Mentioned or comprised in a proverb; used as a proverb; hence, commonly known; as, a proverbial expression; his meanness was proverbial .

In case of excesses, I take the German proverbial cure, by a hair of the same beast, to be the worst.
Sir W. Temple.

2. Of or pertaining to proverbs; resembling a proverb. "A proverbial obscurity." Sir T. Browne.

Proverbialism noun A proverbial phrase.

Proverbialist noun One who makes much use of proverbs in speech or writing; one who composes, collects, or studies proverbs.

Proverbialize transitive verb & i. [ Confer French proverbialiser .] To turn into a proverb; to speak in proverbs.

Proverbially adverb In a proverbial manner; by way of proverb; hence, commonly; universally; as, it is proverbially said; the bee is proverbially busy.

Provexity noun [ Latin provehere to advance. Confer Provect .] Great advance in age. [ Obsolete]

Provide transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Provided ; present participle & verbal noun Providing .] [ Latin providere , provisum ; pro before + videre to see. See Vision , and confer Prudent , Purvey .]
1. To look out for in advance; to procure beforehand; to get, collect, or make ready for future use; to prepare. " Provide us all things necessary." Shak.

2. To supply; to afford; to contribute.

Bring me berries, or such cooling fruit
As the kind, hospitable woods provide .
Milton.

3. To furnish; to supply; -- formerly followed by of , now by with . "And yet provided him of but one." Jer. Taylor. "Rome . . . was well provided with corn." Arbuthnot.

4. To establish as a previous condition; to stipulate; as, the contract provides that the work be well done.

5. To foresee. [ A Latinism ] [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

6. To appoint to an ecclesiastical benefice before it is vacant. See Provisor . Prescott.

Provide intransitive verb
1. To procure supplies or means in advance; to take measures beforehand in view of an expected or a possible future need, especially a danger or an evil; -- followed by against or for ; as, to provide against the inclemency of the weather; to provide for the education of a child.

Government is a contrivance of human wisdom to provide for human wants.
Burke.

2. To stipulate previously; to condition; as, the agreement provides for an early completion of the work.

Provided conj. On condition; by stipulation; with the understanding; if; -- usually followed by that ; as, provided that nothing in this act shall prejudice the rights of any person whatever.

Provided the deductions are logical, they seem almost indifferent to their truth.
G. H. Lewes.

» This word is strictly a participle, and the word being is understood, the participle provided agreeing with the whole sentence absolute, and being equivalent to this condition being previously stipulated or established .

Providence noun [ Latin providentia : confer French providence . See Provident , and confer Prudence .]
1. The act of providing or preparing for future use or application; a making ready; preparation.

Providence for war is the best prevention of it.
Bacon.

2. Foresight; care; especially, the foresight and care which God manifests for his creatures; hence, God himself, regarded as exercising a constant wise prescience.

The world was all before them, where to choose
Their place of rest, and Providence their guide.
Milton.

3. (Theol.) A manifestation of the care and superintendence which God exercises over his creatures; an event ordained by divine direction.

He that hath a numerous family, and many to provide for, needs a greater providence of God.
Jer. Taylor.

4. Prudence in the management of one's concerns; economy; frugality.

It is a high point of providence in a prince to cast an eye rather upon actions than persons.
Quarles.

Provident adjective [ Latin providens , -entis , present participle of providere : confer French provident . See Provide , and confer Prudent .] Foreseeing wants and making provision to supply them; prudent in preparing for future exigencies; cautious; economical; -- sometimes followed by of ; as, a provident man; an animal provident of the future.

And of our good and of our dignity,
How provident he is.
Milton.

Syn. -- Forecasting; cautious; careful; prudent; frugal; economical.

Providential adjective [ Confer French providentiel .] Effected by, or referable to, divine direction or superintendence; as, the providential contrivance of thing; a providential escape. -- Prov"i*den"tial*ly , adverb

Providently adverb In a provident manner.

Providentness noun The quality or state of being provident; carefulness; prudence; economy.

Provider noun One who provides, furnishes, or supplies; one who procures what is wanted.

Providore noun [ See Provedore .] One who makes provision; a purveyor. [ R.] De Foe.

Province noun [ French, from Latin provincia ; probably from pro before, for + the root of vincere to conquer. See Victor .]
1. (Roman Hist.) A country or region, more or less remote from the city of Rome, brought under the Roman government; a conquered country beyond the limits of Italy. Wyclif (Acts xiii. 34). Milton.

2. A country or region dependent on a distant authority; a portion of an empire or state, esp. one remote from the capital. "Kingdoms and provinces ." Shak.

3. A region of country; a tract; a district.

Over many a tract
of heaven they marched, and many a province wide.
Milton.

Other provinces of the intellectual world.
I. Watts.

4. A region under the supervision or direction of any special person; the district or division of a country, especially an ecclesiastical division, over which one has jurisdiction; as, the province of Canterbury, or that in which the archbishop of Canterbury exercises ecclesiastical authority.

5. The proper or appropriate business or duty of a person or body; office; charge; jurisdiction; sphere.

The woman's province is to be careful in her economy, and chaste in her affection.
Tattler.

6. Specif.: Any political division of the Dominion of Canada, having a governor, a local legislature, and representation in the Dominion parliament. Hence, colloquially, The Provinces , the Dominion of Canada.

Provincial adjective [ Latin provincialis : confer French provincial . See Province , and confer Provencal .]
1. Of or pertaining to province; constituting a province; as, a provincial government; a provincial dialect.

2. Exhibiting the ways or manners of a province; characteristic of the inhabitants of a province; not cosmopolitan; countrified; not polished; rude; hence, narrow; illiberal. " Provincial airs and graces." Macaulay.

3. Of or pertaining to an ecclesiastical province, or to the jurisdiction of an archbishop; not ecumenical; as, a provincial synod. Ayliffe.

4. Of or pertaining to Provence; Provencal. [ Obsolete]

With two Provincial roses on my razed shoes.
Shak.

Provincial noun
1. A person belonging to a province; one who is provincial.

2. (R. C. Ch.) A monastic superior, who, under the general of his order, has the direction of all the religious houses of the same fraternity in a given district, called a province of the order.

Provincialism noun [ Confer French provincialisme .] A word, or a manner of speaking, peculiar to a province or a district remote from the mother country or from the metropolis; a provincial characteristic; hence, narrowness; illiberality. M. Arnold.

Provincialist noun One who lives in a province; a provincial.

Provinciality noun The quality or state of being provincial; peculiarity of language characteristic of a province. T. Warton.

Provincialize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Provincialized ; present participle & verbal noun Provincializing .] To render provincial. M. Arnold.

Provincially adverb In a provincial manner.

Provinciate transitive verb To convert into a province or provinces. [ Obsolete] Howell.

Provine intransitive verb [ French provingner , from provin a set, layer of a plant, Old French provain , from Latin propago , -aginis , akin to propagare to propagate. See Propagate , Prune , transitive verb ] To lay a stock or branch of a vine in the ground for propagation. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Provision noun [ Latin provisio : confer F. provision . See Provide .]
1. The act of providing, or making previous preparation. Shak.

2. That which is provided or prepared; that which is brought together or arranged in advance; measures taken beforehand; preparation.

Making provision for the relief of strangers.
Bacon.

3. Especially, a stock of food; any kind of eatables collected or stored; -- often in the plural.

And of provisions laid in large,
For man and beast.
Milton.

4. That which is stipulated in advance; a condition; a previous agreement; a proviso; as, the provisions of a contract; the statute has many provisions .

5. (R. C. Ch.) A canonical term for regular induction into a benefice, comprehending nomination, collation, and installation.

6. (Eng. Hist.) A nomination by the pope to a benefice before it became vacant, depriving the patron of his right of presentation. Blackstone.

Provision transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Provisioned ; present participle & verbal noun Provisioning .] To supply with food; to victual; as, to provision a garrison.

They were provisioned for a journey.
Palfrey.