Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin prospectus
, from prospicere
, to look forward; pro
before, forward + specere
, look, to see: confer Old French prospect
. See Spy
, and confer Prospectus
.] 1. That which is embraced by eye in vision; the region which the eye overlooks at one time; view; scene; outlook.
His eye discovers unaware Milton. 2. Especially, a picturesque or widely extended view; a landscape; hence, a sketch of a landscape.
The goodly prospect of some foreign land.
I went to Putney . . . to take prospects in crayon. Evelyn. 3. A position affording a fine view; a lookout.
Him God beholding from his prospect high. Milton. 4. Relative position of the front of a building or other structure; face; relative aspect.
And their prospect was toward the south. Ezek. xl. 44. 5. The act of looking forward; foresight; anticipation; as, a prospect of the future state. Locke.
Is he a prudent man as to his temporal estate, that lays designs only for a day, without any prospect to, or provision for, the remaining part of life ? Tillotson. 6. That which is hoped for; ground for hope or expectation; expectation; probable result; as, the prospect of success.
"To brighter prospects
These swell their prospects d exalt their pride, Pope.
When offers are disdain'd, and love deny'd.
Prospect transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prospected
; present participle & verbal noun Prospecting
.] To look over; to explore or examine for something; as, to prospect a district for gold.
Prospect intransitive verb To make a search; to seek; to explore, as for mines or the like; as, to prospect for gold.
Prospection noun The act of looking forward, or of providing for future wants; foresight.
[ Latin prospectivus
: confer French prospectif
. See Prospect
] 1. Of or pertaining to a prospect; furnishing a prospect; perspective.
Time's long and dark prospective glass. Milton. 2. Looking forward in time; acting with foresight; -- opposed to retrospective .
The French king of Sweden are circumspect, industrious, and prospective , too, in this affair. Sir J. Child. 3. Being within view or consideration, as a future event or contingency; relating to the future: expected; as, a prospective benefit.
Points on which the promises, at the time of ordination, had no prospective bearing. W. Jay.
1. The scene before or around, in time or in space; view; prospect. Sir H. Wotton. 2. A perspective glass. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Beau. & Fl.
Prospectively adverb In a prospective manner.
Prospectiveness noun Quality of being prospective.
Prospectless adjective Having no prospect.
Prospector noun [ Latin , one who looks out.] One who prospects; especially, one who explores a region for minerals and precious metals.
[ Latin , a prospect, sight, view: confer French prospectus
. See Prospect
.] A summary, plan, or scheme of something proposed, affording a prospect of its nature; especially, an exposition of the scheme of an unpublished literary work.
Prosper transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prospered
; present participle & verbal noun Prospering
.] [ French prospérer
intransitive verb , or Latin prosperare
, intransitive verb , or Latin prosperare
, transitive verb , from prosper or prosperus
. See Prosperous
.] To favor; to render successful.
thou our handiwork." Bk. of Common Prayer.
All things concur to prosper our design. Dryden.
Prosper intransitive verb 1. To be successful; to succeed; to be fortunate or prosperous; to thrive; to make gain.
They, in their earthly Canaan placed, Milton. 2. To grow; to increase.
Long time shall dwell and prosper .
Black cherry trees prosper even to considerable timber. Evelyn.
[ French prospérité
, Latin prosperitas
. See Prosperous
.] The state of being prosperous; advance or gain in anything good or desirable; successful progress in any business or enterprise; attainment of the object desired; good fortune; success; as, commercial prosperity ; national prosperity .
Now prosperity begins to mellow. Shak.
Prosperities can only be enjoyed by them who fear not at all to lose them. Jer. Taylor. Syn.
-- Prosperousness; thrift; weal; welfare; well being; happiness.
[ Latin prosperus
, originally, answering to hope; pro
according to + the root of sperare
to hope. See Despair
.] 1. Tending to prosperity; favoring; favorable; helpful.
A happy passage and a prosperous wind. Denham. 2. Being prospered; advancing in the pursuit of anything desirable; making gain, or increase; thriving; successful; as, a prosperous voyage; a prosperous undertaking; a prosperous man or nation.
By moderation either state to bear Milton. Syn.
Prosperous or adverse.
-- Fortunate; successful; flourishing; thriving; favorable; auspicious; lucky. See Fortunate
. -- Pros"per*ous*ly
Prosphysis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ... to + ... to grow.] (Medicine) A growing together of parts; specifically, a morbid adhesion of the eyelids to each other or to the eyeball. Dunglison.
[ Latin prospicientia
, from prospiciens
, present participle of prospicere
. See Prospect
.] The act of looking forward.
Prostate adjective [ Greek ... standing before, from ... to set before; ... before + ... to set: confer French prostate .] (Anat.) Standing before; -- applied to a gland which is found in the males of most mammals, and is situated at the neck of the bladder where this joins the urethra. -- noun The prostate gland.
Prostatic adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the prostate gland. Prostatic catheter
. (Medicine) See under Catheter .
[ New Latin See Prostate
, and -itis
.] (Medicine) Inflammation of the prostate.
[ French See Prostration
.] Dejection; depression.
[ Obsolete] Wiseman.
[ New Latin See Pro-
.] (Zoology) The ventral plate of the prothorax of an insect.
Prosthesis noun [ Latin , from Greek ... an addition, from ... to put to, to add; ... to + ... to put, place.]
1. (Surg.) The addition to the human body of some artificial part, to replace one that is wanting, as a log or an eye; -- called also prothesis . 2. (Gram.) The prefixing of one or more letters to the beginning of a word, as in be loved.
Prosthetic adjective [ Confer Greek ... disposed to add, ... put on.] Of or pertaining to prosthesis; prefixed, as a letter or letters to a word.
Prostibulous adjective [ Latin prostibulum prostitute.] Of or pertaining to prostitutes or prostitution; meretricious. [ Obsolete] Bale.
Prostitute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prostituted
; present participle & verbal noun Prostituting
.] [ Latin prostitutus
, past participle of prostituere
to prostitute; pro
before, forth + statuere
to put, place. See Statute
.] 1. To offer, as a woman, to a lewd use; to give up to lewdness for hire.
"Do not prostitute
thy daughter." Lev. xix. 29. 2. To devote to base or unworthy purposes; to give up to low or indiscriminate use; as, to prostitute talents; to prostitute official powers. Milton.
[ Latin prostitutus
, past participle ] Openly given up to lewdness; devoted to base or infamous purposes.
Made bold by want, and prostitute for bread. Prior
[ Latin prostituta
.] 1. A woman giver to indiscriminate lewdness; a strumpet; a harlot. 2. A base hireling; a mercenary; one who offers himself to infamous employments for hire.
No hireling she, no prostitute to praise. Pope.
Prostitution noun [ Latin prostitutio : confer French prostitution .]
1. The act or practice of prostituting or offering the body to an indiscriminate intercourse with men; common lewdness of a woman. 2. The act of setting one's self to sale, or of devoting to infamous purposes what is in one's power; as, the prostitution of abilities; the prostitution of the press. "Mental prostitution ." Byron.
Prostitutor noun [ Latin ] One who prostitutes; one who submits himself, of or offers another, to vile purposes. Bp. Hurd.
; plural Prostomia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... before + ..., ..., mouth.] (Zoology) That portion of the head of an annelid situated in front of the mouth.
-- Pro*sto"mi*al adjective
[ Latin prostratus
, past participle of prosternere
to prostrate; pro
before, forward + sternere
to spread out, throw down. See Stratum
.] 1. Lying at length, or with the body extended on the ground or other surface; stretched out; as, to sleep prostrate . Elyot.
Groveling and prostrate on yon lake of fire. Milton. 2. Lying at mercy, as a supplicant. Dryden. 3. Lying in a humble, lowly, or suppliant posture.
Prostrate fall Milton. 4. (Botany) Trailing on the ground; procumbent.
Before him reverent, and there confess
Humbly our faults.
Prostrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prostrated
; present participle & verbal noun Prostrating
.] 1. To lay fiat; to throw down; to level; to fell; as, to prostrate the body; to prostrate trees or plants. Evelyn. 2. to overthrow; to demolish; to destroy; to deprive of efficiency; to ruin; as, to prostrate a village; to prostrate a government; to prostrate law or justice. 3. To throw down, or cause to fall in humility or adoration; to cause to bow in humble reverence; used reflexively; as, he prostrated himself. Milman. 4. To cause to sink totally; to deprive of strength; to reduce; as, a person prostrated by fever.
[ Latin prostratio
: confer French prostration
.] 1. The act of prostrating, throwing down, or laying fiat; as, the prostration of the body. 2. The act of falling down, or of bowing in humility or adoration; primarily, the act of falling on the face, but usually applied to kneeling or bowing in reverence and worship.
A greater prostration of reason than of body. Shak. 3. The condition of being prostrate; great depression; lowness; dejection; as, a postration of spirits.
"A sudden prostration
of strength." Arbuthnot. 4. (Medicine) A latent, not an exhausted, state of the vital energies; great oppression of natural strength and vigor.
, in its medical use, is analogous to the state of a spring lying under such a weight that it is incapable of action; while exhaustion
is analogous to the state of a spring deprived of its elastic powers. The word, however, is often used to denote any great depression of the vital powers.
Prostyle adjective [ Latin prostylus , Greek ...; ... before + ... pillar, column: confer French prostyle .] (Architecture) Having columns in front. -- noun A prostyle portico or building.
[ Compar. Prosier
; superl. Prosiest
.] 1. Of or pertaining to prose; like prose. 2. Dull and tedious in discourse or writing; prosaic.
Prosylogism noun [ Prefix pro- + syllogism .] (Logic) A syllogism preliminary or logically essential to another syllogism; the conclusion of such a syllogism, which becomes a premise of the following syllogism.
Protactic adjective [ Greek ... placing or placed before, from ... to place in front; ... before + ... to arrange.] Giving a previous narrative or explanation, as of the plot or personages of a play; introductory.
+ Greek ... a contest. See. Protagonist
. So called because it was the first definitely ascertained principle of the brain.] (Physiol. Chem.) A nitrogenous phosphorized principle found in brain tissue. By decomposition it yields neurine, fatty acids, and other bodies.
[ Greek ...; prw^tos
first + ... an actor, combatant, from ... a contest.] One who takes the leading part in a drama; hence, one who takes lead in some great scene, enterprise, conflict, or the like.
Shakespeare, the protagonist on the great of modern poetry. De Quincey.
Protamin noun [ Greek prw^tos first.] (Physiol. Chem.) An amorphous nitrogenous substance found in the spermatic fluid of salmon. It is soluble in water, which an alkaline reaction, and unites with acids and metallic bases.
Protandric adjective [ Proto- + Greek ..., ..., a man.] (Zoology) Having male sexual organs while young, and female organs later in life. -- Pro*tan"trism noun
Protandrous adjective (Botany) Proterandrous.
[ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to stretch before, forward; ... before + ... to stretch.] 1. A proposition; a maxim. Johnson. 2. (Gram.) The introductory or subordinate member of a sentence, generally of a conditional sentence; -- opposed to apodosis . See Apodosis . 3. The first part of a drama, of a poem, or the like; the introduction; opposed to epitasis . B. Jonson.
Protatic adjective [ Greek ...: confer Latin protaticus , French protatique .] Of or pertaining to the protasis of an ancient play; introductory.
[ From Proteus
.] (Botany) Of or pertaining to the Proteaceæ , an order of apetalous evergreen shrubs, mostly natives of the Cape of Good Hope or of Australia.
1. Of or pertaining to Proteus; characteristic of Proteus. " Protean transformations." Cudworth. 2. Exceedingly variable; readily assuming different shapes or forms; as, an amœba is a protean animalcule.
Proteanly adverb In a protean manner. Cudworth.
Protect transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Protected
; present participle & verbal noun Protecting
.] [ Latin protectus
, past participle of protegere
, literally, to cover in front; pro
before + tegere
to cover. See Tegument
.] To cover or shield from danger or injury; to defend; to guard; to preserve in safety; as, a father protects his children.
The gods of Greece protect you! Shak. Syn.
-- To guard; shield; preserve. See Defend
Protectingly adverb By way of protection; in a protective manner.