Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Provisional adjective [ Confer French provisionnel .] Of the nature of a provision; serving as a provision for the time being; -- used of partial or temporary arrangements; as, a provisional government; a provisional treaty.
Provisionally adverb By way of provision for the time being; temporarily. Locke.
Provisionary adjective Provisional. Burke.
; plural Provisos
. [ Latin , (it) being provided, abl. of provisus
, past participle of providere
. See Provide
, and confer Purview
.] An article or clause in any statute, agreement, contract, grant, or other writing, by which a condition is introduced, usually beginning with the word provided ; a conditional stipulation that affects an agreement, contract, law, grant, or the like; as, the contract was impaired by its proviso .
He doth deny his prisoners, Shak.
But with proviso and exception.
[ Latin , from providere
: confer French proviseur
. See Provide
.] 1. One who provides; a purveyor.
[ Obsolete] "The chief provisor
of our horse." Ford. 2. (R. C. Ch.) (a) The purveyor, steward, or treasurer of a religious house. Cowell. (b) One who is regularly inducted into a benefice. See Provision , 5. P. Plowman. 3. (Eng. Hist.) One who procures or receives a papal provision. See Provision , 6.
Provisorily adverb In a provisory manner; conditionally; subject to a proviso; as, to admit a doctrine provisorily . Sir W. Hamilton.
Provisorship noun The office or position of a provisor. [ R.] J. Webster.
Provisory adjective [ Confer French provisoire .]
1. Of the nature of a proviso; containing a proviso or condition; conditional; as, a provisory clause. 2. Making temporary provision; provisional.
[ French provocation
, Latin provocatio
. See Provoke
.] 1. The act of provoking, or causing vexation or, anger. Fabyan. 2. That which provokes, or excites anger; the cause of resentment; as, to give provocation . Paley. 3. Incitement; stimulus; as, provocation to mirth. 4. (Law) Such prior insult or injury as may be supposed, under the circumstances, to create hot blood, and to excuse an assault made in retort or redress. 5. An appeal to a court. [ A Latinism]
[ Obsolete] Ayliffe.
Provocative adjective [ Latin provocativus : confer Old French provocatif .] Serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate; exciting.
Provocative noun Anything that is provocative; a stimulant; as, a provocative of appetite.
Provocativeness noun Quality of being provocative.
Provocatory adjective Provocative.
Provokable adjective That may be provoked.
Provoke transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Provoked
; present participle & verbal noun Provoking
.] [ French provoquer
, Latin provocare
to call forth; pro
forth + vocare
to call, from vox
, voice, cry, call. See Voice
.] To call forth; to call into being or action; esp., to incense to action, a faculty or passion, as love, hate, or ambition; hence, commonly, to incite, as a person, to action by a challenge, by taunts, or by defiance; to exasperate; to irritate; to offend intolerably; to cause to retaliate.
Obey his voice, provoke him not. Ex. xxiii. 21.
Ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath. Eph. vi. 4.
Such acts Milton.
Of contumacy will provoke the Highest
To make death in us live.
Can honor's voice provoke the silent dust? Gray.
To the poet the meaning is what he pleases to make it, what it provokes in his own soul. J. Burroughs. Syn.
-- To irritate; arouse; stir up; awake; excite; incite; anger. See Irritate
Provoke intransitive verb
1. To cause provocation or anger. 2. To appeal. [ A Latinism] [ Obsolete] Dryden.
Provokement noun The act that which, provokes; one who excites anger or other passion, or incites to action; as, a provoker of sedition.
Drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things. Shak.
Provoking adjective Having the power or quality of exciting resentment; tending to awaken passion or vexation; as, provoking words or treatment. -- Pro*vok"ing*ly , adverb
[ Old French provost
being confused), French prevôt
, from Latin praepositus
placed before, a chief, from praeponere
to place before: confer Anglo-Saxon prāfost
. See Preposition
, and confer Propound
.] 1. A person who is appointed to superintend, or preside over, something; the chief magistrate in some cities and towns; as, the provost of Edinburgh or of Glasgow, answering to the mayor of other cities; the provost of a college, answering to president; the provost or head of certain collegiate churches. 2. The keeper of a prison.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
» In France, formerly, a provost
was an inferior judge who had cognizance of civil causes. The grand provost of France
, or of the household
, had jurisdiction in the king's house, and over its officers. Provost marshal
(often pronounced ...). (a) (Mil.) An officer appointed in every army, in the field, to secure the prisoners confined on charges of a general nature. He also performs such other duties pertaining to police and discipline as the regulations of the service or the commander's orders impose upon him. (b) (Nav.) An officer who has charge of prisoners on trial by court-martial, serves notices to witnesses, etc.
Provostship noun The office of a provost.
[ French proue
(cf. Spanish & Portuguese proa
, Italian prua
), Latin prora
, Greek ..., akin to ... before. See Pro-
, and confer Prore
.] The fore part of a vessel; the bow; the stem; hence, the vessel itself. Wordsworth.
The floating vessel swum Milton.
Uplifted, and secure with beaked prow
rode tilting o'er the waves.
[ Compar. Prower
; superl. Prowest
.] [ Old French prou
, French preux
, from Latin pro
, in prodesse
to be useful. See Pro-
, and confer Prude
.] Valiant; brave; gallant; courageous.
[ Archaic] Tennyson.
The prowest knight that ever field did fight. Spenser.
[ Middle English & Old French prou
. See Prow
] Benefit; profit; good; advantage.
That shall be for your hele and for your prow . Chaucer.
[ Old French proece
, French prouesse
. See Prow
] Distinguished bravery; valor; especially, military bravery and skill; gallantry; intrepidity; fearlessness. Chaucer. Sir P. Sidney.
He by his prowess conquered all France. Shak.
Prowl transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prowled
; present participle & verbal noun Prowling
.] [ Middle English prollen
to search about; of uncertain origin, perhaps for proglen
, a dim. of prog
to beg, or proke
to poke. Confer Proke
.] 1. To rove over, through, or about in a stealthy manner; esp., to search in, as for prey or booty.
He prowls each place, still in new colors decked. Sir P. Sidney. 2. To collect by plunder; as, to prowl money.
Prowl intransitive verb To rove or wander stealthily, esp. for prey, as a wild beast; hence, to prey; to plunder.
Prowl noun The act of prowling. [ Colloq.] Smart.
Prowler noun One that prowls. Thomson.
Prowling adjective Accustomed to prowl, or engaged in roving stealthily, as for prey. "A prowling wolf." Milton. -- Prowl"ing*ly , adverb
[ Confer Proxy
.] "The ticket or list of candidates at elections, presented to the people for their votes."
[ Rhode Island] Bartlett.
Proxene noun [ Confer ...; ... before + ... a guest, stranger: confer French proxène .] (Gr. Antiq.) An officer who had the charge of showing hospitality to those who came from a friendly city or state.
Proxenet noun [ Latin proxeneta , Greek ....] A negotiator; a factor. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Proxenetism noun [ Greek ... agent + -ism ; confer French proxénétisme .] The action of a go-between or broker in negotiating immoral bargains between the sexes; procuring.
Proximad adverb [ Proximal + Latin ad to.] (Anat.) Toward a proximal part; on the proximal side of; proximally.
1. Toward or nearest, as to a body, or center of motion of dependence; proximate. 2. (Biol.) (a) Situated near the point of attachment or origin; as, the proximal part of a limb. (b) Of or pertaining to that which is proximal; as, the proximal bones of a limb. Opposed to distal .
Proximally adverb (Anat.) On or toward a proximal part; proximad.
[ Latin proximatus
, past participle of proximare
to come near, to approach, from proximus
the nearest, nest, superl. of propior
nearer, and prope
, adverb , near.] Nearest; next immediately preceding or following.
ancestors." J. S. Harford.
The proximate natural causes of it [ the deluge]. T. Burnet. Proximate analysis (Chemistry)
, an analysis which determines the proximate principles of any substance, as contrasted with an ultimate analysis .
-- Proximate cause
. (a) A cause which immediately precedes and produces the effect, as distinguished from the remote , mediate , or predisposing cause. I. Watts. (b) That which in ordinary natural sequence produces a specific result, no independent disturbing agencies intervening.
-- Proximate principle (Physiol. Chem.)
, one of a class of bodies existing ready formed in animal and vegetable tissues, and separable by chemical analysis, as albumin, sugar, collagen, fat, etc. Syn.
-- Nearest; next; closest; immediate; direct.
Proximately adverb In a proximate manner, position, or degree; immediately.
[ Latin proximus
. See Proximate
.] Next; immediately preceding or following.
Proximious adjective Proximate. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin proximitas
: confer French proximité
, and confer Propinquity
.] The quality or state of being next in time, place, causation, influence, etc.; immediate nearness, either in place, blood, or alliance.
If he plead proximity of blood Dryden.
That empty title is with ease withstood.
Proximo [ Latin , on the next, abl. of proximus next.] In the next month after the present; -- often contracted to prox. ; as, on the 3d proximo .
; plural Proxies
. [ Contr. from procuracy
. Confer Proctor
.] 1. The agency for another who acts through the agent; authority to act for another, esp. to vote in a legislative or corporate capacity.
I have no man's proxy : I speak only for myself. Burke. 2. The person who is substituted or deputed to act or vote for another.
Every peer . . . may make another lord of parliament his proxy , to vote for him in his absence. Blackstone. 3. A writing by which one person authorizes another to vote in his stead, as in a corporation meeting. 4. (Eng. Law) The written appointment of a proctor in suits in the ecclesiastical courts. Burrill. 5. (Eccl.) See Procuration .
Proxy intransitive verb To act or vote by proxy; to do anything by the agency of another. [ R.]
Proxyship noun The office or agency of a proxy.
Pruce noun [ Middle English for Prussia : confer French Prusse .] Prussian leather. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
[ French, prudish, originally, discreet, modest; shortened from Old French prudefeme
, a discreet or excellent woman; Old French preu
, excellent, brave + de
of + fete
woman. See Prow
.] A woman of affected modesty, reserve, or coyness; one who is overscrupulous or sensitive; one who affects extraordinary prudence in conduct and speech.
Less modest than the speech of prudes . Swift.
[ French, from Latin prudentia
, contr. from providentia
. See Prudent
, and confer Providence
.] The quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; discretion; carefulness; hence, also, economy; frugality.
Prudence is principally in reference to actions to be done, and due means, order, seasons, and method of doing or not doing. Sir M. Hale.
Prudence supposes the value of the end to be assumed, and refers only to the adaptation of the means. It is the relation of right means for given ends. Whewell. Syn.
-- Wisdom; forecast; providence; considerateness; judiciousness; discretion; caution; circumspection; judgment. See Wisdom
Prudency noun Prudence. [ Obsolete] Hakluyt.