Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pteropod noun [ Greek ... wing-footed; ... a feather, wing + ..., ..., foot: confer French ptéropode .] (Zoology) One of the Pteropoda.
Pteropoda noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A class of Mollusca in which the anterior lobes of the foot are developed in the form of broad, thin, winglike organs, with which they swim at near the surface of the sea. » The Pteropoda are divided into two orders: Cymnosomata , which have the body entirely naked and the head distinct from the wings; and Thecosomata , which have a delicate transparent shell of various forms, and the head not distinct from the wings.
Pteropodous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Pteropoda.
Pterosaur noun [ Greek ... wind + ... a lizard.] (Paleon.) A pterodactyl.
Pterosauria noun plural
[ New Latin ] (Paleon.) An extinct order of flying reptiles of the Mesozoic age; the pterodactyls; -- called also Pterodactyli , and Ornithosauria .
» The wings were formed, like those of bats, by a leathery expansion of the skin, principally supported by the greatly enlarged outer or " little" fingers of the hands. The American Cretaceous pterodactyls had no teeth. See Pteranodontia
, and Pterodactyl
Pterosaurian adjective (Paleon.) Of or pertaining to the Pterosauria.
; plural Pterostigmata
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... wing + ..., ..., a mark.] (Zoology) A thickened opaque spot on the wings of certain insects.
Pterotic adjective [ Greek ... wing + ..., ..., ear.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to, or designating, a bone between the proötic and epiotic in the dorsal and outer part of the periotic capsule of many fishes. -- noun The pterotic bone. » The pterotic bone is so called because fancied in some cases to resemble in form a bird's wing
, Latin Pterygia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., properly a dim, akin to ... a feather.] (Medicine) A superficial growth of vascular tissue radiating in a fanlike manner from the cornea over the surface of the eye.
Pterygoid adjective [ Greek ..., ..., a wing + -oid .] (Anat.) (a) Like a bird's wing in form; as, a pterygoid bone. (b) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pterygoid bones, pterygoid processes, or the whole sphenoid bone. -- noun A pterygoid bone. Pterygoid bone (Anat.) , a bone which corresponds to the inner plate of the pterygoid process of the human skull, but which, in all vertebrates below mammals, is not connected with the posterior nares, but serves to connect the palatine bones with the point of suspension of the lower jaw. -- Pterygoid process (Anat.) , a process projecting downward from either side of the sphenoid bone, in man divided into two plates, an inner and an outer. The posterior nares pass through the space, called the pterygoid fossa , between the processes.
Pterygomaxillary adjective [ Pterygoid + maxillary .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the inner pterygoid plate, or pterygoid bone, and the lower jaw.
Pterygopalatine adjective [ Pterygoid + palatine .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pterygoid processes and the palatine bones.
; plural Pterygopodia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a fin + ..., dim. of ..., ..., a foot.] (Anat.) A specially modified part of the ventral fin in male elasmobranchs, which serves as a copulatory organ, or clasper.
Pterygoquadrate adjective [ Pterygoid + quadrate .] (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or representing the pterygoid and quadrate bones or cartilages.
; plural Pterylæ
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... feather + ... wood, forest.] (Zoology) One of the definite areas of the skin of a bird on which feathers grow; -- contrasted with apteria .
Pterylography noun [ Pteryla + -graphy .] (Zoology) The study or description of the arrangement of feathers, or of the pterylæ, of birds.
Pterylosis noun [ New Latin , from New Latin & English pteryla .] (Zoology) The arrangement of feathers in definite areas.
Ptilocerque noun [ Greek ... a feather + ... tail.] (Zool.) The pentail.
Ptilopteri noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a downy feather + ... wing.] (Zoology) An order of birds including only the penguins.
Ptilopædes noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a feather + ..., ..., offspring.] (Zoology) Same as Dasypædes .
Ptilopædic adjective (Zoology) Having nearly the whole surface of the skin covered with down; dasypædic; -- said of the young of certain birds.
[ New Latin , from Gr ... a feather.] (Zoology) Same as Pterylosis .
Ptisan noun [ Latin ptisana peeled barley, barley water, Greek ..., from ... to peel, husk; confer French ptisane , tisane .]
1. A decoction of barley with other ingredients; a farinaceous drink. 2. (Medicine) An aqueous medicine, containing little, if any, medicinal agent; a tea or tisane.
Ptolemaic adjective Of or pertaining to Ptolemy , the geographer and astronomer. Ptolemaic system (Astron.) , the system maintained by Ptolemy, who supposed the earth to be fixed in the center of the universe, with the sun and stars revolving around it. This theory was received for ages, until superseded by the Copernican system.
Ptolemaist noun One who accepts the astronomical system of Ptolemy.
Ptomaine noun [ From Greek ... a dead body.] (Physiol. Chem.) One of a class of animal bases or alkaloids formed in the putrefaction of various kinds of albuminous matter, and closely related to the vegetable alkaloids; a cadaveric poison. The ptomaines, as a class, have their origin in dead matter, by which they are to be distinguished from the leucomaines .
Ptosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a falling.] (Medicine) Drooping of the upper eyelid, produced by paralysis of its levator muscle.
[ Greek ... spittle. See Ptyalism
.] (Physiol. Chem.) An unorganized amylolytic ferment, on enzyme, present in human mixed saliva and in the saliva of some animals.
Ptyalism noun [ Greek ..., from ... to spit much, from ... spittle, from ... to spit: confer French ptyalisme .] Salivation, or an excessive flow of saliva. Quain.
Ptyalogogue noun [ Greek ... spittle + ... driving.] (Medicine) A ptysmagogue.
Ptysmagogue noun [ Greek ... spittle + ... driving: confer French ptysmagogue .] (Medicine) A medicine that promotes the discharge of saliva.
Ptyxis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a folding.] (Botany) The way in which a leaf is sometimes folded in the bud.
Pubble adjective [ Perhaps from bubble .] Puffed out, pursy; pudgy; fat. [ Obsolete] Drant.
Puberal adjective [ From Latin puber , pubes , grown up, adult.] Of or pertaining to puberty.
Puberty noun [ Latin pubertas , from puber , pubes , adult: confer French puberté .]
1. The earliest age at which persons are capable of begetting or bearing children, usually considered, in temperate climates, to be about fourteen years in males and twelve in females. 2. (Botany) The period when a plant first bears flowers.
[ See Pubis
.] (Botany) Very minutely downy.
Pubes noun [ Latin , the hair which appears on the body at puberty, from pubes adult.]
1. (Anat.) (a) The hair which appears upon the lower part of the hypogastric region at the age of puberty. (b) Hence (as more commonly used), the lower part of the hypogastric region; the pubic region. 2. (Botany) The down of plants; a downy or villous substance which grows on plants; pubescence.
Pubescence noun [ Confer French pubescence .]
1. The quality or state of being pubescent, or of having arrived at puberty. Sir T. Browne. 2. A covering of soft short hairs, or down, as one some plants and insects; also, the state of being so covered.
Pubescency noun Pubescence.
[ Latin pubescens
, present participle of pubescere
to reach puberty, to grow hairy or mossy, from pubes
pubes: confer French pubescent
.] 1. Arrived at puberty.
That . . . the men (are) pubescent at the age of twice seven, is accounted a punctual truth. Sir T. Browne. 2. Covered with pubescence, or fine short hairs, as certain insects, and the leaves of some plants.
Pubic adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pubes; in the region of the pubes; as, the pubic bone; the pubic region, or the lower part of the hypogastric region. See Pubes . (b) Of or pertaining to the pubis.
[ New Latin See Pubes
.] (Anat.) The ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis; sharebone; pubic bone.
[ Latin publicus
, from populus
people: confer French public
. See People
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the people; belonging to the people; relating to, or affecting, a nation, state, or community; -- opposed to private ; as, the public treasury.
To the public good Milton.
Private respects must yield.
He [ Alexander Hamilton] touched the dead corpse of the public credit, and it sprung upon its feet. D. Webster. 2. Open to the knowledge or view of all; general; common; notorious; as, public report; public scandal.
Joseph, . . . not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily. Matt. i. 19. 3. Open to common or general use; as, a public road; a public house.
street." Shak. Public act
or statute (Law)
, an act or statute affecting matters of public concern. Of such statutes the courts take judicial notice.
-- Public credit
. See under Credit .
-- Public funds
. See Fund , 3.
-- Public house
, an inn, or house of entertainment.
-- Public law
. (a) See International law , under International . (b) A public act or statute.
-- Public nuisance
. (Law) See under Nuisance .
-- Public orator
. (Eng. Universities) See Orator , 3.
-- Public stores
, military and naval stores, equipments, etc.
-- Public works
, all fixed works built by civil engineers for public use, as railways, docks, canals, etc.; but strictly, military and civil engineering works constructed at the public cost.
Public noun 1. The general body of mankind, or of a nation, state, or community; the people, indefinitely; as, the American public ; also, a particular body or aggregation of people; as, an author's public .
The public is more disposed to censure than to praise. Addison. 2. A public house; an inn.
[ Scot.] Sir W. Scott. In public
, openly; before an audience or the people at large; not in private or secrecy.
"We are to speak in public
Public school (a) In Great Britain, any of various schools maintained by the community, wholly or partly under public control, or maintained largely by endowment and not carried on chiefly for profit; specif., and commonly, any of various select and usually expensive endowed schools which give a liberal modern education or prepare pupils for the universities. Eton, Harrow, Rugby, and Winchester are of this class. (b) In the United States, a free primary, grammar, or high school maintained by the local government.
Public-hearted adjective Public- spirited. [ R.]
[ Latin publicanus
: confer French publicain
. See Public
.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A farmer of the taxes and public revenues; hence, a collector of toll or tribute. The inferior officers of this class were often oppressive in their exactions, and were regarded with great detestation.
As Jesus at meat . . . many publicans and sinners came and sat down with him and his disciples. Matt. 1x. 10.
How like a fawning publican he looks! Shak. 2. The keeper of an inn or public house; one licensed to retail beer, spirits, or wine.
[ Latin publicatio
confiscation: confer French publication
. See Publish
.] 1. The act of publishing or making known; notification to the people at large, either by words, writing, or printing; proclamation; divulgation; promulgation; as, the publication of the law at Mount Sinai; the publication of the gospel; the publication of statutes or edicts. 2. The act of offering a book, pamphlet, engraving, etc., to the public by sale or by gratuitous distribution.
The publication of these papers was not owing to our folly, but that of others. Swift. 3. That which is published or made known; especially, any book, pamphlet, etc., offered for sale or to public notice; as, a daily or monthly publication . 4. An act done in public.
[ R. & Obsolete]
His jealousy . . . attends the business, the recreations, the publications , and retirements of every man. Jer. Taylor. Publication of a libel (Law)
, such an exhibition of a libel as brings it to the notice of at least one person other than the person libeled.
-- Publication of a will (Law)
, the delivery of a will, as his own, by a testator to witnesses who attest it.
[ Confer French publiciste
.] A writer on the laws of nature and nations; one who is versed in the science of public right, the principles of government, etc.
The Whig leaders, however, were much more desirous to get rid of Episcopacy than to prove themselves consummate publicists and logicians. Macaulay.
Publicity noun [ Confer French publicité .] The quality or state of being public, or open to the knowledge of a community; notoriety; publicness.