Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Puh interj. The same as Pugh .
[ See Puny
.] 1. Later in age, time, etc.; subsequent.
[ Obsolete] " A puisne
date to eternity." Sir M. Hale. 2. Puny; petty; unskilled.
[ Obsolete] 3. (Law) Younger or inferior in rank; junior; associate; as, a chief justice and three puisne justices of the Court of Common Pleas; the puisne barons of the Court of Exchequer. Blackstone.
Puisne noun One who is younger, or of inferior rank; a junior; esp., a judge of inferior rank.
It were not a work for puisnes and novices. Bp. Hall.
Puisny adjective Puisne; younger; inferior; petty; unskilled.
A puisny tilter, that spurs his horse but on one side. Shak.
[ French, from puissant
. See Puissant
, and confer Potency
.] Power; strength; might; force; potency.
" Youths of puissance
The power and puissance of the king. Shak.
» In Spenser, Shakespeare, and Milton, puissance
are usually dissyllables.
[ French, originally, a present participle formed from Latin posse
to be able: confer Latin potens
powerful. See Potent
.] Powerful; strong; mighty; forcible; as, a puissant prince or empire.
Of puissant nations which the world possessed. Spenser.
And worldlings in it are less merciful, Mrs. Browning.
And more puissant .
Puissantly adverb In a puissant manner; powerfully; with great strength.
Puissantness noun The state or quality of being puissant; puissance; power.
[ French puits
, from Latin puteus
well.] A well; a small stream; a fountain; a spring.
The puits flowing from the fountain of life. Jer. Taylor.
Puke intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Puked
; present participle & verbal noun Puking
.] [ Confer German spucken
to spit, and English spew
.] To eject the contests of the stomach; to vomit; to spew.
The infant Shak.
Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms.
Puke transitive verb To eject from the stomach; to vomit up.
Puke noun A medicine that causes vomiting; an emetic; a vomit.
Puke adjective [ Etymol. uncertain.] Of a color supposed to be between black and russet. Shak. » This color has by some been regarded as the same with puce ; but Nares questions the identity.
1. One who pukes, vomits. 2. That which causes vomiting. Garth .
Pukka adjective Same as Pucka .
[ Sanskrit palāça
.] (Botany) The East Indian leguminous tree Butea frondosa . See Gum Butea , under Gum .
[ Written also pales
[ Latin pulchritudo
, from pulcher
beautiful.] 1. That quality of appearance which pleases the eye; beauty; comeliness; grace; loveliness.
Piercing our heartes with thy pulchritude . Court of Love. 2. Attractive moral excellence; moral beauty.
By the pulchritude of their souls make up what is wanting in the beauty of their bodies. Ray.
Pule intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Puled
; present participle & verbal noun Puling
.] [ French piauler
; confer Latin pipilare
, to peep, pip, chirp, and English peep
to chirp.] 1. To cry like a chicken. Bacon. 2. To whimper; to whine, as a complaining child.
It becometh not such a gallant to whine and pule . Barrow.
Puler noun One who pules; one who whines or complains; a weak person.
[ Latin , a flea.] (Zoology) A genus of parasitic insects including the fleas. See Flea .
Pulicene adjective [ From Latin pulex , pulicis , a flea.] Pertaining to, or abounding in, fleas; pulicose.
Pulicose, Pulicous adjective [ Latin pulicosus , from pulex , a flea.] Abounding with fleas.
Puling noun A cry, as of a chicken,; a whining or whimpering.
Leave this faint puling and lament as I do. Shak.
Puling adjective Whimpering; whining; childish.
Pulingly adverb With whining or complaint.
Pulkha noun A Laplander's traveling sledge. See Sledge .
Pull transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pulled
; present participle & verbal noun Pulling
.] [ Anglo-Saxon pullian
; confer LG. pulen
, and Gael. peall
.] 1. To draw, or attempt to draw, toward one; to draw forcibly.
Ne'er pull your hat upon your brows. Shak.
He put forth his hand . . . and pulled her in. Gen. viii. 9. 2. To draw apart; to tear; to rend.
He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces; he hath made me desolate. Lam. iii. 11. 3. To gather with the hand, or by drawing toward one; to pluck; as, to pull fruit; to pull flax; to pull a finch. 4. To move or operate by the motion of drawing towards one; as, to pull a bell; to pull an oar. 5. (Horse Racing) To hold back, and so prevent from winning; as, the favorite was pulled . 6. (Print.) To take or make, as a proof or impression; -- hand presses being worked by pulling a lever. 7. (Cricket) To strike the ball in a particular manner. See Pull , noun , 8.
Never pull a straight fast ball to leg. R. H. Lyttelton. To pull and haul
, to draw hither and thither.
" Both are equally pulled and hauled
to do that which they are unable to do. " South.
-- To pull down
, to demolish; to destroy; to degrade; as, to pull down a house.
" In political affairs, as well as mechanical, it is easier to pull down
than build up." Howell.
" To raise the wretched, and pull down
the proud." Roscommon.
-- To pull a finch
. See under Finch .
-- To pull off
, take or draw off.
Pull intransitive verb To exert one's self in an act or motion of drawing or hauling; to tug; as, to pull at a rope. To pull apart , to become separated by pulling; as, a rope will pull apart . -- To pull up , to draw the reins; to stop; to halt. -- To pull through , to come successfully to the end of a difficult undertaking, a dangerous sickness, or the like.
Pull noun 1. The act of pulling or drawing with force; an effort to move something by drawing toward one.
I awakened with a violent pull upon the ring which was fastened at the top of my box. Swift. 2. A contest; a struggle; as, a wrestling pull . Carew. 3. A pluck; loss or violence suffered.
Two pulls at once; Shak. 4. A knob, handle, or lever, etc., by which anything is pulled; as, a drawer pull ; a bell pull . 5. The act of rowing; as, a pull on the river.
His lady banished, and a limb lopped off.
[ Colloq.] 6. The act of drinking; as, to take a pull at the beer, or the mug.
[ Slang] Dickens. 7. Something in one's favor in a comparison or a contest; an advantage; means of influencing; as, in weights the favorite had the pull .
[ Slang] 8. (Cricket) A kind of stroke by which a leg ball is sent to the off side, or an off ball to the side.
The pull is not a legitimate stroke, but bad cricket. R. A. Proctor.
Pullail noun [ French poulaille .] Poultry. [ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
1. That which holds back, or causes to recede; a drawback; a hindrance. 2. (Arch) The iron hook fixed to a casement to pull it shut, or to hold it party open at a fixed point.
Pulldevil noun A number of fishhooks rigidly fastened back to be pulled through the water to catch fish.
Pulled adjective Plucked; pilled; moulting. " A pulled hen." Chaucer.
[ Confer Latin pullinus
belonging to young animals. See Pullet
Puller noun One who, or that which, pulls.
Proud setter up and puller down of kings. Shak.
[ Middle English polete
, Old French polete
, French poulette
, dim. of poule
a hen, from Latin pullus
a young animal, a young fowl. See Foal
, and confer Poult
stake.] A young hen, or female of the domestic fowl. Pullet sperm
, the treadle of an egg.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
; plural Pulleys
. [ French poulie
, perhaps of Teutonic origin (cf. Poll
, transitive verb
); but confer Middle English poleine
, pulley, Late Latin polanus
, and French poulain
, properly, a colt, from Latin pullus
young animal, foal (cf. Pullet
). For the change of sense, confer French poutre
beam, originally, a filly, and English easel
.] (Machinery) A wheel with a broad rim, or grooved rim, for transmitting power from, or imparting power to, the different parts of machinery, or for changing the direction of motion, by means of a belt, cord, rope, or chain.
» The pulley
, as one of the mechanical powers, consists, in its simplest form, of a grooved wheel, called a sheave
, turning within a movable frame or block
, by means of a cord or rope attached at one end to a fixed point. The force, acting on the free end of the rope, is thus doubled, but can move the load through only half the space traversed by itself. The rope may also pass over a sheave in another block that is fixed. The end of the rope may be fastened to the movable block, instead of a fixed point, with an additional gain of power, and using either one or two sheaves in the fixed block. Other sheaves may be added, and the power multiplied accordingly. Such an apparatus is called by workmen a block and tackle
, or a fall and tackle
. See Block
. A single fixed pulley
gives no increase of power, but serves simply for changing the direction of motion. Band pulley
, or Belt pulley
, a pulley with a broad face for transmitting power between revolving shafts by means of a belt, or for guiding a belt.
-- Cone pulley
. See Cone pulley .
-- Conical pulley
, one of a pair of belt pulleys, each in the shape of a truncated cone, for varying velocities.
-- Fast pulley
, a pulley firmly attached upon a shaft.
-- Loose pulley
, a pulley loose on a shaft, to interrupt the transmission of motion in machinery. See Fast and loose pulleys , under Fast .
-- Parting pulley
, a belt pulley made in semicircular halves, which can be bolted together, to facilitate application to, or removal from, a shaft.
-- Pulley block
. Same as Block , noun 6.
-- Pulley stile (Architecture)
, the upright of the window frame into which a pulley is fixed and along which the sash slides.
-- Split pulley
, a parting pulley.
Pulley transitive verb To raise or lift by means of a pulley. [ R.] Howell.
Pullicate noun A kind of checked cotton or silk handkerchief.
Pullman car [ Named after Mr. Pullman , who introduced them.] A kind of sleeping car; also, a palace car; -- often shortened to Pullman .
Pullulate intransitive verb
[ Latin pullulatus
, past participle of pullulare
to sprout, from pullulus
a young animal, a sprout, dim. of pullus
. See pullet
.] To germinate; to bud; to multiply abundantly. Warburton.
Pullulation noun [ Confer French pullulation .] A germinating, or budding. Dr. H. More.
; plural Pulli
. [ Latin ] (Zoology) A chick; a young bird in the downy stage.
Pulmobranchiata noun plural
[ New Latin ], Pul`mo*bran"chi*ate adjective & noun (Zoology) Same as Pulmonibranchiata , - ate .
Pulmocutaneous adjective [ Latin pulmo a lung + English cutaneous .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the lungs and the akin; as, the pulmocutaneous arteries of the frog.
Pulmogasteropoda noun plural
[ New Latin & English Gasteropoda
.] (Zoology) Same as Pulmonata .
Pulmograde adjective [ Latin pulmo a lung + gradi to walk.] (Zoology) Swimming by the expansion and contraction, or lunglike movement, of the body, or of the disk, as do the medusæ.
Pulmometer noun [ Latin pulmo a lung + -meter .] (Physiol.) A spirometer.
Pulmometry noun [ Latin pulmo a lung + -metry .] The determination of the capacity of the lungs.
Pulmonarian noun (Zoology) Any arachnid that breathes by lunglike organs, as the spiders and scorpions. Also used adjectively.