Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Punisher noun One who inflicts punishment.
Punishment noun 1. The act of punishing. 2. Any pain, suffering, or loss inflicted on a person because of a crime or offense.
I never gave them condign punishment . Shak.
The rewards and punishments of another life. Locke. 3. (Law) A penalty inflicted by a court of justice on a convicted offender as a just retribution, and incidentally for the purposes of reformation and prevention.
Punishment noun Severe, rough, or disastrous treatment. [ Colloq. or Slang]
[ Latin punitio
: confer French punition
. See Punish
[ R.] Mir. for Mag.
Punitive adjective Of or pertaining to punishment; involving, awarding, or inflicting punishment; as, punitive law or justice.
If death be punitive , so, likewise, is the necessity imposed upon man of toiling for his subsistence. I. Taylor.
We shall dread a blow from the punitive hand. Bagehot.
Punitory adjective Punishing; tending to punishment; punitive.
God . . . may make moral evil, as well as natural, at the same time both prudential and punitory . A. Tucker.
[ Confer Spunk
.] 1. Wood so decayed as to be dry, crumbly, and useful for tinder; touchwood. 2. A fungus ( Polyporus fomentarius , etc.) sometimes dried for tinder; agaric. 3. An artificial tinder. See Amadou , and Spunk . 4. A prostitute; a strumpet.
[ Obsoles.] Shak.
Punka noun [ Hind. pankhā fan.] A machine for fanning a room, usually a movable fanlike frame covered with canvas, and suspended from the ceiling. It is kept in motion by pulling a cord. [ Hindostan] [ Written also punkah .] Malcom.
Punkie noun [ Orig. unknown.] A minute biting fly of the genus Ceratopogon or allied genus of the family Chironomidæ , found in swarms in various densely wooded or mountaneous regions. [ U. S.]
Punkin noun A pumpkin. [ Colloq. U. S.]
Punkling noun A young strumpet. [ Obsolete]
Punner noun A punster. Beau. & Fl.
Punnet noun [ Confer Ir. buinne a shoot, branch.] A broad, shallow basket, for displaying fruit or flowers.
Punnology noun [ Pun + - logy .] The art or practice of punning; paronomasia. [ R.] Pope.
Punster noun One who puns, or is skilled in, or given to, punning; a quibbler; a low wit.
Punt intransitive verb
[ French ponter
, or Italian puntare
, from Latin punctum
point. See Point
.] To play at basset, baccara, faro. or omber; to gamble.
She heard . . . of his punting at gaming tables. Thackeray.
Punt noun Act of playing at basset, baccara, faro, etc.
[ Anglo-Saxon , from Latin ponto
punt, pontoon. See Pontoon
.] (Nautical) A flat-bottomed boat with square ends. It is adapted for use in shallow waters.
Punt transitive verb
1. To propel, as a boat in shallow water, by pushing with a pole against the bottom; to push or propel (anything) with exertion. Livingstone. 2. (Football) To kick (the ball) before it touches the ground, when let fall from the hands.
Punt noun (Football) The act of punting the ball.
Punt intransitive verb
1. To boat or hunt in a punt. 2. To punt a football.
Punt-out noun (American Football) A punt made from the goal line by a player of the side which has made a touchdown to one of his own side for a fair catch, from which an attempt to kick a goal may be made.
; plural - li
. [ Italian , dim. of punto
point.] (Sculpture) One of the points sometimes drilled as guides for cutting away superfluous stone.
[ Confer French ponte
. See Punt
, transitive verb
] One who punts; specifically, one who plays against the banker or dealer, as in baccara and faro. Hoyle.
Punter noun One who punts a football; also, one who propels a punt.
Punter noun (London Stock Exchange) A scalper.
Puntil, Puntel noun (Glass Making) See Pontee .
[ Italian punto
, Latin punctum
point. See Point
.] (Fencing) A point or hit.
Punty noun (Glass Making) See Pontee .
[ Compar. Punier
; superl. Puniest
.] [ French puîté
younger, later born, Old French puisné
afterwards (L. post
; see Post-
) + né
born, Latin natus
. See Natal
, and confer Puisne
.] Imperfectly developed in size or vigor; small and feeble; inferior; petty.
A puny subject strikes at thy great glory. Shak.
Breezes laugh to scorn our puny speed. Keble.
Puny noun A youth; a novice. [ R.] Fuller.
Puoy noun Same as Poy , noun , 3.
[ See Puppy
.] (Zoology) (a) A young dog; a puppy. (b) a young seal.
Pup intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pupped
; present participle & verbal noun Pupping
.] To bring forth whelps or young, as the female of the canine species.
, English Pupas
. [ Latin pupa
girl. doll, puppet, fem. of pupus
. Confer Puppet
.] 1. (Zoology) Any insect in that stage of its metamorphosis which usually immediately precedes the adult, or imago, stage.
» Among insects belonging to the higher orders, as the Hymenoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera, the pupa is inactive and takes no food; in the lower orders it is active and takes food, and differs little from the imago except in the rudimentary state of the sexual organs, and of the wings in those that have wings when adult. The term pupa
is sometimes applied to other invertebrates in analogous stages of development. 2. (Zoology) A genus of air- breathing land snails having an elongated spiral shell. Coarctate
, or Obtected
, a pupa which is incased in the dried-up skin of the larva, as in many Diptera.
-- Masked pupa
, a pupa whose limbs are bound down and partly concealed by a chitinous covering, as in Lepidoptera.
Pupal adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to a pupa, or the condition of a pupa.
Pupate intransitive verb (Zoology) To become a pupa.
Pupation noun (Zoology) the act of becoming a pupa.
Pupe noun [ French] (Zoology) A pupa.
Pupelo noun Cider brandy. [ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.
Pupigerous adjective [ Pupa + - gerous .] (Zoology) Bearing or containing a pupa; -- said of dipterous larvæ which do not molt when the pupa is formed within them.
[ French pupille
, noun fem., Latin pupilla
the pupil of the eye, originally dim. of pupa
a girl. See Puppet
, and confer Pupil
a scholar.] (Anat.) The aperture in the iris; the sight, apple, or black of the eye. See the Note under Eye , and Iris . Pin-hole pupil (Medicine)
, the pupil of the eye when so contracted (as it sometimes is in typhus, or opium poisoning) as to resemble a pin hole. Dunglison.
Pupilage noun The state of being a pupil.
As sons of kings, loving in pupilage , Tennyson.
Have turned to tyrants when they came to power.
[ Confer French pupillarité
. See Pupillary
.] (Scots Law) The period before puberty, or from birth to fourteen in males, and twelve in females.
[ Latin pupillaris
: confer French pupillaire
. See Pupil
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a pupil or ward. Johnson. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pupil of the eye.
Pupillometer noun [ Latin pupilla pupil of the eye + -meter .] (Physiol.) An instrument for measuring the size of the pupil of the pupil of the eye.
Pupipara noun plural
[ New Latin See Pupiparous
.] (Zoology) A division of Diptera in which the young are born in a stage like the pupa. It includes the sheep tick, horse tick, and other parasites. Called also Homaloptera .
Pupiparous adjective [ Pupa + Latin parere to bring forth.] (Zoology) (a) Bearing, or containing, a pupa; -- said of the matured larvæ, or larval skins, of certain Diptera. (b) Of or pertaining to the Pupipara.
Pupivora noun plural
[ New Latin See Pupivorous
.] (Zoology) A group of parasitic Hymenoptera, including the ichneumon flies, which destroy the larvæ and pupæ of insects.