Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pupivorous adjective [ Pupa + Latin vorare to devour.] (Zoology) Feeding on the pupæ of insects.
Puplican noun Publican. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English popet
, Old French poupette
; akin to French poupée
a doll, probably from Latin puppa
, a girl, doll, puppet. Confer Poupeton
.] [ Written also poppet
.] 1. A small image in the human form; a doll. 2. A similar figure moved by the hand or by a wire in a mock drama; a marionette; a wooden actor in a play.
At the pipes of some carved organ move, Pope. 3. One controlled in his action by the will of another; a tool; -- so used in contempt. Sir W. Scott. 4. (Machinery) The upright support for the bearing of the spindle in a lathe. Puppet master
The gilded puppets dance.
. Same as Puppetman .
-- Puppet play
, a puppet show.
-- Puppet player
, one who manages the motions of puppets.
-- Puppet show
, a mock drama performed by puppets moved by wires.
-- Puppet valve
, a valve in the form of a circular disk, which covers a hole in its seat, and opens by moving bodily away from the seat while remaining parallel with it, -- used in steam engines, pumps, safety valves, etc. Its edge is often beveled, and fits in a conical recess in the seat when the valve is closed. See the valves shown in Illusts. of Plunger pump , and Safety valve , under Plunger , and Safety .
Puppetish adjective Resembling a puppet in appearance or action; of the nature of a puppet.
Puppetman noun A master of a puppet show.
Puppetry noun Action or appearance resembling that of a puppet, or puppet show; hence, mere form or show; affectation.
Puppetry of the English laws of divorce. Chambers.
; plural Puppies
. [ French poupée
doll, puppet. See Puppet
, and confer Pup
] 1. (Zoology) The young of a canine animal, esp. of the common dog; a whelp. 2. A name of contemptuous reproach for a conceited and impertinent person.
I found my place taken by an ill-bred, awkward puppy with a money bag under each arm. Addison.
Puppy intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Puppied
; present participle & verbal noun Puppying
.] To bring forth whelps; to pup.
Puppyhood noun The time or state of being a puppy; the time of being young and undisciplined.
Puppyish adjective Like a puppy.
Puppyism noun Extreme meanness, affectation, conceit, or impudence. A. Chalmers.
Pur intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Purred
; present participle & verbal noun Purring
.] [ Of imitative origin; confer Prov. G. purren
.] To utter a low, murmuring, continued sound, as a cat does when pleased.
[ Written also purr
Pur transitive verb To signify or express by purring. Gray.
Pur noun The low, murmuring sound made by a cat to express contentment or pleasure. [ Written also purr .]
Purana noun [ Sanskrit purā... , properly. old, ancient, from purā formerly.] One of a class of sacred Hindoo poetical works in the Sanskrit language which treat of the creation, destruction, and renovation of worlds, the genealogy and achievements of gods and heroes, the reigns of the Manus, and the transactions of their descendants. The principal Puranas are eighteen in number, and there are the same number of supplementary books called Upa Puranas .
Puranic adjective Pertaining to the Puranas.
[ So called from the Isle of Purbeck
in England.] (Geol.) The strata of the Purbeck stone, or Purbeck limestone, belonging to the Oölitic group. See the Chart of Geology .
Purbeck stone (Geol.) A limestone from the Isle of Purbeck in England.
[ For pure- blind
, i. e., wholly blind. See Pure
, and confer Poreblind
.] 1. Wholly blind.
Argus, all eyes and no sight." Shak. 2. Nearsighted, or dim-sighted; seeing obscurely; as, a purblind eye; a purblind mole.
The saints have not so sharp eyes to see down from heaven; they be purblind and sand-blind. Latimer.
O purblind race of miserable men. Tennyson.
Purcelane noun (Botany) Purslane. [ Obsolete]
Purchasable adjective Capable of being bought, purchased, or obtained for a consideration; hence, venal; corrupt.
Money being the counterbalance to all things purchasable by it, as much as you take off from the value of money, so much you add to the price of things exchanged. Locke.
Purchase transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Purchased
; present participle & verbal noun Purchasing
.] [ Middle English purchasen
, Old French porchacier
, to pursue, to seek eagerly, French pourchasser
; Old French pour
, for (L. pro
) + chacier
to pursue, to chase. See Chase
.] 1. To pursue and obtain; to acquire by seeking; to gain, obtain, or acquire. Chaucer.
That loves the thing he can not purchase . Spenser.
Your accent is Something finer than you could purchase in so removed a dwelling. Shak.
His faults . . . hereditary Shak. 2. To obtain by paying money or its equivalent; to buy for a price; as, to purchase land, or a house.
Rather than purchased .
The field which Abraham purchased of the sons of Heth. Gen. xxv. 10. 3. To obtain by any outlay, as of labor, danger, or sacrifice, etc.; as, to purchase favor with flattery.
One poor retiring minute . . . Shak.
Would purchase thee a thousand thousand friends.
A world who would not purchase with a bruise? Milton. 4. To expiate by a fine or forfeit.
Not tears nor prayers shall purchase out abuses. Shak. 5. (Law) (a) To acquire by any means except descent or inheritance. Blackstone. (b) To buy for a price. 6. To apply to (anything) a device for obtaining a mechanical advantage; to get a purchase upon, or apply a purchase to; as, to purchase a cannon.
Purchase intransitive verb 1. To put forth effort to obtain anything; to strive; to exert one's self.
Duke John of Brabant purchased greatly that the Earl of Flanders should have his daughter in marriage. Ld. Berners. 2. To acquire wealth or property.
Sure our lawyers J. Webster.
Would not purchase half so fast.
[ Middle English purchds
, French pourchas
eager pursuit. See Purchase
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of seeking, getting, or obtaining anything.
I'll . . . get meat to have thee, Beau. & Fl. 2. The act of seeking and acquiring property. 3. The acquisition of title to, or properly in, anything for a price; buying for money or its equivalent.
Or lose my life in the purchase .
It is foolish to lay out money in the purchase of repentance. Franklin. 4. That which is obtained, got, or acquired, in any manner, honestly or dishonestly; property; possession; acquisition. Chaucer. B. Jonson.
We met with little purchase upon this coast, except two small vessels of Golconda. De Foe.
A beauty-waning and distressed widow . . . Shak. 5. That which is obtained for a price in money or its equivalent.
Made prize and purchase of his lustful eye.
"The scrip was complete evidence of his right in the purchase
." Wheaton. 6. Any mechanical hold, or advantage, applied to the raising or removing of heavy bodies, as by a lever, a tackle, capstan, and the like; also, the apparatus, tackle, or device by which the advantage is gained.
A politician, to do great things, looks for a power -- what our workmen call a purchase . Burke. 7. (Law) Acquisition of lands or tenements by other means than descent or inheritance, namely, by one's own act or agreement. Blackstone. Purchase criminal
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
-- Purchase money
, the money paid, or contracted to be paid, for anything bought. Berkeley.
-- Worth, or At
, [ so many] years' purchase
, a phrase by which the value or cost of a thing is expressed in the length of time required for the income to amount to the purchasing price; as, he bought the estate at a twenty years' purchase. To say one's life is not worth a day's purchase in the same as saying one will not live a day, or is in imminent peril.
1. One who purchases; one who acquires property for a consideration, generally of money; a buyer; a vendee. 2. (Law) One who acquires an estate in lands by his own act or agreement, or who takes or obtains an estate by any means other than by descent or inheritance.
Purdah noun [ Persian parda a curtain.] A curtain or screen; also, a cotton fabric in blue and white stripes, used for curtains. McElrath.
[ Compar. Purer
; superl. Purest
.] [ Middle English pur
, French pur
, from Latin purus
; akin to putus
pure, clear, putare
to clean, trim, prune, set in order, settle, reckon, consider, think, Sanskrit p...
to clean, and perhaps English fire
. Confer Putative
.] 1. Separate from all heterogeneous or extraneous matter; free from mixture or combination; clean; mere; simple; unmixed; as, pure water; pure clay; pure air; pure compassion.
The pure fetters on his shins great. Chaucer.
A guinea is pure gold if it has in it no alloy. I. Watts. 2. Free from moral defilement or quilt; hence, innocent; guileless; chaste; -- applied to persons.
"Keep thyself pure
." 1 Tim. v. 22.
Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience. 1 Tim. i. 5. 3. Free from that which harms, vitiates, weakens, or pollutes; genuine; real; perfect; -- applied to things and actions.
religion and impartial laws." Tickell.
, fine talk of Rome." Ascham.
Such was the origin of a friendship as warm and pure as any that ancient or modern history records. Macaulay. 4. (Script.) Ritually clean; fitted for holy services.
Thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the Lord. Lev. xxiv. 6. 5. (Phonetics) Of a single, simple sound or tone; -- said of some vowels and the unaspirated consonants. Pure-impure
, completely or totally impure.
"The inhabitants were pure-impure
-- Pure blue
. (Chemistry) See Methylene blue , under Methylene .
-- Pure chemistry
. See under Chemistry .
-- Pure mathematics
, that portion of mathematics which treats of the principles of the science, or contradistinction to applied mathematics , which treats of the application of the principles to the investigation of other branches of knowledge, or to the practical wants of life.
. Davies & Peck (Math. Dict. )
-- Pure villenage (Feudal Law)
, a tenure of lands by uncertain services at the will of the lord. Blackstone. Syn.
-- Unmixed; clear; simple; real; true; genuine; unadulterated; uncorrupted; unsullied; untarnished; unstained; stainless; clean; fair; unspotted; spotless; incorrupt; chaste; unpolluted; undefiled; immaculate; innocent; guiltless; guileless; holy.
Pured adjective Purified; refined. [ Obsolete] "Bread of pured wheat." " Pured gold." Chaucer.
Purée noun [ French] A dish made by boiling any article of food to a pulp and rubbing it through a sieve; as, a purée of fish, or of potatoes; especially, a soup the thickening of which is so treated.
1. In a pure manner (in any sense of the adjective). 2. Nicely; prettily. [ Archaic] Halliwell.
Pureness noun The state of being pure (in any sense of the adjective).
[ See Purfle
.] A sort of ancient trimming of tinsel and thread for women's gowns; -- called also bobbinwork .
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
Purfle transitive verb
[ Old French pourfiler
for + fil
a thread, Latin filum
. See Profile
, and confer Purl
a border.] 1. To decorate with a wrought or flowered border; to embroider; to ornament with metallic threads; as, to purfle with blue and white. P. Plowman.
A goodly lady clad in scarlet red, Spenser. 2. (Her.) To ornament with a bordure of emines, furs, and the like; also, with gold studs or mountings.
Purfled with gold and pearl of rich assay.
Purfle, Purflew noun
1. A hem, border., or trimming, as of embroidered work. 2. (Her.) A border of any heraldic fur.
Purfled adjective Ornamented; decorated; esp., embroidered on the edges. Purfled work (Architecture) , delicate tracery, especially in Gothic architecture.
Purfling noun Ornamentation on the border of a thing; specifically, the inlaid border of a musical instrument, as a violin.
[ Latin purgamentum
offscourings, washings, expiatory sacrifice. See Purge
.] 1. That which is excreted; excretion.
[ Obsolete] 2. (Medicine) A cathartic; a purgative.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Latin purgatio
: confer French purgation
. See Purge
.] 1. The act of purging; the act of clearing, cleansing, or putifying, by separating and carrying off impurities, or whatever is superfluous; the evacuation of the bowels. 2. (Law) The clearing of one's self from a crime of which one was publicly suspected and accused. It was either canonical , which was prescribed by the canon law, the form whereof used in the spiritual court was, that the person suspected take his oath that he was clear of the matter objected against him, and bring his honest neighbors with him to make oath that they believes he swore truly; or vulgar , which was by fire or water ordeal, or by combat. See Ordeal . Wharton.
Let him put me to my purgation . Shak.
Purgative adjective [ Latin purgativus : confer French purgatif .] Having the power or quality of purging; cathartic. -- noun (Medicine) A purging medicine; a cathartic.
Purgatively adverb In a purgative manner.
Purgatorial, Purgatorian adjective Of or pertaining to purgatory; expiatory.
Purgatorian noun One who holds to the doctrine of purgatory. Boswell.
Purgatory adjective [ Latin purgatorius .] Tending to cleanse; cleansing; expiatory. Burke.
Purgatory noun [ Confer French purgatoire .] A state or place of purification after death; according to the Roman Catholic creed, a place, or a state believed to exist after death, in which the souls of persons are purified by expiating such offenses committed in this life as do not merit eternal damnation, or in which they fully satisfy the justice of God for sins that have been forgiven. After this purgation from the impurities of sin, the souls are believed to be received into heaven.
Purge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Purged
; present participle & verbal noun Purging
.] [ French purger
, Latin purgare
pure + agere
to make, to do. See Pure
, and Agent
.] 1. To cleanse, clear, or purify by separating and carrying off whatever is impure, heterogeneous, foreign, or superfluous.
"Till fire purge
all things new." Milton. 2. (Medicine) To operate on as, or by means of, a cathartic medicine, or in a similar manner. 3. To clarify; to defecate, as liquors. 4. To clear of sediment, as a boiler, or of air, as a steam pipe, by driving off or permitting escape. 5. To clear from guilt, or from moral or ceremonial defilement; as, to purge one of guilt or crime.
When that he hath purged you from sin. Chaucer.
Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean. Ps. li. 7. 6. (Law) To clear from accusation, or the charge of a crime or misdemeanor, as by oath or in ordeal. 7. To remove in cleansing; to deterge; to wash away; -- often followed by away .
Purge away our sins, for thy name's sake. Ps. lxxix. 9.
We 'll join our cares to purge away Addison.
Our country's crimes.
Purge intransitive verb
1. To become pure, as by clarification. 2. To have or produce frequent evacuations from the intestines, as by means of a cathartic.
[ Confer French purge
. See Purge
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of purging.
The preparative for the purge of paganism of the kingdom of Northumberland. Fuller. 2. That which purges; especially, a medicine that evacuates the intestines; a cathartic. Arbuthnot.
Purger noun One who, or that which, purges or cleanses; especially, a cathartic medicine.
Purgery noun The part of a sugarhouse where the molasses is drained off from the sugar.