Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Promissorily adverb In a promissory manner. Sir T. Browne.

Promissory adjective Containing a promise or binding declaration of something to be done or forborne.

Promissory note (Law) , a written promise to pay to some person named, and at a time specified therein, or on demand, or at sight, a certain sum of money, absolutely and at all events; -- frequently called a note of hand . Kent. Byles. Story.

Promont noun Promontory. [ R.] Drayton.

Promontory noun ; plural Promontories . [ Latin promonturium , promunturium ; pro before + mons , montis , mountain: confer French promontoire . See Mount , noun ]


1. (Physics Geology) A high point of land or rock projecting into the sea beyond the line of coast; a headland; a high cape.

Like one that stands upon a promontory .
Shak.

2. (Anat.) A projecting part. Especially: (a) The projecting angle of the ventral side of the sacrum where it joins the last lumbar vertebra. (b) A prominence on the inner wall of the tympanum of the ear.

Promorphological adjective (Biol.) Relating to promorphology; as, a promorphological conception.

Promorphologist noun (Biol.) One versed in the science of promorphology.

Promorphology noun [ Prefix pro- + morphology .] (Biol.) Crystallography of organic forms; -- a division of morphology created by Haeckel. It is essentially stereometric, and relates to a mathematical conception of organic forms. See Tectology .

Promote transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Promoted ; present participle & verbal noun Promoting .] [ Latin promotus , past participle of promovere to move forward, to promote; pro forward + movere to move. See Move .]


1. To contribute to the growth, enlargement, or prosperity of (any process or thing that is in course); to forward; to further; to encourage; to advance; to excite; as, to promote learning; to promote disorder; to promote a business venture. "Born to promote all truth." Milton.

2. To exalt in station, rank, or honor; to elevate; to raise; to prefer; to advance; as, to promote an officer.

I will promote thee unto very great honor.
Num. xxii. 17.

Exalt her, and she shall promote thee.
Prov. iv. 18.

Syn. -- To forward; advance; further; patronize; help; exalt; prefer; elevate; dignify.

Promote intransitive verb To urge on or incite another, as to strife; also, to inform against a person. [ Obsolete]

Promoter noun
1. One who, or that which, forwards, advances, or promotes; an encourager; as, a promoter of charity or philosophy. Boyle.

2. Specifically, one who sets on foot, and takes the preliminary steps in, a scheme for the organization of a corporation, a joint-stock company, or the like.

3. One who excites; as, a promoter of sedition.

4. An informer; a makebate. [ Obsolete] Tusser.

Promotion (-mō"shŭn) noun [ Latin promotio : confer French promotion .] The act of promoting, advancing, or encouraging; the act of exalting in rank or honor; also, the condition of being advanced, encouraged, or exalted in honor; preferment. Milton.

Promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south.
Ps. lxxv. 6.

Promotive adjective Tending to advance, promote, or encourage. Hume.

Promove transitive verb [ See Promote .] To move forward; to advance; to promote. [ Obsolete] Bp. Fell.

Promover noun A promoter. [ Obsolete]

Prompt (prŏmt; 215) adjective [ Compar. Prompter ; superl. Promptest .] [ French prompt , Latin promptus , properly, brought forth (to light or view), hence, visible, evident, at hand, ready, quick, -- past participle of promere to take or bring forth; pro forth + emere to take. See Redeem . ]


1. Ready and quick to act as occasion demands; meeting requirements readily; not slow, dilatory, or hesitating in decision or action; responding on the instant; immediate; as, prompt in obedience or compliance; -- said of persons.

Very discerning and prompt in giving orders.
Clarendon.

Tell him I am prompt
To lay my crown at's feet.
Shak.

And you, perhaps, too prompt in your replies.
Dryden.

2. Done or rendered quickly, readily, or immediately; given without delay or hesitation; -- said of conduct; as, prompt assistance.

When Washington heard the voice of his country in distress,
his obedience was prompt .
Ames.

3. Easy; unobstructed. [ Obsolete]

The reception of the light into the body of the building was very prompt .
Sir H. Wotton.

Syn. -- Ready; expeditious; quick; agile; alert; brisk; nimble. -- Prompt , Ready , Expeditious . One who is ready is prepared to act at the moment. One who is prompt acts at the moment. One who is expeditious carries through an undertaking with constant promptness.

Prompt noun (Com.) A limit of time given for payment of an account for produce purchased, this limit varying with different goods. See Prompt-note .

To cover any probable difference of price which might arise before the expiration of the prompt , which for this article [ tea] is three months.
J. S. Mill.

Prompt transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Prompted ; present participle & verbal noun Prompting .]


1. To assist or induce the action of; to move to action; to instigate; to incite.

God first . . . prompted on the infirmities of the infant world by temporal prosperity.
Jer. Taylor.

2. To suggest; to dictate.

And whispering angles prompt her golden dreams.
Pope.

3. To remind, as an actor or an orator, of words or topics forgotten.

Prompt-book noun The book used by a prompter of a theater.

Prompt-note noun (Com.) A memorandum of a sale, and time when payment is due, given to the purchaser at a sale of goods.

Prompter noun


1. One who, or that which, prompts; one who admonishes or incites to action.

2. One who reminds another, as an actor or an orator, of the words to be spoken next; specifically, one employed for this purpose in a theater.

Promptitude noun [ French, from Latin promptitudo . See Prompt , adjective ] The quality of being prompt; quickness of decision and action when occasion demands; alacrity; as, promptitude in obedience.

Men of action, of promptitude , and of courage.
I. Taylor.

Promptly adverb In a prompt manner.

Promptness noun


1. Promptitude; readiness; quickness of decision or action.

2. Cheerful willingness; alacrity.

Promptuary adjective Of or pertaining to preparation. [ R.] Bacon.

Promptuary noun [ Latin promptuarium , from promptuarius belonging to distribution, distributing: cf, French promptuaire . See Prompt , adjective ] That from which supplies are drawn; a storehouse; a magazine; a repository. Woodward.

Prompture noun [ See Prompt , adjective ] Suggestion; incitement; prompting. [ R.] Shak. Coleridge.

Promulgate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Promulgated ; present participle & verbal noun Promulgating .] [ Latin promulgatus , past participle of promulgare to promulgate; of unknown origin. Confer Promulge .] To make known by open declaration, as laws, decrees, or tidings; to publish; as, to promulgate the secrets of a council.

Syn. -- To publish; declare; proclaim. See Announce .

Promulgation noun [ Latin promulgatio : confer French promulgation .] The act of promulgating; publication; open declaration; as, the promulgation of the gospel. South.

Promulgator noun [ Latin ] One who promulgates or publishes. Dr. H. More.

Promulge transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Promulged ; present participle & verbal noun Promulging .] [ Confer French promulguer . See Promulgate .] To promulgate; to publish or teach. Blackstone.

Extraordinary doctrines these for the age in which they were promulged .
Prescott.

Promulger noun One who promulges or publishes what was before unknown. Atterbury.

Promuscis noun [ Latin , corruption of proboscis .] (Zoology) The proboscis of hemipterous insects. See Illust. under Hemiptera .

Pronaos noun [ Latin , from Greek ...; ... before + ... temple.] (Architecture) The porch or vestibule of a temple.

Pronate adjective [ Latin pronatus , past participle of pronare to bend forward. See Prone .] Somewhat prone; inclined; as, pronate trees. Kane.

Pronation noun [ Confer French pronation .] (Physiol.) (a) The act of turning the palm or palmar surface of the forefoot downward. (b) That motion of the forearm whereby the palm or palmar, surface is turned downward. (c) The position of the limb resulting from the act of pronation. Opposed to supination .

Pronator noun [ New Latin ] (Anat.) A muscle which produces pronation.

Prone adjective [ Latin pronus , akin to Greek ..., ..., Sanskrit pravana sloping, inclined, and also to Latin pro forward, for. See Pro- .]


1. Bending forward; inclined; not erect.

Towards him they bend
With awful reverence prone .
Milton.

2. Prostrate; flat; esp., lying with the face down; -- opposed to supine .

Which, as the wind,
Blew where it listed, laying all things prone .
Byron.

3. Headlong; running downward or headlong. "Down thither prone in flight." Milton.

4. Sloping, with reference to a line or surface; declivous; inclined; not level.

Since the floods demand,
For their descent, a prone and sinking land.
Blackmore.

5. Inclined; propense; disposed; -- applied to the mind or affections, usually in an ill sense. Followed by to . " Prone to mischief." Shak.

Poets are nearly all prone to melancholy.
Landor.

Pronely adverb In a prone manner or position.

Proneness noun


1. The quality or state of being prone, or of bending downward; as, the proneness of beasts is opposed to the erectness of man.

2. The state of lying with the face down; -- opposed to supineness .

3. Descent; declivity; as, the proneness of a hill.

4. Inclination of mind, heart, or temper; propension; disposition; as, proneness to self- gratification.

Pronephric adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pronephros.

Pronephros Pro*neph"ron noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... before + ... a kidney.] (Anat.) The head kidney. See under Head .

Prong noun [ Confer Dutch prangen to pinch, press, LG. prange a stick, or W. procio to thrust, English prowl , pang .]


1. A sharp-pointed instrument.

Prick it on a prong of iron.
Sandys.

2. The tine of a fork, or of a similar instrument; as, a fork of two or three prongs .

3. (Zoology) (a) A sharp projection, as of an antler. (b) The fang of a tooth.

Prong-hoe noun A hoe with prongs to break the earth.

Prongbuck noun (Zoology) (a) The springbuck. (b) The pronghorn.

Pronged adjective Having prongs or projections like the tines of a fork; as, a three- pronged fork.

Pronghorn noun (Zoology) An American antelope ( Antilocapra Americana ), native of the plain near the Rocky Mountains. The upper parts are mostly yellowish brown; the under parts, the sides of the head and throat, and the buttocks, are white. The horny sheath of the horns is shed annually. Called also cabrée , cabut , prongbuck , and pronghorned antelope .

Pronity noun [ Latin pronitas .] Proneness; propensity. [ R.] Dr. H. More.

Pronominal adjective [ Latin pronominalis : confer French pronominal . See Pronoun .] Belonging to, or partaking of the nature of, a pronoun.

Pronominalize transitive verb To give the effect of a pronoun to; as, to pronominalize the substantives person , people , etc. Early.

Pronominally adverb In a pronominal manner... with the nature or office of a pronoun; as a pronoun.