Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. Propensity. [ R.] 2. Attentive deliberation. [ R.] Sir M. Hale.
Propendent adjective [ Latin propendens , present participle] Inclining forward or toward. South.
yl + ethyl ene
.] (Chemistry) Same as Propylene .
[ Latin propensus
, past participle See Propend
.] Leaning toward, in a moral sense; inclined; disposed; prone; as, women propense to holiness. Hooker.
[ Latin propensio
: confer French propension
. See Propend
.] The quality or state of being propense; propensity. M. Arnold.
Your full consent Shak.
Gave wings to my propension .
; plural Propensities The quality or state of being propense; natural inclination; disposition to do good or evil; bias; bent; tendency.
to utter blasphemy." Macaulay. Syn.
-- Disposition; bias; inclination; proclivity; proneness; bent; tendency.
.] (Chemistry) A hypothetical hydrocarbon radical, C 3 H 5 , isomeric with allyl and glyceryl, and regarded as the essential residue of glycerin. Confer Allyl , and Glyceryl .
[ Prefix pro-
.] (Physiol. Chem.) See Persinogen .
Propeptone noun [ Prefix pro- + peptone .] (Physiol. Chem.) A product of gastric digestion intermediate between albumin and peptone, identical with hemialbumose.
[ Middle English propre
, French propre
, from Latin proprius
. Confer Appropriate
.] 1. Belonging to one; one's own; individual.
good" [ i. e.
, his own
Now learn the difference, at your proper cost, Dryden. 2. Belonging to the natural or essential constitution; peculiar; not common; particular; as, every animal has his proper instincts and appetites.
Betwixt true valor and an empty boast.
Those high and peculiar attributes . . . which constitute our proper humanity. Coleridge. 3. Befitting one's nature, qualities, etc.; suitable in all respect; appropriate; right; fit; decent; as, water is the proper element for fish; a proper dress.
The proper study of mankind is man. Pope.
In Athens all was pleasure, mirth, and play, Dryden. 4. Becoming in appearance; well formed; handsome.
All proper to the spring, and sprightly May.
[ Archaic] "Thou art a proper
Moses . . . was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child. Hebrew xi. 23. 5. Pertaining to one of a species, but not common to the whole; not appellative; -- opposed to common ; as, a proper name; Dublin is the proper name of a city. 6. Rightly so called; strictly considered; as, Greece proper ; the garden proper . 7. (Her.) Represented in its natural color; -- said of any object used as a charge. In proper
, individually; privately.
[ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
-- Proper flower
or corolla (Botany)
, one of the single florets, or corollets, in an aggregate or compound flower.
-- Proper fraction (Arith.) a fraction in which the numerator is less than the denominator.
-- Proper nectary (Botany)
, a nectary separate from the petals and other parts of the flower.
-- Proper noun (Gram.)
, a name belonging to an individual, by which it is distinguished from others of the same class; -- opposed to common noun ; as, John , Boston , America .
-- Proper perianth
or involucre (Botany)
, that which incloses only a single flower.
-- Proper receptacle (Botany)
, a receptacle which supports only a single flower or fructification.
Proper adverb Properly; hence, to a great degree; very; as, proper good. [ Colloq & Vulgar]
Properate transitive verb & i. [ Latin properatus , past participle of properare to hasten.] To hasten, or press forward. [ Obsolete]
Properation noun [ Latin properatio .] The act of hastening; haste. [ Obsolete] T. Adams.
Properispome noun (Gr. Gram.) Properispomenon.
; plural Properispomena
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to circumflex on the penult; ... before + ... to circumflex. See Perispomenon
.] (Gr. Gram.) A word which has the circumflex accent on the penult.
Properly adverb 1. In a proper manner; suitably; fitly; strictly; rightly; as, a word properly applied; a dress properly adjusted. Milton. 2. Individually; after one's own manner.
Now, harkeneth, how I bare me properly . Chaucer.
1. The quality of being proper. 2. Tallness; comeliness. [ Obsolete] Udall.
Propertied adjective Possessing property; holding real estate, or other investments of money. "The propertied and satisfied classes." M. Arnold.
; plural Properties
. [ Middle English proprete
, Old French propreté
property, French propreté
neatness, cleanliness, propriété
property, from Latin proprietas
. See Proper
, and confer Propriety
.] 1. That which is proper to anything; a peculiar quality of a thing; that which is inherent in a subject, or naturally essential to it; an attribute; as, sweetness is a property of sugar.
Property is correctly a synonym for peculiar quality; but it is frequently used as coextensive with quality in general. Sir W. Hamilton.
» In physical science, the properties of matter are distinguished to the three following classes: 1. Physical properties
, or those which result from the relations of bodies to the physical agents, light, heat, electricity, gravitation, cohesion, adhesion, etc., and which are exhibited without a change in the composition or kind of matter acted on. They are color, luster, opacity, transparency, hardness, sonorousness, density, crystalline form, solubility, capability of osmotic diffusion, vaporization, boiling, fusion, etc. 2. Chemical properties
, or those which are conditioned by affinity and composition; thus, combustion, explosion, and certain solutions are reactions occasioned by chemical properties. Chemical properties are identical when there is identity of composition and structure, and change according as the composition changes. 3. Organoleptic properties
, or those forming a class which can not be included in either of the other two divisions. They manifest themselves in the contact of substances with the organs of taste, touch, and smell, or otherwise affect the living organism, as in the manner of medicines and poisons. 2. An acquired or artificial quality; that which is given by art, or bestowed by man; as, the poem has the properties which constitute excellence. 3. The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying, and disposing of a thing; ownership; title.
Here I disclaim all my paternal care, Shak.
Propinquity and property of blood.
Shall man assume a property in man? Wordsworth. 4. That to which a person has a legal title, whether in his possession or not; thing owned; an estate, whether in lands, goods, or money; as, a man of large property , or small property . 5. plural All the adjuncts of a play except the scenery and the dresses of the actors; stage requisites.
I will draw a bill of properties . Shak. 6. Propriety; correctness.
[ Obsolete] Camden. Literary property
. (Law) See under Literary .
-- Property man
, one who has charge of the "properties" of a theater.
Property transitive verb 1. To invest which properties, or qualities.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. To make a property of; to appropriate.
They have here propertied me. Shak.
Prophane adjective & transitive verb See Profane .
[ New Latin , from Greek ... to show beforehand. See Pro-
, and Phasis
.] (Medicine) Foreknowledge of a disease; prognosis.
; plural Prophecies
, [ Middle English prophecie
, Old French profecie
, French prophétie
, Latin prophetia
, from Greek ...
, from ... to be an interpreter of the gods, to prophesy, from ... prophet. See Prophet
.] 1. A declaration of something to come; a foretelling; a prediction; esp., an inspired foretelling.
He hearkens after prophecies and dreams. Shak.
Prophecy came not in old time by the will of man. 2. Pet. i. 21. 2. (Script.) A book of prophecies; a history; as, the prophecy of Ahijah. 2 Chron. ix. 29. 3. Public interpretation of Scripture; preaching; exhortation or instruction.
Prophesier noun A prophet. Shak.
Prophesy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prophesied
; present participle & verbal noun Prophesying
.] [ See Prophecy
.] 1. To foretell; to predict; to prognosticate.
He doth not prophesy good concerning me. 1 Kings xxii. 8.
Then I perceive that will be verified Shak. 2. To foreshow; to herald; to prefigure.
Henry the Fifth did sometime prophesy .
Methought thy very gait did prophesy Shak.
A royal nobleness; I must embrace thee.
Prophesy intransitive verb
1. To utter predictions; to make declaration of events to come. Matt. xv. 7. 2. To give instruction in religious matters; to interpret or explain Scripture or religious subjects; to preach; to exhort; to expound. Ezek. xxxvii. 7.
[ French prophète
, Latin propheta
, from Greek ..., literally, one who speaks for another, especially, one who speaks for a god an interprets his will to man, from ... to say beforehand; ... for, before + ... to say or speak. See Fame
. ] 1. One who prophesies, or foretells events; a predicter; a foreteller. 2. One inspired or instructed by God to speak in his name, or announce future events, as, Moses, Elijah, etc. 3. An interpreter; a spokesman.
[ R.] Ex. vii. 1. 4. (Zoology) A mantis. School of the prophets (Anc. Jewish Hist.)
, a school or college in which young men were educated and trained for public teachers or members of the prophetic order. These students were called sons of the prophets .
Prophetess noun [ Confer French prophétesse , Latin prophetissa .] A female prophet.
Prophetic, Prophetical adjective
[ Latin propheticus
, Greek ...: confer French prophétique
.] Containing, or pertaining to, prophecy; foretelling events; as, prophetic writings; prophetic dreams; -- used with of before the thing foretold.
And fears are oft prophetic of the event. Dryden.
Propheticality noun Propheticalness.
Prophetically adverb In a prophetical manner; by way of prediction.
Propheticalness noun The quality or state of being prophetical; power or capacity to foretell.
Prophetize intransitive verb
[ Latin prophetizare
, Greek ...: confer French prophétiser
. Confer Prophesy
.] To give predictions; to foreshow events; to prophesy.
[ R.] " Prophetizing
Prophoric adjective [ Greek ..., from ... utterance.] Enunciative. [ R.]
; plural Prophragmata
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... before + ..., ..., fence, screen. ] (Zoology) An internal dorsal chitinous process between the first two divisions of the thorax of insects.
Prophylactic noun [ Confer French prophylactique .] (Medicine) A medicine which preserves or defends against disease; a preventive.
Prophylactic, Prophylactical adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to guard against; ... before + ... to guard: confer French prophylactique .] (Medicine) Defending or preserving from disease; preventive. Coxe.
[ New Latin See Prophylactic
.] (Medicine) The art of preserving from, or of preventing, disease; the observance of the rules necessary for the preservation of health; preservative or preventive treatment.
[ Middle English , from French propice
, See Propitious
.] Fit; propitious.
[ Obsolete] E. Hall.
Propidene noun [ Prop yl + ethyl idene .] (Chemistry) The unsymmetrical hypothetical hydrocarbon radical, CH 3 .CH 2 .CH, analogous to ethylidene, and regarded as the type of certain derivatives of propane; -- called also propylidene .
[ Latin propinatio
. See Propine
.] The act of pledging, or drinking first, and then offering the cup to another.
[ Obsolete] Abp. Potter.
Propine transitive verb
[ Latin propinare
, Greek ...; ... before + ... to drink.] 1. To pledge; to offer as a toast or a health in the manner of drinking, that is, by drinking first and passing the cup.
The lovely sorceress mixed, and to the prince C. Smart. 2. Hence, to give in token of friendship.
Health, peace, and joy propined .
[ Obsolete] 3. To give, or deliver; to subject.
[ Obsolete] Fotherby.
1. A pledge. [ Obsolete or Scot.] 2. A gift; esp., drink money. [ Obs or Scot.]
yl + eth ine
.] (Chemistry) Same as Allylene .
Propinquity noun [ Latin propinquitas , from propinquus near, neighboring, from prope near.]
1. Nearness in place; neighborhood; proximity. 2. Nearness in time. Sir T. Browne. 3. Nearness of blood; kindred; affinity. Shak.
Propinyl noun [ Propine + -yl .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical regarded as an essential residue of propine and allied compounds.
Propiolate noun A salt of propiolic acid.
Propiolic adjective [ Propi onic + tetr olic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid (called also propargylic acid) of the acetylene or tetrolic series, analogous to propionic acid, and obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Propionate noun (Chemistry) A salt of propionic acid.
Propione noun (Chemistry) The ketone of propionic acid, obtained as a colorless fragrant liquid.