Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Presignify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Presignified
; imperfect & past participle Presignifying
.] [ Latin praesignificare
before + significare
to signify.] To intimate or signify beforehand; to presage.
Presphenoid adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of the sphenoid bone; of or pertaining to the anterior part of the sphenoid bone ( i. e. , the presphenoid bone). Presphenoid bone (Anat.) , the anterior part of the body of the sphenoid bone in front of the basisphenoid. It is usually a separate bone in the young or fetus, but becomes a part of the sphenoid in the adult.
Presphenoid noun (Anat.) The presphenoid bone.
Presphenoidal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the presphenoid bone; presphenoid.
Prespinal adjective (Anat.) Prevertebral.
Press noun (Zoology) An East Indian insectivore ( Tupaia ferruginea ). It is arboreal in its habits, and has a bushy tail. The fur is soft, and varies from rusty red to maroon and to brownish black.
Press transitive verb
[ Corrupt. from prest
ready money advanced, a loan; hence, earnest money given soldiers on entering service. See Prest
] To force into service, particularly into naval service; to impress.
To peaceful peasant to the wars is pressed . Dryden.
[ For prest
, confused with press
.] A commission to force men into public service, particularly into the navy.
I have misused the king's press . Shak. Press gang
, or Pressgang
, a detachment of seamen under the command of an officer empowered to force men into the naval service. See Impress gang , under Impress .
-- Press money
, money paid to a man enlisted into public service. See Prest money , under Prest , adjective
Press transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pressed
; present participle & verbal noun Pressing
.] [ French presser
, from Latin pressare
to press, from premere
, to press. Confer Print
] 1. To urge, or act upon, with force, as weight; to act upon by pushing or thrusting, in distinction from pulling; to crowd or compel by a gradual and continued exertion; to bear upon; to squeeze; to compress; as, we press the ground with the feet when we walk; we press the couch on which we repose; we press substances with the hands, fingers, or arms; we are pressed in a crowd.
Good measure, pressed down, and shaken together. Luke vi. 38. 2. To squeeze, in order to extract the juice or contents of; to squeeze out, or express, from something.
From sweet kernels pressed , Milton.
She tempers dulcet creams.
And I took the grapes, and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and I gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand. Gen. xl. 11. 3. To squeeze in or with suitable instruments or apparatus, in order to compact, make dense, or smooth; as, to press cotton bales, paper, etc.; to smooth by ironing; as, to press clothes. 4. To embrace closely; to hug.
Leucothoe shook at these alarms, Pope. 5. To oppress; to bear hard upon.
And pressed Palemon closer in her arms.
Press not a falling man too far. Shak. 6. To straiten; to distress; as, to be pressed with want or hunger. 7. To exercise very powerful or irresistible influence upon or over; to constrain; to force; to compel.
Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ. Acts xviii. 5. 8. To try to force (something upon some one); to urge or inculcate with earnestness or importunity; to enforce; as, to press divine truth on an audience.
He pressed a letter upon me within this hour. Dryden.
Be sure to press upon him every motive. Addison. 9. To drive with violence; to hurry; to urge on; to ply hard; as, to press a horse in a race.
The posts . . . went cut, being hastened and pressed on, by the king's commandment. Esther viii. 14.
differs from drive
in usually denoting a slow or continued application of force; whereas drive
denote a sudden impulse of force. Pressed brick
. See under Brick .
Press intransitive verb 1. To exert pressure; to bear heavily; to push, crowd, or urge with steady force. 2. To move on with urging and crowding; to make one's way with violence or effort; to bear onward forcibly; to crowd; to throng; to encroach.
They pressed upon him for to touch him. Mark iii. 10. 3. To urge with vehemence or importunity; to exert a strong or compelling influence; as, an argument presses upon the judgment.
[ French presse
. See 4th Press
.] 1. An apparatus or machine by which any substance or body is pressed, squeezed, stamped, or shaped, or by which an impression of a body is taken; sometimes, the place or building containing a press or presses.
» Presses are differently constructed for various purposes in the arts, their specific uses being commonly designated; as, a cotton press
, a wine press
, a cider press
, a copying press
, etc. See Drill press
. 2. Specifically, a printing press. 3. The art or business of printing and publishing; hence, printed publications, taken collectively, more especially newspapers or the persons employed in writing for them; as, a free press is a blessing, a licentious press is a curse. 4. An upright case or closet for the safe keeping of articles; as, a clothes press . Shak. 5. The act of pressing or thronging forward.
In their throng and press to that last hold. Shak. 6. Urgent demands of business or affairs; urgency; as, a press of engagements. 7. A multitude of individuals crowded together; ... crowd of single things; a throng.
They could not come nigh unto him for the press . Mark ii. 4. Cylinder press
, a printing press in which the impression is produced by a revolving cylinder under which the form passes; also, one in which the form of type or plates is curved around a cylinder, instead of resting on a flat bed.
-- Hydrostatic press
. See under Hydrostatic .
-- Liberty of the press
, the free right of publishing books, pamphlets, or papers, without previous restraint or censorship, subject only to punishment for libelous, seditious, or morally pernicious matters.
-- Press bed
, a bed that may be folded, and inclosed, in a press or closet. Boswell.
-- Press of sail
, as much sail as the state of the wind will permit.
Press cake A cake of compressed substance, as: in gunpowder manufacture, the cake resulting from compressing the meal powder; in the treatment of coal tar, the pressed product at various stages of the process; or, in beet-sugar manufacture, the vegetable residue after the sugar juice has been expressed.
Press proof (Print.) (a) The last proof for correction before sending to press. (b) A proof taken on a press, esp. to show impression, margins, color, etc.
Press revise (Print.) A proof for final revision.
Pressboard noun A kind of highly sized rag paper or board, sometimes containing a small admixture of wood pulp; -- so called because used originally, as now, in presses for pressing and finishing knit underwear.
Presser noun One who, or that which, presses. Presser bar , or Presser wheel (Knitting machine) , a bar or wheel which closes the barbs of the needles to enable the loops of the yarn to pass over them. -- Presser foot , the part of a sewing machine which rests on the cloth and presses it down upon the table of the machine.
Pressgang noun See Press gang , under Press .
Pressing adjective Urgent; exacting; importunate; as, a pressing necessity. -- Press"ing*ly , adverb
[ Latin pressio
: confer French pression
. See 4th Press
.] 1. The act of pressing; pressure. Sir I. Newton. 2. (Cartesian Philos.) An endeavor to move.
[ Latin presssus
pressed (past participle of premere
) + rostrum
beak: confer French pressirostre
. See 4th Press
.] (Zoology) One of a tribe of wading birds ( Pressirostres ) including those which have a compressed beak, as the plovers.
Pressirostral adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the pressirosters.
[ See 4th Press
.] Gravitating; heavy.
[ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Pressive adjective Pressing; urgent; also, oppressive; as, pressive taxation. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Pressly adverb Closely; concisely. [ Obsolete]
; plural Pressmen 1. One who manages, or attends to, a press, esp. a printing press. 2. One who presses clothes; as, a tailor's pressman .
[ See 2d Press
.] One of a press gang, who aids in forcing men into the naval service; also, one forced into the service.
Pressor adjective (Physiol.) Causing, or giving rise to, pressure or to an increase of pressure; as, pressor nerve fibers, stimulation of which excites the vasomotor center, thus causing a stronger contraction of the arteries and consequently an increase of the arterial blood pressure; -- opposed to depressor . Landois & Stirling.
Presspack transitive verb To pack, or prepare for packing, by means of a press.
Pressurage noun [ French]
1. Pressure. 2. The juice of the grape extracted by the press; also, a fee paid for the use of a wine press.
[ Old French , from Latin pressura
, from premere
. See 4th Press
.] 1. The act of pressing, or the condition of being pressed; compression; a squeezing; a crushing; as, a pressure of the hand. 2. A contrasting force or impulse of any kind; as, the pressure of poverty; the pressure of taxes; the pressure of motives on the mind; the pressure of civilization.
Where the pressure of danger was not felt. Macaulay. 3. Affliction; distress; grievance.
My people's pressures are grievous. Eikon Basilike.
In the midst of his great troubles and pressures . Atterbury. 4. Urgency; as, the pressure of business. 5. Impression; stamp; character impressed.
All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past. Shak. 6. (Mech.) The action of a force against some obstacle or opposing force; a force in the nature of a thrust, distributed over a surface, often estimated with reference to the amount upon a unit's area. Atmospheric pressure
, Center of pressure
, etc. See under Atmospheric , Center , etc.
-- Back pressure (Steam engine)
, pressure which resists the motion of the piston, as the pressure of exhaust steam which does not find free outlet.
-- Fluid pressure
, pressure like that exerted by a fluid. It is a thrust which is normal and equally intense in all directions around a point. Rankine.
-- Pressure gauge
, a gauge for indicating fluid pressure; a manometer.
Pressure noun Electro-motive force.
Pressure wires (Electricity) Wires leading from various points of an electric system to a central station, where a voltmeter indicates the potential of the system at those points.
Presswork noun The art of printing from the surface of type, plates, or engravings in relief, by means of a press; the work so done. MacKellar.
1. Work done on or by a press. 2. (Metal Work) Act or process of pressing or drawing with dies or presses; also, the product of such work. 3. (Cabinetmaking) Work consisting of a series of cross-grained veneers united by glue, heat, and pressure. 4. Pottery produced by pressing clay into molds. 5. Usually Press work The work of a press agent. [ Chiefly Theat. Cant]
(prĕst), imperfect & past participle of Press .
[ Old French prest
, French prêt
, from Latin praestus
ready. Confer Presto
.] 1. Ready; prompt; prepared.
All prest to such battle he was. R. of Gloucester. 2. Neat; tidy; proper.
[ Obsolete] Tusser. Prest money
, money formerly paid to men when they enlisted into the British service; -- so called because it bound those that received it to be ready for service when called upon.
[ Old French prest
, French prêt
, from Old French prester
to lend, French prêter
, from Latin praestare
to stand before, to become surety for, to fulfill, offer, supply; prae
before + stare
to stand. See Pre-
, and Stand
, and confer Press
to force into service.] 1. Ready money; a loan of money.
Requiring of the city a prest of six thousand marks. Bacon. 2. (Law) A duty in money formerly paid by the sheriff on his account in the exchequer, or for money left or remaining in his hands. Cowell.
Prest transitive verb To give as a loan; to lend.
Sums of money . . . prested out in loan. E. Hall.
Prestable adjective Payable. [ Scot.]
Prestation noun [ Latin praestatio a performing, paying, from praestare : confer French prestation .] (O. Eng. Law) A payment of money; a toll or duty; also, the rendering of a service. Burrill. Prestation money , a sum of money paid yearly by archdeacons and other dignitaries to their bishop.
Prester noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to kindle or burn, and ... to blow up, swell out by blowing.]
1. A meteor or exhalation formerly supposed to be thrown from the clouds with such violence that by collision it is set on fire. [ Obsolete] 2. plural One of the veins of the neck when swollen with anger or other excitement. [ Obsolete]
[ Old French prestre
. See Priest
.] A priest or presbyter; as, Prester John.
Presternum noun [ New Latin ] (Anat.) The anterior segment of the sternum; the manubrium. -- Pre*ster"nal adjective
Prestidigital adjective Nimble- fingered; having fingers fit for prestidigitation, or juggling. [ R.] "His prestidigital hand." Charles Reade.
Prestidigitation noun Legerdemain; sleight of hand; juggling.
Prestidigitator noun [ Latin praesto ready + digitus finger: confer French prestidigitateur .] One skilled in legerdemain or sleight of hand; a juggler.
[ French, from Latin praestigum
delusion, illusion, praestigae
deceptions, jugglers' tricks, probably from prae
before + the root of stinguere
to extinguish, originally, to prick. See Stick
] 1. Delusion; illusion; trick.
The sophisms of infidelity, and the prestiges of imposture. Bp. Warburton. 2. Weight or influence derived from past success; expectation of future achievements founded on those already accomplished; force or charm derived from acknowledged character or reputation.
of his name must go for something." Sir G. C. Lewis.
[ Latin praestigiare
to deceive by juggling tricks, from praestigae
. See Prestige
.] Legerdemain; prestidigitation.
Prestigiator noun [ Latin praestigiator .] A juggler; prestidigitator. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Prestigiatory adjective Consisting of impostures; juggling. [ Obsolete] Barrow.