Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer Brill
.] (Zoology) The brill.
Prill intransitive verb To flow. [ Obsolete] Stow.
Prill noun A stream. [ Obsolete] Davies (Microcosmos).
Prill noun [ Etymol. uncertain.]
1. (Mining) (a) A nugget of virgin metal. (b) Ore selected for excellence. 2. The button of metal from an assay.
Prillion noun Tin extracted from the slag.
[ See Privet
.] (Bot) The privet.
[ Old French prim
, prime, first, principal. sharp, thin, piercing, from Latin primus
first. See Prime
] Formal; precise; affectedly neat or nice; as, prim regularity; a prim person. Swift.
Prim transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Primmed
; present participle & verbal noun Primming
.] To deck with great nicety; to arrange with affected preciseness; to prink.
Prim intransitive verb To dress or act smartly. [ R.]
English Prima donnas
, Italian Prime Donne
. [ Italian , from primo
, the first + donna
lady, mistress. See Prime
, and Donna
.] The first or chief female singer in an opera.
Prima facie [ Latin , from abl. of primus first + abl. of facies appearance.] At first view; on the first appearance. Prima facie evidence (of a fact) (Law) , evidence which is sufficient to establish the fact unless rebutted. Bouvier.
[ Late Latin primatia
, from Latin primas
, one of the first or principal, chief, from primus
first: confer French primatie
. See Prime
] 1. The state or condition of being prime or first, as in time, place, rank, etc., hence, excellency; supremacy.
[ R.] De Quincey. 2. The office, rank, or character of a primate; the chief ecclesiastical station or dignity in a national church; the office or dignity of an archbishop; as, the primacy of England.
Primage noun [ French] (Com.) A charge in addition to the freight; originally, a gratuity to the captain for his particular care of the goods (sometimes called hat money ), but now belonging to the owners or freighters of the vessel, unless by special agreement the whole or part is assigned to the captain. Homans.
[ Late Latin primalis
, from Latin primus
the first. See Prime
] First; primary; original; chief.
It hath the primal eldest curse upon it. Shak.
The primal duties shine aloft like stars. Wordsworth.
Primality noun The quality or state of being primal. [ Obsolete]
Primarily adverb In a primary manner; in the first place; in the first place; in the first intention; originally.
Primariness noun The quality or state of being primary, or first in time, in act, or in intention. Norris.
[ Latin primarius
, from primus
first: confer French primaire
. See Prime
, and confer Premier
.] 1. First in order of time or development or in intention; primitive; fundamental; original.
The church of Christ, in its primary institution. Bp. Pearson.
These I call original, or primary , qualities of body. Locke. 2. First in order, as being preparatory to something higher; as, primary assemblies; primary schools. 3. First in dignity or importance; chief; principal; as, primary planets; a matter of primary importance. 4. (Geol.) Earliest formed; fundamental. 5. (Chemistry) Illustrating, possessing, or characterized by, some quality or property in the first degree; having undergone the first stage of substitution or replacement. Primary alcohol (Organic Chem.)
, any alcohol which possess the group CH 2 .OH, and can be oxidized so as to form a corresponding aldehyde and acid having the same number of carbon atoms; -- distinguished from secondary & tertiary alcohols .
-- Primary amine (Chemistry)
, an amine containing the amido group, or a derivative of ammonia in which only one atom of hydrogen has been replaced by a basic radical; -- distinguished from secondary & tertiary amines .
-- Primary amputation (Surg.)
, an amputation for injury performed as soon as the shock due to the injury has passed away, and before symptoms of inflammation supervene.
-- Primary axis (Botany)
, the main stalk which bears a whole cluster of flowers.
-- Primary colors
. See under Color .
-- Primary meeting
, a meeting of citizens at which the first steps are taken towards the nomination of candidates, etc. See Caucus .
-- Primary pinna (Botany)
, one of those portions of a compound leaf or frond which branch off directly from the main rhachis or stem, whether simple or compounded.
-- Primary planets
. (Astron.) See the Note under Planet .
-- Primary qualities of bodies
, such are essential to and inseparable from them.
-- Primary quills (Zoology)
, the largest feathers of the wing of a bird; primaries.
-- Primary rocks (Geol.)
, a term early used for rocks supposed to have been first formed, being crystalline and containing no organic remains, as granite, gneiss, etc.; -- called also primitive rocks . The terms Secondary , Tertiary , and Quaternary rocks have also been used in like manner, but of these the last two only are now in use.
-- Primary salt (Chemistry)
, a salt derived from a polybasic acid in which only one acid hydrogen atom has been replaced by a base or basic radical.
-- Primary syphilis (Medicine)
, the initial stage of syphilis, including the period from the development of the original lesion or chancre to the first manifestation of symptoms indicative of general constitutional infection.
-- Primary union (Surg.)
, union without suppuration; union by the first intention.
; plural Primaries 1. That which stands first in order, rank, or importance; a chief matter. 2. A primary meeting; a caucus. 3. (Zoology) One of the large feathers on the distal joint of a bird's wing. See Plumage , and Illust. of Bird . 4. (Astron.) A primary planet; the brighter component of a double star. See under Planet .
[ Middle English primat
, French primat
, Latin primas
one of the first, chief, from primus
the first. See Prime
] 1. The chief ecclesiastic in a national church; one who presides over other bishops in a province; an archbishop. 2. (Zoology) One of the Primates.
Primates noun plural
[ New Latin ] (Zoology) The highest order of mammals. It includes man, together with the apes and monkeys. Confer Pitheci .
Primateship noun The office, dignity, or position of a primate; primacy.
Primatial adjective [ Confer French primatial .] Primatical. [ R.] D'Anville (Trans. ).
Primatical adjective Of or pertaining to a primate. Barrow.
[ French, from Latin primus
first, a superl. corresponding to the compar. prior
former. See Prior
, and confer Prim
.] 1. First in order of time; original; primeval; primitive; primary.
She was not the prime cause, but I myself. Milton.
» In this sense the word is nearly superseded by primitive
, except in the phrase prime cost
. 2. First in rank, degree, dignity, authority, or importance; as, prime minister.
virtues." Dryden. 3. First in excellence; of highest quality; as, prime wheat; a prime quality of cloth. 4. Early; blooming; being in the first stage.
His starry helm, unbuckled, showed him prime Milton. 5. Lecherous; lustful; lewd.
In manhood where youth ended.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 6. Marked or distinguished by a mark (′) called a prime mark . Prime and ultimate ratio
. See Ultimate .
-- Prime conductor
. (Electricity) See under Conductor .
-- Prime factor (Arith.)
, a factor which is a prime number.
-- Prime figure (Geom.)
, a figure which can not be divided into any other figure more simple than itself, as a triangle, a pyramid, etc.
-- Prime meridian (Astron.)
, the meridian from which longitude is reckoned, as the meridian of Greenwich or Washington.
-- Prime minister
, the responsible head of a ministry or executive government; applied particularly to that of England.
-- Prime mover
. (Mech.) (a) A natural agency applied by man to the production of power. Especially: Muscular force; the weight and motion of fluids, as water and air; heat obtained by chemical combination, and applied to produce changes in the volume and pressure of steam, air, or other fluids; and electricity, obtained by chemical action, and applied to produce alternation of magnetic force. (b) An engine, or machine, the object of which is to receive and modify force and motion as supplied by some natural source, and apply them to drive other machines; as a water wheel, a water-pressure engine, a steam engine, a hot-air engine, etc. (c)
Fig.: The original or the most effective force in any undertaking or work; as, Clarkson was the prime mover in English antislavery agitation.
-- Prime number (Arith.)
, a number which is exactly divisible by no number except itself or unity, as 5, 7, 11.
-- Prime vertical (Astron.)
, the vertical circle which passes through the east and west points of the horizon.
-- Prime-vertical dial
, a dial in which the shadow is projected on the plane of the prime vertical.
-- Prime-vertical transit instrument
, a transit instrument the telescope of which revolves in the plane of the prime vertical, -- used for observing the transit of stars over this circle.
Prime noun 1. The first part; the earliest stage; the beginning or opening, as of the day, the year, etc.; hence, the dawn; the spring. Chaucer.
In the very prime of the world. Hooker.
Hope waits upon the flowery prime . Waller. 2. The spring of life; youth; hence, full health, strength, or beauty; perfection.
"Cut off in their prime
of youth." Dryden. 3. That which is first in quantity; the most excellent portion; the best part.
Give him always of the prime . Swift. 4.
[ French prime
, Late Latin prima
). See Prime
] The morning; specifically (R. C. Ch.) , the first canonical hour, succeeding to lauds.
Early and late it rung, at evening and at prime . Spenser.
» Originally, prime
denoted the first quarter of the artificial day, reckoned from 6 adjective m.
to 6 p. m.
Afterwards, it denoted the end of the first quarter, that is, 9 adjective m.
Specifically, it denoted the first canonical hour, as now. Chaucer uses it in all these senses, and also in the sense of def. 1, above.
They sleep till that it was pryme large. Chaucer. 5. (Fencing) The first of the chief guards. 6. (Chemistry) Any number expressing the combining weight or equivalent of any particular element; -- so called because these numbers were respectively reduced to their lowest relative terms on the fixed standard of hydrogen as 1.
[ Obsolete or Archaic] 7. (Arith.) A prime number. See under Prime , adjective 8. An inch, as composed of twelve seconds in the duodecimal system; -- denoted by [ ′]. See 2d Inch , noun , 1. Prime of the moon
, the new moon at its first appearance.
Prime transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Primed
; present participle & verbal noun Priming
.] [ From Prime
] 1. To apply priming to, as a musket or a cannon; to apply a primer to, as a metallic cartridge. 2. To lay the first color, coating, or preparation upon (a surface), as in painting; as, to prime a canvas, a wall. 3. To prepare; to make ready; to instruct beforehand; to post; to coach; as, to prime a witness; the boys are primed for mischief.
[ Colloq.] Thackeray. 4. To trim or prune, as trees.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] 5. (Math.) To mark with a prime mark. To prime a pump
, to charge a pump with water, in order to put it in working condition.
Prime intransitive verb 1. To be renewed, or as at first.
Night's bashful empress, though she often wane, Quarles. 2. To serve as priming for the charge of a gun. 3. To work so that foaming occurs from too violent ebullition, which causes water to become mixed with, and be carried along with, the steam that is formed; -- said of a steam boiler.
As oft repeats her darkness, primes again.
Prime adjective (Math.) (a) Divisible by no number except itself or unity; as, 7 is a prime number. (b) Having no common factor; -- used with to ; as, 12 is prime to 25.
1. At first; primarily. [ Obsolete] South. 2. In a prime manner; excellently.
1. The quality or state of being first. 2. The quality or state of being prime, or excellent.
Primer noun One who, or that which, primes ; specifically, an instrument or device for priming; esp., a cap, tube, or water containing percussion powder or other compound for igniting a charge of gunpowder.
[ Old French primer
, French premier
. See Premier
.] First; original; primary.
[ Obsolete] "The primer
English kings." Drayton. Primer fine (O. Eng. Law)
, a fine due to the king on the writ or commencement of a suit by fine. Blackstone.
-- Primer seizin (Feudal Law)
, the right of the king, when a tenant in capite died seized of a knight's fee, to receive of the heir, if of full age, one year's profits of the land if in possession, and half a year's profits if the land was in reversion expectant on an estate for life; -- now abolished. Blackstone.
[ Originally, the book read at prime
, the first canonical hour. Late Latin primae liber
. See Prime
, 4.] 1. Originally, a small prayer book for church service, containing the little office of the Virgin Mary; also, a work of elementary religious instruction.
The primer , or office of the Blessed Virgin. Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. A small elementary book for teaching children to read; a reading or spelling book for a beginner.
As he sat in the school at his prymer . Chaucer. 3. (Print.) A kind of type, of which there are two species; one, called long primer , intermediate in size between bourgeois and small pica [ see Long primer ]; the other, called great primer , larger than pica. Great primer type.
[ Spanish primera
, from primero
first, from Latin primarius
. See Premier
.] A game at cards, now unknown. Shak.
Primerole noun (Botany) See Primrose .
[ Obsolete] "She was a primerole
[ Latin primaevus
first + aevum
age. See Prime
, and Age
.] Belonging to the first ages; pristine; original; primitive; primary; as, the primeval innocence of man.
"This is the forest primeval
From chaos, and primeval darkness, came Light. Keats.
Primevally adverb In a primeval manner; in or from the earliest times; originally. Darwin.
Primevous adjective Primeval. [ Obsolete]
Primigenial adjective First born, or first of all; original; primary. See Primogenial .
Primigenious, Primigenous adjective
[ Latin primigenus
. See Primogeniture
.] First formed or generated; original; primigenial. Bp. Hall.
[ Latin primus
first: confer French primine
.] (Botany) The outermost of the two integuments of an ovule.
» This word has been used by some writers to denote the inner integument, which is formed earlier than the outer. Confer Secundine
Priming noun 1. The powder or other combustible used to communicate fire to a charge of gunpowder, as in a firearm. 2. (Paint.) The first coating of color, size, or the like, laid on canvas, or on a building, or other surface. 3. (Steam Eng.) The carrying over of water, with the steam, from the boiler, as into the cylinder. Priming of the tide
. See Lag of the tide , under 2d Lag .
-- Priming tube
, a small pipe, filled with a combustible composition for firing cannon.
-- Priming valve (Steam Eng.)
, a spring safety valve applied to the cylinder of a steam engine for discharging water carried into the cylinder by priming.
-- Priming wire
, a pointed wire used to penetrate the vent of a piece, for piercing the cartridge before priming.
Primipara noun [ Latin , from primus first + parere to bring forth.] (Medicine) A woman who bears a child for the first time.
[ See Primipara
.] Belonging to a first birth; bearing young for the first time.
Primipilar adjective [ Latin primipilaris , from primipilus the centurion of the first cohort of a Roman legion, from primus pilus the division made up of the triarii in the Roman army.] Of or pertaining to the captain of the vanguard of a Roman army. Barrow.
; plural Primitiæ
, obsolete ). [ Latin primitiae
, plural, from primus
first. Confer Premices
.] (Eng. Law) The first fruit; the first year's whole profit of an ecclesiastical preferment.
The primitias of your parsonage. Spenser.
Primitial adjective Being of the first production; primitive; original. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.
[ Latin primitivus
, from primus
the first: confer French primitif
. See Prime
] 1. Of or pertaining to the beginning or origin, or to early times; original; primordial; primeval; first; as, primitive innocence; the primitive church.
great sire." Milton. 2. Of or pertaining to a former time; old- fashioned; characterized by simplicity; as, a primitive style of dress. 3. Original; primary; radical; not derived; as, primitive verb in grammar. Primitive axes of coördinate (Geom.)
, that system of axes to which the points of a magnitude are first referred, with reference to a second set or system, to which they are afterward referred.
-- Primitive chord (Mus.)
, that chord, the lowest note of which is of the same literal denomination as the fundamental base of the harmony; -- opposed to derivative . Moore (Encyc. of Music).
-- Primitive circle (Spherical Projection)
, the circle cut from the sphere to be projected, by the primitive plane.
-- Primitive colors (Paint.)
, primary colors. See under Color .
-- Primitive Fathers (Eccl.)
, the acknowledged Christian writers who flourished before the Council of Nice, A. D. 325. Shipley.
-- Primitive groove (Anat.)
, a depression or groove in the epiblast of the primitive streak. It is not connected with the medullary groove, which appears later and in front of it.
-- Primitive plane (Spherical Projection)
, the plane upon which the projections are made, generally coinciding with some principal circle of the sphere, as the equator or a meridian.
-- Primitive rocks (Geol.)
, primary rocks. See under Primary .
-- Primitive sheath
. (Anat.) See Neurilemma .
-- Primitive streak
or trace (Anat.)
, an opaque and thickened band where the mesoblast first appears in the vertebrate blastoderm. Syn.
-- First; original; radical; pristine; ancient; primeval; antiquated; old-fashioned.
Primitive noun An original or primary word; a word not derived from another; -- opposed to derivative .
1. Originally; at first. 2. Primarily; not derivatively. 3. According to the original rule or ancient practice; in the ancient style. South.
Primitiveness noun The quality or state of being primitive; conformity to primitive style or practice.