Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Prevenance noun [ French prévenance .] (Metaph.) A going before; anticipation in sequence or order. "The law of prevenance is simply the well-known law of phenomenal sequence." Ward.
Prevenancy noun The act of anticipating another's wishes, desires, etc., in the way of favor or courtesy; hence, civility; obligingness. [ Obsolete] Sterne.
Prevene transitive verb & i.
[ French prévenir
, Latin praevenire
. See Prevent
.] To come before; to anticipate; hence, to hinder; to prevent.
[ Obsolete] Philips.
Prevenience noun The act of going before; anticipation. [ R.]
Prevenient adjective [ Latin praeveniens , present participle] Going before; preceding; hence, preventive. " Prevenient grace descending." Milton.
Prevent transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prevented
; present participle & verbal noun Preventing
.] [ Latin praevenire
before + venire
to come. See Come
.] 1. To go before; to precede; hence, to go before as a guide; to direct.
We which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. 1 Thess. iv. 15.
We pray thee that thy grace may always prevent and follow us. Bk. of Common Prayer.
Then had I come, preventing Sheba's queen. Prior. 2. To be beforehand with; to anticipate.
Their ready guilt preventing thy commands. Pope. 3. To intercept; to hinder; to frustrate; to stop; to thwart.
"This vile purpose to prevent
Perhaps forestalling night prevented them. Milton.
Prevent intransitive verb To come before the usual time.
Strawberries . . . will prevent and come early. Bacon.
Preventability noun The quality or state of being preventable.
Preventable adjective Capable of being prevented or hindered; as, preventable diseases.
Preventative noun That which prevents; -- incorrectly used instead of preventive .
Preventer noun 1. One who goes before; one who forestalls or anticipates another.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. One who prevents or obstructs; a hinderer; that which hinders; as, a preventer of evils or of disease. 3. (Nautical) An auxiliary rope to strengthen a mast. Preventer bolts
, or Preventer plates (Nautical)
, fixtures connected with preventers to reënforce other rigging.
-- Preventer stay
. (Nautical) Same as Preventer , 3.
Preventingly adverb So as to prevent or hinder.
[ Confer French prévention
.] 1. The act of going, or state of being, before.
The greater the distance, the greater the prevention . Bacon. 2. Anticipation; esp., anticipation of needs or wishes; hence, precaution; forethought.
[ Obsolete] Hammond. Shak. 3. The act of preventing or hindering; obstruction of action, access, or approach; thwarting. South.
Casca, be sudden, for we fear prevention . Shak. 4. Prejudice; prepossession.
[ A Gallicism] Dryden.
Preventional adjective Tending to prevent. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer French préventif
.] 1. Going before; preceding.
Any previous counsel or preventive understanding. Cudworth. 2. Tending to defeat or hinder; obviating; preventing the access of; as, a medicine preventive of disease.
Physic is either curative or preventive . Sir T. Browne. Preventive service
, the duty performed by the armed police in guarding the coast against smuggling.
Preventive noun That which prevents, hinders, or obstructs; that which intercepts access; in medicine, something to prevent disease; a prophylactic.
Preventively adverb In a preventive manner.
Prevertebral adjective (Anat.) Situated immediately in front, or on the ventral side, of the vertebral column; prespinal.
[ Latin praevius
going before, leading the way; prae
before + via
the way. See Voyage
.] Going before in time; being or happening before something else; antecedent; prior; as, previous arrangements; a previous illness.
The dull sound . . . previous to the storm, Thomson. Previous question
Rolls o'er the muttering earth.
. (Parliamentary Practice) See under Question , and compare Closure .
-- Previous to
, before; -- often used adverbially for previously .
" Previous to
publication." M. Arnold.
"A policy . . . his friends had advised previous to
1710." J. H. Newman. Syn.
-- Antecedent; preceding; anterior; prior; foregoing; former.
Previously adverb Beforehand; antecedently; as, a plan previously formed.
Previousness noun The quality or state of being previous; priority or antecedence in time.
Previse transitive verb
[ Latin praevisus
, past participle of praevidere
to foresee; prae
before + videre
to see. See Vision
.] 1. To foresee.
[ R.] 2. To inform beforehand; to warn. Ld. Lytton.
Prevision noun [ Confer French prévision .] Foresight; foreknowledge; prescience. H. Spencer.
Prevoyant adjective [ French prévoyant .] Foreseeing; prescient. [ R.] Mrs. Oliphant.
Prewarn transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Prewarned
; present participle & verbal noun Prewarning
.] To warn beforehand; to forewarn.
[ Old French preie
, French proie
, Latin praeda
, probably for praeheda
. See Prehensile
, and confer Depredate
.] Anything, as goods, etc., taken or got by violence; anything taken by force from an enemy in war; spoil; booty; plunder.
And they brought the captives, and the prey , and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest. Num. xxxi. 12. 2. That which is or may be seized by animals or birds to be devoured; hence, a person given up as a victim.
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey . Job iv. ii.
Already sees herself the monster's prey . Dryden. 3. The act of devouring other creatures; ravage.
Hog in sloth, fox in stealth, . . . lion in prey . Shak. Beast of prey
, a carnivorous animal; one that feeds on the flesh of other animals.
Prey intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Preyed
; present participle & verbal noun Preying
.] [ Old French preier
, Latin praedari
, from praeda
. See Prey
] To take booty; to gather spoil; to ravage; to take food by violence.
More pity that the eagle should be mewed, Shak. To prey on
While kites and buzzards prey at liberty.
. (a) To take prey from; to despoil; to pillage; to rob
. Shak. (b) To seize as prey; to take for food by violence; to seize and devour. Shak. (c) To wear away gradually; to cause to waste or pine away; as, the trouble preyed upon his mind. Addison.
Preyer noun One who, or that which, preys; a plunderer; a waster; a devourer. Hooker.
Preyful adjective 1. Disposed to take prey.
The preyful brood of savage beasts. Chapman. 2. Rich in prey.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
; plural Prezygapophyses
. [ New Latin See Pre-
, and Zygapophysis
.] (Anat.) An anterior zygapophysis.
Prial noun A corruption of pair royal . See under Pair , noun
Prian noun [ Cornish, clayey ground, from pri clay.] (Mining) A fine, white, somewhat friable clay; also, the ore contained in a mixture of clay and pebbles. [ Written also pryan .]
Priapean noun [ Confer Latin Priapeius pertaining to Priapus.] (Lat. Pros.) A species of hexameter verse so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each, having generally a trochee in the first and the fourth foot, and an amphimacer in the third; -- applied also to a regular hexameter verse when so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each. Andrews.
Priapism noun [ Latin priapismus , Greek ..., from Priapus the god of procreation, the penis, Greek ...: confer French priapisme .] (Medicine) More or less permanent erection and rigidity of the penis, with or without sexual desire.
Priapulacea noun plural
[ New Latin See Priapism
.] (Zoology) A suborder of Gephyræa, having a cylindrical body with a terminal anal opening, and usually with one or two caudal gills.
Pricasour noun A hard rider. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English pris
, Old French pris
, French prix
, Latin pretium
; confer Greek ... I sell ... to buy, Sanskrit pa...
to buy, OI. renim
I sell. Confer Appreciate
, noun & v.
.] 1. The sum or amount of money at which a thing is valued, or the value which a seller sets on his goods in market; that for which something is bought or sold, or offered for sale; equivalent in money or other means of exchange; current value or rate paid or demanded in market or in barter; cost.
"Buy wine and milk without money and without price
." Isa. lv. 1.
We can afford no more at such a price . Shak. 2. Value; estimation; excellence; worth.
Her price is far above rubies. Prov. xxxi. 10.
New treasures still, of countless price . Keble. 3. Reward; recompense; as, the price of industry.
'T is the price of toil, Pope. Price current
The knave deserves it when he tills the soil.
, or Price list
, a statement or list of the prevailing prices of merchandise, stocks, specie, bills of exchange, etc., published statedly or occasionally.
Price transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Priced
; present participle & verbal noun Pricing
.] 1. To pay the price of.
With thine own blood to price his blood. Spenser. 2. To set a price on; to value. See Prize . 3. To ask the price of; as, to price eggs.
Priced adjective Rated in price; valued; as, high- priced goods; low- priced labor.
Priceite noun [ From Thomas Price of San Francisco.] (Min.) A hydrous borate of lime, from Oregon.
1. Too valuable to admit of being appraised; of inestimable worth; invaluable. 2. Of no value; worthless. [ R.] J. Barlow.
[ Anglo-Saxon prica
; akin to LG. prick
, Dutch prik
, Danish prik
, Swedish prick
. Confer Prick
] 1. That which pricks, penetrates, or punctures; a sharp and slender thing; a pointed instrument; a goad; a spur, etc.; a point; a skewer.
Pins, wooden pricks , nails, sprigs of rosemary. Shak.
It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks . Acts ix. 5. 2. The act of pricking, or the sensation of being pricked; a sharp, stinging pain; figuratively, remorse.
of conscience." A. Tucker. 3. A mark made by a pointed instrument; a puncture; a point.
Hence: (a) A point or mark on the dial, noting the hour.
[ Obsolete] "The prick
of noon." Shak. (b) The point on a target at which an archer aims; the mark; the pin.
"They that shooten nearest the prick
." Spenser. (c) A mark denoting degree; degree; pitch.
[ Obsolete] "To prick
of highest praise forth to advance." Spenser. (d) A mathematical point; -- regularly used in old English translations of Euclid. (e) The footprint of a hare.
[ Obsolete] 4. (Nautical) A small roll; as, a prick of spun yarn; a prick of tobacco.
Prick transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pricked
; present participle & verbal noun Pricking
.] [ Anglo-Saxon prician
; akin to LG. pricken
, Dutch prikken
, Danish prikke
, Swedish pricka
. See Prick
, and confer Prink
.] 1. To pierce slightly with a sharp- pointed instrument or substance; to make a puncture in, or to make by puncturing; to drive a fine point into; as, to prick one with a pin, needle, etc.; to prick a card; to prick holes in paper. 2. To fix by the point; to attach or hang by puncturing; as, to prick a knife into a board. Sir I. Newton.
The cooks prick it [ a slice] on a prong of iron. Sandys. 3. To mark or denote by a puncture; to designate by pricking; to choose; to mark; -- sometimes with off .
Some who are pricked for sheriffs. Bacon.
Let the soldiers for duty be carefully pricked off. Sir W. Scott.
Those many, then, shall die: their names are pricked . Shak. 4. To mark the outline of by puncturing; to trace or form by pricking; to mark by punctured dots; as, to prick a pattern for embroidery; to prick the notes of a musical composition. Cowper. 5. To ride or guide with spurs; to spur; to goad; to incite; to urge on; -- sometimes with on , or off .
Who pricketh his blind horse over the fallows. Chaucer.
The season pricketh every gentle heart. Chaucer.
My duty pricks me on to utter that. Shak. 6. To affect with sharp pain; to sting, as with remorse.
"I was pricked
with some reproof." Tennyson.
Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart. Acts ii. 37. 7. To make sharp; to erect into a point; to raise, as something pointed; -- said especially of the ears of an animal, as a horse or dog; and usually followed by up ; -- hence, to prick up the ears , to listen sharply; to have the attention and interest strongly engaged.
"The courser . . . pricks
up his ears." Dryden. 8. To render acid or pungent.
[ Obsolete] Hudibras. 9. To dress; to prink; -- usually with up .
[ Obsolete] 10. (Naut) (a) To run a middle seam through, as the cloth of a sail. (b) To trace on a chart, as a ship's course. 11. (Far.) (a) To drive a nail into (a horse's foot), so as to cause lameness. (b) To nick.
Prick intransitive verb 1. To be punctured; to suffer or feel a sharp pain, as by puncture; as, a sore finger pricks . 2. To spur onward; to ride on horseback. Milton.
A gentle knight was pricking on the plain. Spenser. 3. To become sharp or acid; to turn sour, as wine. 4. To aim at a point or mark. Hawkins.
Prick-eared adjective (Zoology) Having erect, pointed ears; -- said of certain dogs.
Thou prick-eared cur of Iceland. Shak.
Pricker noun 1. One who, or that which, pricks; a pointed instrument; a sharp point; a prickle. 2. One who spurs forward; a light horseman.
The prickers , who rode foremost, . . . halted. Sir W. Scott. 3. A priming wire; a priming needle, -- used in blasting and gunnery. Knight. 4. (Nautical) A small marline spike having generally a wooden handle, -- used in sailmaking. R. H. Dana, Ir.
[ Perhaps so called from the state of his horns. See Prick
, and confer Brocket
.] (Zoology) A buck in his second year. See Note under 3d Buck . Shak.
Pricking noun 1. The act of piercing or puncturing with a sharp point.
"There is that speaketh like the prickings
of a sword." Prov. xii. 18 [ 1583]. 2. (Far.) (a) The driving of a nail into a horse's foot so as to produce lameness. (b) Same as Nicking . 3. A sensation of being pricked. Shak. 4. The mark or trace left by a hare's foot; a prick; also, the act of tracing a hare by its footmarks.
[ Obsolete] 5. Dressing one's self for show; prinking.
Pricking-up noun (Architecture) The first coating of plaster in work of three coats upon laths. Its surface is scratched once to form a better key for the next coat. In the United States called scratch coat . Brande & C.