Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Prevenance noun [ French prévenance .] (Metaph.) A going before; anticipation in sequence or order. "The law of prevenance is simply the well-known law of phenomenal sequence." Ward.

Prevenancy noun The act of anticipating another's wishes, desires, etc., in the way of favor or courtesy; hence, civility; obligingness. [ Obsolete] Sterne.

Prevene transitive verb & i. [ French prévenir , Latin praevenire . See Prevent .] To come before; to anticipate; hence, to hinder; to prevent. [ Obsolete] Philips.

Prevenience noun The act of going before; anticipation. [ R.]

Prevenient adjective [ Latin praeveniens , present participle] Going before; preceding; hence, preventive. " Prevenient grace descending." Milton.

Prevent transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Prevented ; present participle & verbal noun Preventing .] [ Latin praevenire , praeventum ; prae before + venire to come. See Come .]
1. To go before; to precede; hence, to go before as a guide; to direct. [ Obsolete]

We which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.
1 Thess. iv. 15.

We pray thee that thy grace may always prevent and follow us.
Bk. of Common Prayer.

Then had I come, preventing Sheba's queen.

2. To be beforehand with; to anticipate. [ Obsolete]

Their ready guilt preventing thy commands.

3. To intercept; to hinder; to frustrate; to stop; to thwart. "This vile purpose to prevent ." Shak.

Perhaps forestalling night prevented them.

Prevent intransitive verb To come before the usual time. [ Obsolete]

Strawberries . . . will prevent and come early.

Preventability noun The quality or state of being preventable.

Preventable adjective Capable of being prevented or hindered; as, preventable diseases.

Preventative noun That which prevents; -- incorrectly used instead of preventive .

Preventer noun
1. One who goes before; one who forestalls or anticipates another. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

2. One who prevents or obstructs; a hinderer; that which hinders; as, a preventer of evils or of disease.

3. (Nautical) An auxiliary rope to strengthen a mast.

Preventer bolts , or Preventer plates (Nautical) , fixtures connected with preventers to reënforce other rigging. -- Preventer stay . (Nautical) Same as Preventer , 3.

Preventingly adverb So as to prevent or hinder.

Prevention noun [ Confer French prévention .]
1. The act of going, or state of being, before. [ Obsolete]

The greater the distance, the greater the prevention .

2. Anticipation; esp., anticipation of needs or wishes; hence, precaution; forethought. [ Obsolete] Hammond. Shak.

3. The act of preventing or hindering; obstruction of action, access, or approach; thwarting. South.

Casca, be sudden, for we fear prevention .

4. Prejudice; prepossession. [ A Gallicism] Dryden.

Preventional adjective Tending to prevent. [ Obsolete]

Preventive adjective [ Confer French préventif .]
1. Going before; preceding. [ Obsolete]

Any previous counsel or preventive understanding.

2. Tending to defeat or hinder; obviating; preventing the access of; as, a medicine preventive of disease.

Physic is either curative or preventive .
Sir T. Browne.

Preventive service , the duty performed by the armed police in guarding the coast against smuggling. [ Eng]

Preventive noun That which prevents, hinders, or obstructs; that which intercepts access; in medicine, something to prevent disease; a prophylactic.

Preventively adverb In a preventive manner.

Prevertebral adjective (Anat.) Situated immediately in front, or on the ventral side, of the vertebral column; prespinal.

Previous adjective [ Latin praevius going before, leading the way; prae before + via the way. See Voyage .] Going before in time; being or happening before something else; antecedent; prior; as, previous arrangements; a previous illness.

The dull sound . . . previous to the storm,
Rolls o'er the muttering earth.

Previous question . (Parliamentary Practice) See under Question , and compare Closure . -- Previous to , before; -- often used adverbially for previously . " Previous to publication." M. Arnold. "A policy . . . his friends had advised previous to 1710." J. H. Newman.

Syn. -- Antecedent; preceding; anterior; prior; foregoing; former.

Previously adverb Beforehand; antecedently; as, a plan previously formed.

Previousness noun The quality or state of being previous; priority or antecedence in time.

Previse transitive verb [ Latin praevisus , past participle of praevidere to foresee; prae before + videre to see. See Vision .]
1. To foresee. [ R.]

2. To inform beforehand; to warn. Ld. Lytton.

Prevision noun [ Confer French prévision .] Foresight; foreknowledge; prescience. H. Spencer.

Prevoyant adjective [ French prévoyant .] Foreseeing; prescient. [ R.] Mrs. Oliphant.

Prewarn transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Prewarned ; present participle & verbal noun Prewarning .] To warn beforehand; to forewarn. [ R.]

Prey noun [ Old French preie , French proie , Latin praeda , probably for praeheda . See Prehensile , and confer Depredate , Predatory .] Anything, as goods, etc., taken or got by violence; anything taken by force from an enemy in war; spoil; booty; plunder.

And they brought the captives, and the prey , and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest.
Num. xxxi. 12.

2. That which is or may be seized by animals or birds to be devoured; hence, a person given up as a victim.

The old lion perisheth for lack of prey .
Job iv. ii.

Already sees herself the monster's prey .

3. The act of devouring other creatures; ravage.

Hog in sloth, fox in stealth, . . . lion in prey .

Beast of prey , a carnivorous animal; one that feeds on the flesh of other animals.

Prey intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Preyed ; present participle & verbal noun Preying .] [ Old French preier , preer , Latin praedari , from praeda . See Prey , noun ] To take booty; to gather spoil; to ravage; to take food by violence.

More pity that the eagle should be mewed,
While kites and buzzards prey at liberty.

To prey on or upon . (a) To take prey from; to despoil; to pillage; to rob . Shak. (b) To seize as prey; to take for food by violence; to seize and devour. Shak. (c) To wear away gradually; to cause to waste or pine away; as, the trouble preyed upon his mind. Addison.

Preyer noun One who, or that which, preys; a plunderer; a waster; a devourer. Hooker.

Preyful adjective
1. Disposed to take prey. [ Obsolete]

The preyful brood of savage beasts.

2. Rich in prey. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Prezygapophysis noun ; plural Prezygapophyses . [ New Latin See Pre- , and Zygapophysis .] (Anat.) An anterior zygapophysis.

Prial noun A corruption of pair royal . See under Pair , noun

Prian noun [ Cornish, clayey ground, from pri clay.] (Mining) A fine, white, somewhat friable clay; also, the ore contained in a mixture of clay and pebbles. [ Written also pryan .]

Priapean noun [ Confer Latin Priapeius pertaining to Priapus.] (Lat. Pros.) A species of hexameter verse so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each, having generally a trochee in the first and the fourth foot, and an amphimacer in the third; -- applied also to a regular hexameter verse when so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each. Andrews.

Priapism noun [ Latin priapismus , Greek ..., from Priapus the god of procreation, the penis, Greek ...: confer French priapisme .] (Medicine) More or less permanent erection and rigidity of the penis, with or without sexual desire.

Priapulacea noun plural [ New Latin See Priapism .] (Zoology) A suborder of Gephyræa, having a cylindrical body with a terminal anal opening, and usually with one or two caudal gills.

Pricasour noun A hard rider. [ Obsolete]

Price noun [ Middle English pris , Old French pris , French prix , Latin pretium ; confer Greek ... I sell ... to buy, Sanskrit pa... to buy, OI. renim I sell. Confer Appreciate , Depreciate , Interpret , Praise , noun & v. , Precious , Prize .]
1. The sum or amount of money at which a thing is valued, or the value which a seller sets on his goods in market; that for which something is bought or sold, or offered for sale; equivalent in money or other means of exchange; current value or rate paid or demanded in market or in barter; cost. "Buy wine and milk without money and without price ." Isa. lv. 1.

We can afford no more at such a price .

2. Value; estimation; excellence; worth.

Her price is far above rubies.
Prov. xxxi. 10.

New treasures still, of countless price .

3. Reward; recompense; as, the price of industry.

'T is the price of toil,
The knave deserves it when he tills the soil.

Price current , or Price list , a statement or list of the prevailing prices of merchandise, stocks, specie, bills of exchange, etc., published statedly or occasionally.

Price transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Priced ; present participle & verbal noun Pricing .]
1. To pay the price of. [ Obsolete]

With thine own blood to price his blood.

2. To set a price on; to value. See Prize .

3. To ask the price of; as, to price eggs. [ Colloq.]

Priced adjective Rated in price; valued; as, high- priced goods; low- priced labor.

Priceite noun [ From Thomas Price of San Francisco.] (Min.) A hydrous borate of lime, from Oregon.

Priceless adjective
1. Too valuable to admit of being appraised; of inestimable worth; invaluable.

2. Of no value; worthless. [ R.] J. Barlow.

Prick noun [ Anglo-Saxon prica , pricca , pricu ; akin to LG. prick , pricke , Dutch prik , Danish prik , prikke , Swedish prick . Confer Prick , v. ]
1. That which pricks, penetrates, or punctures; a sharp and slender thing; a pointed instrument; a goad; a spur, etc.; a point; a skewer.

Pins, wooden pricks , nails, sprigs of rosemary.

It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks .
Acts ix. 5.

2. The act of pricking, or the sensation of being pricked; a sharp, stinging pain; figuratively, remorse. "The pricks of conscience." A. Tucker.

3. A mark made by a pointed instrument; a puncture; a point. Hence: (a) A point or mark on the dial, noting the hour. [ Obsolete] "The prick of noon." Shak. (b) The point on a target at which an archer aims; the mark; the pin. "They that shooten nearest the prick ." Spenser. (c) A mark denoting degree; degree; pitch. [ Obsolete] "To prick of highest praise forth to advance." Spenser. (d) A mathematical point; -- regularly used in old English translations of Euclid. (e) The footprint of a hare. [ Obsolete]

4. (Nautical) A small roll; as, a prick of spun yarn; a prick of tobacco.

Prick transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Pricked ; present participle & verbal noun Pricking .] [ Anglo-Saxon prician ; akin to LG. pricken , Dutch prikken , Danish prikke , Swedish pricka . See Prick , noun , and confer Prink , Prig .]
1. To pierce slightly with a sharp- pointed instrument or substance; to make a puncture in, or to make by puncturing; to drive a fine point into; as, to prick one with a pin, needle, etc.; to prick a card; to prick holes in paper.

2. To fix by the point; to attach or hang by puncturing; as, to prick a knife into a board. Sir I. Newton.

The cooks prick it [ a slice] on a prong of iron.

3. To mark or denote by a puncture; to designate by pricking; to choose; to mark; -- sometimes with off .

Some who are pricked for sheriffs.

Let the soldiers for duty be carefully pricked off.
Sir W. Scott.

Those many, then, shall die: their names are pricked .

4. To mark the outline of by puncturing; to trace or form by pricking; to mark by punctured dots; as, to prick a pattern for embroidery; to prick the notes of a musical composition. Cowper.

5. To ride or guide with spurs; to spur; to goad; to incite; to urge on; -- sometimes with on , or off .

Who pricketh his blind horse over the fallows.

The season pricketh every gentle heart.

My duty pricks me on to utter that.

6. To affect with sharp pain; to sting, as with remorse. "I was pricked with some reproof." Tennyson.

Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart.
Acts ii. 37.

7. To make sharp; to erect into a point; to raise, as something pointed; -- said especially of the ears of an animal, as a horse or dog; and usually followed by up ; -- hence, to prick up the ears , to listen sharply; to have the attention and interest strongly engaged. "The courser . . . pricks up his ears." Dryden.

8. To render acid or pungent. [ Obsolete] Hudibras.

9. To dress; to prink; -- usually with up . [ Obsolete]

10. (Naut) (a) To run a middle seam through, as the cloth of a sail. (b) To trace on a chart, as a ship's course.

11. (Far.) (a) To drive a nail into (a horse's foot), so as to cause lameness. (b) To nick.

Prick intransitive verb
1. To be punctured; to suffer or feel a sharp pain, as by puncture; as, a sore finger pricks .

2. To spur onward; to ride on horseback. Milton.

A gentle knight was pricking on the plain.

3. To become sharp or acid; to turn sour, as wine.

4. To aim at a point or mark. Hawkins.

Prick-eared adjective (Zoology) Having erect, pointed ears; -- said of certain dogs.

Thou prick-eared cur of Iceland.

Pricker noun
1. One who, or that which, pricks; a pointed instrument; a sharp point; a prickle.

2. One who spurs forward; a light horseman.

The prickers , who rode foremost, . . . halted.
Sir W. Scott.

3. A priming wire; a priming needle, -- used in blasting and gunnery. Knight.

4. (Nautical) A small marline spike having generally a wooden handle, -- used in sailmaking. R. H. Dana, Ir.

Pricket noun [ Perhaps so called from the state of his horns. See Prick , and confer Brocket .] (Zoology) A buck in his second year. See Note under 3d Buck . Shak.

Pricking noun
1. The act of piercing or puncturing with a sharp point. "There is that speaketh like the prickings of a sword." Prov. xii. 18 [ 1583].

2. (Far.) (a) The driving of a nail into a horse's foot so as to produce lameness. (b) Same as Nicking .

3. A sensation of being pricked. Shak.

4. The mark or trace left by a hare's foot; a prick; also, the act of tracing a hare by its footmarks. [ Obsolete]

5. Dressing one's self for show; prinking. [ Obsolete]

Pricking-up noun (Architecture) The first coating of plaster in work of three coats upon laths. Its surface is scratched once to form a better key for the next coat. In the United States called scratch coat . Brande & C.