Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin principians
, present participle of principiare
to begin, from principium
. See Principle
.] Relating to principles or beginnings.
[ R.] Jer. Taylor.
Principiate transitive verb
[ See Principiant
.] To begin; to initiate.
[ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
Principiation noun Analysis into primary or elemental parts. [ Archaic] Bacon.
[ French principe
, Latin principium
beginning, foundation, from princeps
, - cipis
. See Prince
.] 1. Beginning; commencement.
Doubting sad end of principle unsound. Spenser. 2. A source, or origin; that from which anything proceeds; fundamental substance or energy; primordial substance; ultimate element, or cause.
The soul of man is an active principle . Tillotson. 3. An original faculty or endowment.
Nature in your principles hath set [ benignity]. Chaucer.
Those active principles whose direct and ultimate object is the communication either of enjoyment or suffering. Stewart. 4. A fundamental truth; a comprehensive law or doctrine, from which others are derived, or on which others are founded; a general truth; an elementary proposition; a maxim; an axiom; a postulate.
Therefore, leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection. Hebrew vi. 1.
A good principle , not rightly understood, may prove as hurtful as a bad. Milton. 5. A settled rule of action; a governing law of conduct; an opinion or belief which exercises a directing influence on the life and behavior; a rule (usually, a right rule) of conduct consistently directing one's actions; as, a person of no principle .
All kinds of dishonesty destroy our pretenses to an honest principle of mind. Law. 6. (Chemistry) Any original inherent constituent which characterizes a substance, or gives it its essential properties, and which can usually be separated by analysis; -- applied especially to drugs, plant extracts, etc.
Cathartine is the bitter, purgative principle of senna. Gregory. Bitter principle
, Principle of contradiction
, etc. See under Bitter , Contradiction , etc.
Principle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Principled
; present participle & verbal noun Principling
.] To equip with principles; to establish, or fix, in certain principles; to impress with any tenet, or rule of conduct, good or ill.
Governors should be well principled . L'Estrange.
Let an enthusiast be principled that he or his teacher is inspired. Locke.
Princock, Princox noun [ Prim + cock .] A coxcomb; a pert boy. [ Obsolete]
Prink intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prinked
; present participle & verbal noun Prinking
.] [ Probably a nasalized form of prick
. See Prick
, transitive verb
, and confer Prig
.] To dress or adjust one's self for show; to prank.
Prink transitive verb To prank or dress up; to deck fantastically. "And prink their hair with daisies." Cowper.
Prinker noun One who prinks.
Prinpriddle noun (Zoology) The long-tailed titmouse. [ Prov. Eng.]
Print transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Printed
; present participle & verbal noun Printing
.] [ Abbrev. from imprint
. See Imprint
, and Press
to squeeze.] 1. To fix or impress, as a stamp, mark, character, idea, etc., into or upon something.
A look will print a thought that never may remove. Surrey.
Upon his breastplate he beholds a dint, Sir John Beaumont.
Which in that field young Edward's sword did print .
Perhaps some footsteps printed in the clay. Roscommon. 2. To stamp something in or upon; to make an impression or mark upon by pressure, or as by pressure.
Forth on his fiery steed betimes he rode, Dryden. 3.
That scarcely prints the turf on which he trod.
Specifically: To strike off an impression or impressions of, from type, or from stereotype, electrotype, or engraved plates, or the like; in a wider sense, to do the typesetting, presswork, etc., of (a book or other publication); as, to print books, newspapers, pictures; to print an edition of a book. 4. To stamp or impress with colored figures or patterns; as, to print calico. 5. (Photog.) To take (a copy, a positive picture, etc.), from a negative, a transparent drawing, or the like, by the action of light upon a sensitized surface. Printed goods
, textile fabrics printed in patterns, especially cotton cloths, or calicoes.
Print intransitive verb 1. To use or practice the art of typography; to take impressions of letters, figures, or electrotypes, engraved plates, or the like. 2. To publish a book or an article.
From the moment he prints , he must except to hear no more truth. Pope.
[ See Print
] 1. A mark made by impression; a line, character, figure, or indentation, made by the pressure of one thing on another; as, the print of teeth or nails in flesh; the print of the foot in sand or snow.
Where print of human feet was never seen. Dryden. 2. A stamp or die for molding or impressing an ornamental design upon an object; as, a butter print . 3. That which receives an impression, as from a stamp or mold; as, a print of butter. 4. Printed letters; the impression taken from type, as to excellence, form, size, etc.; as, small print ; large print ; this line is in print . 5. That which is produced by printing.
Specifically: (a) An impression taken from anything, as from an engraved plate.
which we see of antiquities." Dryden. (b) A printed publication, more especially a newspaper or other periodical. Addison. (c) A printed cloth; a fabric figured by stamping, especially calico or cotton cloth. (d) A photographic copy, or positive picture, on prepared paper, as from a negative, or from a drawing on transparent paper. 6. (Founding) A core print. See under Core . Blue print
, a copy in white lines on a blue ground, of a drawing, plan, tracing, etc., or a positive picture in blue and white, from a negative, produced by photographic printing on peculiarly prepared paper.
-- In print
. (a) In a printed form; issued from the press; published
. Shak. (b) To the letter; with accurateness.
"All this I speak in print
-- Out of print
. See under Out .
-- Print works
, a factory where cloth, as calico, is printed.
Printa-ble adjective Worthy to be published. [ R.]
Printer noun One who prints; especially, one who prints books, newspapers, engravings, etc., a compositor; a typesetter; a pressman. Printer's devil
, Printer's gauge
. See under Devil , and Gauge .
-- Printer's ink
. See Printing ink , below.
Printery noun A place where cloth is printed; print works; also, a printing office. [ R.]
Printing noun The act, art, or practice of impressing letters, characters, or figures on paper, cloth, or other material; the business of a printer, including typesetting and presswork, with their adjuncts; typography; also, the act of producing photographic prints. Block printing
. See under Block .
-- Printing frame (Photog.)
, a shallow box, usually having a glass front, in which prints are made by exposure to light.
-- Printing house
, a printing office.
-- Printing ink
, ink used in printing books, newspapers, etc. It is composed of lampblack or ivory black mingled with linseed or nut oil, made thick by boiling and burning. Other ingredients are employed for the finer qualities. Ure.
-- Printing office
, a place where books, pamphlets, or newspapers, etc., are printed.
-- Printing paper
, paper used in the printing of books, pamphlets, newspapers, and the like, as distinguished from writing paper, wrapping paper, etc.
-- Printing press
, a press for printing, books, newspaper, handbills, etc.
-- Printing wheel
, a wheel with letters or figures on its periphery, used in machines for paging or numbering, or in ticket-printing machines, typewriters, etc.; a type wheel.
Printing in (Photog.) A process by which cloud effects or other features not in the original negative are introduced into a photograph. Portions, such as the sky, are covered while printing and the blank space thus reserved is filled in by printing from another negative.
Printing out (Photog.) A method of printing, in which the image is fully brought out by the direct actinic action of light without subsequent development by means of chemicals.
Printless adjective Making no imprint. Milton.
Printshop noun A shop where prints are sold.
[ Latin prior
former, previous, better, superior; compar. corresponding to primus
first, and pro
for. See Former
, and confer Prime
, and Pre-
.] Preceding in the order of time; former; antecedent; anterior; previous; as, a prior discovery; prior obligation; -- used elliptically in cases like the following: he lived alone [ in the time] prior to his marriage.
[ Middle English priour
, Old French priour
, French prieur
, from Latin prior
former, superior. See Prior
] (Eccl.) The superior of a priory, and next below an abbot in dignity. Conventical
, or Conventual
, a prior who is at the head of his own house. See the Note under Priory .
-- Claustral prior
, an official next in rank to the abbot in a monastery; prior of the cloisters.
Prior adjective First, precedent, or superior in the order of cognition, reason or generality, origin, development, rank, etc.
Priorate noun [ Late Latin prioratus : confer French priorat .] The dignity, office, or government, of a prior. T. Warton.
Prioress noun [ Old French prioresse .] A lady superior of a priory of nuns, and next in dignity to an abbess.
[ Confer French priorité
. See Prior
] 1. The quality or state of being prior or antecedent in time, or of preceding something else; as, priority of application. 2. Precedence; superior rank. Shak. Priority of debts
, a superior claim to payment, or a claim to payment before others. Syn.
-- Antecedence; precedence; preëminence.
Priorly adverb Previously. [ R.] Geddes.
Priorship noun The state or office of prior; priorate.
; plural Priories
. [ Confer Late Latin prioria
. See Prior
] A religious house presided over by a prior or prioress; -- sometimes an offshoot of, an subordinate to, an abbey, and called also cell , and obedience . See Cell , 2.
» Of such houses there were two sorts: one where the prior was chosen by the inmates, and governed as independently as an abbot in an abbey; the other where the priory was subordinate to an abbey, and the prior was placed or displaced at the will of the abbot. Alien priory
, a small religious house dependent on a large monastery in some other country. Syn.
-- See Cloister
[ Old French prisage
a praising, valuing, taxing; confer Late Latin prisagium
prisage; or from French prise
a taking, capture, prize. See Prize
.] (O. Eng. Law) (a) A right belonging to the crown of England, of taking two tuns of wine from every ship importing twenty tuns or more, -- one before and one behind the mast. By charter of Edward I. butlerage was substituted for this. Blackstone. (b) The share of merchandise taken as lawful prize at sea which belongs to the king or admiral.
Priscillianist noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Priscillian , bishop of Avila in Spain, in the fourth century, who mixed various elements of Gnosticism and Manicheism with Christianity.
Prise noun An enterprise. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Prise noun & v. See Prize , noun , 5. Also Prize , transitive verb
Priser noun See 1st Prizer .
[ Latin prisma
, Greek pri`sma
, from pri`zein
, to saw: confer French prisme
.] 1. (Geom.) A solid whose bases or ends are any similar, equal, and parallel plane figures, and whose sides are parallelograms.
of different forms are often named from the figure of their bases; as, a triangular prism
, a quadrangular prism
, a rhombic prism
, etc. 2. (Opt.) A transparent body, with usually three rectangular plane faces or sides, and two equal and parallel triangular ends or bases; -- used in experiments on refraction, dispersion, etc. 3. (Crystallog.) A form the planes of which are parallel to the vertical axis. See Form , noun , 13. Achromatic prism (Opt.)
, a prism composed usually of two prisms of different transparent substances which have unequal dispersive powers, as two different kinds of glass, especially flint glass and crown glass, the difference of dispersive power being compensated by giving them different refracting angles, so that, when placed together so as to have opposite relative positions, a ray of light passed through them is refracted or bent into a new position, but is free from color.
-- Nicol's prism
, Nicol prism
. [ So called from Wm. Nicol
, of Edinburgh, who first proposed it.] (Opt.) An instrument for experiments in polarization, consisting of a rhomb of Iceland spar, which has been bisected obliquely at a certain angle, and the two parts again joined with transparent cement, so that the ordinary image produced by double refraction is thrown out of the field by total reflection from the internal cemented surface, and the extraordinary, or polarized, image alone is transmitted.
Prism glass Glass with one side smooth and the other side formed into sharp-edged ridges so as to reflect the light that passes through, used at windows to throw the light into the interior.
Prismatic, Prismatical adjective
[ Confer French prismatique
.] 1. Resembling, or pertaining to, a prism; as, a prismatic form or cleavage. 2. Separated or distributed by a prism; formed by a prism; as, prismatic colors. 3. (Crystallog.) Same as Orthorhombic . Prismatic borax (Chemistry)
, borax crystallized in the form of oblique prisms, with ten molecules of water; -- distinguished from octahedral borax .
-- Prismatic colors (Opt.)
, the seven colors into which light is resolved when passed through a prism; primary colors. See Primary colors , under Color .
-- Prismatic compass (Surv.)
, a compass having a prism for viewing a distant object and the compass card at the same time.
-- Prismatic spectrum (Opt.)
, the spectrum produced by the passage of light through a prism.
Prismatically adverb In the form or manner of a prism; by means of a prism.
Prismatoidal adjective [ Greek ..., ..., prism + -oid : French prismatoïde .] Having a prismlike form. Ure.
Prismoid (prĭz"moid) noun [ Confer French prismtoïde .] A body that approaches to the form of a prism.
Prismoidal adjective Having the form of a prismoid; as, prismoidal solids.
Prismy adjective Pertaining to a prism. [ R.]
[ French, from Latin prehensio
, a seizing, arresting, from prehendre
, to lay hold of, to seize. See Prehensile
, and confer Prize
.] 1. A place where persons are confined, or restrained of personal liberty; hence, a place or state o... confinement, restraint, or safe custody.
Bring my soul out of prison , that I may praise thy name. Ps. cxlii. 7.
The tyrant Æolus, . . . Dryden. 2. Specifically, a building for the safe custody or confinement of criminals and others committed by lawful authority. Prison bars
With power imperial, curbs the struggling winds,
And sounding tempests in dark prisons binds.
, or Prison base
. See Base , noun , 24.
-- Prison breach
. (Law) See Note under 3d Escape , noun , 4.
-- Prison house
, a prison. Shak.
-- Prison ship (Nautical)
, a ship fitted up for the confinement of prisoners.
-- Prison van
, a carriage in which prisoners are conveyed to and from prison.
Prison transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prisoned
; present participle & verbal noun Prisoning
.] 1. To imprison; to shut up in, or as in, a prison; to confine; to restrain from liberty.
The prisoned eagle dies for rage. Sir W. Scott.
His true respect will prison false desire. Shak. 2. To bind (together); to enchain.
Sir William Crispyn with the duke was led Robert of Brunne.
Together prisoned .
[ French prisonnier
.] 1. One who is confined in a prison. Piers Plowman. 2. A person under arrest, or in custody, whether in prison or not; a person held in involuntary restraint; a captive; as, a prisoner at the bar of a court. Bouvier.
Prisoner of Hope thou art, -- look up and sing. Keble. Prisoner's base
. See Base , noun , 24.
Prisonment noun Imprisonment. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Pristinate adjective Pristine; primitive. [ Obsolete] " Pristinate idolatry." Holinshed.