Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pre-Raphaelite noun Popularly, any modern artist thought to be a would-be restorer of early ideas or methods, as one of the German painters often called Nazarenes , or one who paints and draws with extreme minuteness of detail.
Prepayment noun Payment in advance.
Prepenial adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the penis.
Prepense transitive verb
[ Prefix pre
+ French penser
to think. See Pansy
.] To weigh or consider beforehand; to premeditate.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Sir T. Elyot.
Prepense intransitive verb To deliberate beforehand. [ Obsolete]
[ See Pansy
, and confer Prepense
, transitive verb
] Devised, contrived, or planned beforehand; preconceived; premeditated; aforethought; -- usually placed after the word it qualifies; as, malice prepense .
This has not arisen from any misrepresentation or error prepense . Southey.
Prepensely adverb In a premeditated manner.
Prepollence, Prepollency noun [ Latin praepollentia .] The quality or state of being prepollent; superiority of power; predominance; prevalence. [ R.] Coventry.
Prepollent adjective [ Latin praepollens , past participle of praepollere to surpass in power; prae before + pollere to be powerful.] Having superior influence or power; prevailing; predominant. [ R.] Boyle.
; plural Prepollices
. [ New Latin See Pre-
.] (Anat.) An extra first digit, or rudiment of a digit, on the preaxial side of the pollex.
Preponder transitive verb To preponderate. [ Obsolete]
Preponderance, Preponderancy noun
[ Confer French prépondérance
.] 1. The quality or state of being preponderant; superiority or excess of weight, influence, or power, etc.; an outweighing.
The mind should . . . reject or receive proportionably to the preponderancy of the greater grounds of probability. Locke.
In a few weeks he had changed the relative position of all the states in Europe, and had restored the equilibrium which the preponderance of one power had destroyed. Macaulay. 2. (Gun.) The excess of weight of that part of a canon behind the trunnions over that in front of them.
[ Latin praeponderans
: confer French prépondérant
. See Preponderate
.] Preponderating; outweighing; overbalancing; -- used literally and figuratively; as, a preponderant weight; of preponderant importance.
Preponderate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Preponderated
; present participle & verbal noun Preponderating
.] [ Latin praeponderatus
, past participle of praeponderare
before + ponderare
to weigh, from , pondus
, a weight. See Ponder
.] 1. To outweigh; to overpower by weight; to exceed in weight; to overbalance.
An inconsiderable weight, by distance from the center of the balance, will preponderate greater magnitudes. Glanvill. 2. To overpower by stronger or moral power. 3. To cause to prefer; to incline; to decide.
The desire to spare Christian blood preponderates him for peace. Fuller.
Preponderate intransitive verb To exceed in weight; hence, to incline or descend, as the scale of a balance; figuratively, to exceed in influence, power, etc.; hence; to incline to one side; as, the affirmative side preponderated .
That is no just balance in which the heaviest side will not preponderate . Bp. Wilkins.
Preponderatingly adverb In a preponderating manner; preponderantly.
Preponderation noun [ Latin praeponderatio .] The act or state of preponderating; preponderance; as, a preponderation of reasons. I. Watts.
Prepose transitive verb
[ French préposer
; prefix pré-
before) + poser
. See Pose
.] To place or set before; to prefix.
[ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ Latin praepositio
, from praeponere
to place before; prae
before + ponere
to put, place: confer French préposition
. See Position
, and confer Provost
.] 1. (Gram.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running. 2. A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.
He made a long preposition and oration. Fabyan.
Prepositional adjective [ Confer French prépositionnel .] Of or pertaining to a preposition; of the nature of a preposition. Early. -- Prep`o*si"tion*al*ly , adverb
Prepositive adjective [ Latin praepositivus : confer French prépositif .] (Gram.) Put before; prefixed; as, a prepositive particle. -- noun A prepositive word. Tooke.
Prepositor noun [ New Latin ] A scholar appointed to inspect other scholars; a monitor. Todd.
[ Latin praepositura
. See Preposition
, and confer Provost
.] The office or dignity of a provost; a provostship. Lowth.
Prepossess transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prepossessed
; present participle & verbal noun Prepossessing
.] 1. To preoccupy, as ground or land; to take previous possession of. Dryden. 2. To preoccupy, as the mind or heart, so as to preclude other things; hence, to bias or prejudice; to give a previous inclination to, for or against anything; esp., to induce a favorable opinion beforehand, or at the outset.
It created him enemies, and prepossessed the lord general. Evelyn.
Prepossessing adjective Tending to invite favor; attracting confidence, favor, esteem, or love; attractive; as, a prepossessing manner. -- Pre`pos*sess"ing*ly , adverb
Prepossession noun 1. Preoccupation; prior possession. Hammond. 2. Preoccupation of the mind by an opinion, or impression, already formed; preconceived opinion; previous impression; bias; -- generally, but not always, used in a favorable sense; as, the prepossessions of childhood.
"The prejudices and prepossessions
of the country." Sir W. Scott. Syn.
-- Bent; bias; inclination; preoccupancy; prejudgment. See Bent
Prepossessor noun One who possesses, or occupies, previously. R. Brady.
[ Latin praeposterus
before + posterus
coming after, latter. See Posterior
.] 1. Having that first which ought to be last; inverted in order.
The method I take may be censured as preposterous , because I thus treat last of the antediluvian earth, which was first in the order of nature. Woodward. 2. Contrary to nature or reason; not adapted to the end; utterly and glaringly foolish; unreasonably absurd; perverted.
Preposterous ass, that never read so far! Shak. Syn.
-- Absurd; perverted; wrong; irrational; foolish; monstrous. See Absurd
. -- Pre*pos"ter*ous*ly
Prepotency noun [ Latin praepotentia : confer French prépotence .]
1. The quality or condition of being prepotent; predominance. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne. 2. (Biol.) The capacity, on the part of one of the parents, as compared with the other, to transmit more than his or her own share of characteristics to their offspring.
[ Latin praepotens
. See Pre-
, and Potent
.] 1. Very powerful; superior in force, influence, or authority; predominant. Plaifere. 2. (Biol.) Characterized by prepotency. Darwin.
Preprovide transitive verb To provide beforehand. "The materials preprovided ." Fuller.
Prepubic adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the pubis; pertaining to the prepubis.
[ New Latin See Pre-
, and Pubis
.] (Anat.) A bone or cartilage, of some animals, situated in the middle line in front of the pubic bones.
Prepuce noun [ French prépuce , Latin praeputium .] (Anat.) The foreskin.
Preputial adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the prepuce.
Preraphaelism, Preraphaelitism noun (Fine Arts) The doctrine or practice of a school of modern painters who profess to be followers of the painters before Raphael. Its adherents advocate careful study from nature, delicacy and minuteness of workmanship, and an exalted and delicate conception of the subject.
Preraphaelite adjective Of or pertaining to the style called preraphaelitism; as, a preraphaelite figure; a preraphaelite landscape. Ruskin.
Preraphaelite noun One who favors or practices art as it was before Raphael; one who favors or advocates preraphaelitism.
Preregnant noun One who reigns before another; a sovereign predecessor. [ R.] Warner.
Preremote adjective More remote in previous time or prior order.
In some cases two more links of causation may be introduced; one of them may be termed the preremote cause, the other the postremote effect. E. Darwin.
Prerequire transitive verb To require beforehand.
Some things are prerequired of us. Bp. Hall.
Prerequisite adjective Previously required; necessary as a preliminary to any proposed effect or end; as, prerequisite conditions of success.
Prerequisite noun Something previously required, or necessary to an end or effect proposed.
The necessary prerequisites of freedom. Goldsmith.
Preresolve transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Preresolved
; present participle & verbal noun Preresolving
.] To resolve beforehand; to predetermine. Sir E. Dering.
[ French prérogative
, from Latin praerogativa
precedence in voting, preference, privilege, from praerogativus
that is asked before others for his opinion, that votes before or first, from praerogare
to ask before another; prae
before + rogare
to ask. See Rogation
.] 1. An exclusive or peculiar privilege; prior and indefeasible right; fundamental and essential possession; -- used generally of an official and hereditary right which may be asserted without question, and for the exercise of which there is no responsibility or accountability as to the fact and the manner of its exercise.
The two faculties that are the prerogative of man -- the powers of abstraction and imagination. I. Taylor.
An unconstitutional exercise of his prerogative . Macaulay. 2. Precedence; preëminence; first rank.
Then give me leave to have prerogative . Shak.
» The term came into general use in the conflicts between the Crown and Parliaments of Great Britain, especially in the time of the Stuarts. Prerogative Court (Eng. Law)
, a court which formerly had authority in the matter of wills and administrations, where the deceased left bona notabilia , or effects of the value of five pounds, in two or more different dioceses. Blackstone.
-- Prerogative office
, the office in which wills proved in the Prerogative Court were registered. Syn.
-- Privilege; right. See Privilege
Prerogatived adjective Endowed with a prerogative, or exclusive privilege. [ R.] Shak.
Prerogatively adverb By prerogative.