Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Premunitory adjective Of or pertaining to a premunire; as, a premunitory process.

Prenasal adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of the nose, or in front of the nasal chambers.

Prenatal adjective Being or happening before birth.

Prender noun [ French prendre to take, from Latin prehendere to take.] (Law) The power or right of taking a thing before it is offered. Burrill.

Prenomen noun See Prænomen .

Prenominal adjective Serving as a prefix in a compound name. Sir T. Browne.

Prenominate adjective [ Latin praenominatus , past participle of praenominare to give the prenomen to, to prenominate, from praenomen prenomen.] Forenamed; named beforehand. [ R.] " Prenominate crimes." Shak.

Prenominate transitive verb To forename; to name beforehand; to tell by name beforehand. Shak.

Prenomination noun The act of prenominating; privilege of being named first. Sir T. Browne.

Prenostic noun [ Latin praenoscere to foreknow; prae before + noscere , notum , to know.] A prognostic; an omen. [ Obsolete] Gower.

Prenote transitive verb [ Latin praenotare ; prae before + notare to note.] To note or designate beforehand. Foxe.

Prenotion noun [ Latin praenotio : confer French prénotion . See Prenostic .] A notice or notion which precedes something else in time; previous notion or thought; foreknowledge. Bacon.

Prensation noun [ Latin prensatio , from prensare , prehensare , v. freq. from prehendere to seize.] The act of seizing with violence. [ Obsolete] Barrow .

Prentice noun [ Aphetic form of apprentice .] An apprentice. [ Obsolete or Colloq.] Piers Plowman. "My accuser is my prentice ." Shak.

Prenticehood noun Apprenticehood. [ Obsolete]

This jolly prentice with his master bode
Till he was out nigh of his prenticehood .
Chaucer.

Prenticeship noun Apprenticeship. [ Obsolete or Colloq.]

He served a prenticeship who sets up shop.
Pope.

Prenunciation noun [ Latin praenunciatio , from praenunciare to announce beforehand. See Pre- , and Announce .] The act of announcing or proclaiming beforehand. [ Obsolete]

Prenuncious adjective [ Latin praenuncius .] Announcing beforehand; presaging. [ Obsolete] Blount.

Preoblongata noun [ New Latin See Pre- , and Oblongata .] (Anat.) The anterior part of the medulla oblongata. B. G. Wilder.

Preobtain transitive verb To obtain beforehand.

Preoccupancy noun [ See Preoccupate .] The act or right of taking possession before another; as, the preoccupancy of wild land.

Preoccupate transitive verb [ Latin praeoccupatus , past participle of praeoccupare to preoccupy. See Preoccupy .]


1. To anticipate; to take before. [ Obsolete] "Fear preoccupateth it [ death]." Bacon.

2. To prepossess; to prejudice. [ Obsolete] Sir H. Wotton.

Preoccupation noun [ Latin praeoccupatio : confer French préoccupation .]
1. The act of preoccupying, or taking possession of beforehand; the state of being preoccupied; prepossession.

2. Anticipation of objections. [ R.] South.

Preoccupy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Preoccupied (-pīd); present participle & verbal noun Preoccupying .] [ Confer French préoccuper . See Preoccupate , Occupy .]
1. To take possession of before another; as, to preoccupy a country not before held.

2. To prepossess; to engage, occupy, or engross the attention of, beforehand; hence, to prejudice.

I Think it more respectful to the reader to leave something to reflections than to preoccupy his judgment.
Arbuthnot.

Preocular adjective (Zoology) Placed just in front of the eyes, as the antennæ of certain insects. -- noun One of the scales just in front of the eye of a reptile or fish.

Preominate transitive verb To ominate beforehand; to portend. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Preopercular adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of the operculum; pertaining to the preoperculum. -- noun The preoperculum.

Preoperculum noun [ New Latin ] (Anat.) The anterior opercular bone in fishes.

Preopinion noun Opinion previously formed; prepossession; prejudice. Sir T. Browne.

Preoption noun Right of first choice.

Preoral adjective (Anat.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the mouth; as, preoral bands.

Preorbital adjective (Anat.) Situated in front or the orbit.

Preordain transitive verb [ Prefix pre + ordain : confer Latin praeordinare .] To ordain or appoint beforehand: to predetermine: to foreordain. Milton.

Preorder transitive verb To order to arrange beforehand; to foreordain. Sir W. Hamilton.

Preordinance noun Antecedent decree or determination. Shak.

Preordinate adjective [ Latin praeordinatus , past participle See Preordain .] Preordained. [ R.] Sir T. Elyot.

Preordination noun [ Confer French préordination .] The act of foreordaining: previous determination. "The preordination of God." Bale.

Preparable adjective Capable of being prepared. "Medicine preparable by art." Boyle.

Preparation noun [ French préparation , Latin praeparatio . See Prepare .]


1. The act of preparing or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for a crop of wheat; the preparation of troops for a campaign.

2. The state of being prepared or made ready; preparedness; readiness; fitness; as, a nation in good preparation for war.

3. That which makes ready, prepares the way, or introduces; a preparatory act or measure.

I will show what preparations there were in nature for this dissolution.
T. Burnet.

4. That which is prepared, made, or compounded by a certain process or for a particular purpose; a combination. Specifically: (a) Any medicinal substance fitted for use. (b) Anything treated for preservation or examination as a specimen. (c) Something prepared for use in cookery.

I wish the chemists had been more sparing who magnify their preparations .
Sir T. Browne.

In the preparations of cookery, the most volatile parts of vegetables are destroyed.
Arbuthnot.

5. An army or fleet. [ Obsolete] Shak.

6. (Mus.) The holding over of a note from one chord into the next chord, where it forms a temporary discord, until resolved in the chord that follows; the anticipation of a discordant note in the preceding concord, so that the ear is prepared for the shock. See Suspension .

7. Accomplishment; qualification. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Preparative adjective [ Confer French préparatif .] Tending to prepare or make ready; having the power of preparing, qualifying, or fitting; preparatory.

Laborious quest of knowledge preparative to this work.
South.

Preparative noun


1. That which has the power of preparing, or previously fitting for a purpose; that which prepares. "A preparative unto sermons." Hooker.

2. That which is done in the way of preparation. "Necessary preparatives for our voyage." Dryden.

Preparatively adverb By way of preparation.

Preparator noun [ Latin praeparator .] One who prepares beforehand, as subjects for dissection, specimens for preservation in collections, etc. Agassiz.

Preparatory adjective [ Latin praeparatorius : confer French préparatoire .] Preparing the way for anything by previous measures of adaptation; antecedent and adapted to what follows; introductory; preparative; as, a preparatory school; a preparatory condition.

Prepare transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Prepare... ; present participle & verbal noun Preparing .] [ French préparer , Latin praeparare ; prae before + parare to make ready. See Pare .]


1. To fit, adapt, or qualify for a particular purpose or condition; to make ready; to put into a state for use or application; as, to prepare ground for seed; to prepare a lesson.

Our souls, not yet prepared for upper light.
Dryden.

2. To procure as suitable or necessary; to get ready; to provide; as, to prepare ammunition and provisions for troops; to prepare ships for defence; to prepare an entertainment. Milton.

That they may prepare a city for habitation.
Ps. cvii. 36

Syn. -- To fit; adjust; adapt; qualify; equip; provide; form; make; make; ready.

Prepare intransitive verb
1. To make all things ready; to put things in order; as, to prepare for a hostile invasion. "Bid them prepare for dinner." Shak.

2. To make one's self ready; to get ready; to take the necessary previous measures; as, to prepare for death.

Prepare noun Preparation. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Prepared adjective Made fit or suitable; adapted; ready; as, prepared food; prepared questions. -- Pre*par"ed*ly adverb Shak. -- Pre*par"ed*ness , noun

Preparer noun One who, or that which, prepares, fits, or makes ready. Wood.

Prepay transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Prepaid ; present participle & verbal noun Prepaying .] To pay in advance, or beforehand; as, to prepay postage.