Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Presage noun [ French présage , Latin praesagium , from praesagire . See Presage , transitive verb ]


1. Something which foreshows or portends a future event; a prognostic; an omen; an augury. "Joy and shout - - presage of victory." Milton.

2. Power to look the future, or the exercise of that power; foreknowledge; presentiment.

If there be aught of presage in the mind.
Milton.

Syn. -- Prognostic; omen; token; sign; presentiment.

Presage transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Presaged (-sājd"); present participle & verbal noun Presaging . ] [ French présager , Latin praesagire : prae before + sagire to perceive acutely or sharply. See Sagacious .]


1. To have a presentiment of; to feel beforehand; to foreknow.

2. To foretell; to predict; to foreshow; to indicate.

My dreams presage some joyful news at hand.
Shak.

Presage intransitive verb To form or utter a prediction; -- sometimes used with of . Dryden.

Presageful adjective Full of presages; ominous.

Dark in the glass of some presageful mood.
Tennyson.

Presagement noun


1. The act or art of presaging; a foreboding. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

2. That which is presaged, or foretold. [ R.] "Ominous presagement before his end. " Sir H. Wotton.

Presager noun One who, or that which, presages; a foreteller; a foreboder. Shak.

Presagious adjective Foreboding; ominous. [ Obsolete]

Presbyope noun (Medicine) One who has presbyopia; a farsighted person.

Presbyopia [ New Latin , from Greek ... old, noun , an old man + ..., ..., the eye.] (Medicine) A defect of vision consequent upon advancing age. It is due to rigidity of the crystalline lens, which produces difficulty of accommodation and recession of the near point of vision, so that objects very near the eyes can not be seen distinctly without the use of convex glasses. Called also presbytia .

Presbyopic adjective Affected by presbyopia; also, remedying presbyopia; farsighted.

Presbyopy noun [ Confer French presbyopie .] See Presbyopia .

Presbyte noun [ Greek ... an old man.] Same as Presbyope .

Presbyter noun [ Latin an elder, from Greek .... See Priest .]


1. An elder in the early Christian church. See 2d Citation under Bishop , noun , 1.

2. (Ch. of Eng. & Prot. Epis. Ch.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest .

I rather term the one sort presbyter than priest.
Hooker.

New presbyter is but old priest writ large.
Milton.

3. (Presbyterian Ch.) A member of a presbytery whether lay or clerical.

4. A Presbyterian. [ Obsolete] Hudibras.

Presbyteral adjective Of or pertaining to a presbyter or presbytery; presbyterial.

Presbyterate noun [ Latin presbyteratus : confer French presbytérat .] A presbytery; also, presbytership. Heber.

Presbyteress noun A female presbyter. Bale.

Presbyterial adjective [ Confer French presbytéral .] Presbyterian. " Presbyterial government." Milton.

Presbyterian adjective [ Confer French presbytérien .] Of or pertaining to a presbyter, or to ecclesiastical government by presbyters; relating to those who uphold church government by presbyters; also, to the doctrine, discipline, and worship of a communion so governed.

Presbyterian noun [ Confer French presbytérien .] One who maintains the validity of ordination and government by presbyters; a member of the Presbyterian church.

Reformed Presbyterians . See Cameronian .

Presbyterianism noun [ Confer French presbytérianisme .] That form of church government which invests presbyters with all spiritual power, and admits no prelates over them; also, the faith and polity of the Presbyterian churches, taken collectively.

Presbyterium noun [ Latin ] (Architecture) Same as Presbytery , 4.

Presbytership noun The office or station of a presbyter; presbyterate.

Presbytery noun ; plural Presbyteries . [ Latin presbyterium , Greek .... See Presbyter , and confer Presbyterium .]


1. A body of elders in the early Christian church.

2. (Presbyterian Ch.) A judicatory consisting of all the ministers within a certain district, and one layman, who is a ruling elder, from each parish or church, commissioned to represent the church in conjunction with the pastor. This body has a general jurisdiction over the churches under its care, and next below the provincial synod in authority.

3. The Presbyterian religion of polity. [ R.] Tatler.

4. (a) (Architecture) That part of the church reserved for the officiating priest. (b) The residence of a priest or clergyman. Gwilt.

Presbytia noun [ New Latin See Presbyte .] (Medicine) Presbyopia.

Presbytic adjective (Medicine) Same as Presbyopic .

Presbytism noun Presbyopia.

Prescapula noun [ New Latin ] (Anat.) The part of the scapula in front of, or above, the spine, or mesoscapula.

Prescapular adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the prescapula; supraspinous.

Prescience (prē"shĭ* e ns or - sh e ns; 277) noun [ French prescience , Latin praescientia . See Prescient .] Knowledge of events before they take place; foresight.

God's certain prescience of the volitions of moral agents.
J. Edwards.

Prescient (prē"shĭ* e nt or - sh e nt) adjective [ Latin praesciens , - entis , present participle of praescire to foreknow; prae before + scire to know: confer French prescient . See Science .] Having knowledge of coming events; foreseeing; conscious beforehand. Pope.

Henry . . . had shown himself sensible, and almost prescient , of this event.
Bacon.

Presciently adverb With prescience or foresight.

Prescind (pre*sĭnd") transitive verb [ Latin praescindere to cut off in front; prae before + scindere to cut asunder: confer French prescinder .]


1. To cut off; to abstract. [ Obsolete] Norris.

2. (Metaph.) To consider by a separate act of attention or analysis. Sir W. Hamilton.

Prescindent adjective [ Latin praescius ; prae before + scius knowing, from scire to know.] Cutting off; abstracting. [ R.] Cheyne.

Prescious (prē"shŭs) adjective [ Latin praescius ; prae before + scius knowing, from scire to know.] Foreknowing; having foreknowledge; as, prescious of ills. [ R.] Dryden.

Prescribe transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Prescribed ; p. pr & verbal noun Prescribing .] [ Latin praescribere , praescriptum ; prae before + scriebe to write. See Scribe .]


1. To lay down authoritatively as a guide, direction, or rule of action; to impose as a peremptory order; to dictate; to appoint; to direct.

Prescribe not us our duties.
Shak.

Let streams prescribe their fountains where to run.
Dryden.

2. (Medicine) To direct, as a remedy to be used by a patient; as, the doctor prescribed quinine.

Syn. -- To appoint; order; command; dictate; ordain; institute; establish.

Prescribe intransitive verb
1. To give directions; to dictate.

A forwardness to prescribe to their opinions.
Locke.

2. To influence by long use [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

3. (Medicine) To write or to give medical directions; to indicate remedies; as, to prescribe for a patient in a fever.

4. (Law) To claim by prescription; to claim a title to a thing on the ground of immemorial use and enjoyment, that is, by a custom having the force of law.

Prescriber noun One who prescribes.

Prescript adjective [ Latin praescriptus , past participle of praescribere : confer French prescrit . See Prescribe .] Directed; prescribed. " A prescript from of words." Jer. Taylor.

Prescript noun [ Latin praescriptum : confer Old French prescript .]


1. Direction; precept; model prescribed. Milton.

2. A medical prescription. [ Obsolete] Bp. Fell.

Prescriptibility noun The quality or state of being prescriptible. Story.

Prescriptible (pre*skrĭp"tĭ*b'l) adjective [ Confer French prescriptible .] Depending on, or derived from, prescription; proper to be prescribed. Grafton.

Prescription (-shŭn) noun [ French prescription , Latin praescriptio , an inscription, preface, precept, demurrer, prescription (in sense 3), from praescribere . See Prescribe .]


1. The act of prescribing, directing, or dictating; direction; precept; also, that which is prescribed.

2. (Medicine) A direction of a remedy or of remedies for a disease, and the manner of using them; a medical recipe; also, a prescribed remedy.

3. (Law) A prescribing for title; the claim of title to a thing by virtue of immemorial use and enjoyment; the right or title acquired by possession had during the time and in the manner fixed by law. Bacon.

That profound reverence for law and prescription which has long been characteristic of Englishmen.
Macaulay.

» Prescription differs from custom , which is a local usage, while prescription is personal, annexed to the person only. Prescription only extends to incorporeal rights, such as aright of way, or of common. What the law gives of common rights is not the subject of prescription . Blackstone . Cruise . Kent . In Scotch law, prescription is employed in the sense in which limitation is used in England and America, namely, to express that operation of the lapse of time by which obligations are extinguished or title protected. Sir T . Craig . Erskine .

Prescriptive adjective [ Latin praescriptivus of a demurrer or legal exception.] (Law) Consisting in, or acquired by, immemorial or long-continued use and enjoyment; as, a prescriptive right of title; pleading the continuance and authority of long custom.

The right to be drowsy in protracted toil has become prescriptive .
J. M. Mason.

Prescriptively adverb By prescription.

Prescutum noun ; plural Prescuta [ New Latin See Præ- , and Scutum .] (Zoology) The first of the four pieces composing the dorsal part, or tergum, of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is usually small and inconspicuous.

Preseance noun [ French préséance . See Preside .] Priority of place in sitting. [ Obsolete] Carew.

Preselect transitive verb To select beforehand.

Presence noun [ French présence , Latin praesentia . See Present .]
1. The state of being present, or of being within sight or call, or at hand; -- opposed to absence .

2. The place in which one is present; the part of space within one's ken, call, influence, etc.; neighborhood without the intervention of anything that forbids intercourse.

Wrath shell be no more
Thenceforth, but in thy presence joy entire.
Milton.

3. Specifically, neighborhood to the person of one of superior of exalted rank; also, presence chamber.

In such a presence here to plead my thoughts.
Shak.

An't please your grace, the two great cardinals.
Wait in the presence .
Shak.

4. The whole of the personal qualities of an individual; person; personality; especially, the person of a superior, as a sovereign.

The Sovran Presence thus replied.
Milton.

5. An assembly, especially of person of rank or nobility; noble company.

Odmar, of all this presence does contain,
Give her your wreath whom you esteem most fair.
Dryden.

6. Port, mien; air; personal appearence. "Rather dignity of presence than beauty of aspect." Bacon.

A graceful presence bespeaks acceptance.
Collier.

Presence chamber , or Presence room , the room in which a great personage receives company. Addison. " Chambers of presence ." Bacon. -- Presence of mind , that state of the mind in which all its faculties are alert, prompt, and acting harmoniously in obedience to the will, enabling one to reach, as it were spontaneously or by intuition, just conclusions in sudden emergencies.

Presensation noun Previous sensation, notion, or idea. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.

Presension noun [ Latin praesensio , from praesentire to perceive beforehand. See Presentient .] Previous perception. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.