Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Preignition noun (Engineering) Ignition in an internal-combustion engine while the inlet valve is open or before compression is completed.
Preindesignate adjective (Logic.) Having no sign expressive of quantity; indefinite. See Predesignate .
Preindispose transitive verb To render indisposed beforehand. Milman.
Preinstruct transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Preinstructed
; present participle & verbal noun Preinstructing
.] To instruct previously or beforehand. Dr. H. More.
Preintimation noun Previous intimation; a suggestion beforehand. T. Scott.
Prejudge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prejudged
; present participle & verbal noun Prejudging
.] [ Prefix pre
: confer French préjuger
. Confer Prejudicate
.] To judge before hearing, or before full and sufficient examination; to decide or sentence by anticipation; to condemn beforehand.
The committee of council hath prejudged the whole case, by calling the united sense of both houses of Parliament" a universal clamor." Swift.
Prejudgment noun The act of prejudging; decision before sufficient examination.
Prejudicacy noun Prejudice; prepossession. [ Obsolete] Sir. H. Blount.
Prejudical adjective Of or pertaining to the determination of some matter not previously decided; as, a prejudical inquiry or action at law.
Prejudicant adjective [ Latin praejudicans , present participle] Influenced by prejudice; biased. [ R.] " With not too hasty and prejudicant ears." Milton.
[ Latin praejudicatus
, past participle of praejudicare
to prejudge; prae
before + judicare
to judge. See Judge
.] 1. Formed before due examination.
"Ignorance and prejudicate
opinions." Jer. Taylor. 2. Biased by opinions formed prematurely; prejudiced.
readers." Sir T. Browne.
Prejudicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prejudicated
; present participle & verbal noun Prejudicating
.] [ Confer Prejudge
.] To determine beforehand, especially to disadvantage; to prejudge.
Our dearest friend Shak.
Prejudicates the business.
Prejudicate intransitive verb To prejudge. Sir P. Sidney.
Prejudicately adverb With prejudice.
1. The act of prejudicating, or of judging without due examination of facts and evidence; prejudgment. 2. (Rom. Law) (a) A preliminary inquiry and determination about something which belongs to a matter in dispute. (b) A previous treatment and decision of a point; a precedent.
Prejudicative adjective Forming a judgment without due examination; prejudging. Dr. H. More.
[ French préjudice
, Latin praejudicium
before + judicium
judgment. See Prejudicate
.] 1. Foresight.
Naught might hinder his quick prejudize . Spenser. 2. An opinion or judgment formed without due examination; prejudgment; a leaning toward one side of a question from other considerations than those belonging to it; an unreasonable predilection for, or objection against, anything; especially, an opinion or leaning adverse to anything, without just grounds, or before sufficient knowledge.
Though often misled by prejudice and passion, he was emphatically an honest man. Macaulay. 3. (Law) A bias on the part of judge, juror, or witness which interferes with fairness of judgment. 4. Mischief; hurt; damage; injury; detriment. Locke.
England and France might, through their amity, Shak. Syn.
Breed him some prejudice .
-- Prejudgment; prepossession; bias; harm; hurt; damage; detriment; mischief; disadvantage.
Prejudice transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prejudiced
; present participle & verbal noun Prejudicing
.] [ Confer French préjudicier
. See Prejudice
] 1. To cause to have prejudice; to prepossess with opinions formed without due knowledge or examination; to bias the mind of, by hasty and incorrect notions; to give an unreasonable bent to, as to one side or the other of a cause; as, to prejudice a critic or a juryman.
Suffer not any beloved study to prejudice your mind so far as to despise all other learning. I. Watts 2. To obstruct or injure by prejudices, or by previous bias of the mind; hence, generally, to hurt; to damage; to injure; to impair; as, to prejudice a good cause.
Seek how may prejudice the foe. Shak
[ Latin praejudicialis
belonging to a preceding judgment: confer French préjudiciel
.] 1. Biased, possessed, or blinded by prejudices; as, to look with a prejudicial eye.
[ Obsolete] Holyday. 2. Tending to obstruct or impair; hurtful; injurious; disadvantageous; detrimental. Hooker.
His going away . . . was most prejudicial and most ruinous to the king's affairs. Clarendon.
Preknowledge noun Prior knowledge.
; plural Prelacies
. [ Late Latin praelatia
. See Prelate
; confer Prelaty
.] 1. The office or dignity of a prelate; church government by prelates.
Prelacies may be termed the greater benefices. Ayliffe. 2. The order of prelates, taken collectively; the body of ecclesiastical dignitaries.
"Divers of the reverend prelacy
, and other most judicious men." Hooker.
Prelal adjective [ Latin prelum a press.] Of or pertaining to printing; typographical. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ French prélat
, Late Latin praelatus
, from Latin praelatus
, used as past participle of praeferre
to prefer, but from a different root. See Elate
.] A clergyman of a superior order, as an archbishop or a bishop, having authority over the lower clergy; a dignitary of the church.
» This word and the words derived from it are often used invidiously, in English ecclesiastical history, by dissenters, respecting the Established Church system.
Hear him but reason in divinity, . . . Shak.
You would desire the king were made a prelate .
Prelate intransitive verb To act as a prelate.
Right prelating is busy laboring, and not lording. Latimer.
Prelateity noun Prelacy. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Prelateship noun The office of a prelate. Harmar.
Prelatess noun A woman who is a prelate; the wife of a prelate. Milton.
Prelatial adjective Prelatical. Beaconsfield.
Prelatic, Prelatical adjective Of or pertaining to prelates or prelacy; as, prelatical authority. Macaulay.
Prelatically adverb In a prelatical manner; with reference to prelates. Milton.
The last Georgic was a good prelude to the Æneis.
[ Latin praelatio
: confer French prélation
. See Prelate
, and confer Prefer
.] The setting of one above another; preference.
[ R.] Jer. Taylor.
Prelatism noun Prelacy; episcopacy.
Prelatist noun One who supports of advocates prelacy, or the government of the church by prelates; hence, a high-churchman. Hume.
I am an Episcopalian, but not a prelatist . T. Scott.
Prelatize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prelatized
; present participle & verbal noun Prelatizing
.] To bring under the influence of prelacy. Palfrey.
Prelatize intransitive verb To uphold or encourage prelacy; to exercise prelatical functions.
An episcopacy that began then to prelatize . Milton.
Prelatry noun Prelaty; prelacy. [ Obsolete]
Prelature (?; 135), Prel"a*ture*ship noun [ French prélature , or Late Latin praelatura .] The state or dignity of a prelate; prelacy. Milman.
Prelaty noun Prelacy. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Prelect transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Prelected
; present participle & verbal noun Prelecting
.] [ Latin praelectus
, past participle of praelegere
to read before. See Pre-
, and Lection
.] To read publicly, as a lecture or discourse.
Prelect intransitive verb To discourse publicly; to lecture.
Spitting . . . was publicly prelected upon. De. Quincey.
To prelect upon the military art. Bp. Horsley.
Prelection noun [ Latin praelectio .] A lecture or discourse read in public or to a select company. "The prelections of Faber." Sir M. Hale.
Prelector noun [ Latin praelector .] A reader of lectures or discourses; a lecturer. Sheldon.
Prelibation noun [ Latin praelibatio , from praelibare to taste beforehand: confer French prelibation .]
1. A tasting beforehand, or by anticipation; a foretaste; as, a prelibation of heavenly bliss. 2. A pouring out, or libation, before tasting.
Preliminarily adverb In a preliminary manner.
[ Prefix pre
+ Latin liminaris
belonging to a threshold, from limen
, threshold, entrance: confer French préliminaire
. Confer Limit
.] Introductory; previous; preceding the main discourse or business; prefatory; as, preliminary observations to a discourse or book; preliminary articles to a treaty; preliminary measures; preliminary examinations. Syn.
-- Introductory; preparatory; prefatory; proemial; previous; prior; precedent; antecedent.
; plural Preliminaries That which precedes the main discourse, work, design, or business; something introductory or preparatory; as, the preliminaries to a negotiation or duel; to take one's preliminaries the year before entering college. Syn.
-- Introduction; preface; prelude.
Prelimit transitive verb To limit previously. [ R.]
Prelook intransitive verb To look forward. [ Obsolete] Surrey.