Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(härk"'n) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hearkened
(-'nd); present participle & verbal noun Hearkening
.] [ Middle English hercnen
, Anglo-Saxon hercnian
, from hiéran
, to hear; akin to OD. harcken
, LG. harken
, German horchen
. See Hear
, and confer Hark
.] 1. To listen; to lend the ear; to attend to what is uttered; to give heed; to hear, in order to obey or comply.
The Furies hearken , and their snakes uncurl. Dryden.
Hearken , O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you. Deut. iv. 1. 2. To inquire; to seek information.
[ Obsolete] " Hearken
after their offense." Shak. Syn.
-- To attend; listen; hear; heed. See Attend
, intransitive verb
Hearken transitive verb 1. To hear by listening.
[ She] hearkened now and then Spenser. 2. To give heed to; to hear attentively.
Some little whispering and soft groaning sound.
The King of Naples . . . hearkens my brother's suit. Shak. To hearken out
, to search out.
If you find none, you must hearken out a vein and buy. B. Johnson.
Hearkener (-ẽr) noun One who hearkens; a listener.
Hearsal (hẽr"s a l) noun Rehearsal. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
(hēr"sā`) noun Report; rumor; fame; common talk; something heard from another.
Much of the obloquy that has so long rested on the memory of our great national poet originated in frivolous hearsays of his life and conversation. Prof. Wilson. Hearsay evidence (Law)
, that species of testimony which consists in a narration by one person of matters told him by another. It is, with a few exceptions, inadmissible as testimony. Abbott.
Hearse (hẽrs) noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A hind in the second year of its age. [ Eng.] Wright.
[ See Herse
.] 1. A framework of wood or metal placed over the coffin or tomb of a deceased person, and covered with a pall; also, a temporary canopy bearing wax lights and set up in a church, under which the coffin was placed during the funeral ceremonies.
[ Obsolete] Oxf. Gloss. 2. A grave, coffin, tomb, or sepulchral monument.
[ Archaic] "Underneath this marble hearse
." B. Johnson.
Beside the hearse a fruitful palm tree grows. Fairfax
Who lies beneath this sculptured hearse . Longfellow. 3. A bier or handbarrow for conveying the dead to the grave.
Set down, set down your honorable load, Shak. 4. A carriage specially adapted or used for conveying the dead to the grave.
It honor may be shrouded in a hearse .
Hearse transitive verb To inclose in a hearse; to entomb. [ Obsolete] "Would she were hearsed at my foot." Shak.
Hearsecloth (-klŏth`; 115) noun A cloth for covering a coffin when on a bier; a pall. Bp. Sanderson.
(-līk`) adjective Suitable to a funeral.
If you listen to David's harp, you shall hear as many hearselike airs as carols. Bacon.
[ Middle English harte
, Anglo-Saxon heorte
; akin to Old Saxon herta
, OFies. hirte
, Dutch hart
, Old High German herza
, German herz
, Icelandic hjarta
, Swedish hjerta
, Goth. haírtō
, Lithuanian szirdis
, Russian serdtse
, Ir. cridhe
, Latin cor
, Greek kardi`a
√227. Confer Accord
, 4th Core
.] 1. (Anat.) A hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.
Why does my blood thus muster to my heart ! Shak.
» In adult mammals and birds, the heart is four-chambered, the right auricle and ventricle being completely separated from the left auricle and ventricle; and the blood flows from the systemic veins to the right auricle, thence to the right ventricle, from which it is forced to the lungs, then returned to the left auricle, thence passes to the left ventricle, from which it is driven into the systemic arteries. See Illust.
. In fishes there are but one auricle and one ventricle, the blood being pumped from the ventricle through the gills to the system, and thence returned to the auricle. In most amphibians and reptiles, the separation of the auricles is partial or complete, and in reptiles the ventricles also are separated more or less completely. The so- called lymph hearts
, found in many amphibians, reptiles, and birds, are contractile sacs, which pump the lymph into the veins. 2. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, and the like; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; -- usually in a good sense, when no epithet is expressed; the better or lovelier part of our nature; the spring of all our actions and purposes; the seat of moral life and character; the moral affections and character itself; the individual disposition and character; as, a good, tender, loving, bad, hard, or selfish heart .
Hearts are dust, hearts' loves remain. Emerson. 3. The nearest the middle or center; the part most hidden and within; the inmost or most essential part of any body or system; the source of life and motion in any organization; the chief or vital portion; the center of activity, or of energetic or efficient action; as, the heart of a country, of a tree, etc.
Exploits done in the heart of France. Shak.
Peace subsisting at the heart Wordsworth. 4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.
Of endless agitation.
Eve, recovering heart , replied. Milton.
The expelled nations take heart , and when they fly from one country invade another. Sir W. Temple. 5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.
That the spent earth may gather heart again. Dryden. 6. That which resembles a heart in shape; especially, a roundish or oval figure or object having an obtuse point at one end, and at the other a corresponding indentation, -- used as a symbol or representative of the heart. 7. One of a series of playing cards, distinguished by the figure or figures of a heart; as, hearts are trumps. 8. Vital part; secret meaning; real intention.
And then show you the heart of my message. Shak. 9. A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address.
"I speak to thee, my heart
is used in many compounds, the most of which need no special explanation; as, heart
-wringing, etc. After one's own heart
, conforming with one's inmost approval and desire; as, a friend after my own heart .
The Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart . 1 Sam. xiii. 14.
-- At heart
, in the inmost character or disposition; at bottom; really; as, he is at heart a good man.
-- By heart
, in the closest or most thorough manner; as, to know or learn by heart . "Composing songs, for fools to get by heart " (that is, to commit to memory, or to learn thoroughly). Pope.
-- For my heart
, for my life; if my life were at stake.
[ Obsolete] "I could not get him for my heart
to do it." Shak.
-- Heart bond (Masonry)
, a bond in which no header stone stretches across the wall, but two headers meet in the middle, and their joint is covered by another stone laid header fashion. Knight.
-- Heart and hand
, with enthusiastic coöperation.
-- Heart hardness
, hardness of heart; callousness of feeling; moral insensibility. Shak.
-- Heart heaviness
, depression of spirits. Shak.
-- Heart point (Her.)
, the fess point. See Escutcheon .
-- Heart rising
, a rising of the heart, as in opposition.
-- Heart shell (Zoology)
, any marine, bivalve shell of the genus Cardium and allied genera, having a heart-shaped shell; esp., the European Isocardia cor ; -- called also heart cockle .
-- Heart sickness
, extreme depression of spirits.
-- Heart and soul
, with the utmost earnestness.
-- Heart urchin (Zoology)
, any heartshaped, spatangoid sea urchin. See Spatangoid .
-- Heart wheel
, a form of cam, shaped like a heart. See Cam .
-- In good heart
, in good courage; in good hope.
-- Out of heart
-- Poor heart
, an exclamation of pity.
-- To break the heart of
. (a) To bring to despair or hopeless grief; to cause to be utterly cast down by sorrow. (b) To bring almost to completion; to finish very nearly; -- said of anything undertaken; as, he has broken the heart of the task.
-- To find in the heart
, to be willing or disposed.
"I could find in my heart
to ask your pardon." Sir P. Sidney.
-- To have at heart
, to desire (anything) earnestly.
-- To have in the heart
, to purpose; to design or intend to do.
-- To have the heart in the mouth
, to be much frightened.
-- To lose heart
, to become discouraged.
-- To lose one's heart
, to fall in love.
-- To set the heart at rest
, to put one's self at ease.
-- To set the heart upon
, to fix the desires on; to long for earnestly; to be very fond of.
-- To take heart of grace
, to take courage.
-- To take to heart
, to grieve over.
-- To wear one's heart upon one's sleeve
, to expose one's feelings or intentions; to be frank or impulsive.
- - With all one's heart
, With one's whole heart
, very earnestly; fully; completely; devotedly.
(härt) transitive verb To give heart to; to hearten; to encourage; to inspirit.
My cause is hearted ; thine hath no less reason. Shak.
Heart intransitive verb To form a compact center or heart; as, a hearting cabbage.
Heart-eating (-ēt`ĭng) adjective Preying on the heart.
Heart-robbing (-rŏb`bĭng) adjective
1. Depriving of thought; ecstatic. " Heart-robbing gladness." Spenser. 2. Stealing the heart or affections; winning.
(-spōn`) noun A part of the breastbone.
He feeleth through the herte-spon the pricke. Chaucer.
Heart's-ease (härts"ēz`) noun
1. Ease of heart; peace or tranquillity of mind or feeling. Shak. 2. (Botany) A species of violet ( Viola tricolor ); -- called also pansy .
Heartache (-āk`) noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon heortece .] Sorrow; anguish of mind; mental pang. Shak.
Heartbreak (-brāk`) noun Crushing sorrow or grief; a yielding to such grief. Shak.
Heartbreaking adjective Causing overpowering sorrow.
Heartbroken (-brō`k'n) adjective Overcome by crushing sorrow; deeply grieved.
Heartburn (-bûrn`) noun (Medicine) An uneasy, burning sensation in the stomach, often attended with an inclination to vomit. It is sometimes idiopathic, but is often a symptom of other complaints.
Heartburned (-bûrnd`) adjective Having heartburn. Shak.
Heartburning (-bûrn`ĭng) adjective Causing discontent.
Heartburning noun 1. (Medicine) Same as Heartburn . 2. Discontent; secret enmity. Swift.
The transaction did not fail to leave heartburnings . Palfrey.
Heartdear (-dēr`) adjective Sincerely beloved. [ R.] Shak.
Heartdeep (-dēp`) adjective Rooted in the heart. Herbert.
Hearted adjective 1. Having a heart; having (such) a heart (regarded as the seat of the affections, disposition, or character). 2. Shaped like a heart; cordate.
[ R.] Landor. 3. Seated or laid up in the heart.
I hate the Moor: my cause is hearted . Shak.
» This word is chiefly used in composition; as, hard- hearted
, faint- hearted
, kind- hearted
, lion- hearted
, stout- hearted
, etc. Hence the nouns hard- hearted
ness, faint- hearted
Heartedness noun Earnestness; sincerity; heartiness.
[ R.] Clarendon.
» See also the Note under Hearted
. The analysis of the compounds gives hard-hearted
+ - ness
, rather than hard
(härt"'n) transitive verb
[ From Heart
.] 1. To encourage; to animate; to incite or stimulate the courage of; to embolden.
Hearten those that fight in your defense. Shak. 2. To restore fertility or strength to, as to land.
Heartener (-ẽr) noun One who, or that which, heartens, animates, or stirs up. W. Browne.
Heartfelt (-fĕlt`) adjective Hearty; sincere.
Heartgrief (-grēf`) noun Heartache; sorrow. Milton.
[ Middle English harthe
, Anglo-Saxon heorð
; akin to Dutch haard
, Swedish härd
, German herd
; confer Goth. haúri
a coal, Icelandic hyrr
embers, and Latin cremare
to burn.] 1. The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a chimney, on which a fire is made; the floor of a fireplace; also, a corresponding part of a stove.
There was a fire on the hearth burning before him. Jer. xxxvi. 22.
Where fires thou find'st unraked and hearths unswept. Shak. 2. The house itself, as the abode of comfort to its inmates and of hospitality to strangers; fireside.
There pinch the maids as blue as bilberry.
Household talk and phrases of the hearth . Tennyson. 3. (Metal. & Manuf.) The floor of a furnace, on which the material to be heated lies, or the lowest part of a melting furnace, into which the melted material settles. Hearth ends (Metal.)
, fragments of lead ore ejected from the furnace by the blast.
-- Hearth money
, Hearth penny
[ Anglo-Saxon heorðpening
], a tax formerly laid in England on hearths, each hearth (in all houses paying the church and poor rates) being taxed at two shillings; -- called also chimney money , etc.
He had been importuned by the common people to relieve them from the . . . burden of the hearth money . Macaulay.
(-stōn`) noun Stone forming the hearth; hence, the fireside; home.
Chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone . A. Lincoln.
[ From Hearty
.] 1. From the heart; with all the heart; with sincerity.
I heartily forgive them. Shak. 2. With zeal; actively; vigorously; willingly; cordially; as, he heartily assisted the prince. To eat heartily
, to eat freely and with relish. Addison. Syn.
-- Sincerely; cordially; zealously; vigorously; actively; warmly; eagerly; ardently; earnestly.
Heartiness (härt"ĭ*nĕs) noun The quality of being hearty; as, the heartiness of a greeting.
Heartless adjective 1. Without a heart.
You have left me heartless ; mine is in your bosom. J. Webster. 2. Destitute of courage; spiritless; despondent.
Heartless they fought, and quitted soon their ground. Dryden.
Heartless and melancholy. W. Irwing. 3. Destitute of feeling or affection; unsympathetic; cruel.
Heartlet (-lĕt) noun A little heart.
Heartlings (-lĭngz) interj. An exclamation used in addressing a familiar acquaintance. [ Obsolete] Shak.
(-pē`) noun (Botany) Same as Heartseed .
(-kwāk`) noun Trembling of the heart; trepidation; fear.
In many an hour of danger and heartquake . Hawthorne.
Heartrending (-rĕnd`ĭng) adjective Causing intense grief; overpowering with anguish; very distressing.
Heartseed (härt"sēd`) noun (Botany) A climbing plant of the genus Cardiospermum , having round seeds which are marked with a spot like a heart. Loudon.
Heartshaped (-shāpt`) adjective Having the shape of a heart; cordate.
Heartsick (-sĭk`) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon heortseóc .] Sick at heart; extremely depressed in spirits; very despondent.
Heartsome (-sŭm) adjective Merry; cheerful; lively. [ Scot.]
Heartstricken (-strĭk`'n) adjective Shocked; dismayed.
Heartstrike (-strīk`) transitive verb To affect at heart; to shock. [ R.] "They seek to heartstrike us." B. Jonson.
(-strĭng`) noun A nerve or tendon, supposed to brace and sustain the heart. Shak.
Sobbing, as if a heartstring broke. Moore.
Heartstruck (-strŭk`) adjective
1. Driven to the heart; infixed in the mind. "His heartstruck injuries." Shak. 2. Shocked with pain, fear, or remorse; dismayed; heartstricken. Milton.