Webster's Dictionary, 1913
1. A piece of armor to protect the heels. Chesterfield. 2. A piece of leather fixed on the heel of a shoe. 3. The end. "The heelpiece of his book." Lloyd.
1. (Nautical) The post supporting the outer end of a propeller shaft. 2. (Carp.) The post to which a gate or door is hinged. 3. (Engineering) The quoin post of a lock gate.
Heelspur noun (Zoology) A slender bony or cartilaginous process developed from the heel bone of bats. It helps to support the wing membranes. See Illust. of Cheiropter .
1. One of the segments of leather in the heel of a shoe. 2. A small portion of liquor left in a glass after drinking. "Bumpers around and no heeltaps ." Sheridan.
Heeltap transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Heeltapped
; present participle & verbal noun Heeltapping
.] To add a piece of leather to the heel of (a shoe, boot, etc.)
Heeltool noun A tool used by turners in metal, having a bend forming a heel near the cutting end.
; plural - raaden
. [ Sometimes, incorrectly, Heemraat
or even Heemrad
.] [ Dutch heem
village + raad
council, councilor.] In Holland, and, until the 19th century, also in Cape Colony, a council to assist a local magistrate in the government of rural districts; hence, also, a member of such a council.
Heep noun The hip of the dog- rose. [ Obsolete]
[ Etymol. uncertain.] A yarn measure of six hundred yards or &frac1x24; of a spindle. See Spindle .
[ See Hair
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Heft noun Same as Haft , noun
[ Obsolete] Waller.
[ From Heave
: confer hefe
weight. Confer Haft
.] 1. The act or effort of heaving... violent strain or exertion.
He craks his gorge, his sides, Shak. 2. Weight; ponderousness.
With violent hefts .
A man of his age and heft . T. Hughes. 3. The greater part or bulk of anything; as, the heft of the crop was spoiled.
[ Colloq. U. S.] J. Pickering.
Heft transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hefted
, obsolete ); present participle & verbal noun Hefting
.] 1. To heave up; to raise aloft.
Inflamed with wrath, his raging blade he heft . Spenser. 2. To prove or try the weight of by raising.
; G. plural Hefte
. [ G.] A number of sheets of paper fastened together, as for a notebook; also, a part of a serial publication.
The size of " hefts " will depend on the material requiring attention, and the annual volume is to cost about 15 marks. The Nation.
Hefty adjective Moderately heavy. [ Colloq. U. S.]
Hegelian adjective Pertaining to Hegelianism. -- noun A follower of Hegel.
Hegelianism, Hegelism noun The system of logic and philosophy set forth by Hegel , a German writer (1770-1831).
Hegemonic, Hegemonical adjective
[ Greek .... See Hegemony
.] Leading; controlling; ruling; predominant.
"Princelike and hegemonical
Hegemony noun [ Greek ..., from ... guide, leader, from ... to go before.] Leadership; preponderant influence or authority; -- usually applied to the relation of a government or state to its neighbors or confederates. Lieber.
Hegge noun A hedge. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Written also hejira
.] [ Arabic hijrah
flight.] The flight of Mohammed from Mecca, September 13, A. D. 622 (subsequently established as the first year of the Moslem era); hence, any flight or exodus regarded as like that of Mohammed.
» The starting point of the Era was made to begin, not from the date of the flight, but from the first day of the Arabic year, which corresponds to July 16, A. D.
Heifer noun [ Middle English hayfare , Anglo-Saxon heáhfore , heáfore ; the second part of this word seems akin to Anglo-Saxon fearr bull, ox; akin to Old High German farro , German farre , Dutch vaars , heifer, German färse , and perhaps to Greek ..., ..., calf, heifer.] (Zoology) A young cow.
Heigh-ho (hī"-hō) interj. An exclamation of surprise, joy, dejection, uneasiness, weariness, etc. Shak.
[ Written also hight
.] [ Middle English heighte
, Anglo-Saxon heáhðu
high; akin to Dutch hoogte
, Swedish höjd
, Danish höide
, Icelandic hæð
, Goth. hauhiþa
. See High
.] 1. The condition of being high; elevated position.
Behold the height of the stars, how high they are! Job xxii. 12. 2. The distance to which anything rises above its foot, above that on which in stands, above the earth, or above the level of the sea; altitude; the measure upward from a surface, as the floor or the ground, of an animal, especially of a man; stature. Bacon.
[ Goliath's] height was six cubits and a span. 1 Sam. xvii. 4. 3. Degree of latitude either north or south.
Guinea lieth to the north sea, in the same height as Peru to the south. Abp. Abbot. 4. That which is elevated; an eminence; a hill or mountain; as, Alpine heights . Dryden. 5. Elevation in excellence of any kind, as in power, learning, arts; also, an advanced degree of social rank; preëminence or distinction in society; prominence.
Measure your mind's height by the shade it casts. R. Browning.
All would in his power hold, all make his subjects. Chapman. 6. Progress toward eminence; grade; degree.
Social duties are carried to greater heights , and enforced with stronger motives by the principles of our religion. Addison. 7. Utmost degree in extent; extreme limit of energy or condition; as, the height of a fever, of passion, of madness, of folly; the height of a tempest.
My grief was at the height before thou camest. Shak. On height
[ He] spake these same words, all on hight . Chaucer.
(hīt"'n) transitive verb
[ Written also highten
.] [ imperfect & past participle Heightened
; present participle & verbal noun Heightening
.] 1. To make high; to raise higher; to elevate. 2. To carry forward; to advance; to increase; to augment; to aggravate; to intensify; to render more conspicuous; - - used of things, good or bad; as, to heighten beauty; to heighten a flavor or a tint.
our confusion." Addison.
An aspect of mystery which was easily heightened to the miraculous. Hawthorne.
Heightener noun [ Written also hightener .] One who, or that which, heightens.
[ Old French haïnos
hateful, French haineux
, from Old French haïne
hate, French haine
, from haïr
to hate; of German origin. See Hate
.] Hateful; hatefully bad; flagrant; odious; atrocious; giving great offense; -- applied to deeds or to character.
It were most heinous and accursed sacrilege. Hooker.
How heinous had the fact been, how deserving Milton. Syn.
-- Monstrous; flagrant; flagitious; atrocious. -- Hei"nous*ly
[ Middle English heir
, Old French heir
, French hoir
, Latin heres
; of uncertain origin. Confer Hereditary
.] 1. One who inherits, or is entitled to succeed to the possession of, any property after the death of its owner; one on whom the law bestows the title or property of another at the death of the latter.
I am my father's heir and only son. Shak. 2. One who receives any endowment from an ancestor or relation; as, the heir of one's reputation or virtues.
And I his heir in misery alone. Pope. Heir apparent
. (Law.) See under Apparent .
-- Heir at law
, one who, after his ancector's death, has a right to inherit all his intestate estate. Wharton (Law Dict.).
-- Heir presumptive
, one who, if the ancestor should die immediately, would be his heir, but whose right to the inheritance may be defeated by the birth of a nearer relative, or by some other contingency.
Heir transitive verb To inherit; to succeed to.
One only daughter heired the royal state. Dryden.
Heirdom noun The state of an heir; succession by inheritance. Burke.
Heiress noun A female heir.
Heirless adjective Destitute of an heir. Shak.
, in its earlier sense of implement
the frame.] Any furniture, movable, or personal chattel, which by law or special custom descends to the heir along with the inheritance; any piece of personal property that has been in a family for several generations.
Woe to him whose daring hand profanes Moir.
The honored heirlooms of his ancestors.
Heirship noun The state, character, or privileges of an heir; right of inheriting. Heirship movables , certain kinds of movables which the heir is entitled to take, besides the heritable estate. [ Scot.]
[ New Latin , from Greek ... fawn + ... mouse.] (Zoology) See Jumping hare , under Hare .
Helcoplasty noun [ Greek ... a wound + -plasty .] (Medicine) The act or process of repairing lesions made by ulcers, especially by a plastic operation.
Held imperfect & past participle of Hold .
[ See Heal
] Health; welfare.
[ Obsolete] "In joy and perfyt hele
Hele transitive verb
[ Anglo-Saxon helan
, akin to Dutch helen
, Old High German helan
, German hehlen
, Latin celare
. √17. See Hell
, and confer Conceal
.] To hide; to cover; to roof.
Hide and hele things. Chaucer.
[ Latin : confer Spanish helena
.] See St. Elmo's fire , under Saint .
Helenin noun (Chemistry) A neutral organic substance found in the root of the elecampane ( Inula helenium ), and extracted as a white crystalline or oily material, with a slightly bitter taste.
Heliac adjective Heliacal.
Heliacal adjective [ Greek ... belonging to the sun, from ... the sun: confer French héliaque .] (Astron.) Emerging from the light of the sun, or passing into it; rising or setting at the same, or nearly the same, time as the sun. Sir T. Browne. » The heliacal rising of a star is when, after being in conjunction with the sun, and invisible, it emerges from the light so as to be visible in the morning before sunrising. On the contrary, the heliacal setting of a star is when the sun approaches conjunction so near as to render the star invisible.
Heliacally adverb In a heliacal manner. De Quincey.
Helianthin noun [ Prob. from Latin helianthes , or New Latin helianthus , sunflower, in allusion to its color.] (Chemistry) An artificial, orange dyestuff, analogous to tropaolin, and like it used as an indicator in alkalimetry; -- called also methyl orange .
Helianthoid adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Helianthoidea.
Helianthoidea noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin helianthes sunflower + -oid .] (Zoology) An order of Anthozoa; the Actinaria.