Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Heavy adjective Having the heaves.
[ Compar. Heavier
; superl. Heaviest
.] [ Middle English hevi
, Anglo-Saxon hefig
, from hebban
to lift, heave; akin to Old High German hebig
, Icelandic höfigr
. See Heave
.] 1. Heaved or lifted with labor; not light; weighty; ponderous; as, a heavy stone; hence, sometimes, large in extent, quantity, or effects; as, a heavy fall of rain or snow; a heavy failure; heavy business transactions, etc.; often implying strength; as, a heavy barrier; also, difficult to move; as, a heavy draught. 2. Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive; hard to endure or accomplish; hence, grievous, afflictive; as, heavy yokes, expenses, undertakings, trials, news, etc.
The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod. 1 Sam. v. 6.
The king himself hath a heavy reckoning to make. Shak.
Sent hither to impart the heavy news. Wordsworth.
Trust him not in matter of heavy consequence. Shak. 3. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with care, grief, pain, disappointment.
The heavy [ sorrowing] nobles all in council were. Chapman.
A light wife doth make a heavy husband. Shak. 4. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid; as, a heavy gait, looks, manners, style, and the like; a heavy writer or book.
Whilst the heavy plowman snores. Shak.
Of a heavy , dull, degenerate mind. Dryden.
Neither [ is] his ear heavy , that it can not hear. Is. lix. 1. 5. Strong; violent; forcible; as, a heavy sea, storm, cannonade, and the like. 6. Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder.
But, hark! that heavy sound breaks in once more. Byron. 7. Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the sky. 8. Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey; -- said of earth; as, a heavy road, soil, and the like. 9. Not raised or made light; as, heavy bread. 10. Not agreeable to, or suitable for, the stomach; not easily digested; -- said of food. 11. Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other liquors. 12. With child; pregnant.
[ R.] Heavy artillery
. (Mil.) (a) Guns of great weight or large caliber, esp. siege, garrison, and seacoast guns. (b) Troops which serve heavy guns.
-- Heavy cavalry
. See under Cavalry .
-- Heavy fire (Mil.)
, a continuous or destructive cannonading, or discharge of small arms.
-- Heavy metal (Mil.)
, large guns carrying balls of a large size; also, large balls for such guns.
-- Heavy metals
. (Chemistry) See under Metal .
-- Heavy weight
, in wrestling, boxing, etc., a term applied to the heaviest of the classes into which contestants are divided. Confer Feather weight (c) , under Feather .
is used in composition to form many words which need no special explanation; as, heavy
Heavy adverb Heavily; -- sometimes used in composition; as, heavy -laden.
Heavy transitive verb To make heavy. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Heavy spar (Min.) Native barium sulphate or barite, -- so called because of its high specific gravity as compared with other non-metallic minerals.
Heavy-armed adjective (Mil.) Wearing heavy or complete armor; carrying heavy arms.
Heavy-haded adjective Clumsy; awkward.
Heavy-headed adjective Dull; stupid. "Gross heavy-headed fellows." Beau. & Fl.
[ Latin hebdomas
, Greek "ebdoma`s
the number seven days, from ... seventh, ... seven. See Seven
.] A week; a period of seven days.
[ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Hebdomadal, Hebdomadary adjective [ Latin hebdomadalis , Late Latin hebdomadarius : confer French hebdomadaire .] Consisting of seven days, or occurring at intervals of seven days; weekly.
Hebdomadally adverb In periods of seven days; weekly. Lowell.
Hebdomadary noun [ Late Latin hebdomadarius : confer French hebdomadier .] (R. C. Ch.) A member of a chapter or convent, whose week it is to officiate in the choir, and perform other services, which, on extraordinary occasions, are performed by the superiors.
Hebdomatical adjective [ Latin hebdomaticus , Greek ....] Weekly; hebdomadal. [ Obsolete]
Hebe noun [ Latin , from Greek "h`bh youth, "H`bh Hebe.]
1. (Class. Myth.) The goddess of youth, daughter of Jupiter and Juno. She was believed to have the power of restoring youth and beauty to those who had lost them. 2. (Zoology) An African ape; the hamadryas.
Heben noun Ebony. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Hebenon noun See Henbane .
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Hebetate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hebetated
; present participle & verbal noun Hebetating
.] [ Latin hebetatus
, past participle of hebetare
to dull. See Hebete
.] To render obtuse; to dull; to blunt; to stupefy; as, to hebetate the intellectual faculties. Southey
1. Obtuse; dull. 2. (Botany) Having a dull or blunt and soft point. Gray.
Hebetation noun [ Latin hebetatio : confer French hébétation .]
1. The act of making blunt, dull, or stupid. 2. The state of being blunted or dulled.
Hebete adjective [ Latin hebes , hebetis , dull, stupid, from hebere to be dull.] Dull; stupid. [ Obsolete]
Hebetude noun [ Latin hebetudo .] Dullness; stupidity. Harvey.
[ Latin Hebraicus
, Greek ...: confer French hebraïque
. See Hebrew
.] Of or pertaining to the Hebrews, or to the language of the Hebrews.
Hebraically adverb After the manner of the Hebrews or of the Hebrew language.
[ Confer French hébraïsme
.] 1. A Hebrew idiom or custom; a peculiar expression or manner of speaking in the Hebrew language. Addison. 2. The type of character of the Hebrews.
The governing idea of Hebraism is strictness of conscience. M. Arnold.
Hebraist noun [ Confer French hébraïste .] One versed in the Hebrew language and learning.
Hebraistic adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, the Hebrew language or idiom.
Hebraistically adverb In a Hebraistic sense or form.
Which is Hebraistically used in the New Testament. Kitto.
Hebraize transitive verb [ Greek ... to speak Hebrew: confer French hébraïser .] To convert into the Hebrew idiom; to make Hebrew or Hebraistic. J. R. Smith.
Hebraize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hebraized
; present participle & verbal noun Hebraizing
.] To speak Hebrew, or to conform to the Hebrew idiom, or to Hebrew customs.
[ French Hébreu
, Latin Hebraeus
, Greek ..., from Hebrew 'ibhrī
.] 1. An appellative of Abraham or of one of his descendants, esp. in the line of Jacob; an Israelite; a Jew.
There came one that had escaped and told Abram the Hebrew . Gen. xiv. 13. 2. The language of the Hebrews; -- one of the Semitic family of languages.
Hebrew adjective Of or pertaining to the Hebrews; as, the Hebrew language or rites.
Hebrew calendar = Jewish calendar.
Hebrewess noun An Israelitish woman.
Hebrician noun A Hebraist. [ R.]
Hebridean, Hebridian adjective Of or pertaining to the islands called Hebrides, west of Scotland. -- noun A native or inhabitant of the Hebrides.
[ Latin hecatombe
, Greek ...; ... hundred + ... ox: confer French hécatombe
.] (Antiq.) A sacrifice of a hundred oxen or cattle at the same time; hence, the sacrifice or slaughter of any large number of victims.
Slaughtered hecatombs around them bleed. Addison.
More than a human hecatomb . Byron.
Hecatompedon noun [ Greek ... hundred feet long, ... ... the Parthenon; ... hundred + ... foot.] (Architecture) A name given to the old Parthenon at Athens, because measuring 100 Greek feet, probably in the width across the stylobate.
Hecdecane noun [ Greek ... six + ... ten.] (Chemistry) A white, semisolid, spermaceti-like hydrocarbon, C 16 H 34 , of the paraffin series, found dissolved as an important ingredient of kerosene, and so called because each molecule has sixteen atoms of carbon; -- called also hexadecane .
[ See Hatch
a half door.] [ Written also hack
.] 1. The bolt or latch of a door.
[ Prov. Eng.] 2. A rack for cattle to feed at.
[ Prov. Eng.] 3. A door, especially one partly of latticework; -- called also heck door .
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 4. A latticework contrivance for catching fish. 5. (Weaving) An apparatus for separating the threads of warps into sets, as they are wound upon the reel from the bobbins, in a warping machine. 6. A bend or winding of a stream.
[ Prov. Eng.] Half heck
, the lower half of a door.
-- Heck board
, the loose board at the bottom or back of a cart.
-- Heck box or frame
, that which carries the heck in warping.
Heckerism noun (R. C. Ch.) (a) The teaching of Isaac Thomas Hecker (1819- 88), which interprets Catholicism as promoting human aspirations after liberty and truth, and as the religion best suited to the character and institutions of the American people. (b) Improperly, certain views or principles erroneously ascribed to Father Hecker in a French translation of Elliott's Life of Hecker. They were condemned as "Americanism" by the Pope, in a letter to Cardinal Gibbons, January 22, 1899.
Heckimal noun (Zoology) The European blue titmouse ( Parus cœruleus ). [ Written also heckimel , hackeymal , hackmall , hagmall , and hickmall .]
Heckle noun & transitive verb Same as Hackle .
Heckle transitive verb To interrogate, or ply with questions, esp. with severity or antagonism, as a candidate for the ministry.
Robert bore heckling , however, with great patience and adroitness. Mrs. Humphry Ward.
Hectare noun [ French, from Greek ... hundred + French are an are.] A measure of area, or superficies, containing a hundred ares, or 10,000 square meters, and equivalent to 2.471 acres.
[ French hectique
, Greek ... habitual, consumptive, from ... habit, a habit of body or mind, from ... to have; akin to Sanskrit sah
to overpower, endure; confer Anglo-Saxon sige
, victory, German sieg
, Goth. sigis
. Confer Scheme
.] 1. Habitual; constitutional; pertaining especially to slow waste of animal tissue, as in consumption; as, a hectic type in disease; a hectic flush. 2. In a hectic condition; having hectic fever; consumptive; as, a hectic patient. Hectic fever (Medicine)
, a fever of irritation and debility, occurring usually at a advanced stage of exhausting disease, as a in pulmonary consumption.
Hectic noun 1. (Medicine) Hectic fever. 2. A hectic flush.
It is no living hue, but a strange hectic . Byron.
Hectocotylized adjective (Zoology) Changed into a hectocotylus; having a hectocotylis.
; plural Hectocotyli
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a hundred + ... a hollow vessel.] (Zoology) One of the arms of the male of most kinds of cephalopods, which is specially modified in various ways to effect the fertilization of the eggs. In a special sense, the greatly modified arm of Argonauta and allied genera, which, after receiving the spermatophores, becomes detached from the male, and attaches itself to the female for reproductive purposes.
Hectogram noun [ French hectogramme , from Greek ... hundred + French gramme a gram.] A measure of weight, containing a hundred grams, or about 3.527 ounces avoirdupois.
[ French] The same as Hectogram .