Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Whole
.] 1. Having the heart or affections free; not in love. Shak. 2. With unbroken courage; undismayed. 3. Of a single and sincere heart.
If he keeps heart-whole towards his Master. Bunyan.
Heart-wounded (härt"wōnd`ĕd or - wound`ĕd) adjective Wounded to the heart with love or grief. Pope.
Heartswelling (-swĕl`ĭng) adjective Rankling in, or swelling, the heart. " Heartswelling hate." Spenser.
Heartwood (-wod`) noun The hard, central part of the trunk of a tree, consisting of the old and matured wood, and usually differing in color from the outer layers. It is technically known as duramen , and distinguished from the softer sapwood or alburnum .
[ Compar. Heartier
(-ĭ*ẽr); superl. Heartiest
.] 1. Pertaining to, or proceeding from, the heart; warm; cordial; bold; zealous; sincere; willing; also, energetic; active; eager; as, a hearty welcome; hearty in supporting the government.
Full of hearty tears Marston. 2. Exhibiting strength; sound; healthy; firm; not weak; as, a hearty man; hearty timber. 3. Promoting strength; nourishing; rich; abundant; as, hearty food; a hearty meal. Syn.
For our good father's loss.
-- Sincere; real; unfeigned; undissembled; cordial; earnest; warm; zealous; ardent; eager; active; vigorous. -- Hearty
implies honesty and simplicity of feelings and manners; cordial
refers to the warmth and liveliness with which the feelings are expressed; sincere
implies that this expression corresponds to the real sentiments of the heart. A man should be hearty
in his attachment to his friends, cordial
in his reception of them to his house, and sincere
in his offers to assist them.
; plural Hearties
(-ĭz). Comrade; boon companion; good fellow; -- a term of familiar address and fellowship among sailors. Dickens.
Heartyhale (-hāl`) adjective Good for the heart. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English hete
, Anglo-Saxon hǣtu
, from hāt
hot; akin to Old High German heizi
heat, Danish hede
, Swedish hetta
. See Hot
.] 1. A force in nature which is recognized in various effects, but especially in the phenomena of fusion and evaporation, and which, as manifested in fire, the sun's rays, mechanical action, chemical combination, etc., becomes directly known to us through the sense of feeling. In its nature heat is a mode of motion, being in general a form of molecular disturbance or vibration. It was formerly supposed to be a subtile, imponderable fluid, to which was given the name caloric .
» As affecting the human body, heat produces different sensations, which are called by different names, as heat or sensible heat, warmth, cold, etc., according to its degree or amount relatively to the normal temperature of the body. 2. The sensation caused by the force or influence of heat when excessive, or above that which is normal to the human body; the bodily feeling experienced on exposure to fire, the sun's rays, etc.; the reverse of cold . 3. High temperature, as distinguished from low temperature, or cold; as, the heat of summer and the cold of winter; heat of the skin or body in fever, etc.
Else how had the world . . . Milton. 4. Indication of high temperature; appearance, condition, or color of a body, as indicating its temperature; redness; high color; flush; degree of temperature to which something is heated, as indicated by appearance, condition, or otherwise.
Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat !
It has raised . . . heats in their faces. Addison.
The heats smiths take of their iron are a blood-red heat , a white-flame heat , and a sparkling or welding heat . Moxon. 5. A single complete operation of heating, as at a forge or in a furnace; as, to make a horseshoe in a certain number of heats . 6. A violent action unintermitted; a single effort; a single course in a race that consists of two or more courses; as, he won two heats out of three.
Many causes . . . for refreshment betwixt the heats . Dryden.
[ He] struck off at one heat the matchless tale of "Tam o' Shanter." J. C. Shairp. 7. Utmost violence; rage; vehemence; as, the heat of battle or party.
of their division." Shak. 8. Agitation of mind; inflammation or excitement; exasperation.
and hurry of his rage." South. 9. Animation, as in discourse; ardor; fervency.
With all the strength and heat of eloquence. Addison. 10. Sexual excitement in animals. 11. Fermentation. Animal heat
, Blood heat
, Capacity for heat
, etc. See under Animal , Blood , etc.
-- Atomic heat (Chemistry)
, the product obtained by multiplying the atomic weight of any element by its specific heat. The atomic heat of all solid elements is nearly a constant, the mean value being 6.4.
-- Dynamical theory of heat
, that theory of heat which assumes it to be, not a peculiar kind of matter, but a peculiar motion of the ultimate particles of matter. Heat engine
, any apparatus by which a heated substance, as a heated fluid, is made to perform work by giving motion to mechanism, as a hot-air engine, or a steam engine.
-- Heat producers
. (Physiol.) See under Food .
-- Heat rays
, a term formerly applied to the rays near the red end of the spectrum, whether within or beyond the visible spectrum.
-- Heat weight (Mech.)
, the product of any quantity of heat by the mechanical equivalent of heat divided by the absolute temperature; -- called also thermodynamic function , and entropy .
-- Mechanical equivalent of heat
. See under Equivalent .
-- Specific heat of a substance (at any temperature)
, the number of units of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass of the substance at that temperature one degree.
-- Unit of heat
, the quantity of heat required to raise, by one degree, the temperature of a unit mass of water, initially at a certain standard temperature. The temperature usually employed is that of 0Â° Centigrade, or 32Â° Fahrenheit.
(hēt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Heated
; present participle & verbal noun Heating
.] [ Middle English heten
, Anglo-Saxon hǣtan
, from hāt
hot. See Hot
.] 1. To make hot; to communicate heat to, or cause to grow warm; as, to heat an oven or furnace, an iron, or the like.
Heat me these irons hot. Shak. 2. To excite or make hot by action or emotion; to make feverish.
Pray, walk softly; do not heat your blood. Shak. 3. To excite ardor in; to rouse to action; to excite to excess; to inflame, as the passions.
A noble emulation heats your breast. Dryden.
Heat intransitive verb
1. To grow warm or hot by the action of fire or friction, etc., or the communication of heat; as, the iron or the water heats slowly. 2. To grow warm or hot by fermentation, or the development of heat by chemical action; as, green hay heats in a mow, and manure in the dunghill.
(hĕt) imperfect & past participle
. Heated; as, the iron though heat red- hot.
[ Obsolete or Archaic] Shak.
(hēt"ẽr) noun 1. One who, or that which, heats. 2. Any contrivance or implement, as a furnace, stove, or other heated body or vessel, etc., used to impart heat to something, or to contain something to be heated. Feed heater
. See under Feed .
[ Middle English heth
waste land, the plant heath, Anglo-Saxon hǣð
; akin to D. & German heide
, Icelandic heiðr
waste land, Danish hede
, Swedish hed
, Goth. haiþi
field, Latin bucetum
a cow pasture; confer W. coed
a wood, Sanskrit kshētra
field. √20.] 1. (Botany) (a) A low shrub ( Erica, or Calluna, vulgaris ), with minute evergreen leaves, and handsome clusters of pink flowers. It is used in Great Britain for brooms, thatch, beds for the poor, and for heating ovens. It is also called heather , and ling . (b) Also, any species of the genus Erica , of which several are European, and many more are South African, some of great beauty. See Illust. of Heather . 2. A place overgrown with heath; any cheerless tract of country overgrown with shrubs or coarse herbage.
Their stately growth, though bare, Milton Heath cock (Zoology)
Stands on the blasted heath .
, the blackcock. See Heath grouse (below).
-- Heath grass (Botany)
, a kind of perennial grass, of the genus Triodia ( T. decumbens ), growing on dry heaths.
-- Heath grouse
, or Heath game (Zoology)
, a European grouse ( Tetrao tetrix ), which inhabits heaths; -- called also black game , black grouse , heath poult , heath fowl , moor fowl . The male is called heath cock , and blackcock ; the female, heath hen , and gray hen .
-- Heath hen
. (Zoology) See Heath grouse (above).
-- Heath pea (Botany)
, a species of bitter vetch ( Lathyrus macrorhizus ), the tubers of which are eaten, and in Scotland are used to flavor whisky.
-- Heath throstle (Zoology)
, a European thrush which frequents heaths; the ring ouzel.
Heathclad (-klăd`) adjective Clad or crowned with heath.
(hē"&thlig;'n; 277) noun
; plural Heathens
(-&thlig;'nz) or collectively Heathen
. [ Middle English hethen
, Anglo-Saxon hǣðen
, prop. an adj. from hǣð
heath, and orig., therefore, one who lives in the country or on the heaths and in the woods (cf. pagan
, from pagus
village); akin to Old Saxon hēðin
, adj., Dutch heiden
a heathen, German heide
, Old High German heidan
, Icelandic heiðinn
, adj., Swedish heden
, Goth. haiþnō
, noun fem.
, and confer Hoiden
.] 1. An individual of the pagan or unbelieving nations, or those which worship idols and do not acknowledge the true God; a pagan; an idolater. 2. An irreligious person.
If it is no more than a moral discourse, he may preach it and they may hear it, and yet both continue unconverted heathens . V. Knox. The heathen
, as the term is used in the Scriptures, all people except the Jews; now used of all people except Christians, Jews, and Mohammedans.
Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance. Ps. ii. 8. Syn.
-- Pagan; gentile. See Pagan
Heathen (hē"&thlig;'n) adjective
1. Gentile; pagan; as, a heathen author. "The heathen philosopher." "All in gold, like heathen gods." Shak. 2. Barbarous; unenlightened; heathenish. 3. Irreligious; scoffing.
Heathendom (-dŭm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon hǣðendōm .]
1. That part of the world where heathenism prevails; the heathen nations, considered collectively. 2. Heathenism. C. Kingsley.
Heathenesse (-ĕs) noun [ Anglo-Saxon hǣðennes , i. e., heathenness.] Heathendom. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Sir W. Scott.
Heathenish adjective [ Anglo-Saxon hǣðenisc .]
1. Of or pertaining to the heathen; resembling or characteristic of heathens. "Worse than heathenish crimes." Milton. 2. Rude; uncivilized; savage; cruel. South. 3. Irreligious; as, a heathenish way of living.
Heathenishly adverb In a heathenish manner.
Heathenishness noun The state or quality of being heathenish. "The . . . heathenishness and profaneness of most playbooks." Prynne.
Heathenism (-ĭz'm) noun
1. The religious system or rites of a heathen nation; idolatry; paganism. 2. The manners or morals usually prevalent in a heathen country; ignorance; rudeness; barbarism.
(-īz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Heathenized
(-īzd); present participle & verbal noun Heathenizing
(- ī`zĭng).] To render heathen or heathenish. Firmin.
[ Confer Heathenesse
.] State of being heathen or like the heathen.
(-rȳ) noun 1. The state, quality, or character of the heathen.
Your heathenry and your laziness. C. Kingsley. 2. Heathendom; heathen nations.
(hĕ&thlig;"ẽr; 277. This is the only pronunciation in Scotland) noun
[ See Heath
Gorse and grass Longfellow. Heather bell (Botany)
And heather , where his footsteps pass,
The brighter seem.
, one of the pretty subglobose flowers of two European kinds of heather ( Erica Tetralix , and E. cinerea ).
Heathery (-ȳ) adjective Heathy; abounding in heather; of the nature of heath.
Heathy (hēth"ȳ) adjective Full of heath; abounding with heath; as, heathy land; heathy hills. Sir W. Scott.
Heating (hēt"ĭng) adjective That heats or imparts heat; promoting warmth or heat; exciting action; stimulating; as, heating medicines or applications. Heating surface (Steam Boilers) , the aggregate surface exposed to fire or to the heated products of combustion, esp. of all the plates or sheets that are exposed to water on their opposite surfaces; -- called also fire surface .
Heatingly adverb In a heating manner; so as to make or become hot or heated.
Heatless adjective Destitute of heat; cold. Beau. & Fl.
(hēv) transitive verb
[ imperfect Heaved
(hēvd), or Hove
(hōv); past participle Heaved
, formerly Hoven
(hō"v'n); present participle & verbal noun Heaving
.] [ Middle English heven
, Anglo-Saxon hebban
; akin to Old Saxon hebbian
, Dutch heffen
, Old High German heffan
, German heben
, Icelandic hefja
, Swedish häfva
, Danish hæve
, Goth. hafjan
, Latin capere
to take, seize; confer Greek kw`ph
handle. Confer Accept
.] 1. To cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; to lift; to raise; to hoist; -- often with up ; as, the wave heaved the boat on land.
One heaved ahigh, to be hurled down below. Shak.
, as now used, implies that the thing raised is heavy or hard to move; but formerly it was used in a less restricted sense.
Here a little child I stand, Herrick. 2. To throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial, except in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the lead; to heave the log. 3. To force from, or into, any position; to cause to move; also, to throw off; -- mostly used in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the ship ahead. 4. To raise or force from the breast; to utter with effort; as, to heave a sigh.
Heaving up my either hand.
The wretched animal heaved forth such groans. Shak. 5. To cause to swell or rise, as the breast or bosom.
The glittering, finny swarms Thomson. To heave a cable short (Nautical)
That heave our friths, and crowd upon our shores.
, to haul in cable till the ship is almost perpendicularly above the anchor.
-- To heave a ship ahead (Nautical)
, to warp her ahead when not under sail, as by means of cables.
-- To heave a ship down (Nautical)
, to throw or lay her down on one side; to careen her.
-- To heave a ship to (Nautical)
, to bring the ship's head to the wind, and stop her motion.
- - To heave about (Nautical)
, to put about suddenly.
-- To heave in (Nautical)
, to shorten (cable).
-- To heave in stays (Nautical)
, to put a vessel on the other tack.
-- To heave out a sail (Nautical)
, to unfurl it.
-- To heave taut (Nautical)
, to turn a capstan, etc., till the rope becomes strained. See Taut , and Tight .
-- To heave the lead (Nautical)
, to take soundings with lead and line.
-- To heave the log
. (Nautical) See Log .
-- To heave up anchor (Nautical)
, to raise it from the bottom of the sea or elsewhere.
(hēv) intransitive verb 1. To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.
And the huge columns heave into the sky. Pope.
Where heaves the turf in many a moldering heap. Gray.
The heaving sods of Bunker Hill. E. Everett. 2. To rise and fall with alternate motions, as the lungs in heavy breathing, as waves in a heavy sea, as ships on the billows, as the earth when broken up by frost, etc.; to swell; to dilate; to expand; to distend; hence, to labor; to struggle.
Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves . Prior.
The heaving plain of ocean. Byron. 3. To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to do something difficult.
The Church of England had struggled and heaved at a reformation ever since Wyclif's days. Atterbury. 4. To make an effort to vomit; to retch; to vomit. To heave at
. (a) To make an effort at. (b) To attack, to oppose.
[ Obsolete] Fuller.
-- To heave in sight (as a ship at sea), to come in sight; to appear.
-- To heave up
, to vomit.
Heave noun 1. An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to move something heavy.
After many strains and heaves Hudibras. 2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, and the like.
He got up to his saddle eaves.
There's matter in these sighs, these profound heaves , Shak.
You must translate.
None could guess whether the next heave of the earthquake would settle . . . or swallow them. Dryden. 3. (Geol.) A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.
Heave offering (Jewish Antiq.) An offering or oblation heaved up or elevated before the altar, as the shoulder of the peace offering. See Wave offering . Ex. xxix. 27.
[ Middle English heven
, Anglo-Saxon heofon
; akin to Old Saxon hevan
, LG. heben
, Icelandic hifinn
; of uncertain origin, confer Dutch hemel
, German himmel
, Icelandic himmin
, Goth. himins
; perhaps akin to, or influenced by, the root of English heave
, or from a root signifying to cover
, confer Goth. gahamōn
to put on, clothe one's self, German hemd
shirt, and perhaps English chemise
.] 1. The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems to be over the earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; -- often used in the plural in this sense.
I never saw the heavens so dim by day. Shak.
When my eyes shall be turned to behold for the last time the sun in heaven . D. Webster. 2. The dwelling place of the Deity; the abode of bliss; the place or state of the blessed after death.
Unto the God of love, high heaven's King. Spenser.
It is a knell Shak.
That summons thee to heaven or to hell.
New thoughts of God, new hopes of Heaven . Keble.
» In this general sense heaven
and its corresponding words in other languages have as various definite interpretations as there are phases of religious belief. 3. The sovereign of heaven; God; also, the assembly of the blessed, collectively; -- used variously in this sense, as in No. 2.
Her prayers, whom Heaven delights to hear. Shak.
The will Milton. 4. Any place of supreme happiness or great comfort; perfect felicity; bliss; a sublime or exalted condition; as, a heaven of delight.
And high permission of all-ruling Heaven .
of beauty." Shak.
"The brightest heaven
of invention." Shak.
O bed! bed! delicious bed! Hood.
That heaven upon earth to the weary head!
is very often used, esp. with participles, in forming compound words, most of which need no special explanation; as, heaven
- begot, heaven
- conducted, heaven
- instructed, heaven
-warring, and the like.
Heaven transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Heavened
; present participle & verbal noun Heavening
.] To place in happiness or bliss, as if in heaven; to beatify.
We are happy as the bird whose nest G. Massey.
Is heavened in the hush of purple hills.
Heavenize (hĕv"'n*īz) transitive verb To render like heaven or fit for heaven. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
[ From Heavenly
.] The state or quality of being heavenly. Sir J. Davies.
[ Anglo-Saxon heofonic
.] 1. Pertaining to, resembling, or inhabiting heaven; celestial; not earthly; as, heavenly regions; heavenly music.
As is the heavenly , such are they also that are heavenly . 1 Cor. xv. 48. 2. Appropriate to heaven in character or happiness; perfect; pure; supremely blessed; as, a heavenly race; the heavenly , throng.
The love of heaven makes one heavenly . Sir P. Sidney.
Heavenly adverb 1. In a manner resembling that of heaven.
"She was heavenly
true." Shak. 2. By the influence or agency of heaven.
Out heavenly guided soul shall climb. Milton.
Heavenly-minded adjective Having the thoughts and affections placed on, or suitable for, heaven and heavenly objects; devout; godly; pious. Milner. -- Heav"en*ly-mind`ed*ness , noun
Heavenward a & adverb Toward heaven.
1. One who, or that which, heaves or lifts; a laborer employed on docks in handling freight; as, a coal heaver . 2. (Nautical) A bar used as a lever. Totten.
Heaves noun A disease of horses, characterized by difficult breathing, with heaving of the flank, wheezing, flatulency, and a peculiar cough; broken wind.
[ From 2d Heavy
.] 1. In a heavy manner; with great weight; as, to bear heavily on a thing; to be heavily loaded.
Heavily interested in those schemes of emigration. The Century. 2. As if burdened with a great weight; slowly and laboriously; with difficulty; hence, in a slow, difficult, or suffering manner; sorrowfully.
And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily . Ex. xiv. 25.
Why looks your grace so heavily to- day? Shak.
heavily-traveled, heavily traveled adj. subject to much traffic or travel; as, the region's most heavily traveled highways.
Syn. -- heavily traveled.
[ WordNet 1.5]
Heaviness noun The state or quality of being heavy in its various senses; weight; sadness; sluggishness; oppression; thickness.
Heaving noun A lifting or rising; a swell; a panting or deep sighing. Addison. Shak.
Heavisome adjective Heavy; dull. [ Prov.]