Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hectograph noun [ Greek ... hundred + -graph .] A contrivance for multiple copying, by means of a surface of gelatin softened with glycerin. [ Written also hectograph .]
Hectoliter, Hectolitre noun [ French hectolitre , from Greek ... hundred + French litre a liter.] A measure of liquids, containing a hundred liters; equal to a tenth of a cubic meter, nearly 26½ gallons of wine measure, or 22.0097 imperial gallons. As a dry measure, it contains ten decaliters, or about 2⅚ Winchester bushels.
Hectometer, Hectometre noun [ French ... hectomètre , from Greek ... hundred + French mètre a meter.] A measure of length, equal to a hundred meters. It is equivalent to 328.09 feet.
Hector noun [ From the Trojan warrior Hector , the son of Priam.] A bully; a blustering, turbulent, insolent, fellow; one who vexes or provokes.
Hector transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hectored
; present participle & verbal noun Hectoring
.] To treat with insolence; to threaten; to bully; hence, to torment by words; to tease; to taunt; to worry or irritate by bullying. Dryden.
Hector intransitive verb To play the bully; to bluster; to be turbulent or insolent. Swift.
Hectorism noun The disposition or the practice of a hector; a bullying. [ R.]
Hectorly adjective Resembling a hector; blustering; insolent; taunting. " Hectorly , ruffianlike swaggering or huffing." Barrow.
Hectostere noun [ French hectostère ; Greek ... hundred + French stère .] A measure of solidity, containing one hundred cubic meters, and equivalent to 3531.66 English or 3531.05 United States cubic feet.
; plural Heddles
. [ Confer Heald
.] (Weaving) One of the sets of parallel doubled threads which, with mounting, compose the harness employed to guide the warp threads to the lathe or batten in a loom.
Heddle transitive verb To draw (the warp thread) through the heddle-eyes, in weaving.
Heddle-eye noun (Weaving) The eye or loop formed in each heddle to receive a warp thread.
Heddling verbal noun The act of drawing the warp threads through the heddle-eyes of a weaver's harness; the harness itself. Knight.
Hederaceous adjective [ Latin hederaceus , from hedera ivy.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, ivy.
Hederal adjective Of or pertaining to ivy.
Hederic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, the ivy ( Hedera ); as, hederic acid, an acid of the acetylene series.
Hederiferous adjective [ Latin hedera ivy + -ferous .] Producing ivy; ivy- bearing.
Hederose adjective [ Latin hederosus , from hedera ivy.] Pertaining to, or of, ivy; full of ivy.
[ Middle English hegge
, Anglo-Saxon hecg
; akin to haga
an inclosure, English haw
, Anglo-Saxon hege
hedge, English hay
bote, Dutch hegge
, Old High German hegga
, German hecke
. √12. See Haw
a hedge.] A thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes; especially, such a thicket planted as a fence between any two portions of land; and also any sort of shrubbery, as evergreens, planted in a line or as a fence; particularly, such a thicket planted round a field to fence it, or in rows to separate the parts of a garden.
The roughest berry on the rudest hedge . Shak.
Through the verdant maze Thomson.
Of sweetbrier hedges I pursue my walk.
, when used adjectively or in composition, often means rustic
, or mean
; as, hedge
born, etc. Hedge bells
, Hedge bindweed (Botany)
, a climbing plant related to the morning-glory ( Convolvulus sepium ).
-- Hedge bill
, a long-handled billhook.
-- Hedge garlic (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Alliaria . See Garlic mustard , under Garlic .
-- Hedge hyssop (Botany)
, a bitter herb of the genus Gratiola , the leaves of which are emetic and purgative.
- - Hedge marriage
, a secret or clandestine marriage, especially one performed by a hedge priest.
[ Eng.] -- Hedge mustard (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Sisymbrium , belonging to the Mustard family.
-- Hedge nettle (Botany)
, an herb, or under shrub, of the genus Stachys , belonging to the Mint family. It has a nettlelike appearance, though quite harmless.
-- Hedge note
. (a) The note of a hedge bird. (b) Low, contemptible writing.
[ Obsolete] Dryden.
-- Hedge priest
, a poor, illiterate priest. Shak.
-- Hedge school
, an open-air school in the shelter of a hedge, in Ireland; a school for rustics.
-- Hedge sparrow (Zoology)
, a European warbler ( Accentor modularis ) which frequents hedges. Its color is reddish brown, and ash; the wing coverts are tipped with white. Called also chanter , hedge warbler , dunnock , and doney .
-- Hedge writer
, an insignificant writer, or a writer of low, scurrilous stuff.
[ Obsolete] Swift.
-- To breast up a hedge
. See under Breast .
-- To hang in the hedge
, to be at a standstill.
"While the business of money hangs in the hedge
Hedge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hedged
; present participle & verbal noun Hedging
.] 1. To inclose or separate with a hedge; to fence with a thickly set line or thicket of shrubs or small trees; as, to hedge a field or garden. 2. To obstruct, as a road, with a barrier; to hinder from progress or success; -- sometimes with up and out .
I will hedge up thy way with thorns. Hos. ii. 6.
Lollius Urbius . . . drew another wall . . . to hedge out incursions from the north. Milton. 3. To surround for defense; to guard; to protect; to hem (in).
in with the main." Shak. 4. To surround so as to prevent escape.
That is a law to hedge in the cuckoo. Locke. To hedge a bet
, to bet upon both sides; that is, after having bet on one side, to bet also on the other, thus guarding against loss.
Hedge intransitive verb 1. To shelter one's self from danger, risk, duty, responsibility, etc., as if by hiding in or behind a hedge; to skulk; to slink; to shirk obligations.
I myself sometimes, leaving the fear of God on the left hand and hiding mine honor in my necessity, am fain to shuffle, to hedge and to lurch. Shak. 2. (Betting) To reduce the risk of a wager by making a bet against the side or chance one has bet on. 3. To use reservations and qualifications in one's speech so as to avoid committing one's self to anything definite.
The Heroic Stanzas read much more like an elaborate attempt to hedge between the parties than . . . to gain favor from the Roundheads. Saintsbury.
Hedgeborn adjective Born under a hedge; of low birth. Shak.
Hedgebote noun (Eng. Law) Same as Haybote .
Hedgehog noun 1. (Zoology) A small European insectivore ( Erinaceus Europæus ), and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spines. It is able to roll itself into a ball so as to present the spines outwardly in every direction. It is nocturnal in its habits, feeding chiefly upon insects. 2. (Zoology) The Canadian porcupine.
[ U.S] 3. (Botany) A species of Medicago ( M. intertexta ), the pods of which are armed with short spines; -- popularly so called. Loudon. 4. A form of dredging machine. Knight. Hedgehog caterpillar (Zoology)
, the hairy larvæ of several species of bombycid moths, as of the Isabella moth. It curls up like a hedgehog when disturbed. See Woolly bear , and Isabella moth .
-- Hedgehog fish (Zoology)
, any spinose plectognath fish, esp. of the genus Diodon ; the porcupine fish.
-- Hedgehog grass (Botany)
, a grass with spiny involucres, growing on sandy shores; burgrass ( Cenchrus tribuloides ).
-- Hedgehog rat (Zoology)
, one of several West Indian rodents, allied to the porcupines, but with ratlike tails, and few quills, or only stiff bristles. The hedgehog rats belong to Capromys , Plagiodon , and allied genera.
-- Hedgehog shell (Zoology)
, any spinose, marine, univalve shell of the genus Murex .
-- Hedgehog thistle (Botany)
, a plant of the Cactus family, globular in form, and covered with spines ( Echinocactus ).
-- Sea hedgehog
. See Diodon .
Hedgehog noun (Electricity) A variety of transformer with open magnetic circuit, the ends of the iron wire core being turned outward and presenting a bristling appearance, whence the name.
Hedgeless adjective Having no hedge.
Hedgepig noun A young hedgehog. Shak.
Hedger noun One who makes or mends hedges; also, one who hedges, as, in betting.
Hedgerow noun A row of shrubs, or trees, planted for inclosure or separation of fields.
By hedgerow elms and hillocks green. Milton.
Hedging bill A hedge bill. See under Hedge .
Hedonic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... pleasure, ... sweet, pleasant.] Hedonic sect a sect that placed the highest good in the gratification of the senses, -- called also Cyrenaic sect , (which see), and School of Aristippus .
1. Pertaining to pleasure. 2. Of or relating to Hedonism or the Hedonic sect.
Hedonics noun (Philos.) That branch of moral philosophy which treats of the relation of duty to pleasure; the science of practical, positive enjoyment or pleasure. J. Grote.
1. The doctrine of the Hedonic sect. 2. The ethical theory which finds the explanation and authority of duty in its tendency to give pleasure.
Hedonist noun One who believes in hedonism.
Hedonistic adjective Same as Hedonic , 2.
(hēd) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Heeded
; present participle & verbal noun Heeding
.] [ Middle English heden
, Anglo-Saxon hēdan
; akin to Old Saxon hōdian
, Dutch hoeden
, Fries. hoda
, Old High German huoten
, German hüten
, Danish hytte
. √13. Confer Hood
.] To mind; to regard with care; to take notice of; to attend to; to observe.
With pleasure Argus the musician heeds . Dryden. Syn.
-- To notice; regard; mind. See Attend
, transitive verb
Heed intransitive verb To mind; to consider.
Heed noun 1. Attention; notice; observation; regard; -- often with give or take .
With wanton heed and giddy cunning. Milton.
Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand. 2 Sam. xx. 10.
Birds give more heed and mark words more than beasts. Bacon. 2. Careful consideration; obedient regard.
Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard. Hebrew ii. 1. 3. A look or expression of heading.
He did it with a serious mind; a heed Shak.
Was in his countenance.
Heedful adjective Full of heed; regarding with care; cautious; circumspect; attentive; vigilant. Shak. -- Heed"ful*ly , adverb -- Heed"ful*ness , noun
Heedless adjective Without heed or care; inattentive; careless; thoughtless; unobservant.
O, negligent and heedless discipline! Shak.
The heedless lover does not know Waller.
Whose eyes they are that wound him so.
Heedy adjective Heedful. [ Obsolete] " Heedy shepherds." Spenser. -- Heed"i*ly adverb [ Obsolete] -- Heed"i*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Heel (hēl) intransitive verb [ Middle English helden to lean, incline, Anglo-Saxon heldan , hyldan ; akin to Icelandic halla , Danish helde , Swedish hälla to tilt, pour, and perhaps to English hill .] (Nautical) To lean or tip to one side, as a ship; as, the ship heels aport; the boat heeled over when the squall struck it. Heeling error (Nautical) , a deviation of the compass caused by the heeling of an iron vessel to one side or the other.
[ Middle English hele
, Anglo-Saxon hēla
, perhaps for hōhila
, from Anglo-Saxon hōh
heel (cf. Hough
); but confer Dutch hiel
, OFries. heila
, Icelandic hæll
, Danish hæl
, Swedish häl
, and Latin calx
. √12. Confer Inculcate
.] 1. The hinder part of the foot; sometimes, the whole foot; -- in man or quadrupeds.
He [ the stag] calls to mind his strength and then his speed, Denham. 2. The hinder part of any covering for the foot, as of a shoe, sock, etc.; specif., a solid part projecting downward from the hinder part of the sole of a boot or shoe. 3. The latter or remaining part of anything; the closing or concluding part.
His winged heels and then his armed head.
of a hunt." A. Trollope.
of the white loaf." Sir W. Scott. 4. Anything regarded as like a human heel in shape; a protuberance; a knob. 5. The part of a thing corresponding in position to the human heel; the lower part, or part on which a thing rests
; especially: (a) (Nautical) The after end of a ship's keel. (b) (Nautical) The lower end of a mast, a boom, the bowsprit, the sternpost, etc. (c) (Mil.) In a small arm, the corner of the but which is upwards in the firing position. (d) (Mil.) The uppermost part of the blade of a sword, next to the hilt. (e) The part of any tool next the tang or handle; as, the heel of a scythe. 6. (Man.) Management by the heel, especially the spurred heel; as, the horse understands the heel well. 7. (Architecture) (a) The lower end of a timber in a frame, as a post or rafter. In the United States, specif., the obtuse angle of the lower end of a rafter set sloping. (b) A cyma reversa; -- so called by workmen. Gwilt. Heel chain (Nautical)
, a chain passing from the bowsprit cap around the heel of the jib boom.
-- Heel plate
, the butt plate of a gun.
-- Heel of a rafter
. (Architecture) See Heel , noun , 7.
-- Heel ring
, a ring for fastening a scythe blade to the snath.
-- Neck and heels
, the whole body.
(Colloq.) -- To be at the heels of
, to pursue closely; to follow hard; as, hungry want is at my heels . Otway.
-- To be down at the heel
, to be slovenly or in a poor plight.
-- To be out at the heels
, to have on stockings that are worn out; hence, to be shabby, or in a poor plight. Shak.
-- To cool the heels
. See under Cool .
-- To go heels over head
, to turn over so as to bring the heels uppermost; hence, to move in a inconsiderate, or rash, manner.
-- To have the heels of
, to outrun.
-- To lay by the heels
, to fetter; to shackle; to imprison. Shak. Addison.
-- To show the heels
, to flee; to run from.
-- To take to the heels
, to flee; to betake to flight.
-- To throw up another's heels
, to trip him. Bunyan.
-- To tread upon one's heels
, to follow closely. Shak.
Heel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Heeled
; present participle & verbal noun Heeling
.] 1. To perform by the use of the heels, as in dancing, running, and the like.
I cannot sing, Shak. 2. To add a heel to; as, to heel a shoe. 3. To arm with a gaff, as a cock for fighting.
Nor heel the high lavolt.
1. (Golf) The part of the face of the club head nearest the shaft. 2. In a carding machine, the part of a flat nearest the cylinder.
Heel transitive verb
1. (Golf) To hit (the ball) with the heel of the club. 2. (Football) To make (a fair catch) standing with one foot advanced, the heel on the ground and the toe up.
Heelball noun A composition of wax and lampblack, used by shoemakers for polishing, and by antiquaries in copying inscriptions.
Heeler noun 1. A cock that strikes well with his heels or spurs. 2. A dependent and subservient hanger-on of a political patron.
[ Political Cant, U. S.]
The army of hungry heelers who do their bidding. The Century.
Heelless adjective Without a heel.
[ So called with a play upon the words tow
.] The bank of a canal opposite, and corresponding to, that of the towpath; berm.
[ U. S.]
The Cowles found convenient spiles sunk in the heelpath . The Century.