Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hazardry (-rȳ) noun
1. Playing at hazard; gaming; gambling. [ R.] Chaucer. 2. Rashness; temerity. [ R.] Spenser.
[ Confer Icelandic höss
gray; akin to Anglo-Saxon hasu
, gray; or Armor. aézen
, warm vapor, exhalation, zephyr.] Light vapor or smoke in the air which more or less impedes vision, with little or no dampness; a lack of transparency in the air; hence, figuratively, obscurity; dimness.
O'er the sky Tennyson.
The silvery haze of summer drawn.
Above the world's uncertain haze . Keble.
Haze intransitive verb To be hazy, or thick with haze. Ray.
Haze transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hazed
(hāzd); present participle & verbal noun Hazing
.] [ Also hase
.] [ Confer Swedish haza
to hamstring, from has
hough, OD. hæssen
ham.] 1. To harass by exacting unnecessary, disagreeable, or difficult work. 2. To harass or annoy by playing abusive or shameful tricks upon; to humiliate by practical jokes; -- used esp. of college students; as, the sophomores hazed a freshman.
[ Middle English hasel
, Anglo-Saxon hæsel
; akin to Dutch hazelaar
, German hazel
, Old High German hasal
, Icelandic hasl
, Dan & Swedish hassel
, Latin corylus
, for cosylus
.] 1. (Botany) A shrub or small tree of the genus Corylus , as the C. avellana , bearing a nut containing a kernel of a mild, farinaceous taste; the filbert. The American species are C. Americana , which produces the common hazelnut, and C. rostrata . See Filbert . Gray. 2. A miner's name for freestone. Raymond. Hazel earth
, soil suitable for the hazel; a fertile loam.
-- Hazel grouse (Zoology)
, a European grouse ( Bonasa betulina ), allied to the American ruffed grouse.
-- Hazel hoe
, a kind of grub hoe.
-- Witch hazel
. See Witch-hazel , and Hamamelis .
Hazel adjective 1. Consisting of hazels, or of the wood of the hazel; pertaining to, or derived from, the hazel; as, a hazel wand.
I sit me down beside the hazel grove. Keble. 2. Of a light brown color, like the hazelnut.
"Thou hast hazel
Hazeless (hāz"lĕs) adjective Destitute of haze. Tyndall.
Hazelly (hā"z'l*lȳ) adjective Of the color of the hazelnut; of a light brown. Mortimer.
Hazelnut (hā"z'l*nŭt`) noun [ Anglo-Saxon hæselhnutu .] The nut of the hazel. Shak.
Hazelwort (-wŭrt) noun (Botany) The asarabacca.
Hazily (hā"zĭ*lȳ) adverb In a hazy manner; mistily; obscurely; confusedly.
Haziness noun The quality or state of being hazy.
Hazle (hā"z'l) transitive verb To make dry; to dry. [ Obsolete]
[ From Haze
] 1. Thick with haze; somewhat obscured with haze; not clear or transparent.
"A tender, hazy
brightness." Wordsworth. 2. Obscure; confused; not clear; as, a hazy argument; a hazy intellect. Mrs. Gore.
[ nom. He
; poss. His
(hĭz); obj. Him
(hĭm); pl. nom. They
(&thlig;ā); poss. Their
&thlig;ārz); obj. Them
(&thlig;ĕm).] [ Anglo-Saxon hē
, masc., heó
, fem., hit
, neut.; plural hī
, or hie
; akin to OFries. hi
, Dutch hij
, Old Saxon he
, German heute
to-day, Goth. himma
, dat. masc., this, hina
, accus. masc., and hita
, accus. neut., and probably to Latin hic
this. √183. Confer It
.] 1. The man or male being (or object personified to which the masculine gender is assigned), previously designated; a pronoun of the masculine gender, usually referring to a specified subject already indicated.
Thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. Gen. iii. 16.
Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve. Deut. x. 20. 2. Any one; the man or person; -- used indefinitely, and usually followed by a relative pronoun.
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise. Prov. xiii. 20. 3. Man; a male; any male person; -- in this sense used substantively. Chaucer.
I stand to answer thee, Shak.
Or any he , the proudest of thy sort.
» When a collective noun or a class is referred to, he
is of common gender. In early English, he
referred to a feminine or neuter noun, or to one in the plural, as well as to noun in the masculine singular. In composition, he
denotes a male animal; as, a he
[ Middle English hed
, Anglo-Saxon heáfod
; akin to Dutch hoofd
, Old High German houbit
, German haupt
, Icelandic höfuð
, Swedish hufvud
, Danish hoved
, Goth. haubiþ
. The word does not correspond regularly to Latin caput
head (cf. English Chief
), and its origin is unknown.] 1. The anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs; poll; cephalon. 2. The uppermost, foremost, or most important part of an inanimate object; such a part as may be considered to resemble the head of an animal; often, also, the larger, thicker, or heavier part or extremity, in distinction from the smaller or thinner part, or from the point or edge; as, the head of a cane, a nail, a spear, an ax, a mast, a sail, a ship; that which covers and closes the top or the end of a hollow vessel; as, the head of a cask or a steam boiler. 3. The place where the head should go; as, the head of a bed, of a grave, etc.; the head of a carriage, that is, the hood which covers the head. 4. The most prominent or important member of any organized body; the chief; the leader; as, the head of a college, a school, a church, a state, and the like.
"Their princes and heads
." Robynson (More's Utopia).
The heads of the chief sects of philosophy. Tillotson.
Your head I him appoint. Milton. 5. The place or honor, or of command; the most important or foremost position; the front; as, the head of the table; the head of a column of soldiers.
An army of fourscore thousand troops, with the duke of Marlborough at the head of them. Addison. 6. Each one among many; an individual; -- often used in a plural sense; as, a thousand head of cattle.
It there be six millions of people, there are about four acres for every head . Graunt. 7. The seat of the intellect; the brain; the understanding; the mental faculties; as, a good head , that is, a good mind; it never entered his head , it did not occur to him; of his own head , of his own thought or will.
Men who had lost both head and heart. Macaulay. 8. The source, fountain, spring, or beginning, as of a stream or river; as, the head of the Nile; hence, the altitude of the source, or the height of the surface, as of water, above a given place, as above an orifice at which it issues, and the pressure resulting from the height or from motion; sometimes also, the quantity in reserve; as, a mill or reservoir has a good head of water, or ten feet head ; also, that part of a gulf or bay most remote from the outlet or the sea. 9. A headland; a promontory; as, Gay Head . Shak. 10. A separate part, or topic, of a discourse; a theme to be expanded; a subdivision; as, the heads of a sermon. 11. Culminating point or crisis; hence, strength; force; height.
Ere foul sin, gathering head , shall break into corruption. Shak.
The indisposition which has long hung upon me, is at last grown to such a head , that it must quickly make an end of me or of itself. Addison. 12. Power; armed force.
My lord, my lord, the French have gathered head . Shak. 13. A headdress; a covering of the head; as, a laced head ; a head of hair. Swift. 14. An ear of wheat, barley, or of one of the other small cereals. 15. (Botany) (a) A dense cluster of flowers, as in clover, daisies, thistles; a capitulum. (b) A dense, compact mass of leaves, as in a cabbage or a lettuce plant. 16. The antlers of a deer. 17. A rounded mass of foam which rises on a pot of beer or other effervescing liquor. Mortimer. 18. plural Tiles laid at the eaves of a house. Knight.
is often used adjectively or in self-explaining combinations; as, head
gear or head
rest. Confer Head
, adjective A buck of the first head
, a male fallow deer in its fifth year, when it attains its complete set of antlers. Shak.
-- By the head
. (Nautical) See under By .
-- Elevator head
, Feed head
, etc. See under Elevator , Feed , etc.
-- From head to foot
, through the whole length of a man; completely; throughout.
"Arm me, audacity, from head to foot
-- Head and ears
, with the whole person; deeply; completely; as, he was head and ears in debt or in trouble.
[ Colloq.] -- Head fast
. (Nautical) See 5th Fast .
-- Head kidney (Anat.)
, the most anterior of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates; the pronephros.
-- Head money
, a capitation tax; a poll tax. Milton.
-- Head pence
, a poll tax.
[ Obsolete] -- Head sea
, a sea that meets the head of a vessel or rolls against her course.
-- Head and shoulders
. (a) By force; violently; as, to drag one, head and shoulders .
"They bring in every figure of speech, head and shoulders
." Felton. (b) By the height of the head and shoulders; hence, by a great degree or space; by far; much; as, he is head and shoulders above them.
-- Head or tail
, this side or that side; this thing or that; -- a phrase used in throwing a coin to decide a choice, question, or stake, head being the side of the coin bearing the effigy or principal figure (or, in case there is no head or face on either side, that side which has the date on it), and tail the other side.
-- Neither head nor tail
, neither beginning nor end; neither this thing nor that; nothing distinct or definite; -- a phrase used in speaking of what is indefinite or confused; as, they made neither head nor tail of the matter.
[ Colloq.] -- Head wind
, a wind that blows in a direction opposite the vessel's course.
-- Out of one's own head
, according to one's own idea; without advice or coöperation of another. Over the head of
, beyond the comprehension of. M. Arnold.
-- To be out of one's head
, to be temporarily insane.
-- To come or draw to a head
. See under Come , Draw .
-- To give (one) the head
, or To give head
, to let go, or to give up, control; to free from restraint; to give license.
his able horse the head
"He has so long given
his unruly passions their head
-- To his head
, before his face.
"An uncivil answer from a son to a father, from an obliged person to a benefactor, is a greater indecency than if an enemy should storm his house or revile him to his head
." Jer. Taylor.
-- To lay heads together
, to consult; to conspire.
-- To lose one's head
, to lose presence of mind.
-- To make head
, or To make head against
, to resist with success; to advance.
-- To show one's head
, to appear. Shak.
-- To turn head
, to turn the face or front.
"The ravishers turn head
, the fight renews." Dryden.
Head (hĕd) adjective Principal; chief; leading; first; as, the head master of a school; the head man of a tribe; a head chorister; a head cook.
(hĕd) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Headed
; present participle & verbal noun Heading
.] 1. To be at the head of; to put one's self at the head of; to lead; to direct; to act as leader to; as, to head an army, an expedition, or a riot. Dryden. 2. To form a head to; to fit or furnish with a head; as, to head a nail. Spenser. 3. To behead; to decapitate.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 4. To cut off the top of; to lop off; as, to head trees. 5. To go in front of; to get in the front of, so as to hinder or stop; to oppose; hence, to check or restrain; as, to head a drove of cattle; to head a person; the wind heads a ship. 6. To set on the head; as, to head a cask. To head off
, to intercept; to get before; as, an officer heads off a thief who is escaping.
-- To head up
, to close, as a cask or barrel, by fitting a head to.
Head intransitive verb 1. To originate; to spring; to have its source, as a river.
A broad river, that heads in the great Blue Ridge. Adair. 2. To go or point in a certain direction; to tend; as, how does the ship head ? 3. To form a head; as, this kind of cabbage heads early.
Head gear, Headgear (-gēr`) noun
1. Headdress. 2. Apparatus above ground at the mouth of a mine or deep well.
Head-cheese (-chēz`) noun A dish made of portions of the head, or head and feet, of swine, cut up fine, seasoned, and pressed into a cheeselike mass.
Head-hunter (-hŭnt`ẽr) noun A member of any tribe or race of savages who have the custom of decapitating human beings and preserving their heads as trophies. The Dyaks of Borneo are the most noted head- hunters. -- Head"-hunt`ing , noun
Head-lugged (-lŭgd`) adjective Lugged or dragged by the head. [ R.] "The head- lugged bear." Shak.
Headache (hĕd"āk`) noun Pain in the head; cephalalgia. " Headaches and shivering fits." Macaulay.
Headachy adjective Afflicted with headache. [ Colloq.]
Headband (-bănd) noun
1. A fillet; a band for the head. "The headbands and the tablets." Is. iii. 20. 2. The band at each end of the back of a book.
Headboard (-bōrd`) noun A board or boarding which marks or forms the head of anything; as, the headboard of a bed; the headboard of a grave.
(hĕd"bŭr*o) noun 1. The chief of a frankpledge, tithing, or decennary, consisting of ten families; -- called also borsholder , boroughhead , boroughholder , and sometimes tithingman . See Borsholder .
[ Eng.] Blackstone. 2. (Modern Law) A petty constable.
(-drĕs`) noun 1. A covering or ornament for the head; a headtire.
Among birds the males very often appear in a most beautiful headdress , whether it be a crest, a comb, a tuft of feathers, or a natural little plume. Addison. 2. A manner of dressing the hair or of adorning it, whether with or without a veil, ribbons, combs, etc.
1. Furnished with a head (commonly as denoting intellectual faculties); -- used in composition; as, clear- headed , long- headed , thick- headed ; a many- headed monster. 2. Formed into a head; as, a headed cabbage.
Header (-ẽr) noun
1. One who, or that which, heads nails, rivets, etc., esp. a machine for heading. 2. One who heads a movement, a party, or a mob; head; chief; leader. [ R.] 3. (Architecture) (a) A brick or stone laid with its shorter face or head in the surface of the wall. (b) In framing, the piece of timber fitted between two trimmers, and supported by them, and carrying the ends of the tailpieces. 4. A reaper for wheat, that cuts off the heads only. 5. A fall or plunge headforemost, as while riding a bicycle, or in bathing; as, to take a header . [ Colloq.]
Headfirst (hĕd"fẽrst`), Head`fore"most` (-fōr"mōst`) adverb With the head foremost.
Headfish (hĕd"fĭsh`) noun (Zoology) The sunfish ( Mola ).
Headily (-ĭ*lȳ) adverb In a heady or rash manner; hastily; rashly; obstinately.
Headiness noun The quality of being heady.
Heading noun 1. The act or state of one who, or that which, heads; formation of a head. 2. That which stands at the head; title; as, the heading of a paper. 3. Material for the heads of casks, barrels, etc. 4. (Mining.) A gallery, drift, or adit in a mine; also, the end of a drift or gallery; the vein above a drift. 5. (Sewing) The extension of a line ruffling above the line of stitch. 6. (Masonry) That end of a stone or brick which is presented outward. Knight. Heading course (Architecture)
, a course consisting only of headers. See Header , noun 3 (a) .
-- Heading joint
. (a) (Carp.) A joint, as of two or more boards, etc., at right angles to the grain of the wood. (b) (Masonry) A joint between two roussoirs in the same course.
Headland (hĕd"lănd) noun
1. A cape; a promontory; a point of land projecting into the sea or other expanse of water. "Sow the headland with wheat." Shak. 2. A ridge or strip of unplowed at the ends of furrows, or near a fence. Tusser.
[ Anglo-Saxon heáfodleás
.] 1. Having no head; beheaded; as, a headless body, neck, or carcass. 2. Destitute of a chief or leader. Sir W. Raleigh. 3. Destitute of understanding or prudence; foolish; rash; obstinate.
Witless headiness in judging or headless hardiness in condemning. Spenser.
Headlight (hĕd"līt`) noun (Engineering) A light, with a powerful reflector, placed at the head of a locomotive, or in front of it, to throw light on the track at night, or in going through a dark tunnel.
(-līn`) noun 1. (Print.) The line at the head or top of a page. 2. (Nautical) See Headrope .
Headlong (-lŏng`; 115) adverb [ Middle English hedling , hevedlynge ; probably confused with English long , adjective & adverb ]
1. With the head foremost; as, to fall headlong . Acts i. 18. 2. Rashly; precipitately; without deliberation. 3. Hastily; without delay or respite.
Headlong adjective 1. Rash; precipitate; as, headlong folly. 2. Steep; precipitous.
Like a tower upon a headlong rock. Byron.
; plural Headmen
(-mĕn`). [ Anglo-Saxon heáfodman
.] A head or leading man, especially of a village community.
Headmold shot, Headmould shot (- mōld` shŏt`). (Medicine) An old name for the condition of the skull, in which the bones ride, or are shot , over each other at the sutures. Dunglison.
Headmost (-mōst`) adjective Most advanced; most forward; as, the headmost ship in a fleet.
Headnote (-nōt`) noun A note at the head of a page or chapter; in law reports, an abstract of a case, showing the principles involved and the opinion of the court.
Headpan (-păn`) noun [ Anglo-Saxon heáfodpanne .] The brainpan. [ Obsolete]
(-pēs`) noun 1. Head.
In his headpiece he felt a sore pain. Spenser. 2. A cap of defense; especially, an open one, as distinguished from the closed helmet of the Middle Ages. 3. Understanding; mental faculty.
Eumenes had the best headpiece of all Alexander's captains. Prideaux. 4. An engraved ornament at the head of a chapter, or of a page.
(-kwar`tẽrz) noun plural
[ but sometimes used as a noun sing.
] The quarters or place of residence of any chief officer, as the general in command of an army, or the head of a police force; the place from which orders or instructions are issued; hence, the center of authority or order.
The brain, which is the headquarters , or office, of intelligence. Collier.
(-rās`) noun See Race , a water course.