Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Harlequin (här"le*kĭn or -kwĭn) noun [ French arlequin , formerly written also harlequin (cf. It, arlecchino ), probably from Old French hierlekin , hellequin , goblin, elf, which is probably of German or Dutch origin; confer Dutch hel hell. Confer Hell , Kin .] A buffoon, dressed in party-colored clothes, who plays tricks, often without speaking, to divert the bystanders or an audience; a merry-andrew; originally, a droll rogue of Italian comedy. Percy Smith.

As dumb harlequin is exhibited in our theaters.
Johnson.

Harlequin bat (Zoology) , an Indian bat ( Scotophilus ornatus ), curiously variegated with white spots. -- Harlequin beetle (Zoology) , a very large South American beetle ( Acrocinus longimanus ) having very long legs and antennæ. The elytra are curiously marked with red, black, and gray. -- Harlequin cabbage bug . (Zoology) See Calicoback . -- Harlequin caterpillar . (Zoology) , the larva of an American bombycid moth (Euchætes egle) which is covered with black, white, yellow, and orange tufts of hair. -- Harlequin duck (Zoology) , a North American duck ( Histrionicus histrionicus ). The male is dark ash, curiously streaked with white. -- Harlequin moth . (Zoology) See Magpie Moth . -- Harlequin opal . See Opal . -- Harlequin snake (Zoology) , a small, poisonous snake ( Elaps fulvius ), ringed with red and black, found in the Southern United States.

Harlequin transitive verb To remove or conjure away, as by a harlequin's trick.

And kitten, if the humor hit
Has harlequined away the fit.
M. Green.

Harlequinade (-ād`) noun [ French arlequinade .] A play or part of a play in which the harlequin is conspicuous; the part of a harlequin. Macaulay.

Harlock (här"lŏk) noun Probably a corruption either of charlock or hardock . Drayton.

Harlot (-lŏt) noun [ Middle English harlot , herlot , a vagabond, Old French harlot , herlot , arlot ; confer Pr. arlot , Spanish arlote , Italian arlotto ; of uncertain origin.]
1. A churl; a common man; a person, male or female, of low birth. [ Obsolete]

He was a gentle harlot and a kind.
Chaucer.

2. A person given to low conduct; a rogue; a cheat; a rascal. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

3. A woman who prostitutes her body for hire; a prostitute; a common woman; a strumpet.

Harlot adjective Wanton; lewd; low; base. Shak.

Harlot intransitive verb To play the harlot; to practice lewdness. Milton.

Harlotize (-īz) intransitive verb To harlot. [ Obsolete] Warner.

Harlotry (-rȳ) noun
1. Ribaldry; buffoonery; a ribald story. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman. Chaucer.

2. The trade or practice of prostitution; habitual or customary lewdness. Dryden.

3. Anything meretricious; as, harlotry in art.

4. A harlot; a strumpet; a baggage. [ Obsolete]

He sups to-night with a harlotry .
Shak.

Harm (härm) noun [ Middle English harm , hearm , Anglo-Saxon hearm ; akin to Old Saxon harm , German harm grief, Icelandic harmr , Danish harme , Swedish harm ; confer OSlav. & Russian sram' shame, Sanskrit çrama toil, fatigue.]
1. Injury; hurt; damage; detriment; misfortune.

2. That which causes injury, damage, or loss.

We, ignorant of ourselves,
Beg often our own harms .
Shak.

Syn. -- Mischief; evil; loss; injury. See Mischief .

Harm transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Harmed (härmd); present participle & verbal noun Harming .] [ Middle English harmen , Anglo-Saxon hearmian . See Harm , noun ] To hurt; to injure; to damage; to wrong.

Though yet he never harmed me.
Shak.

No ground of enmity between us known
Why he should mean me ill or seek to harm .
Milton.

Harmaline (här"mȧ*lĭn or -lēn) noun [ Confer French harmaline See Harmel .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid found in the plant Peganum harmala . It forms bitter, yellow salts.

Harmattan (här*măt"t a n) noun [ French harmattan , probably of Arabic origin.] A dry, hot wind, prevailing on the Atlantic coast of Africa, in December, January, and February, blowing from the interior or Sahara. It is usually accompanied by a haze which obscures the sun.

Harmel (här"mĕl) noun [ Arabic harmal .] (Botany) A kind of rue ( Ruta sylvestris ) growing in India. At Lahore the seeds are used medicinally and for fumigation.

Harmful (härm"ful) adjective Full of harm; injurious; hurtful; mischievous. " Most harmful hazards." Strype.

-- Harm"ful*ly , adverb -- Harm"ful*ness , noun

Harmine (här"mĭn or -mēn) noun [ See Harmaline .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid accompanying harmaline (in the Peganum harmala ), and obtained from it by oxidation. It is a white crystalline substance.

Harmless (härm"lĕs) adjective
1. Free from harm; unhurt; as, to give bond to save another harmless .

2. Free from power or disposition to harm; innocent; inoffensive. " The harmless deer." Drayton

Syn. -- Innocent; innoxious; innocuous; inoffensive; unoffending; unhurt; uninjured; unharmed.

-- Harm"less*ly , adverb - Harm"less*ness , noun

Harmonic (här*mŏn"ĭk), Har*mon"ic*al (-ĭ*k a l) adjective [ Latin harmonicus , Greek "armoniko`s ; confer French harmonique . See Harmony .]
1. Concordant; musical; consonant; as, harmonic sounds.

Harmonic twang! of leather, horn, and brass.
Pope.

2. (Mus.) Relating to harmony, -- as melodic relates to melody; harmonious; esp., relating to the accessory sounds or overtones which accompany the predominant and apparent single tone of any string or sonorous body.

3. (Math.) Having relations or properties bearing some resemblance to those of musical consonances; -- said of certain numbers, ratios, proportions, points, lines, motions, and the like.

Harmonic interval (Mus.) , the distance between two notes of a chord, or two consonant notes. - - Harmonical mean (Arith. & Alg.) , certain relations of numbers and quantities, which bear an analogy to musical consonances. -- Harmonic motion , the motion of the point A, of the foot of the perpendicular PA, when P moves uniformly in the circumference of a circle, and PA is drawn perpendicularly upon a fixed diameter of the circle. This is simple harmonic motion . The combinations, in any way, of two or more simple harmonic motions, make other kinds of harmonic motion. The motion of the pendulum bob of a clock is approximately simple harmonic motion . -- Harmonic proportion . See under Proportion . -- Harmonic series or progression . See under Progression . -- Spherical harmonic analysis , a mathematical method, sometimes referred to as that of Laplace's Coefficients , which has for its object the expression of an arbitrary, periodic function of two independent variables, in the proper form for a large class of physical problems, involving arbitrary data, over a spherical surface, and the deduction of solutions for every point of space. The functions employed in this method are called spherical harmonic functions . Thomson & Tait. -- Harmonic suture (Anat.) , an articulation by simple apposition of comparatively smooth surfaces or edges, as between the two superior maxillary bones in man; -- called also harmonia , and harmony . -- Harmonic triad (Mus.) , the chord of a note with its third and fifth; the common chord.

Harmonic (här*mŏn"ĭk) noun (Mus.) A musical note produced by a number of vibrations which is a multiple of the number producing some other; an overtone. See Harmonics .

Harmonica (-ĭ*kȧ) noun [ Fem. from Latin harmonicus harmonic. See Harmonic , noun ]
1. A musical instrument, consisting of a series of hemispherical glasses which, by touching the edges with the dampened finger, give forth the tones.

2. A toy instrument of strips of glass or metal hung on two tapes, and struck with hammers.

Harmonically (-ĭ*k a l*lȳ) adverb
1. In an harmonical manner; harmoniously.

2. In respect to harmony, as distinguished from melody ; as, a passage harmonically correct.

3. (Math.) In harmonical progression.

Harmonicon (-ĭ*kŏn) noun A small, flat, wind instrument of music, in which the notes are produced by the vibration of free metallic reeds.

Harmonics (-ĭks) noun
1. The doctrine or science of musical sounds.

2. plural (Mus.) Secondary and less distinct tones which accompany any principal, and apparently simple, tone, as the octave, the twelfth, the fifteenth, and the seventeenth. The name is also applied to the artificial tones produced by a string or column of air, when the impulse given to it suffices only to make a part of the string or column vibrate; overtones.

Harmonious (här*mō"nĭ*ŭs) adjective [ Confer French harmonieux . See Harmony .]
1. Adapted to each other; having parts proportioned to each other; symmetrical.

God hath made the intellectual world harmonious and beautiful without us.
Locke.

2. Acting together to a common end; agreeing in action or feeling; living in peace and friendship; as, an harmonious family.

3. Vocally or musically concordant; agreeably consonant; symphonious.

-- Har*mo"ni*ous*ly , adverb -- Har*mo"ni*ous*ness , noun

Harmoniphon (här*mŏn"ĭ*fŏn) noun [ Greek "armoni`a harmony + fwnh` sound.] (Mus.) An obsolete wind instrument with a keyboard, in which the sound, which resembled the oboe, was produced by the vibration of thin metallic plates, acted upon by blowing through a tube.

Harmonist (här"mo*nĭst) noun [ Confer French harmoniste .]
1. One who shows the agreement or harmony of corresponding passages of different authors, as of the four evangelists.

2. (Mus.) One who understands the principles of harmony or is skillful in applying them in composition; a musical composer.

Harmonist, Harmonite (-nīt) noun (Eccl. Hist.) One of a religious sect, founded in Würtemburg in the last century, composed of followers of George Rapp, a weaver. They had all their property in common. In 1803, a portion of this sect settled in Pennsylvania and called the village thus established, Harmony.

Harmonium (här*mō"nĭ*ŭm) noun [ New Latin See Harmony . ] A musical instrument, resembling a small organ and especially designed for church music, in which the tones are produced by forcing air by means of a bellows so as to cause the vibration of free metallic reeds. It is now made with one or two keyboards, and has pedals and stops.

Harmonization (här`mo*nĭ*zā"shŭn) noun The act of harmonizing.

Harmonize (här"mo*nīz) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Harmonized (- nīzd); present participle & verbal noun Harmonizing (- nī"zĭng).] [ Confer French harmoniser . ]
1. To agree in action, adaptation, or effect on the mind; to agree in sense or purport; as, the parts of a mechanism harmonize .

2. To be in peace and friendship, as individuals, families, or public organizations.

3. To agree in vocal or musical effect; to form a concord; as, the tones harmonize perfectly.

Harmonize transitive verb
1. To adjust in fit proportions; to cause to agree; to show the agreement of; to reconcile the apparent contradiction of.

2. (Mus.) To accompany with harmony; to provide with parts, as an air, or melody.

Harmonizer (-nī`zẽr) noun One who harmonizes.

Harmonometer (-nŏm"e*tẽr) noun [ Greek "armoni`a harmony + meter : confer French harmonomètre .] An instrument for measuring the harmonic relations of sounds. It is often a monochord furnished with movable bridges.

Harmony (här"mo*nȳ) noun ; plural Harmonies (- nĭz). [ French harmonie , Latin harmonia , Greek "armoni`a joint, proportion, concord, from "armo`s a fitting or joining. See Article .]
1. The just adaptation of parts to each other, in any system or combination of things, or in things intended to form a connected whole; such an agreement between the different parts of a design or composition as to produce unity of effect; as, the harmony of the universe.

2. Concord or agreement in facts, opinions, manners, interests, etc.; good correspondence; peace and friendship; as, good citizens live in harmony .

3. A literary work which brings together or arranges systematically parallel passages of historians respecting the same events, and shows their agreement or consistency; as, a harmony of the Gospels.

4. (Mus.) (a) A succession of chords according to the rules of progression and modulation. (b) The science which treats of their construction and progression.

Ten thousand harps, that tuned
Angelic harmonies .
Milton.

5. (Anat.) See Harmonic suture , under Harmonic .

Close harmony , Dispersed harmony , etc. See under Close , Dispersed , etc. -- Harmony of the spheres . See Music of the spheres , under Music .

Syn. -- Harmony , Melody . Harmony results from the concord of two or more strains or sounds which differ in pitch and quality. Melody denotes the pleasing alternation and variety of musical and measured sounds, as they succeed each other in a single verse or strain.

Harmost (här"mŏst) noun [ Greek "armosth`s , from "armo`zein to join, arrange, command: confer French harmoste . See Harmony .] (Gr. Antiq.) A city governor or prefect appointed by the Spartans in the cities subjugated by them.

Harmotome (-mo*tōm) noun [ Greek "armo`s a joint + te`mnein to cut: confer French harmotome .] (Min.) A hydrous silicate of alumina and baryta, occurring usually in white cruciform crystals; cross- stone.

» A related mineral, called lime harmotome , and Phillipsite , contains lime in place of baryta. Dana.

Harness (-nĕs) noun [ Middle English harneis , harnes , Old French harneis , French harnais , harnois ; of Celtic origin; confer Armor. harnez old iron, armor, W. haiarn iron, Armor. houarn , Ir. iarann , Gael. iarunn . Confer Iron .]
1. Originally, the complete dress, especially in a military sense, of a man or a horse; hence, in general, armor.

At least we'll die with harness on our back.
Shak.

2. The equipment of a draught or carriage horse, for drawing a wagon, coach, chaise, etc.; gear; tackling.

3. The part of a loom comprising the heddles, with their means of support and motion, by which the threads of the warp are alternately raised and depressed for the passage of the shuttle.

To die in harness , to die with armor on; hence, colloquially, to die while actively engaged in work or duty.

Harness transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Harnessed (-nĕst); present participle & verbal noun Harnessing .] [ Middle English harneisen ; confer French harnacher , Old French harneschier .]
1. To dress in armor; to equip with armor for war, as a horseman; to array.

Harnessed in rugged steel.
Rowe.

A gay dagger,
Harnessed well and sharp as point of spear.
Chaucer.

2. Fig.: To equip or furnish for defense. Dr. H. More.

3. To make ready for draught; to equip with harness, as a horse. Also used figuratively.

Harnessed to some regular profession.
J. C. Shairp.

Harnessed antelope . (Zoology) See Guib . -- Harnessed moth (Zoology) , an American bombycid moth ( Arctia phalerata of Harris), having, on the fore wings, stripes and bands of buff on a black ground.

Harness cask (kȧsk`). (Nautical) A tub lashed to a vessel's deck and containing salted provisions for daily use; -- called also harness tub . W. C. Russell.

Harnesser (-ẽr) noun One who harnesses.

Harns (härnz) noun plural [ Akin to Icelandic hjarni , Danish hierne .] The brains. [ Scot.]

Harp (härp) noun [ Middle English harpe , Anglo-Saxon hearpe ; akin to Dutch harp , German harfe , Old High German harpha , Danish harpe , Icelandic & Swedish harpa .]
1. A musical instrument consisting of a triangular frame furnished with strings and sometimes with pedals, held upright, and played with the fingers.

2. (Astron.) A constellation; Lyra , or the Lyre.

3. A grain sieve. [ Scot.]

Æolian harp . See under Æolian .

Harp seal (Zoology) , an arctic seal ( Phoca Grœnlandica ). The adult males have a light- colored body, with a harp-shaped mark of black on each side, and the face and throat black. Called also saddler , and saddleback . The immature ones are called bluesides . -- Harp shell (Zoology) , a beautiful marine gastropod shell of the genus Harpa , of several species, found in tropical seas. See Harpa .

Harp intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Harped (härpt) present participle & verbal noun Harping .] [ Anglo-Saxon hearpian . See Harp , noun ]
1. To play on the harp.

I heard the voice of harpers, harping with their harps.
Rev. xiv. 2.

2. To dwell on or recur to a subject tediously or monotonously in speaking or in writing; to refer to something repeatedly or continually; -- usually with on or upon . " Harpings upon old themes." W. Irving.

Harping on what I am,
Not what he knew I was.
Shak.

To harp on one string , to dwell upon one subject with disagreeable or wearisome persistence. [ Colloq.]

Harp transitive verb To play on, as a harp; to play (a tune) on the harp; to develop or give expression to by skill and art; to sound forth as from a harp; to hit upon.

Thou 'st harped my fear aright.
Shak.

Harpa (här"pȧ) noun [ Latin , harp.] (Zoology) A genus of marine univalve shells; the harp shells; -- so called from the form of the shells, and their ornamental ribs.

Harpagon (-gŏn) noun [ Latin harpago , Greek "arpa`gh hook, rake.] A grappling iron. [ Obsolete]

Harper (härp"ẽr) noun [ Anglo-Saxon hearpere .]
1. A player on the harp; a minstrel.

The murmuring pines and the hemlocks . . .
Stand like harpers hoar, with beards that rest on their bosoms.
Longfellow.

2. A brass coin bearing the emblem of a harp, -- formerly current in Ireland. B. Jonson.

Harping (härp"ĭng) adjective Pertaining to the harp; as, harping symphonies. Milton.

Harping iron (ī`ŭrn). [ French harper to grasp strongly. See Harpoon .] A harpoon. Evelyn.