Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Compar. Happier
(-pĭ*ẽr); superl. Happiest
.] [ From Hap
chance.] 1. Favored by hap, luck, or fortune; lucky; fortunate; successful; prosperous; satisfying desire; as, a happy expedient; a happy effort; a happy venture; a happy omen.
Chymists have been more happy in finding experiments than the causes of them. Boyle. 2. Experiencing the effect of favorable fortune; having the feeling arising from the consciousness of well- being or of enjoyment; enjoying good of any kind, as peace, tranquillity, comfort; contented; joyous; as, happy hours, happy thoughts.
Happy is that people, whose God is the Lord. Ps. cxliv. 15.
The learned is happy Nature to explore, Pope. 3. Dexterous; ready; apt; felicitous.
The fool is happy that he knows no more.
One gentleman is happy at a reply, another excels in a rejoinder. Swift. Happy family
, a collection of animals of different and hostile propensities living peaceably together in one cage. Used ironically of conventional alliances of persons who are in fact mutually repugnant.
, trusting to hap or luck; improvident; easy-going.
" Happy- go-lucky
carelessness." W. Black.
Hapuku (hȧ*pō"kō) noun (Zoology) A large and valuable food fish ( Polyprion prognathus ) of New Zealand. It sometimes weighs one hundred pounds or more.
(hăk"bŭt) noun See Hagbut .
Hara-kiri (ha"ra*kē`rĭ) noun [ Jap., stomach cutting.] Suicide, by slashing the abdomen, formerly practiced in Japan, and commanded by the government in the cases of disgraced officials; disembowelment; - - also written, but incorrectly, hari-kari . W. E. Griffis.
[ French harangue
: confer Spanish arenga
, Italian aringa
; lit., a speech before a multitude or on the hustings, Italian aringo
arena, hustings, pulpit; all from Old High German hring
ring, anything round, ring of people, German ring
. See Ring
.] A speech addressed to a large public assembly; a popular oration; a loud address to a multitude; in a bad sense, a noisy or pompous speech; declamation; ranting.
Gray-headed men and grave, with warriors mixed, Milton. Syn.
Assemble, and harangues are heard.
is generic; an oration
is an elaborate and rhetorical speech; an harangue
is a vehement appeal to the passions, or a noisy, disputatious address. A general makes an harangue
to his troops on the eve of a battle; a demagogue harangues
the populace on the subject of their wrongs.
Harangue intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Harangued
(hȧ*răngd"); present participle & verbal noun Haranguing
.] [ Confer French haranguer
, Italian aringare
.] To make an harangue; to declaim.
Harangue transitive verb To address by an harangue.
Harangueful (-ful) adjective Full of harangue.
(hȧ*răng"ẽr) noun One who harangues, or is fond of haranguing; a declaimer.
With them join'd all th' haranguers of the throng, Dryden.
That thought to get preferment by the tongue.
s) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Harassed
st); present participle & verbal noun Harassing
.] [ French harasser
; confer Old French harace
a basket made of cords, harace
,a very heavy and large shield; or harer
to set (a dog) on.] To fatigue; to tire with repeated and exhausting efforts; esp., to weary by importunity, teasing, or fretting; to cause to endure excessive burdens or anxieties; -- sometimes followed by out .
[ Troops] harassed with a long and wearisome march. Bacon.
Nature oppressed and harass'd out with care. Addison.
Vext with lawyers and harass'd with debt. Tennyson. Syn.
-- To weary; jade; tire; perplex; distress; tease; worry; disquiet; chafe; gall; annoy; irritate; plague; vex; molest; trouble; disturb; torment.
1. Devastation; waste. [ Obsolete] Milton. 2. Worry; harassment. [ R.] Byron.
Harasser (-ẽr) noun One who harasses.
nt) noun The act of harassing, or state of being harassed; worry; annoyance; anxiety.
Little harassments which I am led to suspect do occasionally molest the most fortunate. Ld. Lytton.
(har"bẽr*ŭs) adjective Harborous.
A bishop must be faultless, the husband of one wife, honestly appareled, harberous . Tyndale (1 Tim. iii. 2).
[ Middle English herbergeour
, Old French herbergeor
one who provides lodging, from herbergier
to provide lodging, French héberger
, Old French herberge
lodging, inn, French auberge
; of German origin. See Harbor
.] 1. One who provides lodgings; especially, the officer of the English royal household who formerly preceded the court when traveling, to provide and prepare lodgings. Fuller. 2. A forerunner; a precursor; a messenger.
I knew by these harbingers who were coming. Landor.
Harbinger transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Harbingered
(-jẽrd); present participle & verbal noun Harbingering
.] To usher in; to be a harbinger of.
"Thus did the star of religious freedom harbinger
the day." Bancroft.
[ Written also harbour
.] [ Middle English herbor
, Icelandic herbergi
(cf. Old High German heriberga
), orig., a shelter for soldiers; herr
army + bjarga
to save, help, defend; akin to Anglo-Saxon here
army, German heer
, Old High German heri
, Goth. harjis
, and Anglo-Saxon beorgan
to save, shelter, defend, German bergen
. See Harry
, 2d Bury
, and confer Harbinger
.] 1. A station for rest and entertainment; a place of security and comfort; a refuge; a shelter.
[ A grove] fair harbour that them seems. Spenser.
For harbor at a thousand doors they knocked. Dryden. 2. Specif.: A lodging place; an inn.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 3. (Astrol.) The mansion of a heavenly body.
[ Obsolete] 4. A portion of a sea, a lake, or other large body of water, either landlocked or artificially protected so as to be a place of safety for vessels in stormy weather; a port or haven. 5. (Glass Works) A mixing box for materials. Harbor dues (Nautical)
, fees paid for the use of a harbor.
-- Harbor seal (Zoology)
, the common seal.
-- Harbor watch
, a watch set when a vessel is in port; an anchor watch.
(här"bẽr) transitive verb
[ Written also harbour
.] [ imperfect & past participle Harbored
(-bẽrd); present participle & verbal noun Harboring
.] [ Middle English herberen
; confer Icelandic herbergja
. See Harbor
] To afford lodging to; to entertain as a guest; to shelter; to receive; to give a refuge to; to indulge or cherish (a thought or feeling, esp. an ill thought).
Any place that harbors men. Shak.
The bare suspicion made it treason to harbor the person suspected. Bp. Burnet.
Let not your gentle breast harbor one thought of outrage. Rowe.
Harbor intransitive verb To lodge, or abide for a time; to take shelter, as in a harbor.
For this night let's harbor here in York. Shak.
Harbor master (mȧs`tẽr). An officer charged with the duty of executing the regulations respecting the use of a harbor.
(-aj) noun Shelter; entertainment.
Where can I get me harborage for the night? Tennyson.
(-ẽr) noun One who, or that which, harbors.
Geneva was . . . a harborer of exiles for religion. Strype.
Harborless adjective Without a harbor; shelterless.
[ See Harbor
.] A shelter.
[ Obsolete]. Spenser.
Harborous (-bẽr*ŭs) adjective Hospitable. [ Obsolete]
[ Compar. Harder
(-ẽr); superl. Hardest
.] [ Middle English hard
, Anglo-Saxon heard
; akin to Old Saxon & Dutch hard
, German hart
, Old High German herti
, Icelandic harðr
, Danish haard
, Swedish hård
, Goth. hardus
, Greek kraty`s
, strength, and also to English -ard
, as in coward
in auto crat
, demo cracy
; confer Sanskrit kratu
to do, make. Confer Hardy
.] 1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to soft ; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple. 2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; as a hard problem.
The hard causes they brought unto Moses. Ex. xviii. 26.
In which are some things hard to be understood. 2 Peter iii. 16. 3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure. 4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
The stag was too hard for the horse. L'Estrange.
A power which will be always too hard for them. Addison. 5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms.
I never could drive a hard bargain. Burke. 6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character. 7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style.
Figures harder than even the marble itself. Dryden. 8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider. 9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came , and g in go , as distinguished from the same letters in center , general , etc. 10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard tone. 11. (Painting) (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade. Hard cancer
, Hard case
, etc. See under Cancer , Case , etc.
-- Hard clam
, or Hard-shelled clam (Zoology)
, the quahog.
-- Hard coal
, anthracite, as distinguished from bituminous or soft coal.
-- Hard and fast
. (Nautical) See under Fast .
-- Hard finish (Architecture)
, a smooth finishing coat of hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.
-- Hard lines
, hardship; difficult conditions.
-- Hard money
, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper money.
-- Hard oyster (Zoology)
, the northern native oyster.
[ Local, U. S.] -- Hard pan
, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan .
-- Hard rubber
. See under Rubber .
-- Hard solder
. See under Solder .
-- Hard water
, water, which contains lime or some mineral substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness , 3.
-- Hard wood
, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar, hemlock, etc.
-- In hard condition
, in excellent condition for racing; having firm muscles; -- said of race horses. Syn.
-- Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn; stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See Solid
, and Arduous
[ Middle English harde
, Anglo-Saxon hearde
.] 1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly.
And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden.
My father Shak. 2. With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard . 3. Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly. Shak. 4. So as to raise difficulties.
Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself.
"The question is hard
set." Sir T. Browne. 5. With tension or strain of the powers; violently; with force; tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously; energetically; as, to press, to blow, to rain hard ; hence, rapidly; nimbly; as, to run hard . 6. Close or near.
Whose house joined hard to the synagogue. Acts xviii. 7. Hard by
, near by ; close at hand; not far off.
" Hard by
a cottage chimney smokes." Milton.
-- Hard pushed
, Hard run
, greatly pressed; as, he was hard pushed or hard run for time, money, etc.
[ Colloq.] -- Hard up
, closely pressed by want or necessity; without money or resources; as, hard up for amusements.
[ Slang] » Hard
in nautical language is often joined to words of command to the helmsman, denoting that the order should be carried out with the utmost energy, or that the helm should be put, in the direction indicated, to the extreme limit, as, Hard aport
! Hard astarboard
! Hard alee
! Hard aweather
! Hard up
is also often used in composition with a participle; as, hard
Hard (härd) transitive verb To harden; to make hard. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Hard noun A ford or passage across a river or swamp.
Hard grass (grȧs`). (Botany) A name given to several different grasses, especially to the Roltböllia incurvata , and to the species of Ægilops , from one of which it is contended that wheat has been derived.
Hard steel Steel hardened by the addition of other elements, as manganese, phosphorus, or (usually) carbon.
Hard-favored (härd"fā`vẽrd) adjective Hard-featured; ill-looking; as, Vulcan was hard-favored . Dryden.
Hard-favoredness noun Coarseness of features.
Hard-featured (-fē`turd; 135) adjective Having coarse, unattractive or stern features. Smollett.
Hard-fisted (-fĭst`ĕd) adjective
1. Having hard or strong hands; as, a hard-fisted laborer. 2. Close-fisted; covetous; niggardly. Bp. Hall.
Hard-fought (-fat`) adjective Vigorously contested; as, a hard-fought battle.
(-hănd`ĕd) adjective Having hard hands, as a manual laborer.
Hard-handed men that work in Athens here. Shak.
Hard-headed adjective Having sound judgment; sagacious; shrewd. -- Hard"-head`ed*ness , noun
Hardbake (-bāk`) noun A sweetmeat of boiled brown sugar or molasses made with almonds, and flavored with orange or lemon juice, etc. Thackeray.
Hardbeam (-bēm`) noun (Botany) A tree of the genus Carpinus , of compact, horny texture; hornbeam.
(härd"'n) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hardened
(-'nd); present participle & verbal noun Hardening
(-'n*ĭng).] [ Middle English hardnen
.] 1. To make hard or harder; to make firm or compact; to indurate; as, to harden clay or iron. 2. To accustom by labor or suffering to endure with constancy; to strengthen; to stiffen; to inure; also, to confirm in wickedness or shame; to make unimpressionable.
not your heart." Ps. xcv. 8.
I would harden myself in sorrow. Job vi. 10.
Harden intransitive verb 1. To become hard or harder; to acquire solidity, or more compactness; as, mortar hardens by drying.
The deliberate judgment of those who knew him [ A. Lincoln] has hardened into tradition. The Century. 2. To become confirmed or strengthened, in either a good or a bad sense.
They, hardened more by what might most reclaim. Milton.
(-'nd) adjective Made hard, or harder, or compact; made unfeeling or callous; made obstinate or obdurate; confirmed in error or vice. Syn.
-- Impenetrable; hard; obdurate; callous; unfeeling; unsusceptible; insensible. See Obdurate
Hardener (-'n*ẽr) noun One who, or that which, hardens; specif., one who tempers tools.
1. Making hard or harder. 2. That which hardens, as a material used for converting the surface of iron into steel.
Harder (här"dẽr) noun (Zoology) A South African mullet, salted for food.
n) adjective (Anat.) A term applied to a lachrymal gland on the inner side of the orbit of many animals which have a third eyelid, or nictitating membrane. See Nictitating membrane , under Nictitate .
Hardfern (-fẽrn`) noun (Botany) A species of fern ( Lomaria borealis ), growing in Europe and Northwestern America.
Hardhack (-hăk`) noun (Botany) A very astringent shrub ( Spiræa tomentosa ), common in pastures. The Potentilla fruticosa is also called by this name.
(-hĕd`) noun 1. Clash or collision of heads in contest. Dryden. 2. (Zoology) (a) The menhaden. See Menhaden .
[ Local, U. S.] (b) Block's gurnard ( Trigla gurnardus ) of Europe. (c) A California salmon; the steelhead. (d) The gray whale.
See Gray whale
, under Gray
. (e) A coarse American commercial sponge ( Spongia dura ).