Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Ha'penny (hā"pĕn*nȳ) noun A half-penny.

Han't (hānt; in England , hänt). A contraction of have not , or has not , used in illiterate speech. In the United States the commoner spelling is hain't .

Hang (hăng) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hanged (hăngd) or Hung (hŭng); present participle & verbal noun Hanging . The use of hanged is preferable to that of hung , when reference is had to death or execution by suspension, and it is also more common.] [ Middle English hangen , hongien , transitive verb & i., Anglo-Saxon hangian , intransitive verb , from hōn , transitive verb (imp. heng , past participle hongen ); akin to Old Saxon hangōn , intransitive verb , Dutch hangen , transitive verb & i., German hangen , intransitive verb , hängen , transitive verb , Icelandic hanga , intransitive verb , Goth. hāhan , transitive verb (imp. haíhah ), hāhan , intransitive verb (imp. hahaida ), and perhaps to Latin cunctari to delay. √37. ]
1. To suspend; to fasten to some elevated point without support from below; -- often used with up or out ; as, to hang a coat on a hook; to hang up a sign; to hang out a banner.

2. To fasten in a manner which will allow of free motion upon the point or points of suspension; -- said of a pendulum, a swing, a door, gate, etc.

3. To fit properly, as at a proper angle (a part of an implement that is swung in using), as a scythe to its snath, or an ax to its helve. [ U. S.]

4. To put to death by suspending by the neck; -- a form of capital punishment; as, to hang a murderer.

5. To cover, decorate, or furnish by hanging pictures, trophies, drapery, and the like, or by covering with paper hangings; -- said of a wall, a room, etc.

Hung be the heavens with black.

And hung thy holy roofs with savage spoils.

6. To paste, as paper hangings, on the walls of a room.

7. To hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect; to droop; as, he hung his head in shame.

Cowslips wan that hang the pensive head.

To hang down , to let fall below the proper position; to bend down; to decline; as, to hang down the head, or, elliptically, to hang the head. -- To hang fire (Mil.) , to be slow in communicating fire through the vent to the charge; as, the gun hangs fire ; hence, to hesitate, to hold back as if in suspense.

Hang intransitive verb
1. To be suspended or fastened to some elevated point without support from below; to dangle; to float; to rest; to remain; to stay.

2. To be fastened in such a manner as to allow of free motion on the point or points of suspension.

3. To die or be put to death by suspension from the neck. [ R.] "Sir Balaam hangs ." Pope.

4. To hold for support; to depend; to cling; -- usually with on or upon ; as, this question hangs on a single point. "Two infants hanging on her neck." Peacham.

5. To be, or be like, a suspended weight.

Life hangs upon me, and becomes a burden.

6. To hover; to impend; to appear threateningly; -- usually with over ; as, evils hang over the country.

7. To lean or incline; to incline downward.

To decide which way hung the victory.

His neck obliquely o'er his shoulder hung .

8. To slope down; as, hanging grounds.

9. To be undetermined or uncertain; to be in suspense; to linger; to be delayed.

A noble stroke he lifted high,
Which hung not, but so swift with tempest fell
On the proud crest of Satan.

To hang around , to loiter idly about. - - To hang back , to hesitate; to falter; to be reluctant. "If any one among you hangs back ." Jowett (Thucyd.). -- To hang by the eyelids . (a) To hang by a very slight hold or tenure. (b) To be in an unfinished condition; to be left incomplete. -- To hang in doubt , to be in suspense. -- To hang on (with the emphasis on the preposition), to keep hold; to hold fast; to stick; to be persistent, as a disease. -- To hang on the lips, words , etc., to be charmed by eloquence. -- To hang out . (a) To be hung out so as to be displayed; to project. (b) To be unyielding; as, the juryman hangs out against an agreement. [ Colloq.] -- To hang over . (a) To project at the top. (b) To impend over. -- To hang to , to cling. -- To hang together . (a) To remain united; to stand by one another. "We are all of a piece; we hang together ." Dryden. (b) To be self- consistent; as, the story does not hang together . [ Colloq.] -- To hang upon . (a) To regard with passionate affection. (b) (Mil.) To hover around; as, to hang upon the flanks of a retreating enemy.

Hang noun
1. The manner in which one part or thing hangs upon, or is connected with, another; as, the hang of a scythe.

2. Connection; arrangement; plan; as, the hang of a discourse. [ Colloq.]

3. A sharp or steep declivity or slope. [ Colloq.]

To get the hang of , to learn the method or arrangement of; hence, to become accustomed to. [ Colloq.]

Hang intransitive verb (Cricket, Tennis, etc.) Of a ball: To rebound unexpectedly or unusually slowly, due to backward spin on the ball or imperfections of ground.

Hang transitive verb To prevent from reaching a decision, esp. by refusing to join in a verdict that must be unanimous; as, one obstinate juror can hang a jury.

Hang-by (-bī`) noun ; plural Hang-bies (-bīz`). A dependent; a hanger-on; -- so called in contempt. B. Jonson.

Hangbird (hăng"bẽrd`) noun (Zoology) The Baltimore oriole ( Icterus galbula ); -- so called because its nest is suspended from the limb of a tree. See Baltimore oriole .

Hangdog (-dŏg`) noun A base, degraded person; a sneak; a gallows bird.

Hangdog adjective Low; sneaking; ashamed.

The poor colonel went out of the room with a hangdog look.

Hanger (-ẽr) noun
1. One who hangs, or causes to be hanged; a hangman.

2. That by which a thing is suspended. Especially: (a) A strap hung to the girdle, by which a dagger or sword is suspended. (b) (Machinery) A part that suspends a journal box in which shafting runs. See Illust. of Countershaft . (c) A bridle iron.

3. That which hangs or is suspended, as a sword worn at the side; especially, in the 18th century, a short, curved sword.

4. A steep, wooded declivity. [ Eng.] Gilbert White.

Hanger-on (-ŏn`) noun ; plural Hangers-on (-ẽrz-ŏn`). One who hangs on, or sticks to, a person, place, or service; a dependent; one who adheres to others' society longer than he is wanted. Goldsmith.

Hanging adjective
1. Requiring, deserving, or foreboding death by the halter. "What a hanging face!" Dryden.

2. Suspended from above; pendent; as, hanging shelves.

3. Adapted for sustaining a hanging object; as, the hanging post of a gate, the post which holds the hinges.

Hanging compass , a compass suspended so that the card may be read from beneath. -- Hanging garden , a garden sustained at an artificial elevation by any means, as by the terraces at Babylon. -- Hanging indentation . See under Indentation . -- Hanging rail (Architecture) , that rail of a door or casement to which hinges are attached. -- Hanging side (Mining) , the overhanging side of an inclined or hading vein. -- Hanging sleeves . (a) Strips of the same stuff as the gown, hanging down the back from the shoulders. (b) Loose, flowing sleeves. -- Hanging stile . (Architecture) (a) That stile of a door to which hinges are secured. (b) That upright of a window frame to which casements are hinged, or in which the pulleys for sash windows are fastened. -- Hanging wall (Mining) , the upper wall of inclined vein, or that which hangs over the miner's head when working in the vein.

Hanging noun
1. The act of suspending anything; the state of being suspended.

2. Death by suspension; execution by a halter.

3. That which is hung as lining or drapery for the walls of a room, as tapestry, paper, etc., or to cover or drape a door or window; -- used chiefly in the plural.

Now purple hangings clothe the palace walls.

Hangman (hăng"m a n) noun ; plural Hangmen (-m e n). One who hangs another; esp., one who makes a business of hanging; a public executioner; -- sometimes used as a term of reproach, without reference to office. Shak.

Hangmanship noun The office or character of a hangman.

Hangnail (-nāl`) noun [ A corruption of agnail .] A small piece or sliver of skin which hangs loose, near the root of a finger nail. Holloway.

Hangnest (-nĕst`) noun
1. A nest that hangs like a bag or pocket.

2. A bird which builds such a nest; a hangbird.

Hank (hănk) noun [ Confer Danish hank handle, Swedish hank a band or tie, Icelandic hanki hasp, clasp, hönk , hangr , hank, coil, skein, German henkel , henk , handle; all probably akin to English hang . See Hang .]
1. A parcel consisting of two or more skeins of yarn or thread tied together.

2. A rope or withe for fastening a gate. [ Prov. Eng.]

3. Hold; influence.

When the devil hath got such a hank over him.
Bp. Sanderson.

4. (Nautical) A ring or eye of rope, wood, or iron, attached to the edge of a sail and running on a stay.

Hank transitive verb
1. [ Middle English hanken .] To fasten with a rope, as a gate. [ Prov. Eng.] Wright.

2. To form into hanks.

Hank noun (Wrestling) A throw in which a wrestler turns his left side to his opponent, twines his left leg about his opponent's right leg from the inside, and throws him backward.

Hanker (hăn"kẽr) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hankered (- kẽrd); present participle & verbal noun Hankering .] [ Prob. from hang ; confer Dutch hunkeren , hengelen .]
1. To long (for) with a keen appetite and uneasiness; to have a vehement desire; -- usually with for or after ; as, to hanker after fruit; to hanker after the diversions of the town. Addison.

He was hankering to join his friend.
J. A. Symonds.

2. To linger in expectation or with desire. Thackeray.

Hankeringly adverb In a hankering manner.

Hankey-pankey (hăn"kȳ*păn"kȳ) noun [ Confer Hocus-pocus .] Professional cant; the chatter of conjurers to divert attention from their tricks; hence, jugglery. [ Colloq.]

Hanoverian (hăn`o*vē"rĭ* a n) adjective Of or pertaining to Hanover or its people, or to the House of Hanover in England.

Hanoverian noun A native or naturalized inhabitant of Hanover; one of the House of Hanover.

Hansa (hăn"sȧ) noun See 2d Hanse .

Hansard (-sẽrd) noun An official report of proceedings in the British Parliament; -- so called from the name of the publishers.

Hansard noun A merchant of one of the Hanse towns. See the Note under 2d Hanse .

Hanse (hăns) noun [ Confer French anse handle, anse de panier surbased arch, flat arch, vault, and English haunch hip.] (Architecture) That part of an elliptical or many-centered arch which has the shorter radius and immediately adjoins the impost.

Hanse noun [ German hanse , or French hanse (from German), Old High German & Goth. hansa ; akin to Anglo-Saxon hōs band, troop.] An association; a league or confederacy.

Hanse towns (Hist.) , certain commercial cities in Germany which associated themselves for the protection and enlarging of their commerce. The confederacy, called also Hansa and Hanseatic league , held its first diet in 1260, and was maintained for nearly four hundred years. At one time the league comprised eighty-five cities. Its remnants, Lübeck, Hamburg, and Bremen, are free cities , and are still frequently called Hanse towns .

Hanseatic (hăn`se*ăt"ĭk) adjective Pertaining to the Hanse towns, or to their confederacy.

Hanseatic league . See under 2d Hanse .

Hansel (hăn"sĕl) noun & v. See Handsel .

Hanselines (hän"s e l*īnz) noun A sort of breeches. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Hansom (hăn"sŭm) noun , Han"som cab` (kăb`). [ From the name of the inventor.] A light, low, two-wheeled covered carriage with the driver's seat elevated behind, the reins being passed over the top.

He hailed a cruising hansom . . . " 'Tis the gondola of London," said Lothair.

Hanukka, Hanukkah noun [ Hebrew khanukkāh .] The Jewish Feast of the Dedication, instituted by Judas Maccabæus, his brothers, and the whole congregation of Israel, in 165 b. c. , to commemorate the dedication of the new altar set up at the purification of the temple of Jerusalem to replace the altar which had been polluted by Antiochus Epiphanes ( 1 Maccabees i. 58, iv. 59 ). The feast, which is mentioned in John x. 22, is held for eight days (beginning with the 25th day of Kislev, corresponding to December), and is celebrated everywhere, chiefly as a festival of lights, by the Jews.

Hanuman (hȧn"u*m a n) noun See Hoonoomaun .

Hap (hăp) transitive verb [ Middle English happen .] To clothe; to wrap.

The surgeon happed her up carefully.
Dr. J. Brown.

Hap noun [ Confer Hap to clothe.] A cloak or plaid. [ O. Eng. & Scot.]

Hap noun [ Icelandic happ unexpected good luck. √39.] That which happens or comes suddenly or unexpectedly; also, the manner of occurrence or taking place; chance; fortune; accident; casual event; fate; luck; lot. Chaucer.

Whether art it was or heedless hap .

Cursed be good haps , and cursed be they that build
Their hopes on haps .
Sir P. Sidney.

Loving goes by haps :
Some Cupid kills with arrows, some with traps.

Hap intransitive verb [ Middle English happen . See Hap chance, and confer Happen .] To happen; to befall; to chance. Chaucer.

Sends word of all that haps in Tyre.

Haphazard (hăp"hăz`ẽrd or hăp`hăz"-) noun [ Hap + hazard .] Extra hazard; chance; accident; random.

We take our principles at haphazard , upon trust.

Haphtarah noun ; plural - taroth . [ Hebrew haphtārāh , prop., valedictory, from pātar to depart.] One of the lessons from the Nebiim (or Prophets) read in the Jewish synagogue on Sabbaths, feast days, fasts, and the ninth of Ab, at the end of the service, after the parashoth, or lessons from the Law. Such a practice is evidenced in Luke iv.17 and Acts xiii.15.

Hapless (hăp"lĕs) adjective Without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy; as, hapless youth; hapless maid. Dryden.

Haplessly adverb In a hapless, unlucky manner.

Haplomi (hȧ*plō"mī) noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek "aplo`os simple + 'w^mos shoulder.] (Zoology) An order of freshwater fishes, including the true pikes, cyprinodonts, and blindfishes.

Haplostemonous (hăp`lo*stĕm"o*nŭs) adjective [ Greek "aplo`os simple + sth`mwn a thread.] (Botany) Having but one series of stamens, and that equal in number to the proper number of petals; isostemonous.

Haply (hăp"lȳ) adverb By hap, chance, luck, or accident; perhaps; it may be.

Lest haply ye be found even to fight against God.
Acts v. 39.

Happed (hăpt) p. adjective [ From 1st Hap .] Wrapped; covered; cloaked. [ Scot.]

All happed with flowers in the green wood were.

Happen (hăp"p'n) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Happened (-p'nd); present participle & verbal noun Happening .] [ Middle English happenen , hapnen . See Hap to happen.]
1. To come by chance; to come without previous expectation; to fall out.

There shall no evil happen to the just.
Prov. xii. 21.

2. To take place; to occur.

All these things which had happened .
Luke xxiv. 14.

To happen on , to meet with; to fall or light upon. "I have happened on some other accounts." Graunt. -- To happen in , to make a casual call. [ Colloq.]

Happily (hăp"pĭ*lȳ) adverb [ From Happy .]
1. By chance; peradventure; haply. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.

2. By good fortune; fortunately; luckily.

Preferred by conquest, happily o'erthrown.

3. In a happy manner or state; in happy circumstances; as, he lived happily with his wife.

4. With address or dexterity; gracefully; felicitously; in a manner to insure success; with success.

Formed by thy converse, happily to steer
From grave to gay, from lively to severe.

Syn. -- Fortunately; luckily; successfully; prosperously; contentedly; dexterously; felicitously.

Happiness noun [ From Happy .]
1. Good luck; good fortune; prosperity.

All happiness bechance to thee in Milan!

2. An agreeable feeling or condition of the soul arising from good fortune or propitious happening of any kind; the possession of those circumstances or that state of being which is attended with enjoyment; the state of being happy; contentment; joyful satisfaction; felicity; blessedness.

3. Fortuitous elegance; unstudied grace; -- used especially of language.

Some beauties yet no precepts can declare,
For there's a happiness , as well as care.

Syn. -- Happiness , Felicity , Blessedness , Bliss . Happiness is generic, and is applied to almost every kind of enjoyment except that of the animal appetites; felicity is a more formal word, and is used more sparingly in the same general sense, but with elevated associations; blessedness is applied to the most refined enjoyment arising from the purest social, benevolent, and religious affections; bliss denotes still more exalted delight, and is applied more appropriately to the joy anticipated in heaven.

O happiness ! our being's end and aim!

Others in virtue place felicity ,
But virtue joined with riches and long life;
In corporal pleasures he, and careless ease.

His overthrow heaped happiness upon him;
For then, and not till then, he felt himself,
And found the blessedness of being little.