Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hair-salt (-salt`) noun [ A translation of German haarsalz .] (Min.) A variety of native Epsom salt occurring in silky fibers.
Hairdresser (-drĕs`ẽr) noun One who dresses or cuts hair; a barber.
Haired (hârd) adjective
1. Having hair. "A beast haired like a bear." Purchas. 2. In composition: Having (such) hair; as, red- haired .
[ Anglo-Saxon hǣren
His hairen shirt and his ascetic diet. J. Taylor.
Hairiness (-ĭ*nĕs) noun The state of abounding, or being covered, with hair. Johnson.
Hairless adjective Destitute of hair. Shak.
Hairpin (-pĭn`) noun A pin, usually forked, or of bent wire, for fastening the hair in place, -- used by women.
Hairsplitter (-splĭt`tẽr) noun One who makes excessively nice or needless distinctions in reasoning; one who quibbles. "The caviling hairsplitter ." De Quincey.
(-tĭng) adjective Making excessively nice or trivial distinctions in reasoning; subtle.
-- noun The act or practice of making trivial distinctions.
The ancient hairsplitting technicalities of special pleading. Charles Sumner.
Hairspring (-sprĭng`) noun (Horology) The slender recoil spring which regulates the motion of the balance in a timepiece.
Hairstreak (-strēk`) noun A butterfly of the genus Thecla ; as, the green hairstreak ( T. rubi ).
Hairtail (-tāl`) noun (Zoology) Any species of marine fishes of the genus Trichiurus ; esp., T. lepturus of Europe and America. They are long and like a band, with a slender, pointed tail. Called also bladefish .
(-ȳ) adjective Bearing or covered with hair; made of or resembling hair; rough with hair; hirsute.
His mantle hairy , and his bonnet sedge. Milton.
n) adjective & noun See Haytian .
[ Arabic hayya
snake.] (Zoology) The Egyptian asp or cobra ( Naja haje .) It is related to the cobra of India, and like the latter has the power of inflating its neck into a hood. Its bite is very venomous. It is supposed to be the snake by means of whose bite Cleopatra committed suicide, and hence is sometimes called Cleopatra's snake or asp . See Asp .
[ See Hatch
a half door.] A drying shed, as for unburned tile.
[ Also haak
.] [ Akin to Norweg. hake
fisk, lit., hook fish, Prov. English hake
hook, German hecht
pike. See Hook
.] (Zoology) One of several species of marine gadoid fishes, of the genera Phycis , Merlucius , and allies. The common European hake is M. vulgaris ; the American silver hake or whiting is M. bilinearis . Two American species ( Phycis chuss and P. tenius ) are important food fishes, and are also valued for their oil and sounds. Called also squirrel hake , and codling .
Hake (hāk) intransitive verb To loiter; to sneak. [ Prov. Eng.]
(hăk"e*tŏn) noun Same as Acton .
Hakim (hȧ*kēm") noun [ Arabic hakīm .] A wise man; a physician, esp. a Mohammedan. [ India]
Hakim (hä"kēm) noun [ Arabic hākim .] A Mohammedan title for a ruler; a judge. [ India]
; plural Halachoth
(- kōth). [ Hebrew halāchāh
.] The general term for the Hebrew oral or traditional law; one of two branches of exposition in the Midrash. See Midrash .
Halation (ha*lā"shŭn) noun (Photog.) An appearance as of a halo of light, surrounding the edges of dark objects in a photographic picture.
(hŏl"bẽrd; 277) noun
[ French hallebarde
; of German origin; confer Middle High German helmbarte
, German hellebarte
; probably orig., an ax to split a helmet, from German barte
a broad ax (orig. from the same source as English beard
; confer Icelandic barða
, a kind of ax, skegg
a kind of halberd) + helm
helmet; but confer also Middle High German helm
, handle, and English helve
. See Beard
.] (Mil.) An ancient long-handled weapon, of which the head had a point and several long, sharp edges, curved or straight, and sometimes additional points. The heads were sometimes of very elaborate form.
[ Written also halbert
Halberd-shaped (-shāpt`) adjective Hastate.
Halberdier (hŏ`bẽrd*ēr") noun [ French hallebardier .] One who is armed with a halberd. Strype.
[ Latin halcyon
, Greek "alkyw`n
: confer French halcyon
.] (Zoology) A kingfisher. By modern ornithologists restricted to a genus including a limited number of species having omnivorous habits, as the sacred kingfisher ( Halcyon sancta ) of Australia.
Amidst our arms as quiet you shall be Dryden.
As halcyons brooding on a winter sea.
1. Pertaining to, or resembling, the halcyon, which was anciently said to lay her eggs in nests on or near the sea during the calm weather about the winter solstice. 2. Hence: Calm; quiet; peaceful; undisturbed; happy. "Deep, halcyon repose." De Quincy.
Halcyonian (hăl`sĭ*ō"nĭ* a n) adjective Halcyon; calm.
(hăl"sĭ*o*noid) adjective & noun
.] (Zoology) See Alcyonoid .
[ Written also hail
.] [ Middle English heil
, Icelandic heill
; akin to English whole
. See Whole
.] Sound; entire; healthy; robust; not impaired; as, a hale body.
Last year we thought him strong and hale . Swift.
Hale noun Welfare.
All heedless of his dearest hale . Spenser.
(hāl or hal; 277) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Haled
(hāld or hald); present participle & verbal noun Haling
.] [ Middle English halen
; confer Anglo-Saxon holian
, to acquire, get. See Haul
.] To pull; to drag; to haul.
Easier both to freight, and to hale ashore. Milton.
As some dark priest hales the reluctant victim. Shelley.
Halesia (hȧ*lē"zhĭ*ȧ) noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A genus of American shrubs containing several species, called snowdrop trees , or silver-bell trees. They have showy, white flowers, drooping on slender pedicels.
[ Anglo-Saxon healf
, half; as a noun, half, side, part; akin to Old Saxon , OFries., & Dutch half
, German halb
, Swedish half
, Danish halv
, Icelandic hālfr
, Goth. halbs
. Confer Halve
.] 1. Consisting of a moiety, or half; as, a half bushel; a half hour; a half dollar; a half view.
» The adjective and noun are often united to form a compound. 2. Consisting of some indefinite portion resembling a half; approximately a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect; as, a half dream; half knowledge.
Assumed from thence a half consent. Tennyson. Half ape (Zoology)
, a lemur.
-- Half back
. (Football) See under 2d Back .
-- Half bent
, the first notch, for the sear point to enter, in the tumbler of a gunlock; the halfcock notch.
-- Half binding
, a style of bookbinding in which only the back and corners are in leather.
-- Half boarder
, one who boards in part; specifically, a scholar at a boarding school who takes dinner only.
-- Half-breadth plan (Shipbuilding)
, a horizontal plan of one half a vessel, divided lengthwise, showing the lines.
-- Half cadence (Mus.)
, a cadence on the dominant.
-- Half cap
, a slight salute with the cap.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
-- At half cock
, the position of the cock of a gun when retained by the first notch.
-- Half hitch
, a sailor's knot in a rope; half of a clove hitch.
-- Half hose
, short stockings; socks.
-- Half measure
, an imperfect or weak line of action.
-- Half note (Mus.)
, a minim, one half of a semibreve.
-- Half pay
, half of the wages or salary; reduced pay; as, an officer on half pay .
-- Half price
, half the ordinary price; or a price much reduced.
-- Half round
. (a) (Architecture) A molding of semicircular section. (b) (Mech.) Having one side flat and the other rounded; -- said of a file.
-- Half shift (Mus.)
, a position of the hand, between the open position and the first shift, in playing on the violin and kindred instruments. See Shift .
-- Half step (Mus.)
, a semitone; the smallest difference of pitch or interval, used in music.
-- Half tide
, the time or state of the tide equally distant from ebb and flood.
-- Half time
, half the ordinary time for work or attendance; as, the half-time system.
-- Half tint (Fine Arts)
, a middle or intermediate tint, as in drawing or painting. See Demitint .
-- Half truth
, a statement only partially true, or which gives only a part of the truth. Mrs. Browning.
-- Half year
, the space of six months; one term of a school when there are two terms in a year.
Half adverb In an equal part or degree; in some part approximating a half; partially; imperfectly; as, half -colored, half done, half -hearted, half persuaded, half conscious.
loth and half
Their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod. Neh. xiii. 24.
; plural Halves
(hävz). [ Anglo-Saxon healf
. See Half
] 1. Part; side; behalf.
[ Obsolete] Wyclif.
The four halves of the house. Chaucer. 2. One of two equal parts into which anything may be divided, or considered as divided; -- sometimes followed by of ; as, a half of an apple.
Not half his riches known, and yet despised. Milton.
A friendship so complete Tennyson. Better half
Portioned in halves between us.
. See under Better .
- - In half
, in two; an expression sometimes used improperly instead of in or into halves ; as, to cut in half .
[ Colloq.] Dickens.
-- In, or On
, one's half
, in one's behalf; on one's part.
[ Obsolete] -- To cry halves
, to claim an equal share with another.
-- To go halves
, to share equally between two.
Half transitive verb To halve. [ Obsolete] See Halve . Sir H. Wotton.
(blŭd). 1. The relation between persons born of the same father or of the same mother, but not of both; as, a brother or sister of the half blood . See Blood , noun , 2 and 4. 2. A person so related to another. 3. A person whose father and mother are of different races; a half-breed.
» In the 2d and 3d senses usually with a hyphen.
Half nelson (Wrestling) A hold in which one arm is thrust under the corresponding arm of the opponent, generally behind, and the hand placed upon the back of his neck. In the full nelson both hands are so placed.
Half seas over (sēz` ō"vẽr). Half drunk. [ Slang: used only predicatively.] Spectator.
Half tone, Half-tone noun
1. (Fine Arts) (a) An intermediate or middle tone in a painting, engraving, photograph, etc.; a middle tint, neither very dark nor very light. (b) A half-tone photo- engraving. 2. (Music) A half step.
Half-and-half noun A mixture of two malt liquors, esp. porter and ale, in about equal parts. Dickens.
1. Proceeding from a male and female of different breeds or races; having only one parent of good stock; as, a half-blooded sheep. 2. Degenerate; mean. Shak.
(-bōt`) noun A boot with a short top covering only the ankle. See Cocker , and Congress boot , under Congress .
Half-bound (-bound`) noun Having only the back and corners in leather, as a book.
Half-bred (-brĕd`) adjective
1. Half-blooded. [ Obsolete] 2. Imperfectly acquainted with the rules of good-breeding; not well trained. Atterbury.
Halfbeak (häf"bēk`) noun (Zoology) Any slender, marine fish of the genus Hemirhamphus , having the upper jaw much shorter than the lower; -- called also balahoo .