Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hard-hearted (-härt`ĕd) adjective Unsympathetic; inexorable; cruel; pitiless. -- Hard"-heart`ed*ness , noun
Hard-labored (härd"lā`bẽrd) adjective Wrought with severe labor; elaborate; studied. Swift.
Hard-mouthed (-mou&thlig;d`) adjective Not sensible to the bit; not easily governed; as, a hard- mouthed horse.
Hard-shell (härd"shĕl`) adjective Unyielding; insensible to argument; uncompromising; strict. [ Colloq., U. S.]
Hard-tack (-tăk`) noun A name given by soldiers and sailors to a kind of hard biscuit or sea bread.
Hard-visaged (-vĭz`ajd; 48) adjective Of a harsh or stern countenance; hard- featured. Burke.
Hardihead (här"dĭ*hĕd) noun Hardihood. [ Obsolete]
.] Boldness, united with firmness and constancy of mind; bravery; intrepidity; also, audaciousness; impudence.
A bound of graceful hardihood . Wordsworth.
It is the society of numbers which gives hardihood to iniquity. Buckminster. Syn.
-- Intrepidity; courage; pluck; resolution; stoutness; audacity; effrontery; impudence.
Hardily adverb 1. Same as Hardly .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. Boldly; stoutly; resolutely. Wyclif.
[ Old French hardement
. See Hardy
.] Hardihood; boldness; courage; energetic action.
Changing hardiment with great Glendower. Shak.
(-dĭ*nĕs) noun 1. Capability of endurance. 2. Hardihood; boldness; firmness; assurance. Spenser.
Plenty and peace breeds cowards; Hardness ever Shak.
Of hardiness is mother.
They who were not yet grown to the hardiness of avowing the contempt of the king. Clarendon. 3. Hardship; fatigue.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Hardish (härd"ĭsh) adjective Somewhat hard.
[ Anglo-Saxon heardlice
. See Hard
.] 1. In a hard or difficult manner; with difficulty.
Recovering hardly what he lost before. Dryden. 2. Unwillingly; grudgingly.
The House of Peers gave so hardly their consent. Milton. 3. Scarcely; barely; not quite; not wholly.
Hardly shall you find any one so bad, but he desires the credit of being thought good. South. 4. Severely; harshly; roughly.
He has in many things been hardly used. Swift. 5. Confidently; hardily.
[ Obsolete] Holland. 6. Certainly; surely; indeed.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon heardness
.] 1. The quality or state of being hard, literally or figuratively.
The habit of authority also had given his manners some peremptory hardness . Sir W. Scott. 2. (Min.) The cohesion of the particles on the surface of a body, determined by its capacity to scratch another, or be itself scratched; -- measured among minerals on a scale of which diamond and talc form the extremes. 3. (Chemistry) The peculiar quality exhibited by water which has mineral salts dissolved in it. Such water forms an insoluble compound with soap, and is hence unfit for washing purposes.
» This quality is caused by the presence of calcium carbonate, causing temporary hardness
which can be removed by boiling, or by calcium sulphate, causing permanent hardness
which can not be so removed, but may be improved by the addition of sodium carbonate.
[ Obsolete] See Hordock .
(härd"păn) noun The hard substratum. Same as Hard pan , under Hard , adjective
Hards (härdz) noun plural [ Middle English herdes , Anglo-Saxon heordan ; akin to German hede .] The refuse or coarse part of fiax; tow.
Hardship (härd"shĭp) noun That which is hard to bear, as toil, privation, injury, injustice, etc. Swift.
Hardspun adjective Firmly twisted in spinning.
(-tāl`) noun (Zoology) See Jurel .
Hardware (-wâr`) noun Ware made of metal, as cutlery, kitchen utensils, and the like; ironmongery.
; plural Hardwaremen
(-mĕn). One who makes, or deals in, hardware.
[ Compar. Hardier
(-dĭ*ẽr); superl. Hardiest
.] [ French hardi
, past participle from Old French hardir
to make bold; of German origin, confer Old High German hertan
to harden, German härten
. See Hard
] 1. Bold; brave; stout; daring; resolute; intrepid.
Hap helpeth hardy man alway. Chaucer. 2. Confident; full of assurance; in a bad sense, morally hardened; shameless. 3. Strong; firm; compact.
[ A] blast may shake in pieces his hardy fabric. South. 4. Inured to fatigue or hardships; strong; capable of endurance; as, a hardy veteran; a hardy mariner. 5. Able to withstand the cold of winter.
» Plants which are hardy
in Virginia may perish in New England. Half-hardy
plants are those which are able to withstand mild winters or moderate frosts.
Hardy noun A blacksmith's fuller or chisel, having a square shank for insertion into a square hole in an anvil, called the hardy hole .
(hâr) transitive verb
[ Confer Harry
.] To excite; to tease, harass, or worry; to harry.
[ Obsolete] Locke.
[ Anglo-Saxon hara
; akin to Dutch haas
, German hase
, Old High German haso
, Dan. & Swedish hare
, Icelandic hēri
, Sanskrit çaça
. √226.] 1. (Zoology) A rodent of the genus Lepus , having long hind legs, a short tail, and a divided upper lip. It is a timid animal, moves swiftly by leaps, and is remarkable for its fecundity.
» The species of hares are numerous. The common European hare is Lepus timidus
. The northern or varying hare of America ( Latin Americanus
), and the prairie hare ( Latin campestris
), turn white in winter. In America, the various species of hares are commonly called rabbits
. 2. (Astron.) A small constellation situated south of and under the foot of Orion; Lepus. Hare and hounds
, a game played by men and boys, two, called hares , having a few minutes' start, and scattering bits of paper to indicate their course, being chased by the others, called the hounds , through a wide circuit.
-- Hare kangaroo (Zoology)
, a small Australian kangaroo ( Lagorchestes Leporoides ), resembling the hare in size and color,
-- Hare's lettuce (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Sonchus , or sow thistle; -- so called because hares are said to eat it when fainting with heat. Dr. Prior.
-- Jumping hare
. (Zoology) See under Jumping .
-- Little chief hare
, or Crying hare
. (Zoology) See Chief hare .
- - Sea hare
. (Zoology) See Aplysia .
Hare-hearted (-härt`ĕd) adjective Timorous; timid; easily frightened. Ainsworth.
Hare's-ear (hârz"ēr`) noun (Botany) An umbelliferous plant ( Bupleurum rotundifolium ); -- so named from the shape of its leaves. Dr. Prior.
Hare's-foot fern (-fot` fẽrn`). (Botany) A species of fern ( Davallia Canariensis ) with a soft, gray, hairy rootstock; -- whence the name.
(-tāl`) noun (Botany) A kind of grass ( Eriophorum vaginatum ). See Cotton grass , under Cotton . Hare's-tail grass (Botany)
, a species of grass ( Lagurus ovatus ) whose head resembles a hare's tail.
(hâr"bĕl`) noun (Botany) A small, slender, branching plant ( Campanula rotundifolia ), having blue bell-shaped flowers; also, Scilla nutans , which has similar flowers; -- called also bluebell .
[ Written also hairbell
E'en the light harebell raised its head. Sir W. Scott.
Harebrained (hâr"brānd`) adjective Wild; giddy; volatile; heedless. "A mad hare-brained fellow." North (Plutarch). [ Written also hairbrained .]
Harefoot (-fot`) noun Harefoot clover (Botany) , a species of clover ( Trifolium arvense ) with soft and silky heads.
1. (Zoology) A long, narrow foot, carried (that is, produced or extending) forward; -- said of dogs. 2. (Botany) A tree ( Ochroma Lagopus ) of the West Indies, having the stamens united somewhat in the form of a hare's foot.
(-hound`) noun See Harrier . A. Chalmers.
(hăr"ĕld) noun (Zoology) The long-tailed duck.
See Old Squaw
Harelip (hâr"lĭp`) noun A lip, commonly the upper one, having a fissure of perpendicular division like that of a hare. -- Hare"lipped` (- lĭpt`) adjective
Harem (hā"rĕm; 277) noun [ Arabic haram , orig., anything forbidden or sacred, from harama to forbid, prohibit.] [ Written also haram and hareem .]
1. The apartments or portion of the house allotted to females in Mohammedan families. 2. The family of wives and concubines belonging to one man, in Mohammedan countries; a seraglio.
Harengiform (hȧ*rĕn"jĭ*fôrm) adjective [ French hareng herring (LL. harengus ) + -form .] Herring-shaped.
[ See Hare
, and Fang
.] (Zoology) The snowy owl.
Hariali grass (hä`rĭ*ä"lĭ grȧs`). (Botany) The East Indian name of the Cynodon Dactylon ; dog's-grass.
Haricot (hăr"e*ko; F. ȧ`re`ko") noun [ French]
1. A ragout or stew of meat with beans and other vegetables. 2. The ripe seeds, or the unripe pod, of the common string bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris ), used as a vegetable. Other species of the same genus furnish different kinds of haricots.
(hăr"ĭ*ẽr) noun (Zoology) See Harrier .
[ See Ariolation
.] Prognostication; soothsaying.
[ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Harish (hâr"ĭsh) adjective Like a hare. [ R.] Huloet.
(härk) intransitive verb
[ Middle English herken
. See Hearken
.] To listen; to hearken.
[ Now rare, except in the imperative form used as an interjection, Hark! listen.] Hudibras. Hark away! Hark back! Hark forward! (Sporting)
, cries used to incite and guide hounds in hunting.
-- To hark back
, to go back for a fresh start, as when one has wandered from his direct course, or made a digression.
He must have overshot the mark, and must hark back . Haggard
He harked back to the subject. W. E. Norris.
Harken (-'n) transitive verb & i. To hearken. Tennyson.
Harl (härl) noun [ Confer Old High German harluf noose, rope; English hards refuse of flax.]
1. A filamentous substance; especially, the filaments of flax or hemp. 2. A barb, or barbs, of a fine large feather, as of a peacock or ostrich, -- used in dressing artificial flies. [ Written also herl .]
Harle (härl) noun (Zoology) The red-breasted merganser.
Harlech group (här"lĕk grōp`). [ So called from Harlech in Wales.] (Geol.) A minor subdivision at the base of the Cambrian system in Wales.