Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French grange
barn, Late Latin granea
, from Latin granum
grain. See Grain
a kernel.] 1. A building for storing grain; a granary.
[ Obsolete] Milton. 2. A farmhouse, with the barns and other buildings for farming purposes.
And eke an officer out for to ride, Chaucer.
To see her granges and her bernes wide.
Nor burnt the grange , nor bussed the milking maid. Tennyson. 3. A farmhouse of a monastery, where the rents and tithes, paid in grain, were deposited.
[ Obsolete] 4. A farm; generally, a farm with a house at a distance from neighbors. 5. An association of farmers, designed to further their interests, and particularly to bring producers and consumers, farmers and manufacturers, into direct commercial relations, without intervention of middlemen or traders. The first grange was organized in 1867.
[ U. S.]
1. A farm steward. [ Obsolete] 2. A member of a grange. [ U. S.]
Granger railroads, Granger roads (Finance) Certain railroads whose traffic largely consists in carrying the produce of farmers or grangers; -- specifically applied to the Chicago & Alton; Chicago, Burlington & Quincey; Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific; Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul; and Chicago & Northwestern, railroads. [ U. S.].
Granger stocks, shares Stocks or shares of the granger railroads.
Grangerism noun [ So called from the Rev. James Granger , whose "Biographical History of England" (1769) was a favorite book for illustration in this manner.] The practice of illustrating a particular book by engravings collected from other books.
Grangerite noun One who collects illustrations from various books for the decoration of one book.
Grangerize transitive verb & i. To collect (illustrations from books) for decoration of other books. G. A. Sala.
Graniferous adjective [ Latin qranifer ; granum grain + ferre to bear: confer French granifère .] Bearing grain, or seeds like grain. Humble.
Graniform adjective [ Latin granum grain + -form ; confer French graniforme .] Formed like of corn.
Granilla noun [ Spanish , small seed.] Small grains or dust of cochineal or the coccus insect.
[ Italian granito
granite, adj., grainy, past participle of granire
to make grainy, from Latin granum
grain; confer French granit
. See Grain
.] (Geol.) A crystalline, granular rock, consisting of quartz, feldspar, and mica, and usually of a whitish, grayish, or flesh-red color. It differs from gneiss in not having the mica in planes, and therefore in being destitute of a schistose structure.
» Varieties containing hornblende are common. See also the Note
. Gneissoid granite
, granite in which the mica has traces of a regular arrangement.
-- Graphic granite
, granite consisting of quartz and feldspar without mica, and having the quartz crystals so arranged in the transverse section like oriental characters.
-- Porphyritic granite
, granite containing feldspar in distinct crystals.
-- Hornblende granite
, or Syenitic granite
, granite containing hornblende as well as mica, or, according to some authorities hornblende replacing the mica.
-- Granite ware
. (a) A kind of stoneware. (b) A Kind of ironware, coated with an enamel resembling granite.
Granite State New Hampshire; -- a nickname alluding to its mountains, which are chiefly of granite.
[ Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Granitic adjective [ Confer F. granitique.]
1. Like granite in composition, color, etc.; having the nature of granite; as, granitic texture. 2. Consisting of granite; as, granitic mountains.
Granitical adjective Granitic.
+ Latin -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See - fy
.] The act or the process of forming into granite. Humble.
Granitiform adjective [ Granite + -form .] (Geol.) Resembling granite in structure or shape.
Granitoid adjective [ Granite + -oid : confer French granitoïde .] Resembling granite in granular appearance; as, granitoid gneiss; a granitoid pavement.
Granivorous adjective [ Latin granum grain + vorare to devour: confer French granivore .] Eating grain; feeding or subsisting on seeds; as, granivorous birds. Gay.
Grannam noun A grandam. [ Colloq.]
Granny noun A grandmother; a grandam; familiarly, an old woman. Granny's bend , or Granny's knot (Nautical) , a kind of insecure knot or hitch; a reef knot crossed the wrong way.
Granolithic noun [ Latin granum a grain (or English granite ) + -lith + -ic .] A kind of hard artificial stone, used for pavements.
Grant transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Granted
; present participle & verbal noun Granting
.] [ Middle English graunten
, Old French graanter
, to promise, yield, Late Latin creantare
to promise, assure, for (assumed Late Latin ) credentare to make believe, from Latin credens
, present participle
of credere to believe. See Creed
.] 1. To give over; to make conveyance of; to give the possession or title of; to convey; -- usually in answer to petition.
Grant me the place of this threshing floor. 1 Chrcn. xxi. 22. 2. To bestow or confer, with or without compensation, particularly in answer to prayer or request; to give.
Wherefore did God grant me my request. Milton. 3. To admit as true what is not yet satisfactorily proved; to yield belief to; to allow; to yield; to concede.
Grant that the Fates have firmed by their decree. Dryden. Syn.
-- To give; confer; bestow; convey; transfer; admit; allow; concede. See Give
Grant intransitive verb To assent; to consent. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English grant
, Old French graant
, promise, assurance. See Grant
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of granting; a bestowing or conferring; concession; allowance; permission. 2. The yielding or admission of something in dispute. 3. The thing or property granted; a gift; a boon. 4. (Law) A transfer of property by deed or writing; especially, au appropriation or conveyance made by the government; as, a grant of land or of money; also, the deed or writing by which the transfer is made.
» Formerly, in English law, the term was specifically applied to transfrrs of incorporeal hereditaments, expectant estates, and letters patent from government and such is its present application in some of the United States. But now, in England the usual mode of transferring realty is by grant
; and so, in some of the United States, the term grant
is applied to conveyances of every kind of real property. Bouvier. Burrill.
Grantable adjective Capable of being granted.
Grantee noun (Law) The person to whom a grant or conveyance is made.
His grace will not survive the poor grantee he despises. Burke.
Granter noun One who grants.
Grantor noun (Law) The person by whom a grant or conveyance is made.
[ Confer French granulaire
. See Granule
.] Consisting of, or resembling, grains; as, a granular substance. Granular limestone
, crystalline limestone, or marble, having a granular structure.
Granularly adverb In a granular form.
Granulary adjective Granular.
Granulate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Granulated
; present participle & verbal noun Granulating
.] [ See Granule
.] 1. To form into grains or small masses; as, to granulate powder, sugar, or metal. 2. To raise in granules or small asperities; to make rough on the surface.
Granulate intransitive verb To collect or be formed into grains; as, cane juice granulates into sugar.
Granulate, Granulated adjective Granulated steel , a variety of steel made by a particular process beginning with the granulation of pig iron.
1. Consisting of, or resembling, grains; crystallized in grains; granular; as, granulated sugar. 2. Having numerous small elevations, as shagreen.
Granulation noun [ Confer French granulation .]
1. The act or process of forming or crystallizing into grains; as, the granulation of powder and sugar. 2. The state of being granulated. 3. (Medicine) (a) One of the small, red, grainlike prominences which form on a raw surface (that of wounds or ulcers), and are the efficient agents in the process of healing. (b) The act or process of the formation of such prominences.
[ Latin granulum
, dim. of granum grain: confer French granule
. See Grain
a kernel.] A little grain a small particle; a pellet.
Granuliferous adjective [ Granule + -ferous .] Full of granulations.
Granuliform adjective [ Granule + -form .] (Min.) Having a granular structure; granular; as, granuliform limestone.
[ From Granule
.] (Geol.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.
[ From Granule
.] (Physiol. Chem.) The main constituent of the starch grain or granule, in distinction from the framework of cellulose. Unlike cellulose, it is colored blue by iodine, and is converted into dextrin and sugar by boiling acids and amylolytic ferments.
Granulous adjective [ Confer French granuleux .] Full of grains; abounding with granular substances; granular.
[ Old French grape
, bunch or cluster of grapes, French grappe
, akin to F. grappin grapnel, hook; from Old High German chrapfo hook, German krapfen
, akin to English cramp
. The sense seems to have come from the idea of clutching. Confer Agraffe
.] 1. (Botany) A well-known edible berry growing in pendent clusters or bunches on the grapevine. The berries are smooth-skinned, have a juicy pulp, and are cultivated in great quantities for table use and for making wine and raisins. 2. (Botany) The plant which bears this fruit; the grapevine. 3. (Man.) A mangy tumor on the leg of a horse. 4. (Mil.) Grapeshot. Grape borer
. (Zoology) See Vine borer .
-- Grape curculio (Zoology)
, a minute black weevil ( Craponius inæqualis ) which in the larval state eats the interior of grapes.
-- Grape flower
, or Grape hyacinth (Botany)
, a liliaceous plant ( Muscari racemosum ) with small blue globular flowers in a dense raceme.
-- Grape fungus (Botany)
, a fungus ( Oidium Tuckeri ) on grapevines; vine mildew.
-- Grape hopper (Zoology)
, a small yellow and red hemipterous insect, often very injurious to the leaves of the grapevine.
-- Grape moth (Zoology)
, a small moth ( Eudemis botrana ), which in the larval state eats the interior of grapes, and often binds them together with silk.
-- Grape of a cannon
, the cascabel or knob at the breech.
-- Grape sugar
. See Glucose .
-- Grape worm (Zoology)
, the larva of the grape moth.
-- Sour grapes
, things which persons affect to despise because they can not possess them; -- in allusion to Æsop's fable of the fox and the grapes.
Grape fruit The shaddock.
Grapeless adjective Wanting grapes or the flavor of grapes.
Grapery noun A building or inclosure used for the cultivation of grapes.
Grapeshot noun (Mil.) A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.
Grapestone noun A seed of the grape.
Grapevine noun (Botany) A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis , having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes . » The common grapevine of the Old World is Vitis vinifera , and is a native of Central Asia. Another variety is that yielding small seedless grapes commonly called Zante currants . The northern Fox grape of the United States is the V. Labrusca , from which, by cultivation, has come the Isabella variety. The southern Fox grape , or Muscadine , is the V. vulpina . The Frost grape is V. cordifolia , which has very fragrant flowers, and ripens after the early frosts.
[ See -graph
.] (Math.) 1. A curve or surface, the locus of a point whose coördinates are the variables in the equation of the locus. 2. A diagram symbolizing a system of interrelations by spots, all distinguishable from one another and some connected by lines of the same kind.