Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin grammaticus
; Greek ... skilled in grammar, knowing one's letters, from ... a letter: confer French grammatical
. See Grammar
.] 1. Of or pertaining to grammar; of the nature of grammar; as, a grammatical rule. 2. According to the rules of grammar; grammatically correct; as, the sentence is not grammatical ; the construction is not grammatical.
[ Late Latin ] A petty grammarian; a grammatical pedant or pretender.
My noble Neophite, my little grammaticaster . B. Jonson.
Grammatication noun A principle of grammar; a grammatical rule. [ Obsolete] Dalgarno.
Grammaticism noun A point or principle of grammar. Abp. Leighton.
Grammaticize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Grammaticized
; present participle & verbal noun Grammaticizing
.] To render grammatical. Fuller.
[ Latin grammatista
schoolmaster, Greek ..., from ... to teach the letters, to be a scribe: confer French grammatiste
. See Grammatical
.] A petty grammarian.
[ R] Tooke.
Gramme noun Same as Gram the weight.
Gramme machine (Electricity) A kind of dynamo-electric machine; -- so named from its French inventor, M. Gramme . Knight.
Gramophone noun [ Greek ... a thing drawn or written (fr. ... write) + -phone , as in telephone .] An instrument for recording, preserving, and reproducing sounds, the record being a tracing of a phonautograph etched in some solid material. Reproduction is accomplished by means of a system attached to an elastic diaphragm.
; plural Grampuses
. [ Probably corrupted from Italian gran pesce
great fish, or Spanish gran pez
, or Portuguese gran peixe
, all from Latin grandis piscis
. See Grand
, and Fish
. the animal.] 1. (Zoology) A toothed delphinoid cetacean, of the genus Grampus , esp. G. griseus of Europe and America, which is valued for its oil. It grows to be fifteen to twenty feet long; its color is gray with white streaks. Called also cowfish . The California grampus is G. Stearnsii . 2. A kind of tongs used in a bloomery.
Granade, Granado noun See Grenade .
[ Spanish , dim. of granada
pomegranate. See Grenade
.] (Botany) The fruit of certain species of passion flower (esp. Passiflora quadrangularis ) found in Brazil and the West Indies. It is as large as a child's head, and is a good dessert fruit. The fruit of Passiflora edulis is used for flavoring ices.
; plural Granaries
. [ Latin granarium
, from granum
grain. See Garner
.] A storehouse or repository for grain, esp. after it is thrashed or husked; a cornhouse; also (Fig.), a region fertile in grain.
The exhaustless granary of a world. Thomson.
Granatin noun [ Latin granatum the pomegranate.] (Chemistry) Mannite; -- so called because found in the pomegranate.
[ Compar. Grander
; superl. Grandest
.] [ Middle English grant
, Old French grant
, French grand
, from Latin grandis
; perhaps akin to gravis heavy, English grave
, adjective Confer Grandee
.] 1. Of large size or extent; great; extensive; hence, relatively great; greatest; chief; principal; as, a grand mountain; a grand army; a grand mistake.
foe, Satan." Milton.
Making so bold . . . to unseal Shak. 2. Great in size, and fine or imposing in appearance or impression; illustrious, dignifled, or noble (said of persons); majestic, splendid, magnificent, or sublime (said of things); as, a grand monarch; a grand lord; a grand general; a grand view; a grand conception.
Their grand commission.
They are the highest models of expression, the unapproached M. Arnold. 3. Having higher rank or more dignity, size, or importance than other persons or things of the same name; as, a grand lodge; a grand vizier; a grand piano, etc. 4. Standing in the second or some more remote degree of parentage or descent; -- generalIy used in composition; as, grandfather, grandson, grandchild, etc.
masters of the grand style.
What cause Milton. Grand action
Mov'd our grand parents, in that happy state,
Favor'd of Heaven so highly, to fall off
From their Creator.
, a pianoforte action, used in grand pianos, in which special devices are employed to obtain perfect action of the hammer in striking and leaving the string.
-- Grand Army of the Republic
, an organized voluntary association of men who served in the Union army or navy during the civil war in the United States. The order has chapters, called Posts , throughout the country.
-- Grand cross
. (a) The highest rank of knighthood in the Order of the Bath. (b) A knight grand cross.
-- Grand cordon
, the cordon or broad ribbon, identified with the highest grade in certain honorary orders; hence, a person who holds that grade.
-- Grand days (Eng. Law)
, certain days in the terms which are observed as holidays in the inns of court and chancery (Candlemas, Ascension, St. John Baptist's, and All Saints' Days); called also Dies non juridici .
-- Grand duchess
. (a) The wife or widow of a grand duke
. (b) A lady having the sovereignty of a duchy in her own right. (c) In Russia, a daughter of the Czar.
-- Grand duke
. (a) A sovereign duke, inferior in rank to a king; as, the Grand Duke of Tuscany. (b) In Russia, a son of the Czar. (c) (Zoology) The European great horned owl or eagle owl ( Bubo maximas ).
-- Grand- guard
, or Grandegarde
, a piece of plate armor used in tournaments as an extra protection for the left shoulder and breast.
-- Grand juror
, a member of a grand jury.
-- Grand jury (Law)
, a jury of not less than twelve men, and not more than twenty-three, whose duty it is, in private session, to examine into accusations against persons charged with crime, and if they see just cause, then to find bills of indictment against them, to be presented to the court; -- called also grand inquest .
-- Grand juryman
, a grand juror.
-- Grand larceny
. (Law) See under Larceny .
-- Grand lodge
, the chief lodge, or governing body, among Freemasons and other secret orders.
-- Grand master
. (a) The head of one of the military orders of knighthood, as the Templars, Hospitallers, etc. (b) The head of the order of Freemasons or of Good Templars, etc.
-- Grand paunch
, a glutton or gourmand.
[ Obsolete] Holland.
-- Grand pensionary
. See under Pensionary .
-- Grand piano (Mus.)
, a large piano, usually harp-shaped, in which the wires or strings are generally triplicated, increasing the power, and all the mechanism is introduced in the most effective manner, regardless of the size of the instrument.
-- Grand relief (Sculp.) , alto relievo.
-- Grand Seignior
. See under Seignior .
-- Grand stand
, the principal stand, or erection for spectators, at a, race course, etc.
-- Grand vicar (Eccl.)
, a principal vicar; an ecclesiastical delegate in France.
-- Grand vizier
. See under Vizier . Syn.
-- Magnificent; sublime; majestic; dignified; elevated; stately; august; pompous; lofty; eralted; noble. -- Grand, Magnificent, Sublime. Grand
, in reference to objects of taste, is applied to that which expands the mind by a sense of vastness and majesty; magnificent
is applied to anything which is imposing from its splendor; sublime
describes that which is awful and elevating. A cataract is grand
; a rich and varied landscape is magnificent
; an overhanging precipice is sublime. " Grandeur a
dmits of degrees and modifications; but magnificence
is that which has already reached the highest degree of superiority naturally belonging to the object in question." Crabb.
Grand-ducal adjective Of or pertaining to a grand duke. H. James.
[ French grande
, fem. of grand + dame. See Grand
, and Dame
.] An old woman; specifically, a grandmother. Shak.
Grandaunt noun [ Confer French grand'tante .] The aunt of one's father or mother.
Grandchild noun A son's or daughter's child; a child in the second degree of descent.
Granddaughter noun The daughter of one's son or daughter.
[ Spanish grande
. See Grand
.] A man of elevated rank or station; a nobleman. In Spain, a nobleman of the first rank, who may be covered in the king's presence.
Grandeeship noun The rank or estate of a grandee; lordship. H. Swinburne.
[ French, from grand
. See Grand
.] The state or quality of being grand; vastness; greatness; splendor; magnificence; stateliness; sublimity; dignity; elevation of thought or expression; nobility of action.
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show Milton. Syn.
Of luxury . . . allure mine eye.
-- Sublimity; majesty; stateliness; augustness; loftiness. See Sublimity
Grandevity noun [ Latin grandaevitas .] Great age; long life. [ Obsolete] Glanvill.
Grandevous adjective [ Latin grandaevus ; grandig grand+ aevum lifetime, age.] Of great age; aged; longlived. [ R.] Bailey.
Grandfather noun A father's or mother's father; an ancestor in the next degree above the father or mother in lineal ascent. Grandfather longlegs
. (Zoology) See Daddy longlegs .
Grandfatherly adjective Like a grandfather in age or manner; kind; benignant; indulgent.
He was a grandfatherly sort of personage. Hawthorne.
Grandific adjective [ Latin grandificus ; grandis grand + facere to make.] Making great. [ R.] Bailey.
Grandiloquence noun The use of lofty words or phrases; bombast; -- usually in a bad sense.
The sin of grandiloquence or tall talking. Thackeray,
Grandiloquent adjective [ Latin grandis grand + logui to speak.] Speaking in a lofty style; pompous; bombastic.
Grandiloquous adjective [ Latin grandiloquus ; grandis grand + loqui to apeak.] Grandiloquent.
Grandinous adjective [ Latin grandinosus , from qrando , grandinis , hail.] Consisting of hail; abounding in hail. [ R.] Bailey.
[ French grandiose
, Italian grandioso
. See Grand
.] 1. Impressive or elevating in effect; imposing; splendid; striking; -- in a good sense.
The tone of the parts was to be perpetually kept down in order not to impair the grandiose effect of the whole. M. Arnold.
The grandiose red tulips which grow wild. C. Kingsley. 2. Characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor; flaunting; turgid; bombastic; -- in a bad sense; as, a grandiose style.
Grandiosity noun [ Confer French grandiosité , Italian grandiositÃ .] The state or quality of being grandiose,
[ Latin granditas
: confer Old French granité
. See Grand
[ Obsolete] Camden.
Grandly adverb In a grand manner.
Grandma, Grandmamma noun A grandmother.
Grandmother noun The mother of one's father or mother.
Grandmotherly adjective Like a grandmother in age or manner; kind; indulgent.
Grandnephew noun The grandson of one's brother or sister.
Grandness noun Grandeur. Wollaston.
Grandniece noun The granddaughter of one's brother or sister.
Grandpa, Grandpapa noun A grandfather.
[ Old French grantsire
. See Grand
, and Sire
.] Specifically, a grandfather; more generally, any ancestor.
Grandson noun A son's or daughter's son.
Granduncle noun [ Confer French grand- oncle .] A father's or mother's uncle.
Grane v. & noun See Groan .