Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gordian adjective
1. Pertaining to Gordius , king of Phrygia, or to a knot tied by him; hence, intricate; complicated; inextricable.

Gordian knot , an intricate knot tied by Gordius in the thong which connected the pole of the chariot with the yoke. An oracle having declared that he who should untie it should be master of Asia, Alexander the Great averted the ill omen of his inability to loosen it by cutting it with his sword. Hence, a Gordian knot is an inextricable difficulty; and to cut the Gordian knot is to remove a difficulty by bold and energetic measures.

2. (Zoology) Pertaining to the Gordiacea.

Gordian noun (Zoology) One of the Gordiacea.

Gordius noun [ New Latin See Gordian , 1.] (Zoology) A genus of long, slender, nematoid worms, parasitic in insects until near maturity, when they leave the insect, and live in water, in which they deposit their eggs; -- called also hair eel , hairworm , and hair snake , from the absurd, but common and widely diffused, notion that they are metamorphosed horsehairs.

Gore noun [ Anglo-Saxon gor dirt, dung; akin to Icelandic gor , SW. gorr , Old High German gor , and perhaps to English cord , chord , and yarn ; confer Icelandic görn , garnir , guts.]
1. Dirt; mud. [ Obsolete] Bp. Fisher.

2. Blood; especially, blood that after effusion has become thick or clotted. Milton.

Gore noun [ Middle English gore , gare , Anglo-Saxon g...ra angular point of land, from g...r spear; akin to Dutch geer gore, German gehre gore, ger spear, Icelandic geiri gore, geir spear, and probably to English goad . Confer Gar , noun , Garlic , and Gore , v. ]
1. A wedgeshaped or triangular piece of cloth, canvas, etc., sewed into a garment, sail, etc., to give greater width at a particular part.

2. A small traingular piece of land. Cowell.

3. (Her.) One of the abatements. It is made of two curved lines, meeting in an acute angle in the fesse point.

» It is usually on the sinister side, and of the tincture called tenné . Like the other abatements it is a modern fancy and not actually used.

Gore transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gored ; present participle & verbal noun Goring .] [ Middle English gar spear, Anglo-Saxon g...r . See 2d Gore .] To pierce or wound, as with a horn; to penetrate with a pointed instrument, as a spear; to stab.

The low stumps shall gore
His daintly feet.
Coleridge.

Gore transitive verb To cut in a traingular form; to piece with a gore; to provide with a gore; as, to gore an apron.

Gorebill noun [ 2d gore + bill .] (Zoology) The garfish. [ Prov. Eng.]

Gorfly noun ; plural Gorflies . [ Gore (AS. gor ) dung + fly .] (Zoology) A dung fly.

Gorge noun [ French gorge , Late Latin gorgia , throat, narrow pass, and gorga abyss, whirlpool, probably from Latin gurgea whirlpool, gulf, abyss; confer Sanskrit gargara whirlpool, gr. to devour. Confer Gorget .]
1. The throat; the gullet; the canal by which food passes to the stomach.

Wherewith he gripped her gorge with so great pain.
Spenser.

Now, how abhorred! . . . my gorge rises at it.
Shak.

2. A narrow passage or entrance ; as: (a) A defile between mountains. (b) The entrance into a bastion or other outwork of a fort; -- usually synonymous with rear . See Illust. of Bastion .

3. That which is gorged or swallowed, especially by a hawk or other fowl.

And all the way, most like a brutish beast,
e spewed up his gorge , that all did him detest.
Spenser.

4. A filling or choking of a passage or channel by an obstruction; as, an ice gorge in a river.

5. (Architecture) A concave molding; a cavetto. Gwilt.

6. (Nautical) The groove of a pulley.

Gorge circle (Gearing) , the outline of the smallest cross section of a hyperboloid of revolution. -- Gorge hook , two fishhooks, separated by a piece of lead. Knight.

Gorge transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gorged ; present participle & verbal noun Gorging .] [ French gorger . See Gorge , noun ]
1. To swallow; especially, to swallow with greediness, or in large mouthfuls or quantities.

The fish has gorged the hook.
Johnson.

2. To glut; to fill up to the throat; to satiate.

The giant gorged with flesh.
Addison.

Gorge with my blood thy barbarous appetite.
Dryden.

Gorge intransitive verb To eat greedily and to satiety. Milton.

Gorge noun (Angling) A primitive device used instead of a fishhook, consisting of an object easy to be swallowed but difficult to be ejected or loosened, as a piece of bone or stone pointed at each end and attached in the middle to a line.

Circle of the gorge (Math.) , a minimum circle on a surface of revolution, cut out by a plane perpendicular to the axis. -- Gorge fishing , trolling with a dead bait on a double hook which the fish is given time to swallow, or gorge.

Gorged adjective
1. Having a gorge or throat.

2. (Her.) Bearing a coronet or ring about the neck.

3. Glutted; fed to the full.

Gorgelet noun (Zoology) A small gorget, as of a humming bird.

Gorgeous adjective [ Old French gorgias beautiful, glorious, vain, luxurious; confer Old French gorgias ruff, neck handkerchief, and French gorge throat, and se pengorger to assume airs. Confer Gorge , noun ] Imposing through splendid or various colors; showy; fine; magnificent.

Cloud-land, gorgeous land.
Coleridge.

Gorgeous as the sun at midsummer.
Shak.

-- Gor"geous*ly , adverb -- Gor"geous*ness , noun

Gorgerin noun [ French, from gorge neck.] (Architecture) In some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings; -- called also neck of the capital , and hypotrachelium . See Illust. of Column .

Gorget noun [ Old French gorgete , dim. of gorge throat. See Gorge , noun ]
1. A piece of armor, whether of chain mail or of plate, defending the throat and upper part of the breast, and forming a part of the double breastplate of the 14th century.

2. A piece of plate armor covering the same parts and worn over the buff coat in the 17th century, and without other steel armor.

Unfix the gorget's iron clasp.
Sir W. Scott.

3. A small ornamental plate, usually crescent-shaped, and of gilded copper, formerly hung around the neck of officers in full uniform in some modern armies.

4. A ruff worn by women. [ Obsolete]

5. (Surg.) (a) A cutting instrument used in lithotomy. (b) A grooved instrunent used in performing various operations; -- called also blunt gorget . Dunglison.

6. (Zoology) A crescent-shaped, colored patch on the neck of a bird or mammal.

Gorget hummer (Zoology) , a humming bird of the genus Trochilus . See Rubythroat .

Gorgon (gôr"gŏn) noun [ Latin Gorgo , -onis , Greek Gorgw` , from gorgo`s terrible.]
1. (Gr. Myth.) One of three fabled sisters, Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa, with snaky hair and of terrific aspect, the sight of whom turned the beholder to stone. The name is particularly given to Medusa.

2. Anything very ugly or horrid. Milton.

3. (Zoology) The brindled gnu. See Gnu .

Gorgon adjective Like a Gorgon; very ugly or terrific; as, a Gorgon face. Dryden.

Gorgonacea (gôr`go*nā"she*ȧ) noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) See Gorgoniacea .

Gorgonean (gôr*gō"ne* a n) adjective See Gorgonian , 1.

Gorgoneion (gôr`go*nē"yŏn) noun ; plural Gorgoneia . [ New Latin , from Greek Gorgo`neios , equiv. to Gorgei^os belonging to a Gorgon.] (Architecture) A mask carved in imitation of a Gorgon's head. Elmes.

Gorgonia (gôr*gō"nĭ*ȧ) noun [ Latin , a coral which hardens in the air.] (Zoology)
1. A genus of Gorgoniacea, formerly very extensive, but now restricted to such species as the West Indian sea fan ( Gorgonia flabellum ), sea plume ( G. setosa ), and other allied species having a flexible, horny axis.

2. Any slender branched gorgonian.

Gorgoniacea noun plural [ New Latin See Gorgonia .] (Zoology) One of the principal divisions of Alcyonaria, including those forms which have a firm and usually branched axis, covered with a porous crust, or cœnenchyma, in which the polyp cells are situated.

» The axis is commonly horny, but it may be solid and stony (composed of calcium carbonate), as in the red coral of commerce, or it may be in alternating horny and stony joints, as in Isis. See Alcyonaria , Anthozoa , Cœnenchyma .

Gorgonian adjective [ Latin Gorgoneus .]


1. Pertaining to, or resembling, a Gorgon; terrifying into stone; terrific.

The rest his look
Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move.
Milton.

2. (Zoology) Pertaining to the Gorgoniacea; as, gorgonian coral.

Gorgonian noun (Zoology) One of the Gorgoniacea.

Gorgonize transitive verb To have the effect of a Gorgon upon; to turn into stone; to petrify. [ R.]

Gorgonzola noun [ Italian ] A kind of Italian pressed milk cheese; -- so called from a village near Milan.

Gorhen noun [ Gor- as in gorcock + hen .] (Zoology) The female of the gorcock.

Gorilla noun [ An African word; found in a Greek translation of a treatise in Punic by Hanno, a Carthaginian.] (Zoology) A large, arboreal, anthropoid ape of West Africa. It is larger than a man, and is remarkable for its massive skeleton and powerful muscles, which give it enormous strength. In some respects its anatomy, more than that of any other ape, except the chimpanzee, resembles that of man.

Goring, Goring cloth noun , (Nautical) A piece of canvas cut obliquely to widen a sail at the foot.

Gorm noun Axle grease. See Gome . [ Prov. Eng.]

Gorm transitive verb To daub, as the hands or clothing, with gorm; to daub with anything sticky. [ Prov. Eng.]

Gorma noun (Zoology) The European cormorant.

Gormand noun [ French gourmand ; confer Prov. French gourmer to sip, to lap, gourmacher to eat improperly, French gourme mumps, glanders, Icelandic gormr mud, mire, Prov. English gorm to smear, daub; all perhaps akin to English gore blood, filth. Confer Gourmand .] A greedy or ravenous eater; a luxurious feeder ; a gourmand .

Gormand adjective Gluttonous; voracious. Pope.

Gormander noun See Gormand , noun [ Obsolete]

Gormandism noun Gluttony.

Gormandize intransitive verb & t. [ imperfect & past participle Gormandized ; present participle & verbal noun Gormandizing .] [ French gourmandise gluttony. See Gormand .] To eat greedily; to swallow voraciously; to feed ravenously or like a glutton. Shak.

Gormandizer noun A greedy, voracious eater; a gormand; a glutton.

Goroon shell (Zoology) A large, handsome, marine, univalve shell ( Triton femorale ).

Gorse noun [ Middle English & Anglo-Saxon gorst ; perhaps akin to English grow , grass .] (Botany) Furze. See Furze .

The common, overgrown with fern, and rough
With prickly gorse .
Cowper.

Gorse bird (Zoology) , the European linnet; -- called also gorse hatcher . [ Prov. Eng.] -- Gorse chat (Zoology) , the winchat. -- Gorse duck , the corncrake; -- called also grass drake , land drake , and corn drake .

Gory adjective [ From Gore .]


1. Covered with gore or clotted blood.

Thou canst not say I did it; never shake
Thy gory locks at me.
Shak.

2. Bloody; murderous. " Gory emulation." Shak.

Goshawk noun [ Anglo-Saxon g...shafuc , lit., goosehawk; or Icelandic gāshaukr . See Goose , and Hawk the bird.] (Zoology) Any large hawk of the genus Astur , of which many species and varieties are known. The European ( Astur palumbarius ) and the American ( A. atricapillus ) are the best known species. They are noted for their powerful flight, activity, and courage. The Australian goshawk ( A. Novæ-Hollandiæ ) is pure white.

Gosherd noun [ Middle English gosherde . See Goose , and Herd a herdsman.] One who takes care of geese.

Goslet noun (Zoology) One of several species of pygmy geese, of the genus Nettepus . They are about the size of a teal, and inhabit Africa, India, and Australia.

Gosling noun [ Anglo-Saxon g...s goose + -ling .]


1. A young or unfledged goose.

2. A catkin on nut trees and pines. Bailey.

Gospel noun [ Middle English gospel , godspel , Anglo-Saxon godspell ; god God + spell story, tale. See God , and Spell , v. ]


1. Glad tidings; especially, the good news concerning Christ, the Kingdom of God, and salvation.

And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom.
Matt. iv. 23.

The steadfast belief of the promises of the gospel .
Bentley.

» It is probable that gospel is from. Middle English godspel , God story, the narrative concerning God; but it was early confused with god spell , good story, good tidings, and was so used by the translators of the Authorized version of Scripture. This use has been retained in most cases in the Revised Version.

Thus the literal sense [ of gospel ] is the "narrative of God," i. e. , the life of Christ.
Skeat.

2. One of the four narratives of the life and death of Jesus Christ, written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

3. A selection from one of the gospels, for use in a religious service; as, the gospel for the day.

4. Any system of religious doctrine; sometimes, any system of political doctrine or social philosophy; as, this political gospel . Burke.

5. Anything propounded or accepted as infallibly true; as, they took his words for gospel . [ Colloq.]

If any one thinks this expression hyperbolical, I shall only ask him to read Œdipus , instead of taking the traditional witticisms about Lee for gospel .
Saintsbury.

Gospel adjective Accordant with, or relating to, the gospel; evangelical; as, gospel righteousness. Bp. Warburton.

Gospel transitive verb To instruct in the gospel. [ Obsolete] Shak.